• 10,000 BCE

    Paleolithic period

    The Stone Age and human prehistory is the name given to the period between about 2.5000,00 and 20,000 years ago it begins with the earliest human like behaviors of crude stone to manufacture and ends with a fully modern human hunting and gathering societies the Paleolithic is the earliest archaeology anything older is paleontology
  • 1900 BCE

    Neolithic Age

    The Neolithic. Is the final stage of cultural evolution or technological development among prehistoric humans in this stage humans were no longer dependent on hunting fishing and gathering wild plants
  • 1750 BCE

    Boroque Era: music

    The Boroque period of music occurred from roughly 1600 to 1750. It was preceded by the Renaissance era and followed by the classical era.
  • 1730 BCE

    Late Boroque period

  • 1630 BCE

    Middle Boroque Period

    1630- 1680
  • 1600 BCE

    beginning of Boroque Era

  • 1500 BCE


    started with the fall of the roman empire between 400- 500CE and ended with the start of the reniassance between 1400-1500 CE
  • 535 BCE

    Ancient Greece; new spoken voice

    Thepsis of Attica added a new element to the Dithyramb, spoken voice
  • 525 BCE

    Ancient Greece: Aeschylus of Athens

    first writer of tragedy who produced first real drama (525-456 BCE)
  • 508 BCE

    Ancient Greece: contest of Dithyramb

    contest of Dithyrambic song and dance was established
  • 497 BCE

    Ancient Greece: Sophocles

    plays examplafied qualities of Aristotle (497-405 BCE)
  • 480 BCE

    Ancient Greece: old comedy

  • 448 BCE

    Ancient Greece: Aristophanes

    father of comedy (448-380 BCE)
  • 400 BCE

    Ancient Greece: middle comedy

    4000-320 BCE
  • 342 BCE

    Ancient Greece: Menander

    writer of comedies during Hellenistic Era (342-291 BCE)
  • 320 BCE

    Ancient Greece: new comedy

    320 BCE to mid 3rd century
  • 248 BCE

    Rome: spectacle

    The last spectacle was staged in the flooded colosseum arena
  • 240 BCE

    Rome: Roman Pantomine had its inception

    240 BCE
  • 166 BCE

    Rome: Terence

    Produced his first play in 166 BCE
  • 165 BCE

    Rome: Lucious Anneus Seneca

    4 BCE - 165 BCE, second son of Statesman and Philosopher, Seneca the elder
  • 139 BCE

    Rome: Terence

    185-139 BCE born in Carthage about the time of Platus death
  • 55 BCE

    Rome: festival

    at the dedication of the first theater, a festival was held
  • 1500

    Early Ballet: The Renaissance Period

    As a cultural movement, and encompassed a resurgence of learning based on classical sources, the development of linear perspective in painting, and gradual, but widespread, educational reform
  • 1518

    Early Ballet: Peak of dance mania

    The mania peaked in 1518 in Straussburg. Dancers filled the streets around the clock, accompanied by musicians. The presence of musicians was not unusual, it was widely believed that the order and patterns that are inherent in music was a cure not only for ailments of the spirit but of the flesh as well
  • 1533

    Early Ballet: Catherine de Medici

    brought her love of the arts from Italy to France when she married into the French royal family.
  • 1581

    Early Ballet: Ballet La Comique de La Reine

    first official ballet performed in 1581
  • Early Ballet: Boroque

    The broke. Saw an explosion of new musical styles with the introduction of the concerto the Sonata and the opera
  • Early Ballet: Pierre Beauchamp

    Choreographer and teacher in France who developed the 5 basic positions of the feet. Main teacher of King Louis XIV who he taught for 22 years.
  • Early Ballet: Jean-Baptiste de Lully

    Italian -French composer who established the basic form of French Opera. Introduced new dances such as the minuet and used a higher proportion of quicker dances. Took over the Sun King's Academy of Music.
  • Early Ballet: King Louis XIV

    King of France who was an absolute ruler. He felt very passionate about dance. Was known as the Sun King because of a ballet role he performed. Used his power to create the first training school and organization that would become a professional company.
  • Early Ballet: The Acedemie d’Opera

    Created in 1669 then merged into Paris opera which still exists
  • Classical Ballet/Ballet Russes: Peter I

    Often called the modernizer of Russia, came to power and decided that in order to compete with the rest of the world, Russia needed to build a Navy in 1696 which was when early ballet was already established in parts of Western Europe. He was the one to realize how far behind Russia was compared to other European countries ,so to modernize, he had people engage in western forms of entertainment like ballet
  • Early Ballet: Academie Royal de Danse

    considered first ballet school and was an opportunity for those who wanted to perform in shows and learn more complicated dance steps.
  • Classical Ballet/Ballet Russes: Empress Anna Ivanova

