# AP Timeline Giuseppe and Angela

Timeline created by Angela and Giuseppe
• Sep 14, 1321

# Dante Alighieri Dies (Literature)

Dante meets Inferno- About 1320 Dante made his final home in Ravenna, where he died on the night of September 13-14, 1321. His body was brought to the church of San Francisco. Read more at http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/dante/
• Jan 1, 1350

# Bubonic plague (Enviromental Science)

See more at Killed one third to 75 percent the populations Europe and Asia, creating the first attempts to enforce public health and quarantine laws.Plague was brought to Europe from Constantinople by returning crusaders, and the flea-infested black rats who stowed away on their vessels, it attacked most virulently after terrified cities blamed it on "witchcraft".
• Jan 1, 1532

# Niccolo Machiavelli

Who is the writer of the Prince and a well known philosopher? If you guessed Machiavelli then you win. The Prince was composed in great haste by an author who was, among other things, seeking to regain his status in the Florentine government.
• Apr 23, 1564

# William Shakespear (Literature)

William Shakespeare is the grand literary figure of the Western world. During England's Elizabethan period he wrote dozens of plays which continue to dominate world theater 400 years later.
• # Rene Descrates

Descartes "algebrized" the study of geometry by shifting the focus from curves to their equations, allowing the tools of algebra, rather than diagrams, to be applied to the solution of various geometric problems.
• # Jamestown Established (History)

Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in America, is established by the London Company in southeast Virginia.
• # Pierre de Fermat (Calculus)

Perhaps his most infamous work is what is commonly known as Fermat's Last Theorem, named such as it was the last of his theorems to be proven. This theorem states that xn + yn = zn has no non-zero integer solutions for x, y and z when n > 2. To further add to the mystery,
• # Isaac Newton (Calculus)

In 1665, Newton generalized the familiar binomial theorem for expanding expressions of the form (1 + a)n, n being a positive integer, to the case where n is a fractional exponent, positive or negative; the result is an infinite (binomial) series, rather than a polynomial.
• # John Locke

John Locke was an English philosopher. His principles were popular Sovereignty and Individual Rights.
• # Gulliver's Travels (Literature)

Jonathan Swift sends his hero on a series of bitterly satirical travels in "Gulliver's Travels."
• # Montesquieu (Government)

Montesquieu was a French philosopher.His principles include Republicanism, separation of powers, and checks and balances. Republicanism meant the people vote for their political representatives. Separation of powers are the roles of government divided betwen the 3 branches.
• # Benjamin Franklin

See more atHis achievements are too varied to sum up easily; they include signing the Declaration of Independence, publishing the famous Poor Richard's Almanack, serving as postmaster of Philadelphia, founding the first American fire insurance company, living in Paris as American ambassador to France, and inventing useful objects like the lightning rod, the Franklin stove, and bifocal glasses.
• # Joesph Priestley (Chemistry)

Discovered oxygen, carbon monoxide, and nitrous oxide. Proposed electrical inverse-square law.

He was a philosopher who wrote the book called "Wealth of Nations'. It covered such concepts as the role of self-interest, the division of labor, the function of markets, and the international implications of a laissez-faire economy. “Wealth of Nations” established economics as an autonomous subject and launched the economic doctrine of free enterprise.
• # Revolutionary War (History)

Revolutionary War begins (the 13 Colonies revolt against the British)
• # George Washington Becomes President (Government)

Washington was the first president of the United States.ashington also had to fix / make / arrange the first supreme court or in other words the first Judical branch of government.
• # Thomas Jefferson (Government)

Thomas Jefferson is inaugurated as the third president in Washington, DC
• # Louisiana Purchase (History)

Louisiana Purchase: United States agrees to pay France \$15 million for the Louisiana Territory, which extends west from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains. As a result, the U.S. doubles in size.
• # Karl Marx (Marcoeconomics)

See more atEven though he was trained as a philosopher, Marx turned away from philosophy in his mid-twenties, towards economics and politics. The German philosopher and socialist developed theory of Marxism.
• # Hans Oersted (Chemistry)

Observed that a current in a wire can deflect a compass needle - provided first concrete evidence of the connection between electricity and magnetism.
• # George Green (Calculus)

