Net Neutrality: Events & Milestones

Timeline created by AmberTan in Science and Technology
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
J0401988 CBUI sends letter to FCC Chairman Michael Powell re: net neutraility. Coalition of high-tech firms including Amazon.com, eBay, Yahoo!, Disney Corporation and Microsoft called the Coalition of Broadband Users and Innovators (CBUI) sent a letter to FCC Chairman Michael Powell urging the FCC to assure that consumers and other Internet users continue to enjoy the unfettered ability to reach lawful content and services. Members of the CBUI used the phrase net neutrality', an idea originally discussed in an essay written in 2002 by Tim Wu and pub in Columbia L Rev 2003
800px flag of scotland svg Scottish Parliament publishes "Implementing Services in Rural Scotland: A Progress Report" online. Full Report: http://openscotland.gov.uk/Publications/2003/01/16064/15995 Audiorecording of report: http://voice.dixerit.com/scotexecdix?url=http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2003/01/16064/15994
Ussc court front med Brand X Internet Servs. v. FCC, 345 F.3d 1120 In Brand X Internet Servs. v. FCC, 345 F.3d 1120 (9th Cir. 2003), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit found that the FCC’s ruling was partially correct in its treatment of cable modem service as an information provider but disagreed with its conclusion that cable broadband service was part "telecommunications service." The court affirmed the FCC's ruling in part, vacated it in part, and remanded the case for further proceedings.
Ussc court front med Supreme Court Grants Certiorari in Brand X Case. Source: http://www.techlawjournal.com/topstories/2004/20041203.asp USSC order: http://www.supremecourtus.gov/orders/courtorders/120304pzr.pdf
Catoinstitute Cato Study Opposes FCC Imposition of Network Neutrality The Cato Institute released a study titled "``Net Neutrality´´ Digital Discrimination or Regulatory Gamesmanship in Cyberspace?" This report is a rebuttal of the network neutrality arguments that have been submitted to the FCC by an ad hoc group named the "Coalition of Broadband Users and Innovators" and by academics such as Lawrence Lessig and Timothy Wu." Source: http://www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa507.pdf
225px michael powell politician FCC Chairman Michael Powell articulates four Internet Freedoms in speech. FCC Chairman Michael Powell delivered an address in which he articulated his ideas for four 'Internet Freedoms':
1. freedom to access content
2. freedom to use applications
3. freedom to attach personal devices
4. freedom to obtain service plan information Source: http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-243556A1.pdf.
Ussc court front med Nat'l Cable & Telecomms. Ass'n v. Brand X Internet Servs., 545 U.S. 967 On June 27, 2005, the USSC upheld the FCC ruling that cable broadband Internet access services are not subject to governmental regulations as defined under "telecommunications services". Reference:http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/04-277.ZS.html
Fcclogowords FCC adopts Policy Statement FCC 05-151. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) adopted Policy Statement FCC 05-151 which “ensure[s] that broadband networks are widely deployed, open, affordable, and accessible to all consumers.” Source: http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-05-151A1.pdf
300px vinton cerf in lisbon 20070325 Vint Cerf writes letter to House reps. in defense of Net Neutrality. One of the founding fathers of the Internet, Vint Cerf, sent a letter to Representatives Joe Barton (R-Texas) and John Dingell (D-Michigan) on November 8, 2005, defending the idea of net neutrality.
