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History of Intelligence

Timeline created by lilredgreats in History
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Spearman small square General Intelligence (g) Charles Spearman believed we have one of these that underlies specific mental abilities. He also helped develop factor analysis (a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items).
Thurstone small square Primary Mental Abilities Thurstone came up with that our intelligence may be broken down into seven factors (word fluency, verbal comprehension, spatial ability, perceptual speed, numerical ability, inductive reasoning, memory).
Alfred binet small square Intelligence Test Alfred Binet published these in France.
Thorndike small square Operant Conditioning Theory was led to by Thorndike’s article on animal intelligence.
Iq small square IQ William Stern developed the formula for this after studying the intelligence tests.
Yerkes small square Measured Intelligence Robert Yerkes developed the Army Alpha and Beta Tests which were used with new recruits in the US Military.
220px edward thorndike small square Social Intelligence Edward Thorndike proposed the know-how involved in comprehending social situations and managing oneself.
650px wechsler adult intelligence scale subscores and subtests small square Intellectual Assessment Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence tests were published and became the most widely used.
Piaget 1 small square Cognitive Development Jean Piaget published his “Psychology of Intelligence.”
Earl hunt articlew small square Verbal Intelligence According to Earl Hunt, verbal intelligence scores are predictable from the speed with which people retrieve information from memory and in the words of Philip Vernon, “faster cognitive processing may allow more information to be acquired.”
Multiple intelligencew small square Multiple Intelligence Howard Gardner introduced this theory which explains that intelligence is something to be used to improve lives, not to measure and quantify humans.
Triarchic theory of intelligence small square Triarchic Theory Sternberg’s three intelligence (analytical, creative, practical intelligence)
John giving a talk small square Global Workspace John Duncan found that the frontal lobe (just about the outer edge of the eyebrows) may be a global workspace for organizing and coordinating information since various brain areas seemed to converge there.
End small square Cites "History of Psychology 387 BC to Present at AllPsych Online." Psychology Classroom at AllPsych Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2013. http://allpsych.com/timeline.html. Myers, David G.. "Intelligence."Psychology. Ninth ed. New York, NY: Worth Publishers, 2010. 405-439. Print.