Spanish Settlers bring first African slaves to the New World.
1st Jan, 1513
Free Africans Juan Garrido and Juan Gonzalez de Leon accompany Juan Ponce de Leon in his exploration of La Floride.
21st Jul, 1526
First enslaved Africans brought to North America by Lucas Vazquez de Allyon expedition; established settlement of San Miguel de Gualape in present-day Georgia; this is the first European settlement in geograpic United States.
15th Apr, 1528
Panfilo Narvaez attempts to settle area near Tampa Bay with 600 people, including slaves. Lack of supplies and hurrican doom venture
1st Jan, 1536
Mexico & Pacific Ocean
Four survivors of the doomed Tampa Bay settlement end up in Mexico & Pacific Ocean after walking through wilderness for eight years. Estevanico, an African slave, ensures their survival by learning to communicate with natives along the way.
18th May, 1539
Hernando de Soto
Hernando de Soto explores Florida and much of the present-day southeastern United States with aid of free and enslaved Africans.
1st Sep, 1565
St. Augustine, the oldest permanent city in the USA, established by Spain. It is home to over 600 people, including 50 African slaves. Some of these slaves immediatley escape into the surrounding wilderness.
Spanish government in Florida grants freedom to all runaway slaves from South colonies to the north if slaves agree to convert to Roman Catholicism.
Hundreds of slaves from English plantation and the South escape to Florida as a result of Spanish government decision.
Francisco Menendez, an esscped slave from the Carolinas, agrees to help defend Florida from the British in exchange for freedom. Establishes Forth Mose, the first free black settlement in the present-day USA, two miles north of St. Augustine.
Engliah invaders capture Fort Mose; blacks and Spaniards recapture it a few.
Spain trades to Florida to the English in exchange for Havana, Cuba, which Spain had lost during the Seven Year`s War; as a result, large rice and indigo plantations pop up along the St.Jogn`s river in East Florida; thousands of slaves are imported from Africa or brought south from other colonies.