Liberty Hyde Bailey

Timeline created by lhbm
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Jr. Born

    Liberty Hyde Bailey Jr. Born
    Liberty Hyde Bailey Jr. born in the pioneer settlement of South Haven, Michigan, located along the Southwest Michigan Fruit Belt, the largest non-citrus fruit producing region in North America.
  • Charles Darwin's "Origin of Species" published

    Charles Darwin's "Origin of Species" published
    We have wrongly visualized the "struggle." We have given it an intensely human application. We need to go back to Darwin who gave significance to the phrase "struggle for existence." "I use this term," he said, "in a large and metaphorical sense, including dependence of one being on another, and including (which is more important) not only the life of the individual, but success in leaving progeny."...—how accurate and how far-seeing was Darwin!
    -L.H. Bailey, The Holy Earth
  • Death of brother, Dana Bailey

    Death of brother, Dana Bailey
    Liberty Hyde Bailey Jr. and brother, Dana, contract scarlet fever, claiming Dana's life and weakening young Liberty.
  • Death of mother, Sarah Bailey

    Death of mother, Sarah Bailey
    Death of Liberty Hyde Bailey's mother, Sarah Harrison Bailey. Bailey continues to memorialize his mother by tending her garden of Pinks (Dianthus).
  • L.H. Bailey's Essay, "Birds"

    L.H. Bailey's Essay, "Birds"
    L.H. Bailey jr. authors the essay "Birds" at the age of 15 and delivers it to the Michigan Pomological Society.
  • Bailey attends Michigan Agricultural College

    Bailey attends Michigan Agricultural College
    Bailey entered the Michigan Agricultural College (now Michigan State University). He flourished under the tutelage of Dr. William James Beal, who used a new experimental approach to teach botany, using living plants and laboratory work rather than only lectures and textbooks. He helped organize and edit The College Speculum, a quarterly paper providing both scientific and general reading.
  • Bailey serves as an assistant to Asa Gray

    Bailey serves as an assistant to Asa Gray
    Asa Gray, then America's leading botanist, needed an assistant and W. J. Beal recommended Bailey. By 1883 Bailey was working in Cambridge arranging and classifying a large collection of pressed plants for the Missouri Botanical Garden and for the National Museum,
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey married Annette Smith

    Liberty Hyde Bailey married Annette Smith
    In 1883, Liberty Hyde Bailey married Annette Smith, the daughter of a Michigan cattle breeder, whom he met at the Michigan Agricultural College. They had two daughters, Sara May, born in 1887, and Ethel Zoe, born in 1889. Bailey Family: Liberty Hyde Bailey, Ethel Zoe Bailey, Sara May Bailey, Annette Smith Bailey
  • Michigan State Agricultural College appoints Bailey professor of horticulture and landscape gardening

    Michigan State Agricultural College appoints Bailey professor of horticulture and landscape gardening
    "When I was asked to take the chair of horticulture at the Michigan Agricultural College, a prominent botanist...said to me that he did not see 'how under heaven any man can take such a professorship as that.' My dear old preceptor Asa Gray was surprised, and I think, disappointed. When I sought to minimize the disgrace of it by saying that a horticulturalist needs to be a botanist, he replied, 'Yes, but he needs to be a horticulturist, too.’" L.H. Bailey, What is Horticulture?
  • "The Garden Fence" is presented by Bailey

    "The Garden Fence" is presented by Bailey
    To get our science from the field and the laboratory into the garden is the problem of the age...We must get outside the garden fence as well as inside it. We must demolish the line between science and practice. This is the new horticulture. Deep down in nature's heart, beneath the thorns and perplexity, truths are hid which are vital to the farmer and gardener.
    -L.H. Bailey, <a href='http://books.google.com/books?id=TbNIAAAAMAAJ&dq=the garden fence L.H. Bailey jr.&pg=PA235#v=onepage&q=the
  • Bailey explores northern Lower Penninsula of Michigan

    Bailey explores northern Lower Penninsula of Michigan
    Michigan Agricultural College Professors W.J. Beal and Liberty Hyde Bailey trekked across the northern Lower Penninsula in order to studey cutover forest lands and to determine their potential for agriculture.
  • Bailey becomes Professor of Horticulture at Cornell University

