Chemistry small square

Chemistry Project 2011

Timeline created by stephanievollmer in Science and Technology
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Timeline small square 23rd Oct, 0300 Aristotle ~300 BC Mid 300's BC (After Democritus) * He did not believe in scientific experiments, but instead believed in reasoning * He dismissed Democritus' atom idea as "worthless"
Timeline small square 23rd Oct, 0300 Aristotle ~ 300 BC Mid 300's BC (After Democritus) * He had the opinion that four basic qualities determine the constitution of a substance * the four "elements": earth, fire, air, and water
Timeline small square 21st Oct, 0400 Democritus of Adbera ~400 BC * was the first to identify the possibility of an atom and that the atom was the smallest piece of matter * the atom was named after the Greek word atomos, which means indivisible
Timeline small square John Dalton * Known as the Father of the Modern Atomic Theory
Timeline small square John Dalton * Had 5 parts to his theory 1.All matter is composed of called atoms. 2.All atoms of a given element are identical. 3.Atoms cannot be created, destroyed, or subdivided. 4.In chemical reactions, atoms combine with or separate from other atoms. 5.In chemical reactions, atoms combine with each other in simple, whole-number ratios to form combined atoms
Timeline small square John Dalton * Part of his theory includes that elements are composed of atoms and that the atoms of elements are identical in mass
Timeline small square Joseph John (J.J.) Thomson discovers the electron described the nature of cathode rays plum pudding model of the atom
Timeline small square Robert Millikan * measured the charge of an electron
Timeline small square Robert Millikan * performed the oil drop experiment * completed with Thompson
Chemistry small square Ernest Rutherford Rutherford discovered alpha, beta, and gamma rays in radiation.
Timeline small square Max Planck Max Planck proposed the idea of quantization to explain how a hot, glowing object emitted light. determined atoms can emit "quants" Einstein used his work to study photons
Chemistry small square Ernest Rutherford Conducted the gold foil experiment: Rutherford fired tiny alpha particles at solid objects such as gold foil. He found that while most of the alpha particles passed right through the gold foil, a small number of alpha particles passed through at an angle (as if they had bumped up against something) and some bounced straight back like a tennis ball hitting a wall. Rutherford's experiments suggested that gold foil, and matter in general, had holes in it!
Timeline small square Neils Bohr discovers electrons travel in specified energy levels; and spectrum lines are produced when electrons move. He comes up with his planetary model of the atom
Chemistry small square Ernest Rutherford Determined the atom has a small nucleus, and the remainder is empty space
Chemistry small square Ernest Rutherford predicted the existence of neutrons
Timeline small square Neils Bohr Niels Bohr proposed an atomic structure theory that stated the outer orbit of an atom could hold more electrons than the inner orbit.
Timeline small square Louis de Broglie added to Bohr's model of the atom by reasoning that, since light could act like a particle, an electron could act like a wave. Determined that electrons have properties of both waves and particles this group of waves is named after this scientist
Timeline small square Erwin Schrödinger * showed that waves can be used to describe electrons in atoms by using mathematics * He determined the probability location of electrons in atoms
Timeline small square Werner Heisenberg * creator of the "Uncertainty Principle" which says the more precisely the position is determined, the less precisely the momentum is known * found it impossible to determine the position and the momentum of a particle at the same time * had the "cloud" model aka the quantum mechanical model
Timeline small square Werner Heisenberg *Quantum mechanics describes the time evolution of physical systems via the wave function *The wave function encapsulates the probability that the system is to be found in a given state at a given time
Timeline small square James Chadwick discovered neutrons, particles whose mass was close to that of a proton. helped with the development of the nuclear model
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