Religion Timeline

Timeline created by andreasggs
In History
  • 100

    John"s Gospel is written

    John"s Gospel is written
  • 110

    Saint Ignatious

    Saint Ignatious
    Saint Ignatious of Antioch first refered to the Church as the Catholic Church.
  • 249

    Decius

    Decius
    Ruled Rome and was responsible for the worst persecutions of the early Christians.
  • 300

    Anthony of Eygpt

    Anthony of Eygpt
    Created Monastic Life
  • 303

    "Great Persecution" begins

    "Great Persecution" begins
  • 311

    "Great Persecution" ends

    "Great Persecution" ends
  • 312

    Constantine

    Constantine
  • 313

    Edict of Milan is issued

    Edict of Milan is issued
    The Edict of Milan grated religious tolerance throughout the the Roman Empire and giving Christians the freedom to worship openly.
  • 318

    Basil the Great

    Basil the Great
  • 325

    The first ecumenical council; Council of Nicaea

    The first ecumenical council; Council of Nicaea
    Consatine summoned all of the bishops of the church, to settle the disbute caused by Arias' heresy. More than two hundred bishops attended this concil,
  • 367

    Saint Athanasius writes the list of New Testement books

    Saint Athanasius writes the list of New Testement books
    Saint Athanasius was the Bishop of Alexandra, Egypt.
  • 381

    A concil in Constantinopole

    A concil in Constantinopole
    Emperor Theodosius I and bishps discued the creed, the fact that Jesus was fully divine, and that The Blessed Trinity is the central mystery of Christian faith and life.
  • 381

    Emperor Theodosius I

    Emperor Theodosius I
    He called a council at Constantinople. Bishops repeated the teaching of Nicaea, and said that the Holy Spirit is like Jesus and is also fully divine. Our salvation is the work of one God, but that God exists in three divine persons. “it is the central mystery of Christian faith and life”
  • 431

    Council of Ephesus

    Council of Ephesus
    Dicussed about a hereicy started by Nestorious. It affirmed that Mary did in fact gave birth to the Son of God.
  • 431

    Nestorious

    Nestorious
    He claimed that Jesus was actually two people so Mary should not be called the mother of God, because she is the mother of the human Jesus.
  • 450

    Pope Gregory the Great

    Pope Gregory the Great
  • 451

    Council at Chalcedon

    Council at Chalcedon
    The greatest of the first four ecumenical councils. Discussed whether Mary was to be called "the Mother of God"
  • 466

    Clovis, King of the Franks

    Clovis, King of the Franks
  • 480

    Scholastica

    Scholastica
  • 529

    Benedict of Nursia

    Benedict of Nursia
  • Jan 1, 800

    Charlemagne, Leader of the Franks

    Charlemagne, Leader of the Franks
  • Jan 1, 825

    Brothers Cyril (827-869) and Methodius (825- 884)

      Brothers Cyril (827-869) and Methodius (825- 884)
  • Jan 10, 1072

    Gregory VII was elected as pope

    Gregory VII was elected as pope
    created "he Gregorian Reforms"
  • Jan 13, 1090

    Bernard of Clairvaux

    Bernard of Clairvaux
  • Jan 1, 1095

    Pope Urban II called on all Christan rules to organize a Crusade

    Pope Urban II called on all Christan rules to organize a Crusade
  • Jan 1, 1099

    The first of four crusades

    The first of four crusades
    was the most successful took Jerusalem back
  • Jan 1, 1187

    Jerusalem fell again

    Jerusalem fell again
  • Jan 1, 1204

    Armies of the fourth crusade attack and loot Consatantinople

    Armies of the fourth crusade attack and loot Consatantinople
  • Jan 13, 1215

    Pope Innocent III

    Pope Innocent III
    He marked the high point of Papal power by gathering church leaders to form the Fourtth Lateren Council
  • Jan 13, 1231

