Inventions of the Industrial Revolution 1800-1920

Timeline created by cvz9031
  • Battery

    Count Alessandro Volta invents the battery.
  • Electric Lamp

    Humphry Davy invents the first electric light - the first arc lamp. Makes home life easier for people with the money to buy one.
  • First Photograph

    Joseph Nicéphore Niépce was the first person to take a photograph. He took the picture by setting up a machine called the camera obscura in the window of his home in France. It took eight hours for the camera to take the picture.
  • Locomotive

    George Stephenson designs the first steam locomotive. Eventually makes travel over long distances much easier. Also alows massive amounts of goods to be transported across land easily.
  • Electromagnet

    William Sturgeon invented the electromagnet.
  • Typewriter

    American, W.A. Burt invents a typewriter. Alows papers and books to be written more efficiently
  • McCormick Reaper

    American, Cyrus McCormick invents the first commercially successful reaper. Reduces the amount of work needed to harvest crops. Production increases.
  • Corn Planter

    Henry Blair patents a corn planter, he is the second black person to receive a U.S. patent. Makes it far easier to plant one of the main staple crops of the North and Midwest
  • Calculator

    Charles Babbage invents a mechanical calculator
  • Photography

    Englishmen, Henry Talbot invents calotype photography.
  • Wrench

    Solymon Merrick patents the wrench.
  • Propeller

    Englishmen, Francis Pettit Smith invents the propeller.
  • Revolver

    Samuel Colt invented the first revolver. makes life on the frontier more and less dangerous. this invention is widely used in the Civil War
  • Telegraph

    Samuel Morse invents the telegraph. Begins a time of lightning fast communication
  • Morse code

    Samual Morse invents Morse Code. This system of tones is used to turn the telegraph into an effective mode of comunication
  • Bicycle

    Kirkpatrick Macmillan invents a bicycle.
  • Hydrogen Fuel Cell

    Welshmen, Sir William Robert Grove conceives of the first hydrogen fuel cell.
  • Photography

    Frenchmen, Louis Daguerre and J.N. Niepce co-invent Daguerreotype photography.
  • Grain Elevator

    Joseph Dart builds the first grain elevator. Makes daily life easier.
  • Mercerized Cotton

    Englishmen, John Mercer invents mercerized cotton. gives cotton a glossy glow. Improves the quality and astethitic apeal of cotton clothes.
  • Anesthesia for Desntistry

    Dr. William Morton, a Massachusetts dentist, is the first to use anesthesia for tooth extraction. Allows dentistry work to be done far less painfully making dentist appointments more pleasurable.
  • Antisceptics

    Hungarian, Ignaz Semmelweis invents antisceptics. A ground breaking invention in the medical industry still used today.
  • Dishwasher

    Joel Houghton was granted the first patent for a dishwasher. Makes home life easier for those who can afford it.
  • Gyroscope.

    Jean Bernard Léon Foucault invents gyroscope. First used as a teaching aid. Now, it is what makes the screen "flip" on your iphone.
  • Fiber Optics

    John Tyndall demonstrates the principles of fiber optics. First used as a teaching aid. Now it is the main cable in use for internet and phone cables.
  • Bessemer Process

    Bessemer Process invented by Henry Bessemer, a new and easier way to convert iron into steel. This makes steel far easier to get and is used to make many things from sky-skrapers to knives.
  • Sleeping Train Car

    George Pullman invents the Pullman Sleeping Car for train travel. Makes long travel on trains more bearable.
  • Internal Combustion Engine

    Jean Lenoir invents an internal combustion engine. leads to the firts automobiles, motorcycles and many other motor driven vehicles.
  • Washing Machine

    Hamilton Smith patents the rotary washing machine. Makes home life far easier for those fortunate enough to have one.
  • Elevator Safety Brakes

    Elisha Otis patents elevator safety brakes, creating a safer elevator.
  • Cylinder Lock

    Linus Yale invents the Yale lock or cylinder lock. Makes door locks easier and cheaper to manufacture. Similar locks are still used today.
  • Plastic

