Constructing the Web

Timeline created by jenster
  • Reuters Agency established

    ReutersInternational news agency and provider of financial market data
  • Telephone

    Patented by Alexander Graham Bell 1876
  • The Mundaneum

    The Mundaneum
    [www.mundaneum.org](www.mundaneum.org/en)Paul Otlet and Henri La Fontaine create a bibliographical system with 12 million index cards
  • Paul Beran - Packet Switching

    Paul Beran - Packet Switching
    Paul Bara on WikipediaPacket Switching on WikipediaPaul Beran “On Distributed Communications” Developing packet switching / Independently Donald Davies also develops packet switching
  • First message sent over ARPANET

    First message sent over ARPANET
    First message sent over the ARPANET at 10:30PM on 29 October 1969 by Charley Kline, supervised by Leonard Kleinrock. The message itself was simply the word “login”. The “l” and the “o” transmitted but then the system crashed. So the first message on ARPANET was “lo”.
  • Bell Labs Unix

    Bell Labs Unix
    www.unix.orgUnix was conceived at Bell Labs. Its purpose was to make better use of mainframe computers and to have them serve many PC’s at one time
  • UNIX

    UNIX
    www.unix.orgUNIX becomes the standard operating system for the internet
  • Microcomputer programmes transmitted by 'phone

    Microcomputer programmes transmitted by 'phone
    Christensen & Suess build a modem to transmit microcomputer programs by phone to avoid travelling in the winter in Chicago
  • FidoNet

    www.fidonet.org1983 Fido BBS and then the FidoNet ‘mailer’ connects messages
  • World Wide Web

    CERNTim Berners-Lee, a British scientist at CERN, invented the World Wide Web (WWW) in 1989. The web was originally conceived and developed to meet the demand for automatic information-sharing between scientists in universities and institutes around the world.
  • Internet Society

    Internet Society
    www.internetsociety.orgThe Internet Society foundedIndependent international non-profitorganisation to provide leadership in Internet related standards, education and policy around the world
  • Jenni first accesses the www

    At Napier University, Edinburgh
  • Facebook

    Facebook on WikipediaFacebook is an online social networking service. Its name comes from the colloquial name for the book given to students at the start of the academic year by some American university administrations to help students get to know one another.
  • 70 million web servers

    As of August 2005, there were over 70 million web servers.
  • Twitter

    Twitter on WikipediaTwitter is an online social networking and microblogging service that enables users to send and read "tweets", which are text messages limited to 140 characters.
  • Wikileaks

    WikiLeaks is a not-for-profit media organisation. Their goal is to bring important news and information to the public. They provide an innovative, secure and anonymous way for sources to leak information to wikileaks journalists (our electronic drop box). One of our most important activities is to publish original source material alongside news stories so readers and historians alike can see evidence of the truth.
  • iPhone

    iPhoneApple's smartphone. Most web browsing on smartphones takes place on the iPhone.
  • Over 135 million web servers

    As of September 2007, there wereover 135 million web servers
  • Android

    Android is an operating system based on the Linux kernel, and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. Initially developed by Android, Inc., which Google backed financially and later bought in 2005, Android was unveiled in 2007 along with the founding of the Open Handset Alliance: a consortium of hardware, software, and telecommunication companies devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices. First phone in 2008. (Wikipedia)
  • Term MOOC used

    What is a MOOC?The first MOOCs emerged from the open educational resources (OER) movement. The term MOOC was coined in 2008 by Dave Cormier of the University of Prince Edward Island and Senior Research Fellow Bryan Alexander of the National Institute for Technology in Liberal Education in response to a course called Connectivism and Connective Knowledge (also known as CCK08).
  • Weibo

    Weibo on WikipediaSina Weibo is a Chinese microblogging (weibo) website. Akin to a hybrid of Twitter and Facebook, it is one of the most popular sites in China, in use by well over 30% of Internet users, with a market penetration similar to what Twitter has established in the USA. It was launched by SINA Corporation on 14 August 2009, and has 503 million registered users as of Dec 2012. About 100 million messages are posted each day on Sina Weibo. (Wikipedia)
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    Vint Cerf

    Vint Cerf on WikipediaVint Cerf works at Stanford University (1972- 1976), does research on packet network interconnection protocols and co-designed the DoD TCP/IP protocol suite with Bob Kahn
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    Consumer access to the internet

    Consumer access to the internet via dial-up connections using the phone network, introduced in the 1980s/early 1990s
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    Cable modems introduced

    Cable modems introduced in late1990s and broadband via cable and DSL (digital subscriber line) begins to replace dial up in the home