    Pope Gregory IX

    Pope Gregory IX
    He set up an offical court called the Inquisition- a court that investigated people who were accused of heresy.
  • Jan 1, 1252

    Pope Innocent IV

    Pope Innocent IV
    Tortured suspected heretics to make them confess thier believes agianst the faith
  • Jan 1, 1305

    Pope Clement V ected as Pope

    Pope Clement V ected as Pope
    Clement V liveed in Avignon, a small city in southeastern France. He mostly elected French cardinal, that voted for more Freanch Popes. He harmed the church by placing the church under control of the French.
  • Jan 1, 1377

    Pope Gregory XI moved he papacy back to Rome

    Pope Gregory XI moved he papacy back to Rome
  • Dec 10, 1380

    The Great Schism of the West

    The Great Schism of the West
    After the two Popes died, the competing groups of cardinals elected two more Popes
  • Jan 1, 1409

    Urban VI was voted as Pope

    Urban VI was voted as Pope
    When he propsed reforms that the Cardinals didn't like, they clamied that a Roman mob forced them to elect Urban VI. The same Cardinals held another elcetion.
  • Dec 10, 1409

    Alexander V. was elected Pope

    Alexander V. was elected Pope
    Cardinals from both sides met at a concil in Pisa, Italy and eleceted Alexander V. as Pope
  • Dec 10, 1414

    Holy Roman Pope Emperor Sigismund calls a council in which the Church met.

    Holy Roman Pope Emperor Sigismund calls a council in which the Church met.
    In Constance, Switzerland. The council dicided that all the Popes should be set aside.
  • Dec 10, 1417

    Pope Martin V was elected

    Pope Martin V was elected
    He was accepted by by all of the Western Church.
  • Jan 1, 1450

    Printing press invented

    Printing press invented
    Helped the growth of Protestat Reformation
  • Jan 15, 1474

    Spanish Dominican Bartolome de las Casas

    Spanish Dominican Bartolome de las Casas
    A Christan misssionary who boldly defended the human rights of America's native people.
  • Jan 10, 1483

    Martin Luther

     Martin Luther
    He was an Augustinian priest. He wrote the 95 Theses. He also started the Protestant Reformation, after the Pope wouldn't listen to he opinion on reforms.
  • Jan 1, 1484

    Huldrych Zwingli

    Huldrych Zwingli
    rejected the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist, and wanted people to represent Scripture themselves.
  • Jan 1, 1492

    Pope Alexander VI

    Pope Alexander VI
    He asked explorers to evangelize, or proclaim the good news of Christ to people eveywere
  • Jan 1, 1492

    The first voyage of Christopher Columbis

    The first voyage of Christopher Columbis
    He as well as other Spanish explorations led to the Caribbean and the Americas. They expanded the Churchs' teachings.
  • Jan 13, 1493

    King Henry VII

    King Henry VII
    When Henry could not have his marrage annuled he formed the Church of England.
  • Jan 13, 1497

    King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella

    King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
    Launched a Spanish Inquisition.
  • Nov 28, 1500

    Muslim conquered Jerusalem

    Muslim conquered Jerusalem
    and the places were Jesus had lived, died, and risen from the dead.
  • Oct 31, 1517

    The 95 Theses

    The 95 Theses
    Martin Luther nails his 95 theses to the door of a church in the German city of Wittenberg.
  • Jan 10, 1520

    Matin Luther is Excommunicated by Pope Leo X

    Matin Luther is Excommunicated by Pope Leo X
    He is excommunicated because he started the Protestant Reformation. He rejected Latin Mass, ordained priesthood, monastic life, and most of the sacraments.
  • Jan 15, 1530

    Spanish Dominican Antonio Montesino

    Spanish Dominican Antonio Montesino
    A Christan misssionary who boldly defended the human rights of America's native people.
  • Jan 13, 1533

    John Calvin

    John Calvin
    He believed in predestination- a false doctrine that states that God has already chosen if you are going to heaven or hell.
  • Jan 15, 1542

