Outside the city, several villages were set ablaze by Chinese troops to prevent them from being used by the approaching Japanese troops. Meanwhile, on the Japanese side, General Iwane Matsui ordered the siege of Nanjing, China.
Japenese trying to fight back
Japanese bombers sank the American gunboat USS Panay in Nanjing, China at 1554 hours. Troops of the Japanese 114th Division wooed 1,500 Chinese troops into surrendering at the southern side of the city wall, promising to spare them their lives; they were all executed by the end of the following day.
Emperor Showa nominated his uncle Prince Asaka to lead the upcoming attack on Nanjing, China.
Japan invades China
During this period hundreds of thousands of Chinese civilians and disarmed soilders were murdered by soilders of the Imperial Japenese Army.
Japanese troops executed over 300 Chinese people, military and civilian, on a road outside of Nanjing, China by machine gun.
Japan opens the first wartime facility for "sexual comfort" in Nanking
Japan establishes the "Unit 731" research laboratory for biological warfare in Harbin, China, and tests biological weapons on war prisoners (10,000 civilians are killed)
Ningbo meaning, " tranquil waves" is the city where during World War II Japan bombed Ningbo with fleas carrying the bubonic plague.
Germany, Italy, and Japan all signed the Tripartite Pact, where they all agreed that for the next ten years they would stand by and co-operate with one another in.. their prime purpose to establish and maintain a new order of things... to promote the mutual prosperity and welfare of the peoples concerned."
Japan attacks the USA fleet at Pearl Harbor
The destruction of the US Pacific Fleet was an important element in their strategic plan to secure valuable oil reserves and war essential material. Yamamoto said that for six months he could run wild in the Pacific if the US Fleet was removed from the equation. He failed but he came very close.
Japan invades the Philippines and Thailand
It was fought between Thailand and the Empire of Japan.
Japan invades the Dutch East Indies and British India
This was the conquest of the Dutch East Indies by forces from the Empire of Japan in the early days of the Pacific Campaign of World War 2. Indonesia was targeted by the Japenese for its rich oil, resources, which would become a vital asset during the war.
The USA drops 22,885 tons of bombs on the Tokyo-Kawasaki-Yokohama area
The bombing of Tokyo was conducted as part of the air raids on Japan by the United States Army Air Forces during the Pacific campaigns of WW2.
The USA drops two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and emperor Hirohito surrenders
During the final stages of WW2 in 1945, the allies of WW2 conducted two atomic bombings agaisnt the cities of Hiroshima and Nagaskaki in Japan. These two events are the only use of nuclear weapons in war to date.
Occupation of Japan
Japan was occupied by the Allied Powers, led by the United States with a contribution from the British Commonwealth Occupation Force.
WW2 ends and Japan is froced to retreat from the land it occupied; Nanking is liberated.