History of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

Timeline created by joanwoodbrey
In History
  • Pediatrician George Still Lectures on ADD

    Pediatrician George Still Lectures on ADD
    History of ADHDEnglish pediatrician George Still gave a series of lectures to the Royal College of Physicians in England, describing a condition withi some have claimed analogous to ADHD.
  • Influenza Pandemic

    Influenza Pandemic
    Spanish Flu1918 - 1919 a world wide influenza pandemic (The Spanish Flu) leaves many with encephalitis affecting neurological functions. Leading researchers to believe that ADD is caused by brain damage rather than heredity.
  • Benzedrine (racemic amphetamine)

    Benzedrine (racemic amphetamine) Medication used
  • Desoxyn (methamphetamine hydrochloride)

    Desoxyn (methamphetamine hydrochloride) Medication introduced
  • Biphetamine (mixed amphetamine/dextroamphetamine salts)

    1955 - 1983: Biphetamine is starting to be used for ADD medication.
  • Ritalin (methylphenidate)

    Ritalin is starting to be used for ADD medication.
  • Hyperkinetic Impulse Disorder

    Hyperkinetic Impulse Disorder used to describe ADHD symptoms -
    Herbert Freed and CHarles Peifer Study the use of Thorazine on Hyperkinetic emotionally distrubed children.
  • Adderall (mixed amphetamine/dextroamphetamine)

    Adderall is starting to be used for ADD medication.
  • C. Keith Conners Publishes Study on Ritalin

    C. Keith Conners Publishes Study on Ritalin
    C. Keith Conners publishes a study on the effects of Ritalin (methylphenidate) in 'emotionally disturbed children' in 1963
  • Term Minimal Brain Dysfunction Coined

    Term Minimal Brain Dysfunction Coined
    U.S. Researchers are able to connect ADD with heredity again after observing symptoms of ADD existed in those with no known pathological disorder or brain injury. It's not til 1990 that Europeans make same connection. *important note: Food coloring used in U.S. food supply earlier in U.S. than Europe.
  • Research on Stimulants as Treatment

    Research on Stimulants as Treatment
    ADHD - History of ADHD1967 - 1968: The National Institute of Mental Health gives grants to researchers to study effectiveness of stimulants for children with ADHD.
  • 2nd Edition of DSM Published

    About.comthe second edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-II) is published by the APA in 1968 and includes the disorders hyperkinetic reaction of childhood or adolescence and organic brain syndrome.
  • Conner Rating Scale Introduced

    Conner Rating Scale Introduced
    The first Conner's Rating Scale is published by C. Keith Conners in 1969, which eventually leads to revised editions of the Conner's Rating Scales for parents and teachers.
  • Washington Post Story Published

    Washington Post Story Published
    The Washington PostThe Washington Post published a story describing how 5 to 10 percent of all school children in Omaha, Nebraska were receiving stimulants, like Ritalin, to control their behavior, even though the statistics only referred to kids in special-ed programs. The story creates a controversy around the diagnosis of ADHD and use of stimulants, especially since it implies that many parents are coerced into medicating their kids.
  • Cylert (pemoline)

    1975 - 2003: Cylert is starting to be used for ADD medication.
  • Anti Ritalin Movement Begins

    An anti-Ritalin movement greatly expands in 1975 as several books are published to help reinforce the belief that ADHD isn't a real diagnosis, was created by drug companies to make money, or that hyperactivity is caused by food allergies and food additives, etc.
  • Dextrostat (dextroamphetamine) and Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine)

    Dextrostat and Dexedrine are starting to be used for ADD medication.
  • 3rd Edition of DSM Published

    the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) is published by the APA in 1980 and includes Attention Deficit Disorder for the first time, including the subtypes ADD with hyperactivity, ADD without hyperactivity, and ADD residual type
  • Dr. Russell A. Barkley Writes 1st of 7 books on ADHD

    Dr. Russell A. Barkley Writes 1st of 7 books on ADHD
    Dr. Barkley Dr. Barkley writes "Hyperactive children: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment."
  • Ritalin SR

    Ritalin SR is starting to be used for ADD medication.
  • Dr. Russell A. Barkley Publishes ADHD Report

    Dr. Russell A. Barkley Publishes ADHD Report
    Dr. Russel BarkleyDr. Barkley begins publishing The ADHD Report newsletter
  • Joseph Biederman publishes ADHD study

    Joseph Biederman publishes ADHD study
    Joseph Biederman publishes one of the first of hundreds of medical studies about children with ADHD.
  • AAP Report - Combination Therapy

    AAP report, Medication for Children With Attention Disorders, published in 1996, stresses that drug therapy should be combined 'with appropriate management of the child's environment and curriculum.'
  • Metadate ER (methylphenidate)

    Metadate ER is starting to be used for ADD medication.
  • Concerta (methylphenidate) and Methylin ER (methylphenidate)

    Concerta and Methylin are starting to be used for ADD medication.
  • 4th Edition of DSM Published

    The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) is published by the APA in 2000 and describes three types of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), including ADHD, Combined Type, ADHD, Predominantly Inattentive Type, and ADHD, Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type
  • Metadate CD (methylphenidate), Focalin (dexmethylphenidate) and Adderall XR (mixed amphetamine salts)

    Metadate CD (methylphenidate), Focalin (dexmethylphenidate) and Adderall XR (mixed amphetamine salts) are introduced
  • Ritalin LA, Methylin (methylphenidate) and Strattera (atomoxetine)

    Ritalin LA, Methylin (methylphenidate) oral solution and chewable tablet and Strattera (atomoxetine) are introduced. Strattera is the first non stimulant treatment for ADHD.
  • English Researchers Suggest removing Food Coloring and Preservatives from diet

    Double Blind StudyResearchers did a study in England on toddlers from the general population. The children were given a modest amount of coloring (only 20 mg) plus some sodium benzoate preservative. Their reaction was sufficient for Bateman to conclude that "this suggests that benefit would accrue for all children if artificial food colours and benzoate preservatives were removed from their diet."
  • Focalin XR (dexmethylphenidate)

    Focalin XR (dexmethylphenidate) is introduced
  • Daytrana (methylphenidate)

    Daytrana (methylphenidate) is introduced
  • Warning Labels on ADD/ADHD medications updated

    warning labels on ADHD medications are updated in 2007 to include warnings about the possibility of cardiovascular risks (sudden death in children and adolescents with structural cardiac abnormalities or other serious heart problems) and risks of adverse psychiatric symptoms (hallucinations, delusional thinking, or mania).
  • Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate)

    Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate) is introduced
  • Follow Up Study on Food Coloring

    Food Additives Studya followup study (McCann 2007) was also published in England, showing that in the general population (children not diagnosed with anything), a modest amount of mixed coloring and a preservative elicited increased hyperactive symptoms and decreased attention span in both toddlers and older children. This study led to a radical change in the food supply of England and Europe, as supermarkets and international suppliers scrambled to replace the synthetic colorings and preservatives with safer, natu
  • Intuniv (guanfacine hydrochloride)

    Intuniv (guanfacine hydrochloride) is introduced
  • Kapvay (clonidine hydrocloride)

    Kapvay (clonidine hydrocloride) is introduced.
  • Period: to

    History of ADD