    Francis Xavier

    Francis Xavier
    A Jesuit missionary who baptized many in Goa, India, Japan, and Vietnam.
  • Jan 13, 1545

    The Council of Trent

    The Council of Trent
    Had three sessions under three diferent popes Paul III, Julius III, and Pius IV. It affirmed that there were three sacraments, the Real Presence of Jesus Christ in the Eucharist, and Scripture and Tradition, and many more.
  • Jan 10, 1547

    Emperor Charles V fights Lutheran Princes

    Emperor Charles V fights Lutheran Princes
  • Jan 1, 1565

    Spaniards founded the first Catholic settlement in North America

    Spaniards founded the first Catholic settlement in North America
    They founded St. Augustine, Florida. They continued to set up mission settlements name each one after a saints.
  • Jan 1, 1566

    St. Charles Borromeo creates the Catechism

    St. Charles Borromeo creates the Catechism
    issued by Pope Pius V, it was guide to the faith
  • B y this time there were millions of Christans in the "New World"

    B y this time there were millions of Christans in the "New World"
  • French Catholic missionaries also came to the New World

    French Catholic missionaries also came to the New World
    The land where they worked was called "New France" It went from Quebec to New Orleans/
  • Pilgrims settled in Massachusetts

    Pilgrims settled in Massachusetts
    Pilgrims settled in Massachusetts seeking religious freedom.
  • Pope Gregory XV

    Pope Gregory XV
    He founded the Congression for Propagation of the Faith.
  • George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore

    George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore
    He asked King Charles I for permission to establish a colony where English Catholics could worship freely. The king granted his permission.
  • A group of settlers set sail across the Atlanic Ocean

    A group of settlers set sail across the Atlanic Ocean
    These settlers were of the Catholic and Protestant faithes. They came in two ships, the Ark, and the Dove. They named their settlement Mary's land after Queen Henrietta Maria.
  • Protestants had gained power and started persecuting Catholics

    Protestants had gained power and started persecuting Catholics
    By the late 1640's Protestants had gained power and they started persecuting Catholics and sometimes they were even killed for their faith.
  • Pennsylvania is founded

    Its founder was William Penn. Pennsylvania was a place of refuge for not only Quakers, but for Amish, Mennonites, and Catholics.
  • King Louis XIV

    King Louis XIV
    King Louis was an example of an "absolute monarch" An absoule monarch gained complete, or absolute, power over ALL aspects of the lives of their people. In 1682 he had French bishops sign The Gallican Articles. The Gallican Articals enabled him to rule the French Church in France as if he was more powerful than the pope.
  • Portugal was the first to expell Jesuits from their teritory

    They did this because the Jesuits were defending the lives of native people agiamst slave traders and dishonest colonists.
  • Pope Clement issued a degree suppressing the Jesuits in every Catholic country in the world

    They did this because the Jesuits were defending the lives of native people agiamst slave traders and dishonest colonists.
  • The Declaration of Independence was signed

    The Declaration of Independence was signed
    Many Catholics lived in Pennsylvania, and Maryland.
  • Emperor Joseph II

    Emperor Joseph II
    He was an example of an "absolute monarch" An absoule monarch gained complete, or absolute, power over ALL aspects of the lives of their people. He rule Austria, the second most important Catholic country of the time. He abolished monasteries and put the state in charge of seminaries. He didn't listen to the Pope.
  • Pope Pius VI

    Pope Pius VI
    He began to organize the Church in America and chose Father John Carrol of Maryland to be "Superior of the Mission" in the United States.
  • King Louis XVI called together the Estates- General, the governing body of France to deal with his need to raise taxes

    King Louis XVI called together the Estates- General, the governing body of France to deal with his need to raise taxes
    These Estates were made up of the French population: The Cleregy; The nobles, or leaders; the comman citizens. The comman citezens wanted to change the voting rules. They made up 98 percent of Frances population and wanted equel voting rights by counting votes individually.
  • The normal citzens of France rename themselves the National Assembly

