MEMPHISMemphis was an ancient city in Egypt, it was founded by Menes. He untied the lower and upper part of Egypt together.
Ptah was the local god of Memphis, he was the patron for craftsmen and artisans.
HieroglyphsHieroglyphs were was a writing system used by the ancient Egyptians.
Their writing system was very pictorial, the word originated from the Greeks words 'hiero' and 'glypho' menaing holy writing.
In the Egyptian Period they call hieroglyphs 'medu netjer' translating to 'the god's' word' because they believed that the gods invented writing.
DjoserDjoser was a Pharaoh / king of the first dynasty were he ruled for over 20 years.
His name Netjerikhet means 'divine of body' and Djoser means 'stability'
The stability of the country under Djoser was due in part to his success in securing his borders and then extending them. Expansion was due to his advanced military
Step PyramidThe Step Pyramid was built as a way to remember Djoser's reign, that he is worthy of remembering. The Step Pyramid was built by skilled craftsmen and labourers, it was also the first building to be made out of stone. The limestone walls are engraved with images of all kinds of animals, fish, birds, insects, vegetation, and people hunting, herding, and farming.
The Great Pyramid Of GizaThe Great Pyramid of Giza was made out of three small pyramids, they were built by Pharaoh Khufu. It was a burial place for Khufu
Pharaoh Pepi IIPharaoh Pepi II, was a pharaoh for 90 years who ruled near the end of the Old Kingdom.
He was only 6 years old when he started his reign
it is speculated that due to his long reign and unable to manage the mass of people it resorted to crop failure and famine
ThebesEgypt divides into two sections; Thebes in Upper Egypt (south) and Heracleopolis in Lower Egypt (north)
Thebes was a city in Egypt, it was a minor trading post in upper Egypt
Nebhepetre MentuhotepNebhepetre Mentuhotep II reigned for 51 years as king of the South of Egypt, he launched an attack on the Nothern part of Egypt what reunited Egypt under one rule. Thebes became the capital of Egypt
Amenemhet III reign was at its peak
Amenemhet IIIAmenemhet found a way to regulate the water from Lake Moeris
ManethoManetho was an Egyptian Preist he also created an Aegyptiaca what was a way of dividing the rulers into dynasties or ruling houses what helped form the Egyptian system
Period:3,100 BCEto2,686 BCE
Period:2,613 BCEto2,181 BCE
The Old KingdomThe Old Kingdom is the Early Dynastic Period to the First Intermediate Period
Period:2,181 BCEto2,055 BCE
First Intermediate PeriodThis time period waas referred to as the 'dark age'
Period:2,040 BCEto1,782 BCE
The Middle KingdomThis is the time period where art and literature flourished
Period:2,040 BCEto1,750 BCE
ThebesThebes was a very religious and political city
Period:1,878 BCEto1,839 BCE
The Pharaoh Senusert IIIThe Pharaoh Senusert III was one of the most powerful leaders of the Middle Kingdom. He is sometimes called a "warrior-king" because he personally to led his troops into battle.
Period:1,782 BCEto1,570 BCE
Second Intermediate Period
Period:1,700 BCEto1,600 BCE
Egypt DividedEgypt divided between three powers: Hyksos at Avaris, Egyptians at Thebes, Nubians to the south
Period:1,630 BCEto1,523 BCE
HykosThe war with the Hyksos led to that the Egyptians established their first standing army.
When the Hyksos came to Egypt they brought a new method of making bronze and casting it into their tools and weapons
they were the first people to use a horse drawn chariots what allowed them to go into battle more carefully