    Alexander Parkes invents the first man-made plastic. Makes a lighter, cheaper solid to use in industry. Very widely used today.
  • Machine Gun

    Richard Gatling patents his machine gun. Revolutionalizes war.
  • Torpedo

    Englishmen Robert Whitehead invents a torpedo. A new weapon used to deystroy ships. Newer versions are still used today.
  • Dynamite

    Alfred Nobel invents dynamite. An explosive that makes excavation easier and more dangerous. Still widely used today.
  • Modern Typewriter

    Christopher Scholes invents the first practical and modern typewriter. Typewriters are easily available. This revolutionalizes the business and writing worlds.
  • Traffic Lights

    J P Knight invents traffic lights.
  • Air Brakes

    George Westinghouse invents air brakes.
  • Tungsten Steel

    Robert Mushet invents tungsten steel.
  • Mail-Order Catalog

    A.M. Ward issues the first mail-order catalog. Makes products easily available for people in the back country.
  • Barbed Wire

    Joseph Glidden invents barbed wire.
  • Internal Combustion Engine

    Nicolaus August Otto invents the first practical four-stroke internal combustion engine.
  • Telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone. Makes long distance instant comunication posible for the everyday person.
  • Movies

    Eadweard Muybridge invents the first moving pictures or movies
  • Phonograph

    Thomas Edison invents the ylinder phonograph or tin foil phonograph. Makes home life more enjoyable to those who can afford it.
  • Electric Lightbulb

    Sir Joseph Wilson Swan was the first person to invent a practical and longer-lasting electic lightbulb. Begins the electric revolution.
  • First Practical Light Bulb

    Thomas Edison invents the first practical and commercially available light bulb. Electric light soon becomes widely abailable making home life far easier.
  • Toilet Paper

    The British Perforated Paper Company invents a form of toilet paper.
  • Player Piano

    Edward Leveaux patents the automatic player piano. A great entertainment peace for homes or resturaunts for those who could afford it.
  • Roll Film

    David Houston patents the roll film for cameras. Will allow for millions of Americans to posses cameras and use them easily.
  • Metal Detector

    Alexander Graham Bell invents the first crude metal detector.
  • Cash Register

    James Ritty invents the first working, mechanical cash register. Changes business life drastically.
  • Steam Trubine

    Charles Parson patents the steam turbine
  • Fountain Pen

    Lewis Edson Waterman invents the first practical fountain pen..
  • Motorcycle

    Gottlieb Daimler invents the first gas-engined motorcycle.
  • Machine Gun

    Harim Maxim invents his machine gun.
  • Automobile

    Karl Benz invents the first practical automobile to be powered by an internal-combustion engine.
  • Motor Vehicle

    Gottlieb Daimler builds the world's first four-wheeled motor vehicle.
  • Coca Cola

    John Pemberton invents Coca Cola. A drink we all still drink today, minus the cocain of course.
  • Radar

    German, Heinrich Hertz invents radar. Still used today to detect airplanes, read the speed of moving objects, and many other things.
  • Gramaphone

    Emile Berliner invents the gramophone.
  • Contact Lenses

    F.E. Muller and Adolph Fick invent the first wearable contact lenses. These are the begining to the vast contact industry of today. They were not very practicle at the time though.
  • AC motor

    Nikola Tesla invents the AC motor and transformer.
  • Cordite

    Sir James Dewar and Sir Frederick Abel co-invent Cordite - a type of smokeless gunpowder.
  • Escalator

    Jesse W. Reno invents the escalator. newer versions are still in use today.
  • Diesel Engine

    Rudolf Diesel invents the diesel-fueled internal combustion engine.
  • Zipper

    American, W.L. Judson invents the zipper. Revolutionalized the clothing industry.
  • Movie Camera

    Lumiere Brothers invent a portable motion-picture camera, film processing unit and projector called the Cinematographe. Lumiere Brothers using their Cinematographe are the first to present a projected motion picture to an audience of more that one person.
  • Roller Coaster

    Edwin Prescott patents the roller coaster. Provides fun for the Whole Family! Begins amusement parks.
  • Vacum Cleaner