200px tim berners lee cp Tim Berners-Lee speaks in favor of Net Neutrality. Tim Berners-Lee, a chief architect of the World Wide Web and the inventor of the hypertext markup language (HTML) states his support for the net neutrality movement in an interview with the Toronto Star. Tyler Hamilton, ?Battle for the Web,? Toronto Star, March 28, 2006
J0409220 SaveTheInternet.com Coalition is founded. The coalition consists of hundreds of groups from across the political spectrum that are concerned about maintaining a free and open Internet. Coordinated by Free Press, a national, nonpartisan organization working to reform the media, the mission of SaveTheInternet.com is to ensure free,equitable use of the Internet and devotes its resources to educating the public and grassroot lobbying. Reference: http://www.savetheinternet.com/
Fp logo ongray 'Why Consumers Demand Internet Freedom' Free Press, Consumer Federation of America, and Consumers Union issue joint report advocating for network neutrality. PDF: https://www.savetheinternet.com/files/nn_fact_v_fiction_final.pdf
Deborahplattmajoras FTC Chair addresses "Net Neutrality" issue. In her remarks to The Progress & Freedom Foundation’s Aspen Summit, Federal Trade Commission Chairman Deborah Platt Majoras addresses issue of “Net Neutrality”. An Internet Access Task Force will examine issues raised by converging technologies. Source: http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2006/08/neutrality.shtm
At t AT&T/BellSouth merger approved by FTC. The FTC approves the AT&T/BellSouth merger on condition that network neutrality principles would be adhered to for two years. FCC statement: http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-269275A1.pdf
Header bkgd seal FTC Announces workshop re: broadband connectivity competition issues FTC Anncounces workshop to examine broadband connectivity competition issues, including Network Neutrality. Source: http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2007/01/broadbandwrkshp.shtm Workshop Agenda: http://www.ftc.gov/opp/workshops/broadband/index.shtml
160px byron dorgan official photo Internet Freedom Preservation Act of 2007 (S. 215) Senator Byron Dorgan (D-N.D.) introduces Internet Freedom Preservation Act of 2007 (S. 215), a bill to amend the Communications Act of 1934 to ensure net neutrality. Text: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=110_cong_bills&docid=f:s215is.txt.pdf Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bigCMJMejEM
Robert kahn Robert Kahn, 'Father of internet warns against Net Neutrality' Speaking to an audience at the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California, Robert Kahn, the most senior developer of DARPANET, warns that "neutrality" legislation could hamper innovation and cause fragmentation among interconnected networks. Video: http://archive.computerhistory.org/lectures/an_eveninig_with_robert_kahn.lecture.2007.01.09.wmv
Header bkgd seal FTC hosts public workshop on "Broadband Connectivity Competition Policy" Workshop Agenda: http://www.ftc.gov/opp/workshops/broadband/index.shtml Public Comments: http://www.ftc.gov/os/comments/broadbandwrkshop/index.shtm
Header bkgd seal FTC Issues Staff Report: "Broadband Connectivity Competition Policy" "The Federal Trade Commission’s Internet Access Task Force today issued a report, “Broadband Connectivity Competition Policy,” which summarizes the Task Force’s findings in the area of broadband Internet connectivity and, in particular, so-called network neutrality regulation." Source: http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2007/06/broadband.shtm
Fcclogowords Comcast investigated re: accusations that it was interfering with customers’ use of peer-to-peer applications. In October of 2007 Comcast was investigated on accusations that it was interfering with customers’ use of peer-to-peer applications. Formal complaints were filed by Free Press and Public Knowledge on the grounds that Comcast was violating the FCC’s Internet policy statement FCC 05-151.
