The Enlightenment

  • Thomas Hobbes

    Thomas Hobbes
    Thomas Hobbes was born on April of the year 1588. As a philosopher, one of his main topics of study was the relationship between religion and science. He also believed that the king held all of the power and everything depended on whether the monarch protected the rights of his people.
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    Salons during The Enlightenment were used as a social and intellectual meeting place. Philosophers and salonnières (female philosophers) met to discuss intellectual topics. Women saw this as an opportunity to gain an education because women of the time weren't formally educated.
  • John Locke

    John Locke
    John Locke was born August 29, 1632. Along his lifetime, he wrote many books/essays such as A Letter Concerning Toleration. He believed in God as the creator of all things and he also supported religious freedom.
  • Samuel Clarke

    Samuel Clarke
    Samuel Clarke was born Octor 11, 1675. As a philosopher , he opposed Thomas Hobbes' ideas but supported Isaac Newton's work on physics.
  • Principia Mathematica by Issac Newton

    Isaac Newton's book on mathematics is a very important document of the Enlightenment. Even today we still learn from Newton's findings in the field of math.
  • Essay Concerning Human Understanding by John Locke

    This book talks about human knowledge and understanding. It is written by a famous philosopher of the Enlightenment, John Locke.
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    Philosophe is the french word for Philosopher. A philosopher is an intellectual from the 1700 and 1800s.
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    The Enlightenment Era

    The enlightenment was an intellectual movement that spread across Europe during the 1700s and the 1800s. During this time, some people started focusing on reason more than tradition.
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau
    Jean-Jacques Rosseau was born june 28, 1712 in Geneva. He believed that society was not making progress, on the contrary he believed that it was worst. Rosseau believed in a "civil religion". Some of his work includes, The Social Contract, and Julie or the New Heloise.
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    Enlightened Despots

    Enlightened despots refers to a ruler's, such as a king, absolute power.
  • The Declaration of Independence

    John Locke also influence the Declaration of Independence. Locke believe that everyone was the same and in the Declaration of Independence it says, " that all men are created equal."
  • The Constitution

    One of the documents that was influenced by the enlightenment was the United States Constitution. In it we can see many of John Locke's ideas such as "natural right". Locke was very much into the idea of life, liberty and property.
  • The Bill of Rights

    Again, we can see Locke's ideas about "natural rights." Both the document and Locke always highlighted the importance of human rights.
  • Novum Organum by Francis Bacon

    A piece by Francis Bacon writen in latin. The book book deals with science and logic. In english, the title translates to "new instrument".