History of African-American Music

Timeline created by tpolk
In Music
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Timeline First Legislation Against African American Music In response to the Stono Rebellion in 1739, South Carolina enacts the "New Slave Code" or the "Negro Act" which concerns itself with banning several minute aspects of slave life, most notably for this purpose, the banning of musical instruments among slaves. (Peretti, xi) & (Slaveryinamerica.org)
Richard%20allen First African Hymnal Published The first African Methodist Episcopal hymnal, "A Collection of Spiritual Songs and Hymns, Selected from Various Authors" is published by Rev. Richard Allen. (Peretti, xi), (The Black Perspective in Music, 153), (docsouth.unc.edu for picture)
Playbill%20for%20afrcian%20grove New York City Presents Performances by African American Musicians The African Grove Tavern presents black musicians for entertainment of African American Population. After staged riots by near-by white theater owner, Tavern shut down as a nusiance. (Peretti, xi), (maap.columbia.edu)
Timeline Frederick Douglass describes Slave Songs Although the songs of slaves had long been observed by both slave owners and white passer-bys, Frederick Douglass explains in his autobiographical "The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass" the somber and sorrowful songs of the enslaved African Americans (Peretti, xi)
Blind tom wiggins  public domain Thomas Wiggins Performs at the White House Thomas Wiggins, "Battle of Mannassas" At age 10, Thomas "Blind Tom" Wiggins, a blind and autistic slave, is the first African American to perform at the White House for President James Buchanan, while he is rented out as a slave-musician for $15,000. (Peretti, xi), (blackpast.org)
Timeline Thomas Wiggins Publishes Blind Tom Wiggins publishes Oliver Galop and Virginia Polka (blackpast.org)
Slave%20songs "Slave Songs of the United States" Published The first collection of its time (Peretti, xi), (Image from docsouth.unc.edu)
Timeline Fisk University Jubilee Singers Jubilee Singers
The first University accepting applications irrespective of race tours a troop of a nine-member choral ensemble to raise much needed money. (Peretti, xi) (fiskjubileesingers.org)
220px james monroe trotter James Monroe Trotter publishes "Music and Some Highly Musical People"
Timeline George W. Johnson First African-American phonograph recording
Timeline Composer Antonin Dvorak acknowledges Sprituals Famous composer Dvorak claims that spirituals can become the basis for America's Classical Music
Timeline Chicago Columbian Exposition African-American ragtime pianists share ideas at the Columbian Exposition
Timeline First Black Musical Comedy opens on Broadway "In Dahomey" written by Will Cook and starring african americans opens in Broadway
Timeline First concert of Black Music presented at Carnegie Hall JAmes Reese Europe's Chef Club presents ar Carnegie Hall
Timeline Hellfighters Orchestra in the Great War The Harlem Hellfighters fights and performs in Paris
Timeline Broome Records First African-American owned record company is founded in Boston
Timeline First Blues Recording Mamie Smith's "Crazy Blues" first ever blues recording
Timeline Duke Ellington Premier Duke Ellington's suite "Black, Brown and Beige" premeirs at Carnegie Hall
Timeline Marian Anderson Marian Anderson is the First African-American singer to appear in the Metropolitan Opera
Timeline Motown Records Founded Started by Berry Gordy Jr., origionally called Tamla Records
Timeline March on Washington Marian Anderson, among others,performs at the March on Washington
Timeline Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians Formed in Chicago to help promote African-American musicians
Timeline Isaac Hayes recieves Academy Award For his "Theme from 'Shaft'" Isaac Hayes is the first black songwriter to recieve an Academy Award
Timeline Micheal Jackson Michael Jackson's "Thriller" released, best selling album of all time
Timeline Gangsta Rap First nationally popular gangsta rap albums begin appearing sparking controversies over Hip-Hop
Timespan Dates: Timespan Title: Timespan Description:

Slavery Era Time from the arrival of first Africans until the Emancipation Proclamation was issued by President Lincoln

Great Awakening Revivals involve African Americans in Protestant hymn singing (Peretti, xi)

Louis Armstrong releases recordings Hot Five and Hot Seven recordings released