Discovery of Oil in the Middle East

Timeline created by NHD timeline
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Olje1908 464 Petroleum Concession William Knox D’Arcy obtained an exclusive petroleum concession for 60 years, signed by Shah, covering all of Persia Except the five northern provinces.
Timeline Slight Show of Oil In 1903, a slight show of gas and oil was encountered at 505.3 meters. (Date isn't accurate, it's in 1903, the month is correct, but not sure about the day)
Timeline First Exploration Company In May 1903, D’Arcy formed the First Exploration Company with a capital of £6000,000, half of which belonged to him.
Timeline A second well On January 1904, a second well hit oil at a similar depth. However, D’Arcy’s excitement was short lived; the well soon began to dry out. (Date isn't accurate, it's in 1904, the month is correct, but not the day.)
Timeline Sir John Fisher takes interest in D'Arcy's company In October 1904, Sir John Fisher was planning to convert the Royal Navy from coal to oil fueling, and wanted to prevent the D’Arcy concession to slip out of British hands. (Date isn't accurate, it's in 1904, the month is correct, but the day isn't.)
Timeline The Concessions SYndicate Ltd. was formed Sir John Fisher formed the Concessions Syndicate Ltd. to take over D’Arcy’s operations in Persia with new financial contributions from the Scottish Burma Oil Company. D’Arcy still remained the director of the new company. (Date isn't accurate, it's in 1905, but the month isn't correct.)
Timeline Southern Khuzistan Province Concession Syndicate decided to abandon Chiah Surkh and move the oil drilling to the southern Khuzistan Province. (The year is correct, not the month and day.)
Reynolds The first test well at Shardin George Bernard Reynolds is an Englishman graduated from the Royal Indian Engineering College, and self-taught geologist who had drilled in the Dutch oil fields of Sumatra. This was one of the two test wells at Shardin George had drilled, this well was reaching a depth of 662 meters. However, this well was dry. (Year is correct, not the month and date.)
6a00d8345194a469e20134808978ad970c 800wi The second test well This is the second test well that Reynolds drilled, it was up to 592 meters deep. However, this well was also dry. (Year is correct, not the month and day.)
Successletter Finding the third test well Reynolds didn’t give up, he decided to try a third area located about 90km northeast of Ahavaz. This area was called “The Plain of Petroleum”. He was enthusiastic about this well, however, the Burma Board of Concessions Syndicate, having already spent so much money, was beginning to lose heart.
Frst oil telegram enlarge 570x362 A gusher- after seven years Reynold’s devotion paid off, on 16 May 1908, a strong gas smell in the rock was noted. Reynolds kept on drilling.
Screen shot 2013 01 13 at 12.28.44 am LARGEST OIL FIELD DISCOVERED On 26 May 1908, the well hit oil- the gusher shot more than 20 meters above the rig. William D'Arcy came to make sure that this well won't dry up like all the other ones, and sent the good new back to the British Government.