Important Events In Europe

Timeline created by neukoliv514
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Black death 1st Jan, 1337 Bubonic Plague begins One of the most devastating pandemics in human history. It is estimated to have killed 30-60% of Europes population.
Top renaissance 1st Jan, 1350 Renaissance begins The Renaissance was an intellectual and artistic movement. It was a period of revolutionary changes and a rebirth or revival.
Linear perspective 1st Jan, 1413 Brunelleschi creates Linear Perspective Linear perspective changed the way people saw art. It gave depth to paintings that up until now were two dimensional.
Joan of arc1 1st Jan, 1429 Joan of Arc and the Siege of Orleans The Siege of Orleans marked a turning point in the Hundred Years War between England an France. This was the first major military victory for Joan of Arc.
Franklinpressphoto 1st Jan, 1439 Johann Gutenberg invents the printing press The invention of the mechanical movable type printing was the begininng of the Printing Revolution. It is also considered to be one of the most important inventions of the modern period and spread knowledge to the masses.
220px cosimo di medici %28bronzino%29 1st Aug, 1464 Cosimo de Medici dies Cosimo marked the begininng of the Medici political dynasty in Florence. Had a key role in Renaissance.
Inquisition wheel 1st Jan, 1478 Spanish Inquisition begins It was intended to maintain Catholic orthodoxy and to ensure the orthodoxy of those who converted from Judaism to Islam and became one of the most deadly inquisitions in history.
Birth%20of%20venus 1st Jan, 1486 Sandro Botticelli paints the Birth of Venus It depicts the Goddess Venus emerging from the sea as a fully grown woman. She is painted in a way that is thought to have been done so that it brings pleasure to the viewer.
Columbus painting large 1st Jan, 1492 Columbus discovers the America's His discovery of America lead to a lasting contact between Europe and America. He started a period of exploration and colonization of foreign lands that lasted for many years.
The school of athens 1st Jan, 1510 Raphael paints The School of Athens It is one of the most famous frescoes that was painted by Raphael. It has been viewed as "Raphael's masterpiece and the perfect embodiment of the classical spirit of the High Renaissance"
Machiavelli 1st Jan, 1512 Machiavelli writes the Prince The Prince is a political treatise that is claimed by some to be the first work of modern philosophy.
200px isola di utopia moro 1st Jan, 1514 Thomas More Utopia Utopia is a fictional work of political philosophy. It is a frame story about a fictional island society and the political, religious and social customs.
Ceiling of the sistine chapel 1st Jan, 1514 Michelangelo paints the Sistine Chapel It was commissioned by Pope Julius II and is considered a cornerstone work of High Renaissance art.
Luther 1st Jan, 1517 Martin Luther 95 Theses The 95 theses are widely regarded to have accelerated the Protestant Reformation. His disputation protested clerical abuses primarily the sale of indulgences.
Ivan%20ste 25th Aug, 1530 Ivan the Terrible is born Was the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 until his death in 1584. He was described as devout and intelligent, but often was prone to rages and out braks of mental illness
Henry 1st Jan, 1533 Henry VIII of England excommunictaed Henry VIII was excommunicated for divorcing his first wife Catherine of Argon and marrying Anne Boleyn.
Jesuit 1st Jan, 1534 Jesuit Order founded by Ignatius Loyola It was founded to "strive especially for the propagation and defense of the faith and progress of souls in Christian life and docterine". They participateed in the Counter-Reformation. Jesuits are also known as "God's Marines".
Erasmus1 12th Jul, 1536 Desiderius Erasmus dies Was a classical scholar who wrote in pure Latin style. He was a supporter of religious toleration and was nicknamed "Prince of the Humanists" He converted the New Testament from Greek to Latin.
220px nikolaus kopernikus 1st Jan, 1550 Scientific Revolution/ Copernocus Tthe Scientific Revolution is an era during which new ideas and knowledge in chemistry, biology, physics, astronomy and medicine changed the views of medieval nature and made way for modern science. Nicolaus Copernocus was an astronomer during the Renaissance and was the first person to realize that the earth and other planets revolve around the sun.
200px philip ii 1st Jan, 1557 Spain declares bankruptcy for the first time Charles V had left Phillip II with a tremendous amount of debt of approximately 36 million ducats and an annual deficit of 1 million ducats. This caused him to declare bankruptcy first in 1557, then again in 1560, 1575 and 1596.
Elizabeth%201 1st Jan, 1558 Coronation of Queen Elizabeth I Elizabeth I was the daugther of Henrey VIII and Anne Boleyn. She rset out to rule by good counsel and heavily depended on a group of advisors. One of her first acts as queen was establishing an English Protestant Church and becoming the Supreme Governor of it.
Wars%20of%20religion 1st Jan, 1560 Start of European Wars of Religion The European Wars of Religion were a series of wars that waged in Europe following the beginning of the Protestant Reformation in Northern and Western Europe.
340px francois dubois 001 1st Jan, 1572 Saint Bartholomew's Massacre It was a targeted group of assassinations followed by Roman Catholic mob violence toward the Huguenots during the Wars of Religion. It is believed to have been instigated by Catherine de Medici.
350px davinci lastsupper high res 2 nowatmrk da Vinci paints The Last Supper The Last Supper is a mural in Milan that was painted by Leonardo da Vinci for the Duke Ludovico Sforza and duchess Beatrice d'Este. The scene is one the final days of Jesus where he tells his 12 apostles that one of them will betray him.
330px edit de nantes avril 1598 Edict of Nantes The Edict of Nantes was issued by Henry IV of France and granted the Huguenots substantial rights in an area that was still mostly Catholic. The Edict was mostly aimed to create civil unity. It treated protestants for the first time as more than schismatics and heretics, and opened a path for tolerance.