800px comcast logo svg Comcast is caught by the Associated Press blocking peer-to-peer traffic on its network, allegedly violating the F.C.C.'s 2005 "Internet Policy Statement". Source: http://www.portfolio.com/views/blogs/the-tech-observer/2008/07/28/timeline-of-the-fcc-investigation-into-comcast
Fp logo ongray Washington, D.C.-based consumer rights group Free Press, with a coalition of internet experts from Yale, Harvard, and Stanford, files a complaint with the F.C.C. asking it to investigate the allegations. Comcast denies the charge. Souce: http://www.portfolio.com/views/blogs/the-tech-observer/2008/07/28/timeline-of-the-fcc-investigation-into-comcast
1831110330 edaa5464ff o Barack Obama declares his support of Net neutrality. While addressing an audience in Mountain View, CA on the campaign trail, Barack Obama declares his commitment to open access and supports net neutrality. Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g-mW1qccn8k
Fp logo ongray Free Press hosts Open Internet Week. Schedule of events: <a href='http://www.commondreams.org/news2008/0211-07.htm' >http://www.commondreams.org/news2008/0211-07.htm</a
Edwardjmarkey Internet Freedom Preservation Act of 2008 (H.R.5353) Representative Edward J. Markey (D-7) introduces the Internet Freedom Preservation Act of 2008 (H.R.5353). Source:
800px comcast logo svg Comcast admits temporarily blocking certain peer-to-peer traffic in a 57-page filing with the F.C.C., but characterizes its actions as "reasonable network management," needed to ensure that the internet works for all of its subscribers, not just file-swap http://www.portfolio.com/views/blogs/the-tech-observer/2008/07/28/timeline-of-the-fcc-investigation-into-comcast
800px comcast logo svg Comcast faces a media storm after admitting to Portfolio.com that it paid people off the street to attend the Harvard hearing, while members of the public were prevented from attending. Comcast claims it merely paid people to save spots for Comcast employ http://www.portfolio.com/views/blogs/the-tech-observer/2008/07/28/timeline-of-the-fcc-investigation-into-comcast
800px comcast logo svg The organizer of the Harvard public hearing disputes Comcast's claim, telling Portfolio.com: "There were no Comcast employees waiting to get in. The people who were waiting to get into the room were regular citizens waiting to get into a public hearing." Source: http://www.portfolio.com/views/blogs/the-tech-observer/2008/07/28/timeline-of-the-fcc-investigation-into-comcast
Fcclogowords In the aftermath of the Harvard hearing, the F.C.C. weighs convening a "do-over" at Stanford University, despite official denials. Meanwhile, New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo opens an investigation into Comcast's "network management" practices. http://www.portfolio.com/views/blogs/the-tech-observer/2008/07/28/timeline-of-the-fcc-investigation-into-comcast
Fcclogowords At a public hearing at Harvard, F.C.C. Chairman Kevin Martin warns Comcast that the agency is "ready, willing, and able" to punish Comcast for violations of its open internet guidelines. Source: http://www.portfolio.com/views/blogs/the-tech-observer/2008/07/28/timeline-of-the-fcc-investigation-into-comcast
800px comcast logo svg Comcast says it will change its network management practices to a "protocol agnostic" approach -- meaning it will not favor one type of traffic over another, and will instead focus on users who consume the most bandwidth. Namely file-sharers. The company http://www.portfolio.com/views/blogs/the-tech-observer/2008/07/28/timeline-of-the-fcc-investigation-into-comcast
Tim wu SavetheInternet.com on the Hill: Tim Wu's Statement Columbia Law Professor Tim Wu talks about Net Neutrality at a Free Press/SavetheInternet.com staff briefing in the House Commerce Committee. Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8s7dJxDSHMk&feature=channel
Marvinammori SaveTheInternet.com on the Hill: Marvin Ammori's Statement Free Press General Counsel Marvin Ammori speaks on Capitol Hill about Comcast's ongoing blocking of content-sharing applications such as BitTorrent. Video:
Timeline Two days before the Stanford hearing, Comcast says it will develop a "Bill of Rights and Responsibilities" for file-sharing services. Comcast's critics blast the plan as "ludicrous." Source: http://www.portfolio.com/views/blogs/the-tech-observer/2008/07/28/timeline-of-the-fcc-investigation-into-comcast
Timeline Comcast announces it won't attend the Stanford public hearing. Source: http://www.portfolio.com/views/blogs/the-tech-observer/2008/07/28/timeline-of-the-fcc-investigation-into-comcast
Fcclogowords FCC Net Neutrality Hearing at Stanford University. Video: http://www.vontv.net/events/080417/
Uss img capitol After a raucous, 10-hour public hearing at Stanford, F.C.C. Chairman Martin argues before the U.S. Senate that the agency has the authority to punish Comcast. Martin says that contrary to Comcast's claims, the company's "traffic management" appeared to be Source: http://www.portfolio.com/views/blogs/the-tech-observer/2008/07/28/timeline-of-the-fcc-investigation-into-comcast
Fcclogowords F.C.C. Chairman Martin circulates an order concluding that Comcast violated federal internet guidelines. Source: http://www.portfolio.com/views/blogs/the-tech-observer/2008/07/28/timeline-of-the-fcc-investigation-into-comcast
Lawrence lessig The F.C.C. announces it will hold a second hearing at Stanford, featuring Stanford law professor Larry Lessig as lead questioner. Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5eHG-0DnFXM Source: http://www.portfolio.com/views/blogs/the-tech-observer/2008/07/28/timeline-of-the-fcc-investigation-into-comcast
Timeline Democratic Commissioners commissioners Michael Copps and Jonathan Adelstein say they will vote in favor of the order punishing Comcast, giving the commission the majority needed for approval. The formal vote is set for Aug. 1. Source: http://www.portfolio.com/views/blogs/the-tech-observer/2008/07/28/timeline-of-the-fcc-investigation-into-comcast
Fcclogowords Comcast ordered to disclose discriminatory network management practices. In Memorandum Opinion & Order FCC 08-183, the FCC found in favor of Free Press and Public Knowledge. Comcast was order to reform its network management practices and to stop violating net neutrality.
Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QVJm8H5KcZY
and http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=93194962
Ussc court front med 'Comcast Sues FCC Over Network-Management Ruling' Source: http://www.broadcastingcable.com/article/100868-Comcast_Sues_FCC_Over_Network_Management_Ruling.php
Kovacic commencement2009 FTC Testifies on "Small Business Competition Policy: Are Markets Open for Entrepreneurs?; FTC Chairman William E. Kovacic provided testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives’ Committee on Small Business hearing on “Small Business Competition Policy: Are Markets Open for Entrepreneurs?” Source: http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2008/09/smallbiz.shtm Remarks: http://www.ftc.gov/os/2008/09/P859910smallbiz.pdf
120px us congressional seal svg Broadband Data Improvement Act of 2008 Broadband Data Improvement Act (BDIA), Title I of Public Law No. 110-385, 122 Stat. 4096 (Oct. 10, 2008)
Harry reid American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009 (S.1) Senator Harry Reid introduces the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009 (S. 1). The bill sets aside billions to connect more Americans to broadband networks and requires that the largest chunk, $4.7 billion, be spent building networks that abide by Net Neutrality. Source: <a href='http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=111_cong_bills&docid=f:s1pcs.txt.pdf' >http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=111_cong_bills&docid=f:s1pcs.txt.pdf<
Fcclogowords Interim FCC Chair Kevin Martin pushes for free broadband access. Video: http://video.msn.com/?mkt=en-us&brand=money&vid=74a4a063-28d9-44fe-87d2-a08de6253e95&playlist=videoByTag:tag:money_top_investing:ns:MSNmoney_Gallery:mk:us:vs:1&from=MSNmoney_UsingTheWebMightGetALotPricier&tab=s216
210px flag of the united kingdom svg Digital Britain: The Interim Report is released.
Norway net 'Norway gets net neutrality—voluntary, but broadly supported' "Norway's Post and Telecommunications Authority has overseen a working group of ISPs and consumer organization that has hashed out a set of network neutrality principles for the country. Though voluntary, they already appear to command broad support." Source: http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2009/02/norway-gets-voluntary-net-neutrality.ars
1831110330 edaa5464ff o 'Obama names two more key nominees' "President Obama announced two more top nominees, John Berry as director of the Office of Personnel Management and Harvard Law grad Julius Genachowski as chairman of the Federal Communications Commission." Source: http://www.boston.com/news/politics/politicalintelligence/2009/03/obama_names_two_1.html
Ussc court front med Comcast and FCC Spar At D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals Decision is still pending as of July 26, 2009
Source: http://www.broadcastingcable.com/article/209968-Comcast_and_FCC_Spar_At_D_C_Circuit_Court_of_Appeals.php
Jon leibowitz FTC Chairman Jon Leibowitz suggests FTC may start enforcing net-neutrality rules Source: http://www.portfolio.com/views/blogs/the-tech-observer/2008/07/28/timeline-of-the-fcc-investigation-into-comcast
Genachowski 'New FCC Chair Brings Us One Step Closer to Net Neutrality' The U.S. Senate confirms Julius Genachowski, a strong proponent of Net Neutrality, to be the influential chairman of the Federal Communications Commission. Source: http://www.savetheinternet.com/blog/09/06/26/new-fcc-chair-brings-us-one-step-closer-net-neutrality
