History of the US prison system

Timeline created by scam6742
In History
  • The first prison is opened in the United States

    The first prison is opened in the United States
    The first prison is opened in Pennsylvania it is called Walnut Street Jail.
  • the Abolitionist Movement begins

    the Abolitionist Movement begins
    (Late 1700s)
  • Walnut Street Jail becomes Esatern State Penitentary

    Walnut Street Jail becomes Esatern State Penitentary
  • solitary confinement

    solitary confinement
    "The first experiment in solitary confinement in the United States begins at the Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia"
  • First state abolishes the death penalty

    First state abolishes the death penalty
    Michigan becomes the first state to abolish the death penalty for all crimes except treason.
  • women and men are seperated for the first time

    women and men are seperated for the first time
    The first statutory provision for separate male and female prison institutions was passed.
  • first women's prison is opned

    first women's prison is opned
    "The first Women’s Prison opened its doors in Indiana . Two types of penal institutions were established for women: the traditional penitentiary model was based on custodial and punitive measures; and the model that emphasized reform was based on the notion of reforming and rehabilitating inmates."
  • Death penalty cyanide

    Death penalty cyanide
    The use of cyanise gas is intorduced as an execution method
  • 1930 innmate population

    1930 innmate population
    In 1930 there were just over 13,000 inmates
  • high levels of executions

    high levels of executions
    Executions reach the highest levels in American history - average 167 per year.
  • A prison is opened for the worst criminals

    A prison is opened for the worst criminals
    "The federal government opens Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay to house the nation's worst criminals."
  • Inmate population in 1940

    Inmate population in 1940
    24,360 inmates
  • support for capital punishement is low

    support for capital punishement is low
    Support of capital punishment reaches all-time low. A Gallup poll shows support of the death penalty at only 42%
  • murder leads to 23 hour lock down

    murder leads to 23 hour lock down
    two officers at a Marion Ill prison are killed on the same day. The warden at the time decided to be the first prison to start "permanent lockdown". Inmates are in their cells 23 hours a day. Within a few years other states adopt this lockdown.
  • Inmate population

    Inmate population
    Total population 219,087
    breakdown
    Inmates By Race
    White: 130,414 (59.5 %)
    Black: 81,268 (37.1 %)
    Native American: 3,974 (1.8 %)
    Asian: 3,431 (1.6 %) Inmates By Gender
    Male: 204,463 (93.3 %)
    Female: 14,624 (6.7 %)
  • Period: to

    nine states abolish the death penalty

    Nine states abolish the death penalty for all crimes or strictly limit it.
  • Period: to

    Prisoners right movement begins...

    "The Prisoners’ Rights Movement began during this period. Prisoners sought enforcement of their constitutional rights through the writ of habeas corpus and the Civil Rights Act" Many still argue that prisioners do not deserver the treatment they recieve.