    The normal citzens of France rename themselves the National Assembly
    This means they were a unified assembly representing all the people pf France and invited the deputies of the other two estates to join them, calling for liberty, equality, and fraternity. Many of the clergy and a few nobles joined them. Thus the French Revolution begun.
  • John Carrol of Maryland

    John Carrol of Maryland
    "Superior of the Mission" in the United States. He was ordained the first bishop of Boltimore, Maryland- the first diocese of the Catholic Church in the United States. It included the thirteen sates. He also founded the first Catholic Church in the United States, Georgetown University.
  • The National Assembly passed a law called the Civil Constitution of the Clergy

    The National Assembly passed a law called the Civil Constitution of the Clergy
    This decree meant the boundaries of all the dioceses were rearranged to match civil boundaries, bishops were appointed by the civil assemblies, and parish priests were even elected by civil assemblies. The pope as well as the king had no say in any of these events.
  • The National Assembly demeanded that all clergy take an oath upholding the new Civil Constitution of the Clergy

    The National Assembly demeanded that all clergy take an oath upholding the new Civil Constitution of the Clergy
  • French National Assembly had almost completed its draft of a new constitution

    French National Assembly had almost completed its draft of a new constitution
  • Pope Pius VI spoke out

    Pope Pius VI spoke out
    This meant condemning the Civil Constitution of the Clergy and denouncing the National Assembly for all that happened from the onset of the revolution
  • French Republic was declared

    French Republic was declared
    The government was now controled by a National Convention. King Louis XVI was overthrown and found guilty of treason
  • King Louis XVI was executed.

    King Louis XVI was executed.
    He was executed by beheading, as was his wife, Queen Marie Antoinette.
  • Those who had formed The Reeign of Terror feared their lives

    Those who had formed The Reeign of Terror feared their lives
  • France had a new governmet named the Directory

    France had a new governmet named the Directory
    They ruled France from 1795 until 1799. By mid-1795 aseries of decrees had restored freedom of worship, authoried the separation of the Church and state, and allowed Catholics to worship in some church buildings that were still owned by the state.
  • French army occupied Rome

    French army occupied Rome
    The capital of the papel states.
  • Pope Pius VI was taken prisioner of war

    Pope Pius VI was taken prisioner of war
  • Pope Pius VI dies in Valence , France

    Pope Pius VI dies in Valence , France
  • Pope Pius VII

    Returned to Rome, he became known as one of the greatest popes of all modern popes
  • Treaty called the Concordat of 1801

    This treaty recognized the Republic as the legitimate government of France, and Napolian recognized the pope as the head of the French Church.
  • Napoleon sold the Louisiana Territory to the new nation of the United Sates

  • Napoleon declared himself emperor of France

  • Napoleon crowned himself

  • Napoleons armies occupied most of Europe

  • Pope Pius VII made four more dioceses in the United States

  • When the Pope refused to ally Napoleon in war Napoleon arrested him.

  • Pope Pius VII elevated John Carroll from bishop to archbishop of Boltimore

  • Pope Pius VII returned to Rome after being relased from prison

  • Diplomats from all over Europe met in Vienna Austria to redraw the borders of their countries

  • Napoleon returns to Paris with troops hoping to regain his empire

    Napoleon returns to Paris with troops hoping to regain his empire
  • Napoleon is finally defeated by the allied powers of Europe at Waterloo, Belgium

    Napoleon is finally defeated by the allied powers of Europe at Waterloo, Belgium
  • Napoleon was exiled to the South Atlantic island of St. Helena

    Napoleon was exiled to the South Atlantic island of St. Helena
  • The Pope estabished another new diocese, of Charleston, South Carolina

  • There were 2 million Catholics inthe United States

  • John Bosco started a Society of St. Francis de Sales , also known asthe Salesians

  • A United Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed wanting Rome as its capital

