Early Church Fathers

Timeline created by 7305
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Timeline 10th May, 1040 The Didache The teaching of the 12 apostles, a very early church writing like the early catechism. 3 sections, 1) teaching of life and death. 2) instruction on dealing with church practice and order (heirarchy of a parish) 3) closing reminding of Jesus' coming.
Timeline 10th May, 1050 Council of Jerusalem Whether converts to Christianity needed to be circumcised or not
Timeline 10th May, 1064 Fire in Rome Nero blamed Christians
Timeline 10th May, 1180 Founding of the School of Alexandria Alexandria used Allergorical method of understanding scripture.
Timeline 10th May, 1250 Decius Persecution. Cyprian left during persectuion but kept close contact. Brought among problems of the Lapsi. The anti-pope did not want to give absolution to the Lapsi.
Timeline 10th May, 1251 Epidemic Epidemic sweeps Roman empire. Cyprian encouraged followers to take care of both christians and pagans.
Timeline 10th May, 1257 Valerian Persecution
Timeline 10th May, 1313 Edict of Milan Constantine decrees toleration of Christianity
Timeline 10th May, 1325 Council of Nicaea Condemns Arianism. But that doesn't stop Arianism, it grows and almost takes over.
Timeline 10th May, 1381 Council of Constantinople Confirms dicisions of Nicaea
Timeline 10th May, 1382 St. Jerome revises Latin Gospels
Timespan Dates: Timespan Title: Timespan Description:
10th May, 1030
10th May, 1039
Jesus' to Nero. Passion, and resurection. Pentecost. Seven helenistic believers are chosen as Deacons (Stephen is among one of the seven). Stephen is Martyred. Conversion of St. Paul.
10th May, 1038
10th May, 1046
Paul preaches in Cilicia and Syria
10th May, 1043
10th May, 1044
Herod arrests and kills James Peter is arrested and delivered
10th May, 1050
10th May, 1117
St. Ignatius of Antioch Wrote letters to church on his way to become executed. 3rd Bishop of Antioch. Big on Unity as vital for church. Unity is expressed in faithful submission to the heirarchy to the church. On his way to martyerdom he stopped as churches and warned them against heresies
10th May, 1054
10th May, 1068
Nero The evil emperor (number of the beast). Burned city and blamed Christians. Started a persecution.
10th May, 1065
10th May, 1067
Peter and Paul death in Rome Peter is martyered in 65.
Paul martered in 67.
10th May, 1069
10th May, 1155
St. Polycarp Disciple of John, friend of Ignatius, and teacher of Irenaeus. He was a martyr and defended the faith against heresies
10th May, 1069
10th May, 1097
St. Clement Bishop of Rome 4th Bishop of Rome. Knew both St Paul and St Peter. Known for his letter to the Corinthians.
10th May, 1085
10th May, 1160
Marcionism A specially influencial form of Gnosism, affirm Gnostic dualism and rejection of the O.T. Accepted only epistles of Paul because he seemed to reject judism and portions of Luke, which didnt have any judism.
10th May, 1092
10th May, 1096
Persecution of Domitian
10th May, 1100
10th May, 1165
St. Justin Martyr Converted at age 30, had a philosophical journey towards conversion. Famous as an apologist who defended the christian church and explained doctrines, such as early christian worship. Looked for the truth in classical philosophy and implied in christianity. Both reason and scripture lead to Christ.
10th May, 1101
10th May, 1200
Gnosticism ? Comes from the Greek Gnosis, meaning Wisdom and Knowledge. Oppose Christian doctrine of creation. Believe matter is created by a lower, evil god. Believe all truths fully understand by privileged elect. Christology, Jesus is not full a man (doceticism). Reaction to Gnosticism is by some reacting against the influence of Greek thought, and others embrace greek thought
10th May, 1125
10th May, 1202
St. Irenaeus of Lyons Disciple of Polycarp. Bishop of Lyon. First systematic Theologian. Most cited early church father in catecism. Was an apologist against Gnosticism, author of "Against the Heresies".
