Etapas de la música

  • Period: 800 BCE to 146 BCE

    Los orígenes de la música occidental

    Surgió a partir de la imitación de los sonidos de la naturaleza. Las primeras bases de la música occidental se encuentra en la antigua civilización griega, estos escribieron los primeros tratados musicales.
  • Period: 400 to 1400

    La Edad Media

    La música estaba fuertemente ligada a la religión, esta era interpretada por el clero.
    En La Edad Media, surgió la notación musical(estas servian para expresar la música de manera escrita). Sus formas eran la neuma y la notacion cuadrada.
  • Period: 800 to 1200

    La Polifonía

    Aparece en el siglo IX, este se caracteriza por la combinación de sonidos, y melodías. Esta tiene dos periodos: El Ars Antiqua y El Ars Nova.
  • Period: 991 to 1050

    Guido D'Arezzo

    He was an Italian Benedictine monk and musical theorist who is one of the central figures in music of the Middle Ages along with Hucbaldo.
  • Period: 1000 to 1100

    La monodía

    Esta se creo q en la Edad media. Salieron dos formas de esta. la monodía religiosa(el canto gregoriano) y la música profana.
  • Period: 1098 to 1179

    Hildegarda de Bingen

    He was a German holy abbess and polymath, active as a composer, writer, philosopher, scientist, naturalist, physician, mystic, monastic leader, and prophetess during the middle ages.
  • Period: 1130 to 1200

    Bernat de Ventadorn

    Also known as Bernart de Ventadour, he was a popular Provençal troubadour, composer, and poet.
  • Period: 1150 to 1201

    Léonin

    He is, together with Perotín, the first known composer of a polyphonic organum, related to the Notre Dame School.
  • Period: 1221 to 1284

    Alfonso X el Sabio

    He was king of the Crown of Castile and of the other kingdoms with which it was titled between 1252 and 1284.
  • Period: 1300 to 1377

    Guillaume de Machaut

    He was a French medieval clergyman, poet and composer. His projection was enormous and he is historically the maximum representative of the movement known as Ars nova.
  • Period: 1325 to 1397

    Francesco Landini

    He was an Italian composer, organist, singer, poet, instrument maker and astrologer. He was one of the most famous composers.
  • Period: 1400 to 1468

    Johannes Gutenberg

    He was a German goldsmith, inventor of the modern printing press with movable type, around 1440.
  • 1455

    La Imprenta

    Johannes Gutenberg inventó la imprenta. Esta permitió una mayor difusión de la música.
  • Period: 1455 to 1545

    El Renacimiento

    Al producirse transformaciones sociales, culturales y religiosas, surgió una nueva época, El Renacimiento.
    Este desarolló un movimiento intelectual y cultural llamado Humanismo.
  • Period: 1468 to 1529

    Juan del Encina

    He was a poet, musician and playwright of the Spanish Renaissance at the time of the Catholic Monarchs. Together with the Gipuzkoan Juan de Anchieta, he is considered one of the greatest exponents of religious and secular polyphony in Spain at the end of the 15th and beginning of the 16th centuries.
  • Period: 1500 to 1553

    Cristóbal de Morales

    He was an Spanish Catholic priest and chapel master being the main representative of the Andalusian polyphonic school and one of the big three, along with Tomás Luis de Victoria and Francisco Guerrero.
  • Period: 1510 to 1566

    Antonio de Cabezón

    He was a Spanish organist, harpist and composer of the Renaissance.
  • Period: 1525 to

    Giovanni da Palestrina

    He was an Italian Renaissance composer of sacred music and the best-known representative of the 16th-century Roman School of musical composition.
  • Period: 1532 to

    Orlando di Lasso

    He was a Franco-Flemish composer of the late Renaissance. Along with Palestrina and Victoria, he is considered one of the most influential composers of the 16th century.
  • Period: 1533 to

    Andrea Gabrieli

    He was an Italian composer and organist of the late Renaissance. Uncle of perhaps the most famous composer Giovanni Gabrieli, he was the first internationally renowned member of the Venetian School of composers.
  • 1546

    La Reforma Protestante

    Martín Lutero, fue su mayor impulsor, este movimiento consistió en la separación de sus seguidores de la iglesia católica.
  • Period: 1548 to

    Tomás Luis de Victoria

    He was a Catholic priest, chapel master and famous polyphonic composer of the Spanish Renaissance. He has been considered one of the most relevant and advanced composers of his time.
  • 1563

    La Contrarreforma de la Música

    Este se impulsó por el Concilio de Trento.
    En el que cambiaron las normas para escribir música: manteniendo el uso del latín, eliminando melodías con temática profana...
  • Period: 1567 to

    Claudio Monteverdi

    He was an Italian composer, violagambist, singer, choir director and priest. He composed both secular and sacred music and marked the transition between the polyphonic and madrigal tradition of the 16th century and the birth of lyric drama and opera in the 17th century.
  • Period: to

    Giacomo Carissimi

    He was one of the most eminent Italian composers of the early Baroque and one of the main representatives of the Roman School.
  • Period: to

    Bárbara Strozzi

    She was an Italian singer-songwriter of the Baroque. During her lifetime, she published eight volumes of her own music and had more secular music in print than any other composer of the time.
  • Period: to

    Barbara Strozzi

    She was an Italian Baroque singer-songwriter. During her lifetime, she published eight volumes of her own music and had more secular music in print than any other composer of the time.
  • Period: to

    Antoni Stradivari

    He was the most prominent Italian luthier. The Latin form of his last name, Stradivarius, is used to refer to his instruments.
  • Period: to

    Henry Purcell

    He was an English composer of the Baroque. Considered one of the best English composers of all time, he incorporated French and Italian stylistic elements into his music, generating his own English style of baroque music.
  • Period: to

    Antonio Vivaldi

    Antonio Vivaldi was a Baroque Venetian Catholic composer, violinist, impresario, teacher and priest. He was nicknamed Il prete rosso because he was a priest and had red hair
  • Period: to

    George Philipp Telemann

    He was a German Baroque composer, although his work also had characteristics of early classicism. He is considered the most prolific composer in the history of music.
  • Period: to

    George Friedrich Häendel

    He was a German composer, later nationalized English, considered one of the leading figures in the history of music, especially baroque, and one of the most influential composers of Western and universal music.
  • Period: to

    Johann Sebastian Bach

    He was a German composer, musician, conductor, choirmaster, singer, and teacher of the Baroque period.