|Event Date:||Event Title:||Event Description:|
|1st Jan, 1352||Ottomans Makefoothold in Europe||Ottomans at GallipoliSieze fortress of Gallipoli|
|1st Jan, 1453||Ottoman Capture of Constantinople||Ottomans at Constantinopleby Mehmed II|
|1st Jan, 1501||Ismail Becomes Shah of Persia||Ismail's Beginnings
Ismail I proclaimed himself shah and found support in both Ottomans and Mongols.
|1st Jan, 1508||Ismail Conqures Baghdad||BaghdadIsmail conqured Baghdad and defeated the Uzbecks.|
|1st Jan, 1510||Ishmail's Rulings Lead to Religious Changes||Safavid Religions
The Safavid Empire was primarily Isamic, however, there was some suprising freedom.
|1st Jan, 1526||Babur Has control of India: Religions Change||Mughal ReligionsThe Mughals were Muslims who ruled a country with a large Hindu majority. However for much of their empire they allowed Hindus to reach senior government or military positions.|
|17th Mar, 1527||Babur defeated the last of the Delhi Sultans, Ibrahim Shah Lodi, at the First Battle of Panipat||Battle of Khanwa
This battle was responsible for putting Babur into power.
|1st Jan, 1529||Ottomans Surge Vienna||Siege of Vienna. IT SINGS!!!!Suleiman and his entourage leave Istanbul on May 10, 1529 and head west northwest through the Gate of Adrianope to Edirne. (Linked article by M. Tayyib Gökbilgin.) They proceed up the low-lying river valley toward Sofia.|
|1st Jan, 1531||Tahmasp, Ismail's son takes great intrest in art; spurring many Safavis arts||Safavid Art|
|26th Jun, 1539||Suri Dynasty Defeats Mughal Dynasty||Sur DynastyThis battle along with another one caused the Mughals to succumb to the Suri and would eventually aid to their decline.|
|1st Jan, 1555||Ottoman-Safavid War Ends||Ottoman-Safavid WarThe Ottomans and Safavids had been fighting since 1532, they were now entering a time of peace.|
|1st Jan, 1555||Humayun Dies, Architechural Masterpiece is Erected in his Honor||Mughal ArchitechureMany other Mughals that passed had very architechurally interesting monuments built for them. Architechure was very important to the Mughals.|
|1st Feb, 1556||Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar is Placed on the Mughal Throne||Akbar the GreatAkbar was fourteen years old when he ascended the Mughal throne in Delhi (February 1556), following the death of his father Humayun. During his reign, he eliminated military threats from the powerful Pashtun descendants of Sher Shah Suri, and at the Second Battle of Panipat he defeated the newly self-declared Hindu king Hemu. It took him nearly two more decades to consolidate his power and bring all the parts of northern and central India into his direct realm.|
|1st Jan, 1574||Ottomans Conquer Tunisia||Ottomans and TunisiaControl of the Islamic empire was lost by the Arabic Abbasid Caliphate when the Il-Khan Mongols killed the last caliph in 1258. Initially, while the Mongols ruled Mesopotamia and eastern Anatolia, the Ottomans focused on conquering and securing western Anatolia and Greece. From 1453 the Ottomans made their capital at former Byzantine Constantinople. A puppet Abbasid caliphate was set up by the Mamelukes in Egypt, so when they were conquered by the Ottomans in 1517,|
|Reign of Shah Abbas I Begins||Abbas IAbbas established the Safavids as a true state and expanded territory.|
|Tobacco is Introduced to the Mughals||Mughal EconomyThe textile industry was booming and hence there was tremendous demand for cotton and silk which were important cash crops. Tobacco, introduced sometime in 1604 also became an important cash crop. One negative aspect of the Mughal administration was that they did not make any major efforts in agricultural development.|
|Jahangir is Successor to the Mughal Throne after Akbar||Jahangir
Jahangir is most famous for his golden "chain of justice." The chain was setup as a link between his people and Jahangir himself. Standing outside the castle of Agra with sixty bells, anyone was capable of pulling the chain and having a personal hearing from Jahangir himself.
|Safavid and Ottoman Truce||Safavid Empire
On 17 may 1639, peace treaty with the Ottomans, which established the Ottoman-Safavid frontier and put an end to more than a hundred years of sporadic conflict. The treaty forced Shah Safi I to accept the final loss of Baghdad in Mesopotamia, recaptured by the Ottomans in 1638, and instead gave Yerevan in the southern Caucasus to Iran.
|Maratha Empire Attacks and Defeats the Mughals||Marathas Empire
The Maratha empire occupied the Deccan plateau in India. The Hindu Marathas had long lived in the Desh region around Satara, in the western portion of the Deccan plateau, where the plateau meets the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats mountains. They had resisted incursions into the region by the Muslim Moghul rulers of northern India.
|Offical Collpase of the Safavid Empire||Collapse of the SafavidAlthough the fall of the Safavids was long, this is the offical end date.|
|First Ottoman Newspaper Published||A Review of the Paper|
|Ottoman Inauguration of the Academy of Sciences||Academy of Sciences|
|Crimean War Begins||Crimean War
Crimean War, (October 1853–February 1856), war fought mainly on the Crimean Peninsula between the Russians and the British, French, and Ottoman Turkish, with support, from January 1855, by the army of Sardinia-Piedmont. The war arose from the conflict of great powers in the Middle East and was more directly caused by Russian demands to exercise protection over the Orthodox subjects of the Ottoman sultan.
|Tevfik Fikret, the Founder of Turkish Poetry is Born||FikretThe Turkish poet Tevfik Fikret, whose real name was Mehmet Tevfik, was born in Istanbul on December 24, 1867. He also wrote under various aliases such as Nazmi Tevfik, Esat Necip, and Tevfik Nazmi. He was the son of a middle class family, and an honor roll student. Fikret started his professional life as a French language teacher at the Lycée de Galatasaray, which was his alma mater.|
|Timespan Dates:||Timespan Title:||Timespan Description:|
|1st Jan, 1289
|Ottoman Empire||Outlines the major event of the Ottoman Emipre|
|1st Jan, 1501
|1st Jan, 1503