    John Thurman patents the motor-driven vacuum cleaner. Cheaper and more modern looking vaccumm cleaner. Made life easier for the wealthy
  • Zeppelin

    The zeppelin invented by Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin. Made Air travel possible, even across the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Vacuum cleaner

    Hubert Booth invents a compact and modern vacuum cleaner.
  • Safety Razor

    King Camp Gillette invents the double-edged safety razor.
  • Radio Reciver

    The first radio receiver, successfully received a radio transmission. The very begnings of radio brodcast that we all enjoy today.
  • Polygraph Machine

    The lie detector or polygraph machine is invented by James Mackenzie.
  • Neon ligt

    George Claude invented neon light.
  • Air Conditioner

    Willis Carrier invents the air conditioner.
  • Airplane

    The Wright brothers invent the first gas motored and manned airplane. This new invention eventualy evolves the transportation world.
  • Crayons

    Edward Binney and Harold Smith co-invent crayons.
  • Bottle-making Machinery

    Bottle-making machinery invented by Michael J. Owens.
  • Tractor

    Benjamin Holt invents a tractor. Makes the farming industry farm more streamlined. removes some of the back breaking labor.
  • Theory of Relativity

    Albert Einstein published the Theory of Relativity and made famous the equation, E = mc2. A break through in the areas of science and mathematics.
  • Corn Flakes

    William Kellogg invents Cornflakes.
  • Sonar

    Lewis Nixon invents the first sonar like device.
  • Color Photography

    Color photography invented by Auguste and Louis Lumiere.
  • Helicopter

    The very first piloted helicopter was invented by Paul Cornu. Another revolution in the newly begining flight industry.
  • Artificial Nitrates

    Fritz Haber invents the Haber Process for making artificial nitrates which are used in fertalizer.
  • Geiger Counter

    J W Geiger and W Müller invent the geiger counter which measures radiaton. Used widely throughout the Nuclear industry today.
  • Model T

    Model T first sold by Ford Motor Company. Ford's automobile made the automobile easy to buy for many families.
  • Instant coffe

    Instant coffee invented by G. Washington. Makes coffe easier to make and far more enjoyable for the everyday person.
  • Movies With Sound

    Thomas Edison demonstrated the first talking motion picture.
  • Electric Ignition for Cars

    Charles Franklin Kettering invents the first automobile electrical ignition system. Makes starting your car far easier, before you had to hand crank the car to start it.
  • Life Savers Candy

    Clarence Crane created Life Savers candy in 1912.
  • Military Tanks

    The first tank patented by Australian inventor De La Mole.
  • Motorized Movie Cameras

    Motorized movie cameras invented, replaced hand-cranked cameras.
  • Ecstasy

    The Merck Chemical Company patented, what is now know as, ecstasy.
  • Crossword Puzzle

    The crossword puzzle invented by Arthur Wynne. A new form of puzzle for newspapers to publish and for people to enjoy.
  • Bra

    Mary Phelps Jacob invents the bra.
  • Gas Mask

    Garrett A. Morgan invents the Morgan gas mask. Used widely in WWI and 2.
  • Pyrex

    Eugene Sullivan and William Taylor co-invented Pyrex a less breakable glasswere
  • Radio Tuners

    Radio tuners invented, that received different stations.
  • Stainless Steel

    Stainless steel invented by Henry Brearly. Reformed the steel industry, used widely today from drill bits to sailboat parts.
  • Superheterodyne Radio Circuit

    The superheterodyne radio circuit invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong. Today, every radio or television set uses this invention.
  • Fourtune cookies

    Charles Jung invented fortune cookies.
  • Short-Wave Radio

    Short-wave radio invented.
  • Arc Welding

    Arc Welding Invented
  • Pop-up Toaster

    The pop-up toaster invented by Charles Strite. Made home life easier for the everyday person.
  • Flip Flop Circuit

    The flip flop circuit invented by William Eccles and F. W. Jordan.
  • Band-Aid

    The Band-Aid invented by Earle Dickson.
  • Thompson Machine Gun

    The tommy gun patented by John T Thompson.