Dating back to the times of the Egyptians, aftificial limbs made of common matterials such as wood and metal have been used by almost every civilization.
16th Nov, 1529
In 1529, French surgeon, Ambroise Pare (1510-1590) introduced amputation as a lifesaving measure in medicine. Soon after, Pare started developing prosthetic limbs in a scientific manner.
Attatchment using Atmospheric Pressure
In 1863, Dubois L Parmelee of New York City made an improvement to the attachment of artificial limbs. He fastened a body socket to the limb with atmospheric pressure.
First Practical Moving Limb
In 1898, Dr. Vanghetti invented an artificial limb that could move with through muscle contraction.
Advancements in Lower Limbs
In 1946, a major advancement was made in the attachment of lower limbs. A suction sock for the above-knee prosthesis was created at University of California (UC) at Berkeley.
Below the Knee Artificial Limbs
In 1975, Ysidro M. Martinez' invention of a below-the-knee prosthesis avoided some of the problems associated with conventional artificial limbs.
Modern day artificial limbs are often made from high tech plastics and carbon fiber. A change from the use of wood and metal throughout history. These limbs are much more life like and can even perform life like movements with the use of muscle contractions.