    Bailey becomes Professor of Horticulture at Cornell University
    Cornell offers Bailey the post of professor of horticulture and sends him and family to Europe on a horticulture research trip.
  • First American Horticultural Laboratory, Designed by Bailey, finished

    First American Horticultural Laboratory, Designed by Bailey, finished
    Eustace-Cole Hall was designed to be the first separate horticulture laboratory in America. It is now the home of the Honors College on Michigan State University's campus.
  • Bailey presents, "The Survival of the Unlike"

    Bailey presents, "The Survival of the Unlike"
    We all agree that there has been and is evolution; but we probably all disagree as to the exact agencies and forces which have been and are responsible for it. The subject of the agencies and vehicles of evolution has been gone over repeatedly and carefully for the animal creation, but there is comparatively little similar research and speculation for the plant creation. This deficiency upon the plant side is my excuse for calling your attention, in a popular way, to a few suggestions...
  • Bailey's, "What is Nature Study?" published

    Bailey's, "What is Nature Study?" published
    Nature-study is not the study of a science, as of botany, entomology, geology, and the like. That is, it takes the things at hand and endeavors to understand them, without reference primarily to the systematic order or relationships of the objects. It is informal, as are the objects which one sees. It is entirely divorced from mere definitions, or from formal explanations in books. It is therefore supremely natural. -L.H. Bailey, "What is Nature Study?"
  • Bailey's, "An Evolutionist's View on Nature and Religion" Published

    A woman who knew my evolution beliefs once asked me where heaven is. There seemed to her to be no place left for it in the cosmos of the evolutionist. This is a type of difficulty which perplexes many persons. They dwell upon the physical symbolism of faith and creed, as if the things of the spirit must be measured by time and space and materials. I could only answer that I never expect to be able to discover heaven with a telescope. Perhaps heaven is much nearer than we think.
  • Bailey becomes first Dean of newly established New York State College of Agriculture at Cornell

    Bailey becomes first Dean of newly established New York State College of Agriculture at Cornell
  • Roosevelt appoints the Country Life Commission with Liberty Hyde Bailey as Chair

    Roosevelt appoints the Country Life Commission with Liberty Hyde Bailey as Chair
    In 1908, President Theodore Roosevelt appointed a Commission on Country Life, with Bailey as its chair. The Commission offered three recommendations: a nationalized extension service, which was formalized by the passage of the Smith-Lever Act in 1914; continuing fact-finding surveys, fostering the development of agricultural economics and rural sociology in universities and the federal government; and a campaign for rural progress.
  • Bailey retires as Dean of the New York State College of Agriculture

    Bailey retires as Dean of the New York State College of Agriculture
  • "The Holy Earth" published by Bailey

    "The Holy Earth" published by Bailey
    "If God created the earth, so is the earth hallowed: and if it is hallowed, so must we deal with it devotedly and with care that we do not despoil it, and mindful of our relations to all beings that live on it. We are to consider it religiously: Put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground.” - L.H. Bailey
  • "Wind and Weather" published by Bailey

    "Wind and Weather" published by Bailey
  • "What is Democracy?" published by Bailey

    "The wealth of a democracy lies in its people, not in its government or its goods. The product of democracy is self-acting men and women. The well being and progress of society require that every citizen, of whatever age, may have the opportunity to discover himself or herself and to make use of himself largely in his own way." L.H. Bailey, "What is Democracy?"
  • "Universal Service" published by Bailey

    "Universal Service" published by Bailey
  • Bailey is awarded second Marshall P. Wilder medal

    Bailey is awarded second Marshall P. Wilder medal
    The Wilder Medal is awarded to individuals or organizations for distinguished service and contributions to the advancement of pomological science and for outstanding fruit varieties by the American Pomological Society.
  • "The Seven Stars" published by Bailey

    "The Seven Stars" published by Bailey
  • "The Harvest" published by Bailey

    "The Harvest" published by Bailey
    "Sad would be the day were there no objects higher than man." L.H. Bailey
  • Bailey publishes, "Hortus," a guide to cultivated plants in North America.