    Neice of Peter the Great who took over his role when he died and continued the westernization that Peter started
  • Marie de Camargo

    French dancer who was taught by Francoise Prevost. First woman to execute entrechat quarte. Also changed attire of ballet
  • Jean George Noverre

    French dancer who choreographed more than 150 ballets . Wrote the Lettres sur la danse et sur les ballets.
  • Classical Ballet/Ballet Russes: First ballet school

    1738 is when the first ballet school in Russia, the imperial ballet school, started under Anna in the winter palace in Saint Petersburg led by Jean Baptiste de Lande
  • Filippo Taglioni

    Live November 5, 1777 to February 11, 1871 from Milan Italy famous for choreographing La Sylphide
  • Marie Taglioni

    Lived from April 23, 1804 to April 1884. Performed in la sylphide in a part specifically choreographed by her father and was believed to be the first ballerina to dance on pointe
  • August Bournonville

    Lived August 21, 1805 to November 30, 1879 from Copenhagen Denmark famous for his own version of La Sylphide
  • Pauline Leroux

    Lived from August 19, 1809 to February 5, 1891 had her first success when she created the role of Marie in la tentation by Jean Coralli and was a pupil of Auguste Vestris and Jean Francois Coulon
  • Jules Perrot

    Lives from August 18, 1810 to August 29, 1892 from Lyon France famous for lot Esmeralda
  • Fanny Cerrito

    Lived from May 11, 1817 to May 6, 1909 played the “Cieca di Portici” in The role of an actress in the first season of La Scala and danced in “La Foresta Incantata” by Rugoli, becoming The uncontested star of the Milanese theater
  • Classical Ballet/Ballet Russes: Marius Petipa

    What is a French ballet dancer who is one of the most influential ballet masters and choreographers in ballet history
  • Carlotta Grisi

    Lived June 28, 1819 to May 18 99 known famously for classic role as Gisele. She trained at the ballet school of the famous Teatro alla Scala in Milan
  • Lucille Grahn

    Live June 30, 1819 to April 4, 1907 took on the leading role of Astrid in Bournonvilles Valdemar in 1835 and was the first danish ballerina to attain international fame
  • Romantic Ballet: La Sylphide

    Setting: Scotland, which would have been considered a “far off land” for the French during that time period. The main characters are James, Effie, the Sylph, and an old witch, Madge Who wants revenge on James. The original was choreographed by Filippo Taglioni in 1832 in Marie Taglioni was the principal dancer
  • Jules Chéret

    French painter and Lithographer. Often regarded as the originator of the artistic lithographic poster
  • Stéphane Mallarmé

    French poet and critic whose work anticipated and inspired several revolutionary artistic schools
  • Romantic Ballet: peak of period

    1845 with the premiere of Pas De Quatre
  • Romantic Ballet: Romantic ballet Period

    Part of a larger movement entitled Romanticism. It was an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Europe and reached its height between 1800 and 1850.
  • Enrico Cecchetti

    Italian ballet dancer, mine, and founder of the Cecchetti method. The son of two dancers from Civitanova Marche, he was born in the costuming room of the Teatro Tordinona in Rome
  • François-Raoul Larche

    French art Nouveau sculptor who was one of several artists inspired by the dancer Loie Fuller. One of his best known statues depicts Fuller dancing with part of her drapery billowing
  • Loie Fuller

    Born January 15th, 1862. Was an American actress and dancer. Her innovative use of colored lighting with music and movement profoundly altered the visual arts and theater of her day
  • Romantic Ballet: Coppelia

    Dr. Coppelius create life-size doll that is so lifelike that Frantz falls in love with her, even though he is betrothed to another. Swanhilde breaks into inventor shop. Everyone is caught, but swanhilde hides and sees the inventor trying to bring Coppélia to life with Frantz’s life force and secretly dresses as the doll. She shows everyone their folly and the ballet ends with swanhilde and Frantz marrying. The choreographer is Arthur St. Lèon Giuseppina Bozzacchi was the principal ballerina
  • Classical Ballet/Ballet Russes: Sergei Diaghilev

    Was from the Chudosky district of Russia and was the reason the Ballet Russes was created. He was neither a Dancer or choreographer and was the reason the Ballet russes was created.
  • Classical Ballet/Ballet Russes: Classical period