  • The bishops met in Baltimore at the Second Plenary Council

    to talk about the newly reunited United States
  • Bishops from around the world met at the Vatican , the remains of the papal states and the city of Rome were taken over by Italian troops

    Bishops from around the world met at the Vatican , the remains of the papal states and the city of Rome were taken over by Italian troops
  • The Third Plenary Council

    They voted to establish a nationwide Catholic school system with the goal of having every Catholic child in the United States enrolled in a Catholic school. They also estabished the Bolitmore Catechism.
  • Sir Thomas More declared a saint

    Sir Thomas More declared a saint
    He was a devout Catholic and stood up to Henry VII, but was executed.
  • Pope Leo the13 wrotethe first great Catholic social justice encyclical

    It was called the Rerum Novarum
  • Pope Pius X

    He declared that children should recive the Eucharist as soon as theywere old enough to understand that Christ was truly present in the Eucharist.
  • Jerusalem stops being under Muslim control

    Jerusalem stops being under Muslim control
  • Pope Pius XI wrote the encyclial Quadragesimo Anno or After Fifty Years

  • Pope Pius X was named a saint

  • John F. KennedyStates

  • John XXIII Convened the Second Vatican council

    He wanted the bishops to study the unchanging truths of the christian faith
  • Amercian Catholics began to celebrate the Eucharist in a new way.

    Priests faced the assembly, mass no longer said in Latin, The Church published a new Roman Missal
  • The Vatican Council Two ends

    bishops had issued sixteen documents about different aspects of the life of the church
  • Pope Paul issued Populorum Progressio

    It showed his conern for international justice and world peace
  • Church published a new, revised Roman missal

    It sets out the order of the mass.
  • Pope Paul VI issued Octogesima Adveniens

    or Eightieth Anniversary it honnered eighty years of Pope Leo XII's Rerum Novarum
  • United States bishops estabished the first Sunday in October as respect life sunday

  • The year of three popes

    After Paul VI died in 1978 Pope John Paul was elected but he died only thirty three days after he was elected so John Paul II was elected.
  • American bishops issued a pastoral letter called The Challenge of Peace

    They stated "We are called to be a Church at the service of peace"
  • The Bishops issued Economic Justice for All

    reminded Catholics that "followers of Christ muust avoid tragic seperation between faith and everyday life"
  • John Paul wrote Evangelium Vitae

    about sacredness of all human life from conseption to natural death.
  • Bishops issued the Living the Gospel of Life

    It urged American Catholics to accept the responcibilities to which Evangelium Vitae called them
  • Pope John Paul II established this year "Jubilee Year"

  • Otto von Bismarck succsded in throwing off Austrian rule of the States of the Roman empire

  • Period:
    155
    to
    222

    Tertulliam (doctor of the church)

    developed a vocabulary of terms with which to describe the faith.
  • Period:
    185
    to
    254

    Origen (doctor of the church)

    studied and explained scripture
  • Period:
    249
    to
    251

    Decius' rule of the Roman Empire

  • Period:
    284
    to
    305

    Diocletion's rule of the Roman empire

    Started the "Great Persecution"
  • Period:
    312
    to
    337

    Consantine rules as Emeror

    Issued the Edict of Milan- granted religious freedom to Christians
  • Period:
    347
    to
    407

    St. John Chrysostom (dotor of the church)

    a great preacher whose name means "golden mouthed"
  • Period:
    347
    to
    420

    Saint Jerome (doctor of the church)

    translated the bible in tho Latin
  • Period: to

    Thirty Years' War

    Conflicts in which Protestant and Catholic armies, with each group fighting to defent its beliefs. It ended with The Peace of Westphalia.
  • Period: to

    The Reign Terror

    Tens of thousands of French citizens were killed.
  • Period: to

    Revolutionary movenets were happening throughout Italy

    Revolutionaries occupied all of the papal states but Rome
  • Period: to

    Pope Pius convened the First Vatican Council