The ancient Maya civilization occupied the eastern third of Mesoamerica, primarily the Yucatan Peninsula.
6th Jan, 1325
Aztecs found Tenochtitlan.
22nd Apr, 1451
Isabella, Queen of Spain
Isabella's half-brother, Henry IV, became king of Castile when their father, John II, died in 1454. Isabella was only three years old, and her younger brother Alfonso was the expected heir. Isabella was raised by her mother, Isabella of Portugal, until 1457, when the two children were brought to court by Henry IV to keep them from being used by opposition nobles.
14th Feb, 1492
Christopher Columbus reached the Caribbean islands.
When Christopher Columbus reached the Caribbean islands in 1492, he thought he had reached the East Indies in Asia. THerefore, he called the natives "Indians."
1st Jan, 1494
Treaty of Tordesillas
The treaty of Tordesillas was a treaty between the Portuguese and the Spanish resolving land disputes in the new world. It was an agreement on receiving stolen property.
1st Jan, 1502
Montezuma was trained as a priest and rose to become leader of the Aztecs in 1502. At the time the Aztecs controlled most of what is now Mexico and Central America, their capital being at the great city of Tenotchitlan (Mexico City).
6th Feb, 1519
Cortes and his soldiers had conquerd the Aztecs . The Native Americans were conqured by the Spanish.
1st Jan, 1521
Cortez conquers Aztec empire
The Spanish conquest of the Aztecs in 1521, led by Hernando Cortes, was a landmark victory for the European settlers.
7th Jan, 1532
Francisco Pizarro is the Spanish conquistador known for conquering Peru's Inca Empire and founding the city of Lima in 1535.
Jesuit state of Paraguay is established.
Viceroy is recalled to Spain.
Vicery is recalled to Spain after rioting in Mexico City by Indians and others.
Earthquake hits Santiago, Chile
In 1647, a new earthquake hit the city, which was practically destroyed. Once again, Santiago was raised again. It began to recover and keep a constant growth pace.
Spanish established viceroyalty of New Granada, encompassing all territory between Orinco and Amazon.
In 1783, Simon Bolivar, the great liberator of South America, was born in Caracas. For more than 200 years, this city had been one of the great centres of Spanish imperial power in South America. Ever since de Losada had founded it in 1567, Caracas had grown in size, power and influence.
Toussaint L'Ouverture led a slave rebellion in Haiti
In the 1790's, Toussaint L'Ouverture led a slave rebellion in Haiti and took over the government of the islands.
Independence of Brazil
Brazil declared its indepence from Portugal after Dom Pedro agreed to rule Brazil as an independent country.
United Provinces of Central America
El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Honduras make up the Unites Provinces of Central America. The whole region decleared its independence from Mexico and took the name the United Provinces of Central America.
Mexican American War
The Mexican War between the United States and Mexico began with a Mexican attack on American troops along the southern border of Texas. Fighting ended when U.S. Gen. Winfield Scott occupied Mexico City on Sept. 14, 1847; a few months later a peace treaty was signed at Guadalupe Hidalgo. In addition to recognizing the U.S. annexation of Texas defeated Mexico ceded California and , New Mexico to the United States
Panama won its independence
In 1903, Panama was still province of Colombia, which did not like the idea. THe United States encouraged a revolution in Panama, & when it won its independence, Pnama granted the United States a ten-mile-wide zone in which to build a canal.
In 1946 Juan Peron is elected president of Argentina.