    Classical period took place in the last half of the 19th century approximately 1877 to 1900 and was initiated as a response to the decline of popularity of ballet
  • Classical Ballet/Ballet Russes: Swan lake

    One of the most famous ballets that premiered in 1877
  • Isadora Duncan

    Made her way in the world without a man which made her a symbol of the women’s movement. She developed a “new system” of dance based on emotion, music, nature, breath, and natural movement
  • Agrippina Vaganova

    Was a Soviet and Russian ballet teacher who developed the Vaganova method, The technique which derived from the teaching methods of the old imperial ballet school under the Premier Maître de Ballet Marius Petipa throughout the mid to late 19th century, through mostly throughout the 1880s and 1890s. She became prima ballerina in 1950 and began teaching in 1916
  • Ruth st. denis and Ted Shawn

    Started Denishawn dance company. Important to the history of dance approached movement as a spiritual outlet and legitimate profession for men and women. This school could be considered the first official training school of dance in America and trained many of those who would become the first major generation of true modern dance creators.
  • Classical Ballet/Ballet Russes:Michel Fokine

    One more quick workout for the ballet Russes was a ballet of Nikolai Rimsky Korsakov’s Scheherazade Which premiered in 1910
  • Classical Ballet/Ballet Russes: Ana pavlova

    She was invited to join the ballet Russes on tour during the opening season in Paris. While touring, the Ballet Russes frequently visited Australia, and there she played an instrumental role in Russian ballet’s influence on the future of Australian dance
  • Mary Wigman

    Born Nov. 13th, 1886. Was a German dancer and choreographer, notable as a pioneer of expressionist dance, dance therapy, and movement training without pointe shoes
  • Classical Ballet/Ballet Russes: Vaslov Nijiinsky

    He began his career in 1912 as a choreographer and created many ballet‘s for the ballet Russes
  • Classical Ballet/Ballet Russes: Sleeping beauty

    One of the most popular ballets that premiered in 1890. The basic story is that princess auora is cursed into 100 year sleep by a prick on her finger on her 16th birthday. Doomed by faith, the only thing that can wake her is true loves kiss from the prince to break the spell
  • The art of Nouveau movement

    1890-1914 movement that questioned the definition of art and blurred the lines between high art and everyday objects
  • Classical Ballet/Ballet Russes: Bronislav Nijiinska

    She danced with the ballet Russes in Paris beginning in 1909 and also choreograph several ballet‘s for the company
  • Classical Ballet/Ballet Russes: The nutcracker

    One of the most popular ballet’s that debuted in a 1892
  • Classical Ballet/Ballet Russes: Ballet russes

    Radical group of Russians that sought to promote the freer and more creative styles found in Europe at the time
  • Kurt Joss

    Born January 12, 1901 and died May 22, 1979. A famous German ballet dancer and choreographer mixing classical ballet with theater. He is widely regarded as the founder of Tanztheater. His dance dramas combined expressionistic modern dance movements with fundamental ballet technique.
  • George Balanchine

    Born January 22, 1904 and died April 30, 1983. For Balanchine, the choreography was not tied to the virtuosity of the ballerina, the plot or the decor, but the movement. He demanded that woman feel stronger, more flexible and skinnier than ever before.
  • The dying swan

    The dying swan
  • Lincoln Kirstein

    Born May 4, 1907 and died January 5, 1996. Was an American writer and cofounder of New York city ballet. He wrote the libretto’s for several ballet’s. He also founded and directed ballet caravan, and ensemble for dancers recruited from the American ballet and the school.
  • Anthony Tudor

    Was an English ballet choreographer, teacher and dancer. He is famous for developing the so-called psychological ballet
  • Afternoon of a Faun

    The story is of a young fun who meets several nymphs, he flirts with them and chases them. The ending scene caused a major scandal because it portrayed the faun masturbating and climaxing
  • The rite of spring

    Composed by Stravinsky, which in and of itself cost a lot of uproar simply because it was so dissonance and different, with some even calling you ugly music. The story is as the title suggests, it is a primitive rite where a virgin maiden is chosen to appease the gods and is sacrificed to do so
  • Denishawn

    Ruth St. Dennis and Ted Shawn started this dance company which was considered the first official training school of dance in America and trained many of those who would become the first major generation of true modern dance creators
  • Neoclassical ballet

    Neo classical ballet appears in the 1920s with Sergei Diaghlev’s Ballet Russes, in response to the excess of romanticism and post romantic modernism
  • Cecchetti’s method

    His method has a fixed regimen with set exercises for each day of the working week. All the exercises were executed on both sides where one side of the body was done one week and the other side the next week. He thought it was more important to execute a movement once correctly then many times carelessly
  • Les Noces

