cold war

Timeline created by JohnRockLee
  • The Race to Space

    The Race to Space
    The Space Race between the Soviet Union and the United States begins.
  • Explorer 1

    Explorer 1
    Explorer 1, the first American satellite to reach orbit, is launched. It carried scientific equipment that lead to the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belt.
  • Space Testings

    Space Testings
    The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 2 with the first living passenger, the dog Laika, aboard.
  • Luna

    The U.S.S.R. launches Luna 1, which misses the moon but becomes the first artificial object to leave Earth orbit.
  • New President of The 60's

    New President of The 60's
    John F. Kennedy is elected the 35th President of the United States.
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    Explorer 2 is launced but it fails to reach orbit -

    The Vanguard 1 satellite is launched. It continues to function for 3 years.
    Sputnik 3 is launched.
    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is formed, it replaces the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics (NACA).
    Pioneer 1 is launched to a height of 70,700 miles.
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    Multiple Launches

    Mar. 3 - Pioneer 4 is launched on a Earth-Moon trajectory. It passed within 37,000 miles of the Moon before falling into a solar orbit.
    Apr. 2 - The "Mercury Seven" astronauts are selected by NASA.
    Sep. 12 - Luna 2 is launched. It impacts the Moon on September 13, becoming the first man-made object to do so.
    Oct. 4 - Luna 3 orbits the Moon and photographs 70% of its surface.
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    New Times

    Apr. 1 - Tiros 1, the first successful weather satellite, is launched.
    Aug. 18 - The US launches Discoverer XIV, its first camera equipped spy satellite.
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    Fighting Hard

    Apr. 12 - Yuri Gagarin orbits the Earth once and becomes the first man in space.
    May 5 - Alan B. Shepard becomes the first American in space.
    May 25 - President John F. Kennedy addresses Congress and challenges the nation to go to the Moon before the end of the decade.
    Jul. 21 - Gus Grissom is launched on a sub-orbital flight. His Liberty-Bell capsule is lost when it fills with water and sinks after splashdown.
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    Bad Times

    May 15 - L. Gordon Cooper spends 34 hours in space. He is the last American to fly in space alone.
    Jun. 16 - Cosmonaut Valentia Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space.
    Oct. 17 - A third group of NASA astronauts is selected.
    Nov. 22 - President Kennedy is assassinated.
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    Getting Closer

    Feb. 3 - Luna 9 becomes the first spacecraft to soft-land on the Moon.
    Feb. 28 - Astronauts Charles Bassett and Elliott See die when their plane crashes in bad weather.
    Apr. 3 - Luna 10 becomes the first satellite to orbit the Moon.
    Jun. 2 - Surveyor 1 soft-lands on the Moon.
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    The End

    Jan. 16 - Soyuz 4 & 5 perform the first Soviet spacecraft docking.
    Jul. 20 - Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin become the first men to walk on the Moon while crewmate Michael Collins orbits around the Moon alone.
    Nov. 19 - Pete Conrad and Alan Bean perform the first precision lunar landing, touching down just 600 feet from the Surveyor 3 probe that arrived two years earlier.