    Bailey publishes, "Hortus," a guide to cultivated plants in North America.
    Hortus: An annotated inventory of the species of plants and their main botanical varieties now in cultivation in the United States and Canada outside botanic gardens...together with brief indications of uses and methods of cultivation. Working with his daughter, Ethel, Bailey decided which cultivated species and their varieties to include, perusing nursery and seed catalogs,
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Museum Dedicated

    Liberty Hyde Bailey Museum Dedicated
    Bailey's birth home in South Haven, Michigan is gifted to the city as a memorial to Bailey.
  • Bailey, at 90, collecting plants in West Indies

    Bailey, at 90, collecting plants in West Indies
    Bailey misses his 90th birthday party in Ithaca because he is on a plant collecting trip in West Indies. The celebration rescheduled for April 29.
  • Johnny Apple-seed Memorial Medal awared to Bailey

    Johnny Apple-seed Memorial Medal awared to Bailey
    The first award of the Johnny Apple-seed Memorial Medal was made to Dr. Liberty Hyde Bailey by Men's Garden Clubs of America.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey's 90th Birthday

    Liberty Hyde Bailey's 90th Birthday
    It is a marvelous planet on which we ride. It is a great privilege to live thereon, to partake in the journey, and to experience its goodness. We may co-operate rather than rebel. We should try to find the meanings rather than to be satisfied only with the spectacles. My life has been a continuous fulfillment of dreams. -L.H. Bailey, 1948
  • Death of Liberty Hyde Bailey

    Liberty H. Bailey, Botanist, Is Dead, Special to The New York Times
    ITHACA, N.Y., Dec. 26--Dr. Liberty Hyde Bailey, internationally renowned botanist, horticulturist and agricultural educator, died yesterday in his home here at the age of 96.
    Dr. Bailey's activities, some of which continued after he was 90, included writing more than fifty books, editing many more, traveling more than 250,000 miles to collect more than 275,000 plants, classifying thousands of plants...
  • Gardening and Horticultural Stamp Issued, Honoring L.H. Bailey

    Gardening and Horticultural  Stamp Issued, Honoring L.H. Bailey
    The Postmaster General authorizes a commemorative first class postage stamp honoring Gardening and Horticulture in recognition of the Centennial of Bailey’s birth.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Museum, Michigan Historical Marker Dedicated.

    Liberty Hyde Bailey Museum, Michigan Historical Marker Dedicated.
    The world-famous botanist and horticulturist, Liberty Hyde Bailey, was born in this frame house. Here in wilderness surroundings he learned of wild animals and plants and attended the local village school. He graduated from Michigan Agricultural College in 1882, served on its faculty, and designed at that school the nation's first distinctively horticultural laboratory building. Bailey went on to be director of Cornell's College of Agriculture, retiring in 1913.
  • L.H. Bailey is inducted into the American Society for HorticulturalScience Hall of Fame

    L.H. Bailey is inducted into the American Society for HorticulturalScience Hall of Fame
    The American Society for Horticultural Science initiated a Hall of Fame designed to "honor distinguished persons who have made monumental and unique contributions to horticulture." Only two scientists were inducted at the initiation—Gregor Mendel, the Austrian monk who solved the riddle of heredity, and Liberty Hyde Bailey.
  • Bailey's, The Holy Earth, Reprinted

    Bailey's, The Holy Earth, Reprinted
    Liberty Hyde Bailey's classic, The Holy Earth, is reprinted to commemorate Bailey's 150th Anniversary and the 70th Anniversary of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Museum in South Haven, Michigan by Michigan State University Press and the Liberty Hyde Bailey Musuem.
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    LEARNING

    It is said that on the way to college Bailey outlined his goal in life—to spend twenty-five years in preparation (learning), twenty-five in earning a livelyhood (labor) and twenty-five in using his abilities as he chose (leisure)—a goal he approached closely, although he outlived the final third by more than two decades.
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    LABOR

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    LEISURE

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    BEYOND BAILEY