Important Events In Europe

Timeline created by neukoliv514
  • Jan 1st, 1337

    Bubonic Plague begins

    Bubonic Plague begins
    One of the most devastating pandemics in human history. It is estimated to have killed 30-60% of Europes population.
  • Jan 1st, 1350

    Renaissance begins

    Renaissance begins
    The Renaissance was an intellectual and artistic movement. It was a period of revolutionary changes and a rebirth or revival.
  • Jan 1st, 1413

    Brunelleschi creates Linear Perspective

    Brunelleschi creates Linear Perspective
    Linear perspective changed the way people saw art. It gave depth to paintings that up until now were two dimensional.
  • Jan 1st, 1429

    Joan of Arc and the Siege of Orleans

    Joan of Arc and the Siege of Orleans
    The Siege of Orleans marked a turning point in the Hundred Years War between England an France. This was the first major military victory for Joan of Arc.
  • Jan 1st, 1439

    Johann Gutenberg invents the printing press

    Johann Gutenberg invents the printing press
    The invention of the mechanical movable type printing was the begininng of the Printing Revolution. It is also considered to be one of the most important inventions of the modern period and spread knowledge to the masses.
  • Aug 1st, 1464

    Cosimo de Medici dies

    Cosimo de Medici dies
    Cosimo marked the begininng of the Medici political dynasty in Florence. Had a key role in Renaissance.
  • Jan 1st, 1478

    Spanish Inquisition begins

    Spanish Inquisition begins
    It was intended to maintain Catholic orthodoxy and to ensure the orthodoxy of those who converted from Judaism to Islam and became one of the most deadly inquisitions in history.
  • Jan 1st, 1486

    Sandro Botticelli paints the Birth of Venus

    Sandro Botticelli paints the Birth of Venus
    It depicts the Goddess Venus emerging from the sea as a fully grown woman. She is painted in a way that is thought to have been done so that it brings pleasure to the viewer.
  • Jan 1st, 1492

    Columbus discovers the America's

    Columbus discovers the America's
    His discovery of America lead to a lasting contact between Europe and America. He started a period of exploration and colonization of foreign lands that lasted for many years.
  • Jan 1st, 1510

    Raphael paints The School of Athens

    Raphael paints The School of Athens
    It is one of the most famous frescoes that was painted by Raphael. It has been viewed as "Raphael's masterpiece and the perfect embodiment of the classical spirit of the High Renaissance"
  • Jan 1st, 1512

    Machiavelli writes the Prince

    Machiavelli writes the Prince
    The Prince is a political treatise that is claimed by some to be the first work of modern philosophy.
  • Jan 1st, 1514

    Thomas More Utopia

    Thomas More Utopia
    Utopia is a fictional work of political philosophy. It is a frame story about a fictional island society and the political, religious and social customs.
  • Jan 1st, 1514

    Michelangelo paints the Sistine Chapel

    Michelangelo paints the Sistine Chapel
    It was commissioned by Pope Julius II and is considered a cornerstone work of High Renaissance art.
  • Jan 1st, 1517

    Martin Luther 95 Theses

    Martin Luther 95 Theses
    The 95 theses are widely regarded to have accelerated the Protestant Reformation. His disputation protested clerical abuses primarily the sale of indulgences.
  • Aug 25th, 1530

    Ivan the Terrible is born

    Ivan the Terrible is born
    Was the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 until his death in 1584. He was described as devout and intelligent, but often was prone to rages and out braks of mental illness
  • Jan 1st, 1533

    Henry VIII of England excommunictaed

    Henry VIII of England excommunictaed
    Henry VIII was excommunicated for divorcing his first wife Catherine of Argon and marrying Anne Boleyn.
  • Jan 1st, 1534

    Jesuit Order founded by Ignatius Loyola

    Jesuit Order founded by Ignatius Loyola
    It was founded to "strive especially for the propagation and defense of the faith and progress of souls in Christian life and docterine". They participateed in the Counter-Reformation. Jesuits are also known as "God's Marines".
  • Jul 12th, 1536

    Desiderius Erasmus dies

    Desiderius Erasmus dies
    Was a classical scholar who wrote in pure Latin style. He was a supporter of religious toleration and was nicknamed "Prince of the Humanists" He converted the New Testament from Greek to Latin.
  • Jan 1st, 1550

    Scientific Revolution/ Copernocus

    Scientific Revolution/ Copernocus
    Tthe Scientific Revolution is an era during which new ideas and knowledge in chemistry, biology, physics, astronomy and medicine changed the views of medieval nature and made way for modern science. Nicolaus Copernocus was an astronomer during the Renaissance and was the first person to realize that the earth and other planets revolve around the sun.
  • Jan 1st, 1557

    Spain declares bankruptcy for the first time

    Spain declares bankruptcy for the first time
    Charles V had left Phillip II with a tremendous amount of debt of approximately 36 million ducats and an annual deficit of 1 million ducats. This caused him to declare bankruptcy first in 1557, then again in 1560, 1575 and 1596.
  • Jan 1st, 1558

    Coronation of Queen Elizabeth I

    Coronation of Queen Elizabeth I
    Elizabeth I was the daugther of Henrey VIII and Anne Boleyn. She rset out to rule by good counsel and heavily depended on a group of advisors. One of her first acts as queen was establishing an English Protestant Church and becoming the Supreme Governor of it.
  • Jan 1st, 1560

    Start of European Wars of Religion

    Start of European Wars of Religion
    The European Wars of Religion were a series of wars that waged in Europe following the beginning of the Protestant Reformation in Northern and Western Europe.
  • Jan 1st, 1572

    Saint Bartholomew's Massacre

    Saint Bartholomew's Massacre
    It was a targeted group of assassinations followed by Roman Catholic mob violence toward the Huguenots during the Wars of Religion. It is believed to have been instigated by Catherine de Medici.
  • da Vinci paints The Last Supper

    da Vinci paints The Last Supper
    The Last Supper is a mural in Milan that was painted by Leonardo da Vinci for the Duke Ludovico Sforza and duchess Beatrice d'Este. The scene is one the final days of Jesus where he tells his 12 apostles that one of them will betray him.
  • Edict of Nantes

    Edict of Nantes
    The Edict of Nantes was issued by Henry IV of France and granted the Huguenots substantial rights in an area that was still mostly Catholic. The Edict was mostly aimed to create civil unity. It treated protestants for the first time as more than schismatics and heretics, and opened a path for tolerance.