USII.8 and 9 VA SOLs The Civil Rights Movement

Timeline created by HCPS Social Studies
In History
  • Truman Desegregates the Military (USII.8d)

    Truman Desegregates the Military (USII.8d)
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Executive_Order_9981 One of the first steps to end segregation.
  • Brown v. Board of Education (USII.9a)

    Brown v. Board of Education (USII.9a)
    http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brown_v._Board_of_Education Segregation had legal standing from Plessy v. Ferguson which established, "separate but equal." Meaning, if the facilities were equal, they could be divided by race. Thus, schools were segregated. Brown ruled that "separate but equal" was unconstitutional. This lead to the end of Jim Crow.
  • Rosa Parks Refuses to Give Up Her Seat (USII.9a)

    Rosa Parks Refuses to Give Up Her Seat (USII.9a)
    http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosa_Parks In 1955, busses in the South were segregated so that Blacks had to sit in the back of the bus. Parks was arrested for refusing to move to the back of the bus. This began the Montgomery Bus Boycott which lasted one year. It also began the Civil Rights career of Martin Luther King.
  • Greensboro Sit-ins Begin (USII.9a)

    Greensboro Sit-ins Begin (USII.9a)
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greensboro_sit-ins While not the first sit-in, the Greensboro sit-ins would become the most famous and generate copy sit-ins across the South. The goal was to desegregate lunch counters in the South. This helped pass the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
  • Freedom Riders (USII.9a)

    Freedom Riders (USII.9a)
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freedom_riders By 1961, buses in the South were still segregated. People, black and white, traveled on integrated buses in the South in protest. Many of these buses and riders were attacked violently.
  • March on Washington (USII.9a)

    March on Washington (USII.9a)
    http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_on_Washington_for_Jobs_and_Freedom March that saw Martin Luther King give his "I Have a Dream" speech.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 (USII.9a)

    Civil Rights Act of 1964 (USII.9a)
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_Rights_Act_of_1964 Banned discrimination by race and gender in public places. The main goal of the Civil Rights Movement had been achieved. Just one more major right to accomplish...
  • Civil Rights Act of 1965 (USII.9a)

    http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voting_Rights_Act_of_1965 Ended discriminatory acts against voting which was a right given by the 15th Amendment.
  • Equal Rights Amendment (USII.9a)

    Equal Rights Amendment (USII.9a)
    http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equal_Rights_Amendment
    The Equal Rights Amendment, despite its failure, and a focus on equal opportunity employment created a wider range of options and advancement for women in business and public service.
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    Jim Crow Era

    From the end of Reconstruction to the Civil Rights act of 1965, segregation was the law in many states.