Alaconference2009 ALA Webinar -- “Know Your Stimulus” Announcement : http://www.wo.ala.org/districtdispatch/?p+3250 Presentation materials: http://www.ala.org/ala/issuesadvocacy/advocacy/knowstimulus/index.cfm
Alaconference2009 ALA Conference Event“Transforming Library Service through Broadband Access: The Role of Regional Library Cooperatives” Announcement; http://www.wo.ala.org/districtdispatch/?p=3116
Video: http://www.wo.ala.org/districtdispatch/?p=3295
Uss img capitol Sen. Al Franken questions USSC nominee Judge Sotomeyer re: the Brand X case. Sen. Al Franken questions USSC nominee Judge Sotomeyer re: the Brand X case. Video: <a href='http://www.c-span.org/Supreme-Court-Sotomayor-Senate-Confirmation-Hearings.aspx' >http://www.c-span.org/Supreme-Court-Sotomayor-Senate-Confirmation-Hearings.aspx</a
120px us congressional seal svg Internet Freedom Preservation Act of 2009 (H.R. 3458) Rep. Edward J. Markey (MA-7) introduces new net neutrality bill with Rep. Anna Goosha (CA-14) as co-sponsor . Text of H.R. 3458: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=111_cong_bills&docid=f:h3458ih.txt.pdf
Fcclogowords Deadline for U.S. broadband grant applications extended to August 20, 2009. Source: http://www.reuters.com/article/technologyNews/idUSTRE57C5N220090814
800px comcast logo svg Comcast asks D.C. Court of Appeals to negate the FCC's 2005 policy statement re: net neutrality Source: http://www.mediapost.com/publications/?fa=Articles.showArticle&art_aid=111702#
Genachowski FCC Chair states that his agency will enforce "net neutraility" and actively pursue violators. Julius Genachowski, the FCC chairman, told The Hill that his agency will support “net neutrality” and go after anyone who violates its tenets. Source: http://thehill.com/leading-the-news/obamas-fcc-to-enforce-net-neutrality-2009-08-25.html
Write Blog post: "The Crux Of The Net Neutrality Debate" http://www.app-rising.com/2010/02/the_crux_of_the_net_neutrality.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+AppRising+%28App-Rising%29&utm_content=Google+Reader
120px us congressional seal svg Final U.S. Broadband Plan is due to be unveiled to Congress. Source: http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-291884A1.pdf
Fcclogowords FCC passes ruling to protect net neutrality. FCC passes ruling to protect net neutrality
120px us congressional seal svg H.R. 96, Internet Freedom Act introduced by Rep. Marsha Blackburn [TN-9] H.R. 96, Internet Freedom Act
Latest Major Action: 2/1/2011. Referred to House subcommittee. Status: Referred to the Subcommittee on Communications and Technology. AALL opposes this bill. Related Bill: H.R. 166
120px us congressional seal svg H.R. 166, Internet Investment, Innovation, and Competition Preservation Act introduced by Rep. Cliff Stearns [FL-6] H.R. 166, Internet Investment, Innovation, and Competition Preservation Act
Latest Major Action: 2/1/2011. Referred to House subcommittee. Status: Referred to the Subcommittee on Communications and Technology. Related Bill: H.R. 96. AALL opposes this bill.
120px us congressional seal svg S. 74, Internet Freedom, Broadband Promotion, and Consumer Protection Act of 2011 introduced by Sen. MAria Cantwell [WA] S.74 (Internet Freedom, Broadband Promotion, and Consumer Protection Act of 2011)
Uss img capitol U.S. House Votes to Allow Cable Providers to Throttle Internet U.S. House votes to Allow Cable Providers to Throttle Internethttp://www.dailytech.com/US+House+Votes+to+Allow+Cable+Providers+to+Throttle+Internet/article20947.htm