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CTS Contamination

Timeline created by Xpress in History
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Timeline small square CTS purchaces Mills Gap Rd. facility New York Times articleCTS Corporation, of Elkhart, Indiana, purchases the Mills Gap Rd. facility from IRC in a joint manufacture agreement 2 in Electronics Pact: Resistance Co., Chicago Phone Supply Slate Mutual Aid.”
Timeline small square CTS registers as a generator of hazardous waste with EPA PHASE II REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION WORK PLAN CTS of Asheville registers as a generator of hazardous waste with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), after listing that the company disposes of 44,440 pounds of sludge and 8,307 pounds of waste solvent annually.
Timeline small square CTS is denied permission to treat or dispose of hazardous waste by the North Carolina Division of Health Services. CTS is denied permission to treat or dispose of hazardous waste by the North Carolina Division of Health Services. Denial of Waste (PDF)
Timeline small square CTS Corporation ceases all operations at the facility. Phase I Site Assessment PlanCTS Corporation ceases all operations at the facility.
Timeline small square Resident Dave Ogren calls NC Dept. Environment and Natural Resources to report a chemical pond; but this call first appears in a 1990 document from DENR.
Timeline small square On behalf of CTS, Law Environmental, Inc., assesses the site, reporting that “the potential for ground-water contaminants at the site appears to be minimal.” Law EnvironmentalOn behalf of CTS, Law Environmental, Inc., assesses the site and claims that “the potential for ground-water contaminants at the site appears to be minimal.”
Timeline small square CTS sells its property (53.54 acres) to Mills Gap Road Associates under a land contract, which was settled with a final payment made Aug. 27, 1997. Phase I Site AssessmentCTS sells its property (53.54 acres) to Mills Gap Road Associates (MGRA).
Timeline small square NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources logs a call regarding a “chemical pond” on the property, sparking state involvement. North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (NCDENR) documents a call from resident Dave Ogren, reporting a “chemical pond” on the property, sparking state involvement. Ogren argues this call was actually made in Spring, 1987. Pat DeRosa at NCDENR PDF
Timeline small square NUS Corporation, under contract from the EPA, completes the second phase of the screening site inspection, listing many dangerous chemicals yet recommends “no further remedial action” be taken on the site. NUS Corporation, under contract from the EPA, completes the second phase of the screening site inspection, listing many dangerous chemicals yet recommends “no further remedial action” be taken on the site. Phase II Screening Site Inspection PDF
Timeline small square North Carolina Division of Waste Management places the site on its Inactive Hazardous Sites (IHS) inventory. Inactive Hazardous Sites InventoryNorth Carolina Division of Waste Management (DWM) places the site on its Inactive Hazardous Sites (IHS) inventory.
Timeline small square NC Department of Waste Management refuses a request from new owner, Mills Gap Road Associates, to remove the site from the IHS inventory. NC Department of Waste Management Letter to MGRANC DWM refuses a request from MGRA to remove the site from the IHS inventory.
Timeline small square Buncombe County Board of Adjustment approves sale of 45 acres of the CTS property to Richard Green of The Biltmore Group Buncombe County Board of Adjustment approves sale of 45 acres of the CTS property to developer Richard Green of The Biltmore Group, LLC, not including a 9-acre fenced facility area. See page 6.
Timeline small square NCDENR orders MGRA to record inactive hazardous substances on their property. CTS Letter 4NCDENR orders MGRA to record inactive hazardous substances on their property.
Timeline small square Law firm Powell & Deutsch prepares a plat of property for development by The Biltmore Group, though this plat fails to list main contaminants on the property. Law firm Powell & Deutsch prepares a plat of property for development by The Biltmore Group, though this plat fails to list main contaminants on the property. Plat PDF CTS - Powell 1 PDF
Timeline small square NC Division of Water Quality (DWQ) tests the drinking wells of the Rice family, neighbors of the CTS property, and finds trichloroethylene (TCE) at 21,000 ppb, 4,200 times the EPA’s legal limit of 5 ppb. The family is put on municipal water. De Rosa letter, 1999NC Division of Water Quality (DWQ) tests the drinking wells of the Rice family, neighbors of the CTS property, and finds trichloroethylene (TCE) at 21,000 ppb, 4,200 times the EPA’s legal limit of 5 ppb. The family is put on municipal water (see attached letter from DENR’s Pat DeRosa).
Timeline small square EPA Region 4 conducts a removal site evaluation, concluding that the site poses a threat to public health and the environment; see 2002 EPA Action Memorandum. CTS - EPA 1999 EPA Region 4 conducts a removal site evaluation, concluding that the site poses a threat to public health and the environment; see 2002 EPA Action Memorandum.
Timeline small square EPA contractor Tetra Tech releases report indicating soil and sediment samples containing high levels of chemicals including TCE, chromium, arsenic and mercury. Tetra Tech reportEPA contractor Tetra Tech releases report indicating soil and sediment samples containing high levels of chemicals including TCE, chromium, arsenic and mercury.