    Full length ballet, but not at the same time. It tells a full story but as much shorter than the previous classical ballet’s
  • Gerald Arpino

    Born January 14, 1923 and died October 29, 2008. American dancer and choreographer and cofounder of the Joffrey ballet. He became known for his hard, fast, youthful ballets
  • Robert Joffrey

    Born December 24, 1930 and lived until march 25, 1988. Was an American dancer and cofounder of the Joffrey ballet. He is credited with bringing a distinctly American approach to dance and with reviving experimental ballet’s from earlier era’s
  • Arthur Mitchell

    What is a ballet dancer and choreographer. He was the first African-American dancer to be granted the right to join any American ballet company. He was also the first African American dancer to be promoted to the role of principal. He opened the doors for other black dancers
  • Jardin aux lilas

    This ballet was first performed by ballet Rambert in London, but has been in the New York City ballet repertory. Choreographed by tudor, It broke from the convention of using fanciful characters or settings and valleys, presenting instead a situation that could have been drawn from one’s life experienced. Premiered in 1936
  • Dark Elegies

    Premiered in 1937. Was the first performed by ballet Rambert in London and has been in the repertory of the Paris opera ballet since 1985
  • Mats Ek

    Born April 18, 1945. He is a Swedish dance and ballet Kröger for, dancer, and stage Director. Regarded as being one of the best Swedish ballet dancers and instructors. He was the manager of the Cullberg ballet from 1985 to 1993
  • William Forsythe

    Born December 30, 1947. Is an international choreographer credited with revolutionizing ballet. He founded the Forsythe Company, which he directed from 2005 to 2015. His methods are grounded in a deconstructive reconsideration of classical ballet structures and theatricality. He is currently a professor at the University of Gloria Kaufman school of dance
  • Jiri kylian

    Born March 21, 1947. Is a dance choreographer who studied in Prague in London. He joined the Stuttgart (ballet) in 1968 where he began to choreograph in addition to dancing. He became artistic Director of Nederlands Dans Theater in 1975 and remained in this position until 1999. Over the years the company has won several awards both nationally and internationally
  • Mikhail Baryshnikov

    Born January 27, 1948. Is a Russian American dancer, choreographer, and actor. He choreographed several iconic pieces which have made him one of the greatest ballet dancers of the 20th century. He was the preeminent male classical dancer of the70’s and 80’s.
  • Ohad Naharin

    Born June 22, 1952 is an Israeli choreographer and contemporary dancer. He served as artistic Director of Batsheva dance company from 1990 to 2018. He has been hailed as one of the worlds preeminent contemporary Choreographers first he is creator of the gaga movement language
  • Edouard Lock

    Is a Canadian dance choreographer and the founder of the Canadian dance group, la la la human steps. In 1988 he used point shoes and classically trained dancers for the first time, creating bread dances for the national ballet of Holland. Over the years he has been invited to create works for some of the worlds leading dance companies. Many of his works have appeared on film. He is counted as one of the groundbreaking choreographers for modern dance
  • Paul Lightfoot

    Paul Lightfoot was born in 1966 in Kingsley England. He got trained at the Royal ballet school London. He became a member of the Nederlands Dans theater in 1985. after two years with NDT2 he got promoted to NDT1 in 1987
  • Wayne McGregor

    Wayne McGregor was born on March 12, 1970. Was a British choreographer and director who is the artistic Director of studio Wayne McGregor and resident Kroger for of the royal ballet he has used the choreographic device of manipulation of numbers to show the choreographic intention of inferences between two people
  • Christopher Wheeldon

    Christopher Wheeldon was born on March 22 1973 and is an English international choreographer of contemporary ballet. He began dancing at eight and attended the royal ballet school between the ages of 11 and 18. He became the first British choreographer to create a new work for the Bolshoi ballet.
  • The leaves are fading

    Premiered in 1975. First performed at the American ballet Theatre and originally it was created for ballerina Gelsey Kirkland
  • Creole Giselle

    is not actually choreographed by Mitchell, but it’s important because it demonstrated a shift in how ballet was accessed by non-white and mostly middle class and wealthy dancers and patrons
  • Sol Leon

    Born in Córdoba Spain is a dutch choreographer. She received her dance training at the national ballet academy of Madrid with teachers such as Victor Ullate . In 1987 she joined NDT2, and in 1989 became a member of NDT1. Choreographed with Paul Lightfoot for many years
  • South African suite

    South African suite Was it a ballet which was a fun demonstration of contemporary ballet performed by members of dance theater of Harlem