Henry Morgentaler

Timeline created by Nicholas Deane
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Timeline Born in Łódź, Poland Henry Morgentaler was born in Łódź, Poland and he survived the concentration camps.
Timeline Henry Maried Chava Rosenfarb Henry and Chava Rosenfarb got married in Europe in 1949.
Timeline Henry and his wife "Chava" came to Canada Henry and Chava Rosenfarb left Europe February 1950 on S/S "Samaria" sailing to Canada.
Timeline Graduated from medicine at the University of Montreal Upon graduating from medicine at the University of Montreal in 1953 he carried on a general medical practice in Montreal for a number of years until his efforts were focused on performing illegal abortions in his private clinic.
Timeline Henry Morgentaler helped change the Criminal Code of Canada Due to the work of Henry Morgentaler the Criminal Code was changed in 1969 to legalize therapeutic abortions if they were performed in a hospital after approval was granted by a Committee.
Timeline Henry was arrested in Montreal for performing illegal abortions On June 1, 1970, Morgentaler was arrested in Montreal for performing illegal abortions.
Timeline Henry was acquitted He was acquitted at trial in 1973.
Timeline Henry was convicted In 1974 the Quebec Court of Appeal overturned the acquittal, convicted Dr. Mortgentaler and he was imprisoned for ten months. He successfully appealed his conviction and was acquitted again.
Timeline Named co-recipiemt of the Humanist of the Year He was named the co-recipient in 1975 of Humanist of the Year by the American Humanist Association.
Timeline Government adopted the Morgentaler Amendment In 1975 the Canadian Government changed the law so that courts could not replace an acquittal by a jury with a conviction, but appeal courts could order a new trial. This became known as the Morgentaler Amendment.
Timeline Morgentaler v. The Queen In the case to become known as “Morgentaler v. The Queen”, Dr. Morgentaler challenged unsuccessfully the prohibition against abortions to the Supreme Court of Canada in 1976.
Timeline Morgentaler charged with performing illegal micarriages Dr. Morgentaler and two other Doctors were charged in 1983 for procuring illegal miscarriages. They were acquitted at trial, the decision was reversed on appeal to the Ontario Court of Appeal, a new trial ordered.
Timeline Supreme Court of Canada declared the abortions provisions unconstitutional The Doctors appealed to the Supreme Court of Canada. In 1988 the Supreme Court of Canada overturned the conviction against Dr. Morgentaler. It declared the abortion provisions in the Criminal Code to be unconstitutional, the laws were in violation of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom which was adopted in 1982.
Timeline Morgentaler charged with performing abortion in a Nova Scotia clinic In 1989 Nova Scotia passed legislation prohibiting the operation of abortions in clinics. Dr. Morgentaler was charged under the Provincial legislation for providing an abortion in a clinic.
Timeline Morgentaler was acquitted at trial and was successful at the Court of Appeal At the trial in 1990 he was acquitted on the basis that the legislation was not within provincial jurisdiction as it was an attempt to regulate abortion. The decision was appealed to the Court of Appeal, where it was dismissed.
Timeline Supreme Court of Canada ruled provincial abortion regulations invalid The constitutionality of the provincial legislation was then taken to the Supreme Court of Canada and it ruled that the specific abortion regulations were invalid criminal law and they were struck down. This was Dr. Morgentaler’s third case before the Supreme Court of Canada., known as R. v. Morgentaler, 1993.
Timeline Received his first honarary degree In 2005 he received his first honorary degree, a Doctor of Laws degree, from the University of Western Ontario and he was awarded the Couchiching Award for Public Policy Leadership with respect to his efforts on behalf women’s rights and reproductive health issues.
Timeline Forced to stop performing abortions after heart bypass In 2006, Morgentaler had to stop performing abortions after undergoing a heart bypass surgery. However, he continues to oversee the operation of his six private clinics.
Timeline First president of the Humanist Association of Canada Dr Henry Morgentaler was the first president of the Humanist Association of Canada and received a Lifetime Achievement Award from that Association in 2008.
Timeline Awarded for Outstanding Service to Humanity The Award for Outstanding Service to Humanity was awarded to him in 2008 by the Canadian Labour Congress.
Timeline Dr. Morgentalor was named to the Order of Canada On July 1, 2008 Dr. Morgentaler was named to the Order of Canada in recognition "for his commitment to increased health care options for women, his determined efforts to influence Canadian public policy and his leadership in humanist and civil liberties organizations."
Timeline Currently Henry Morgentaler is 88 years old and continues to challenge provincial abortion regulations.
Timespan Dates: Timespan Title: Timespan Description:

Henry Morgentaler Henry Morgentaler is a Canadian physician and prominent pro choice advocate who has fought numerous legal battles for legalizing abortions.