Timeline small square EPA contractor Lockheed Martin identifies TCE in the soil beneath the plant at 830,000 ppb, prompting action from the EPA. Lockheed Martin identifies TCE in the soilEPA contractor Lockheed Martin identifies TCE in the soil beneath the plant at 830,000 ppb, prompting action from the EPA.
Timeline small square NCDWM recommends “No Further Remedial Action” status in their Expanded Site Inspection. NCDWM recommends “No Further Remedial Action” status in their Expanded Site Inspection.
Timeline small square EPA Region 4 releases an Action Memorandum approving an immediate, full-scale cleanup of the site, claiming “an immediate threat to the health and safety of nearby residents.” 2002 Action MemorandumEPA Region 4 releases an Action Memorandum approving an immediate, full-scale cleanup of the site, claiming “an immediate threat to the health and safety of nearby residents.”
Timeline small square EPA Region 4 issues an Administrative Order on Consent for Removal Action (AOC) for the site, providing means by which a “removal action” can take place (Hitchcock). The AOC is an agreement between EPA, CTS and MGRA. Administrative Order on Consent for Removal ActionEPA Region 4 issues an Administrative Order on Consent for Removal Action (AOC) for the site, providing means by which a “removal action” can take place (Hitchcock). The AOC is an agreement between EPA, CTS and MGRA.
Timeline small square NC Div. Waste Management submits Site Reassessment Report to EPA Region 4, recommending no further remedial action due to a “lack of contaminated groundwater being used for potable uses.” http://www.buncombecounty.org/common/health/CTS_Timeline.pdf
Timeline small square Mactec-installed Soil Vapor Extraction (SVE) system begins operating on-site Cited in Wallace letter of April 30, 2007. April 30, 2007 PDF
Timeline small square Unknown date in February: TriTest, a Raleigh-based laboratory, finds TCE in the Rice family springs at 293,000 ppb http://www.mountainx.com/news/2007/071107waste
Timeline small square Unknown date in November: TCE tests at 57 ppb (11 times the legal limit) at a well in The Oaks subdivision; the neighborhood is put on city water http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/HAC/pha/MillsGapRoad072010/MillGroundRoadAreaHC782010.pdf
Timeline small square EPA Region 4 tests resident David Bradley’s well and finds over 800 ppb TCE in his well (160 times the legal limit); home is connected to city water http://www.epa.gov/region4/waste/npl/nplnc/millsgapnc-10759815-mtgcong.pdf
Timeline small square EPA removes the ozonation system after it fails to reduce concentrations of TCE in springs (EPA report to Office of Inspector General) http://epa.gov/oig/reports/2010/20100517-10-P-0130.pdf
Timeline small square NC Department of Health and Human Services reports that “private well data…do not indicate the potential for adverse health effects” and that there is no "cancer cluster" at the site. http://www.epi.state.nc.us/epi/oee/hace/pdf/CTSMillsGapSummarySheet.pdf http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/HAC/pha/CTS-MillGapRoadSite/CTSMillsGapRoad1-12-2010.pdf
Timeline small square EPA’s Office of Inspector General criticizes EPA Region 4’s handling of the site, claiming that contaminated drinking water went undetected and that “site risks remain” http://epa.gov/oig/reports/2010/20100517-10-P-0130.pdf
Timeline small square CTS Corporation files a lawsuit against current property owner Mills Gap Road Associates for “breach of contract" regarding their agreement to share cleanup costs http://www.mountainx.com/news/2010/cts_files_breach-of-contract_lawsuit_against_mills_gap_road_associates
Timeline small square NC Department of Health and Human Services reports that there is no “cancer cluster” at the site http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/HAC/pha/CTS-MillGapRoadSite/CTSMillsGapRoad1-12-2010.pdf
Timeline small square Mills Gap residents files a lawsuit in federal court against CTS Corporation, alleging the company used an illegal dumping system and discharged TCE polluting the environment and sickening citizens http://www.mountainx.com/article/971/Seeking-relief-CTS-neighbors-file-lawsuit
Timeline small square EPA Region 4 proposes adding CTS of Asheville to its National Priorities List (NPL), or "Superfund" list http://www.mountainx.com/news/2011/epa_proposes_cts_property_as_superfund_site#.TjmeEXZhtVU
Timeline small square A UNCA study by led by Professor Jeffrey Wilcox notes TCE in tissues of trees near the CTS plant and finds 1,340 ppb in a stream near the site, “[indicating] a consistent source of TCE feeding the streams” This document was received via email. UNCA CTS Study PDF
Timeline small square Community leaders appeal to the Buncombe County Board of Commissioners to condemn the CTS building, claiming a compromised structure and evidence of gang- and drug-related activity inside the abandoned plant http://www.mountainx.com/news/2011/buncombe_county_considers_condemning_cts_building#.TjmhS3ZhtVU
Cts%20demolition%20by%20katie%20damien small square Buncombe County begins demolition of CTS plant in Mills Gap (at taxpayer expense) http://www.mountainx.com/article/38167/Buncombe-County-begins-demolishing-CTS-building-in-Mills-Gap
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