10th May, 1150
10th May, 1215
St. Clement of Alexandria Trained in Athens in greek thought and greek culture. A student of Panteaenus. A pioneering Christian scholar. Did speculative theology, which pushed for a deeper understanding of scripture. Used philosophy to deepen understanding of Christ. True Knowledge comes from the reason guided by the truth that is Jesus Christ. The purpose of Life is to become like God.
10th May, 1160
10th May, 1225
Tertullian Wrote in Greek and Latin. Highly educated in law, literature, and philosophy. He was a lawyer. Converted in 193 by heroism of Martyrs. Became a Montenist in 205 then founded his own sect, in which he excoriated sinners. Believes some sins cant be forgiven. Called for a purer church. Known as creater of ecclesical latin and opposed greek philosophy. First to use the term "Trinitas".
10th May, 1185
10th May, 1254
Origin of Alexandria Highly educated. Studied under Clement. Followed as leader at school of Alexandria at age 18. Heavily influenced by Plato, wrote 6,000 works. Wrote the Hexapla, 6 texts of O.T. given side by side. 4 different greek texts. He is not a saint because he believed in preexistence of soul, that there will be other worlds after this one is destroyed, salvation of all sinners even sation (not eternal punishment in hell). Gave literal interpretation of Matt 19:12.
10th May, 1208
10th May, 1258
St. Cyprian of Carthage. A bishop and martyr. Expert Rhetorician who gained fame as a pagan, but became disgusted with corruption in government and converted to seek something higher. Works include decay of roman society, hollowness of political success, the only refuge is temperate life of study and prayer. Great compassion in face of disease. Told christians to help not only other christians but pagans as well.
10th May, 1256
10th May, 1336
Arius A senior priest at Alexandria. Went to the school of Antioch. A man of appartent piety and outward asceticism. Started the Arian heresy. Taught Jesus' was not divine and christ and holy spirit were merely creatures.
10th May, 1263
10th May, 1340
Eusebius of Caesarea First historian of the church. Apostolic succession is backbone of church history. History reveils love of Christ for his church in spite of persecution and heresies. History is Christocentric (christ in the center). Study of history is a way of coming to know and love God.
10th May, 1293
10th May, 1305
Diocletian persecution
10th May, 1297
10th May, 1373
St. Athenasius of Alexandria Pillar of Orthodoxy in a difficult time. An opponent of arch heretic Arius. Held Christ was truly God, therefore God himself was accessible to christians. Friends of St. Anthony (founder of Monasticism) -> A inspiration to Athenasius for exemplary life.
10th May, 1315
10th May, 1386
St. Cyril of Jerusalem Exiled 3 times, by Arians. Suspected of having arian sympathies by orthodox catholics. Known for both exemplary pastoral care and taking part in arian controversy. Writings as a teacher were famous, his catecheses take new converts through the basis of the faith. Into the mysteries of these sacraments and on into the life of prayer. The whole christian rebirth through baptism. His teachings involved body, mind, and spirit.
10th May, 1329
10th May, 1379
St. Basil the Great Known for his exemplary holiness. Balanced good works with solitary prayer and meditation. He turned monasticism outward. Made important contributions to the doctrine of the trinity. Basil is a plant. Three leaf clover is a plant. Three leaf clover represents trinity. He was for frequent communion.
10th May, 1330
10th May, 1390
St. Gregory of Nazianzus Friend of Basil. Devoted himself to solitude and meditiation. Ordained reluctantly because he did not want to be ordained because he knew he was going to be made bishop. Uses sharp resoning and clear logic to defend orthodox theology against arians. Theology was not pure reason but comes from a life of prayer and holiness. Pray is imporant. and Charity is the way of salvation.
10th May, 1330
10th May, 1395
St. Gregory of Nyssa Brother of Basil. Greatest speculative and systematic theologian. Ordained priest and bishop by his brother Basil. Theology influencial in the 2nd council of nicaea (680-681). Goal to see God and make ourselves like him. He is the Thinker. Basil is Doer. Gregory of Nizanizus is the dreamer.
10th May, 1340
10th May, 1397
St. Ambrose of Milan. Died on Holy Saturday. Brought Origin's method of studying scripture to the western church. Teaching began with scripture. Pushes Augustine to conversion. First to encourage congregational hymns in church.