In 1828 at the age of 35, he published possibly his greatest work, entitled "An Essay on the Application of Mathematical Analysis to the Theories of Electridcity and Magnetism." In this publication, he made his first attempts to apply mathematical theory to electrical phenomena.
• # Bernard Riemann (Calculus)

The view that integration was simply a process reverse to differentiation prevailed until the nineteenth century. The familiar conception of the definite integral as the limit of approximating sums was given by Riemann in a paper he submitted upon joining the faculty at Göttingen in 1854.
• # J. von Liebig (Chemistry)

Investigated photosynthesis reaction and soil chemistry. First proposed use of fertilizers. Discovered chloroform and cyanogen compounds.
• # Mexican-American War (History)

Mexican War: U.S. declares war on Mexico in effort to gain California and other territory in Southwest.War concludes with signing of Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
• # Living Conditions During Industrial Revolution (Enviromental Science)

See more atUrban areas horrify reform minded commissions in London in the 1840s and America in the 1850s and 60s. Progress is slow but the common interest in pure drinking water and sanitation is spurred by epidemics of typhoid and cholera.
• # Louis Pasteur (Chemistry)

First recognition of bacteria as disease-causing agents. Developed field of immunochemistry. Introduced heat-sterilization of wine and milk (pasteurization).
• # Tuberculus and cholera isolated (Enviromental Science)

See more atGerman physician Robert (Heinrich Hermann) Koch, one of the founders of the science of bacteriology (along with Pasteur), discoveres the tubercle bacillus (1882) and the cholera bacillus (1883). He won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1905. The discovery was the conclusive proof of the germ theory of disease. Previously most scientists believed in the "miasmatic" theory of disease, which had it that bad air ( eg malaria) was the cause of disease and could be cleaned.
• # Srinivasa Ramanujan (Calculus)

Ramanujan worked in the field of continued fractions, which he skillfully mastered. He also did extensive work on hypergeomteric series
• # Sir Ernest Rutherford (Chemistry)

See more atDiscovered that uranium radiation is composed of positively charged 'alpha' particles and negatively charged 'beta' particles. First to prove radioactive decay of heavy elements and to perform a transmutation reaction. Discovered half-life of radioactive elements. Established that the nucleus was small, dense, and positively charged. Assumed that electrons were outside the nucleus. Nobel Prize in 1908.
• # The Great Depression (Marcoeconomics)

See more atWorldwide depression struck countries with market economies at the end of the 1920s. Although the Great Depression was relatively mild in some countries, it was severe in others, particularly in the United States, where, at its nadir in 1933, 25 percent of all workers and 37 percent of all nonfarm workers were completely out of work. Some people starved; many others lost their farms and homes.
• # Franklin D. Roosevelt (Government)

Roosevelt's third inauguration. He is the first and only president elected to a fourth term.
• # World War 2 (History)

Germany and Italy declare war on the United States; U.S. reciprocates by declaring war on both countries. The war is ended the a bang.
• # Catcher in the Rye (Literature)

Catcher in the Rye is US author J.D. Salinger's immensely successful first novel.
• # Constution (Government)

Twenty-Second Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, limiting the president to two terms. President Truman speaks in first coast-to-coast live television broadcast.
• # Jean-Paul Sartre

Jean-Paul Sartre was one of the most influential writers and thinkers of the 20th century. His name is nearly synonymous with existentialism, a branch of philosophy whose tenets include the idea that the essence of existence is founded in human experience and consciousness.
• # Environmental Protection Agency created (Enviromental Science)

When President Nixon signs enabling legislation. The new EPA brought together 15 key federal programs including the Health Education and Welfare National Air Pollution Control Administration (NAPCA) and the Department of Interior's Water Quality Administration
• # Harry Potter (Literature)

A schoolboy wizard performs his first tricks in J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone.
• # Peter Singer

Peter Singer is arguably the most influential philosopher in the world today. His more than two dozen books include two international best-sellers, Animal Liberation (1975) and Practical Ethics (1979), which have been translated in 15 languages and taught in courses throughout the world. Even his writing of "Does Anthing Matter" was compelling.
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