Cause and Effects of the Reformation

Timeline created by Benjamin.Hogue
In History
  • Oct 17th, 1321

    Dante's Divine Comedy (Religious, Social, Intellectual

    Dante's Divine Comedy (Religious, Social, Intellectual
    This major lyrical masterpiece, was the direct confliction with many Catholic ideals, making it an inspiration to many Reformist Christians. Shows issues in society and religion, gives a sort of wake up call to many people. Usually signifies the start of the Renaissance, making the most important social change of all time. Creates a new way of thinking, pretty much invents the Humanistic ideal without defining it.
  • Oct 17th, 1414

    Johannes Gutenburg: the Printing Press (Social, Technological)

    Johannes Gutenburg: the Printing Press (Social, Technological)
    This invention of the Renaissance era helps the ideas of Luther and many other Reformers spread across Europe and makes them "famous over night"
  • Jan 1st, 1433

    Cosimo de' Medici and the banks (Social, Economical)

    Cosimo de' Medici and the banks (Social, Economical)
    Creates the bank of Italy and makes it possible for more regular people to advance in wealth and status. Gives the people of Rome more secure and regulated wealth. In response, the Italian major cities become more wealthy and grow in size due to a Economic boom.
  • Oct 19th, 1469

    Ferdinand and Isabella unite Spain under Catholicism (Political, Religious)

    Ferdinand and Isabella unite Spain under Catholicism (Political, Religious)
    Spain is finally a huge power do to the unification of Spain with their marriage. This shows the will of countries to become powerful simply because of a common religion. Spain becomes one of the biggest empires in the world, advancing farmland and obvious strength.
  • Mar 31st, 1492

    Edict of Expulsion (Religious, Political, Social)

    Edict of Expulsion (Religious, Political, Social)
    Spain decrees that the only religion to be practiced in Spain is Catholicism. The Jews are removed by free will or force, this shows that the former religious tolerence is being cast out, and religion can only be that of the state you are part of.
  • Aug 3rd, 1492

    Spanish Discovery of the Americas (Political, Economic)

    Spanish Discovery of the Americas (Political, Economic)
    Christopher Columbus discovers the Americas and insists that is India. This discovery helps the Spanish become the Economical and Political power in Europe for a period. Helps Spain aquire new resources to make them one of the richest countries in the world.
  • Oct 17th, 1509

    Erasmus and The Praise of Folly (Social)

    Erasmus and The Praise of Folly (Social)
    This major humanist novel had ideals of the reformation, such as not following the Catholic church, and praise in the individual. Advances secularism and makes changes the social order in making people think seperatly.
  • Oct 17th, 1513

    Machiavelli's The Prince (Political, Intellectual)

    Machiavelli's The Prince (Political, Intellectual)
    This pre-Reformation literary work set standards of how a leader should act and what he should do. This novel was read by many who wanted to gain power and may have affected some leaders of the period. The novel's main point was that as a leader the ends justify the means.
  • Oct 31st, 1517

    95 Theses

    95 Theses
    Martin Luther, a frustrated catholic, nails his 95 theses or critisms of the catholic chruch to the All-Saints church in Wittenburg, German. This is important to signify the new thought of what religion is and starts a major age of religious interpretation. Creates the age of the Reformation
  • Oct 17th, 1524

    German Peasant's War (Social)

    German Peasant's War (Social)
    A war between the rich class and the poor peasant's breaks out due to the slipping of power in the peasant class and to the religous reaction to the want for a reformed church.
  • Oct 17th, 1524

    Wars of Religion (Religion)

    Wars of Religion (Religion)
    (starting date) These wars which were directly in response to the changing religions of countries. If it weren't for the Reformation these bloody scrapes would have never happened. No acceptance of different religion causes these arguements,
  • Oct 11th, 1531

    Battle of Kappel (religious)

    Battle of Kappel (religious)
    A bloody skirmish in Switzerland between the Protestant and Catholic canton's. Zurich's Prosteant troop's supported by Zwingli fall to the Catholic power. One more battle for the hate between Protestant religions and Catholics.
  • Oct 17th, 1534

    The creation of Calvanism

    The creation of Calvanism
    John Calvin realizes his thoughts of religion differ from Luther and creates his own sect of the Christian faith. This futher seperates the tie between religions and creates many disagreements between countries
  • Nov 1st, 1534

    Acts of Supremacy (Religious)

    Acts of Supremacy (Religious)
    KIng Henry VIII creates his own church, so he may earn an annalment from his marriage to Catherine of Aragon due to not producing him an heir. This church becomes the Church of England and stays that way until the Mary changes it to Catholicism.
  • Sep 25th, 1555

    Peace of Augsburg (religious)

    Peace of Augsburg (religious)
    The document signed by an Alliance of Lutheran princes, saying that each State in the Holy Roman Empire would individually choose if they were to be Lutheran or Catholic. Advances rights for the people, gives an almost religious freedom.
  • Aug 18th, 1572

    St.Bartholomew's Day Massacre (Political, Religious)

    St.Bartholomew's Day Massacre (Political, Religious)
    An event during the French Wars of Religion where the Hugenots (French Calvanists), went to Paris and killed as many catholics as possible during the marraige of the King's Sister Margaret and Henry III of Navarre ( Protestant).
  • Edict of Nantes

    Edict of Nantes
    This Edict granted the Hugenots of France substantial rights, including being able to practice their religion publically. This signifies the Catholic loss in France
  • Period:
    Jan 1st, 1321
    to
    Oct 30th, 1517

    Causes of the Protestant Reformation

  • Period:
    Oct 31st, 1517
    to

    Reactions to the Protestant Reformation

  • Period:
    Oct 17th, 1562
    to

    French Wars of Religion

    Wars waged mostly between the Hugenots and Catholics of the French Empire.
  • Period:
    Oct 17th, 1568
    to

    80 Years War (Religious, Political)

    After a long a tiresome War Philip II loses in the Nothern Countries (Netherlands) and William of Orange creates the Republic of Seven United Netherlands. Proir to the war the Spanish maintained a strict Catholic rule of the country but many small denominations spark up in the Seven Nations and gain power, thus causing the Spanish to try and oust the Reformed churches the Nations fight back.
  • Period: to

    30 Years War

    When the King of Bohemia, Matthais, died that the only heir to the throne was Ferdinand a Catholic. So the Defenestartion of Prague ( where Protestants siezed Ferdinand's representative and threw them out of the window of the palace). This event sparked a major War between the Protestants and Catholics of the Holy Roman Empire.
    This most obviously is a response to the Reformation, showing a general dislike and violence toward the Reformed churches.