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African American Civil Rights Movement

Timeline created by pcarey in History
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Timeline small square Emancipation Proclamation During the Civil War, Lincoln issues the executive order known as the Emancipation Proclamation - pretty much freeing all slaves held in the states then in rebellion. This made slavery abolition a primary goal of the raging Civil War.
Timeline small square Thirteenth Ammendment The Thirteenth Ammendment to the US Constitution is declared adopted by Secretary of State William H. Seward. The Ammednment illegalised slavery across the country, fulfilling the goals outlined by the Emancipation Proclamation, and brought the ended Civil War to a complete resolution.
Timeline small square Jim Crow Laws introduced First of Jim Crows Laws are passed, making many racial discriminatory actions legal or mandatory.
Timeline small square Founding of the NAACP National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People founded in New York to combat segregation and racial injustice.
Timeline small square Buchanan vs. Warley Buchanan vs. Warley case is decided in the Supreme Court, whereby the first case of a Jim Crow law being reversed occured. The law, a city ordinance in Lousville, Kentucky, declared that African-Americans could not be sold real property. The Supreme Court deemed the law unconstitutional.
Timeline small square "Thirty Years of Lynching in the United States" Published The National Assocation for the Advancement of Coloured People publishes "Thirty Years of Lynching in the United States", an in-depth piece of research on racial violence and hate crimes in the US. It raised national consciousness on the injustices endured by black Americans.
Timeline small square Race exclusive schools abolished A Supreme Court ruling deems that seperate schools for black and white children are unconstitutional.
Timeline small square Murder of Emmett Till Emmett Till, an African-American fourteen year old, is murdered by the husband of a white woman who Till was supposedly flirting with. Despite being found guilty of the killing, Till's murderers were acquitted of all charges. The acquittal enraged black right activists all over America.
Timeline small square Rosa Parks bus incident Rosa Parks, an African American commuter, refuses to give up her seat on the bus for a white man. Arrested for civil disobedience, Parks started a bus boycott in her city of Montgomery, raising national awareness for black civil rights.
Timeline small square "The Hate That Hate Produced" Broadcast The Nation of Islam broadcasts "The Hate That Hate Produced", a documentary featuring the preaching of black nationalist Malcolm X. This brought X to national attention, garnering many supporters of aggresive cause.
Timeline small square "I Have a Dream" Speech Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech is delivered from the Lincoln Memorial. King advocated peaceful protesting and non-violent means to rid America of segregation between blacks and whites.
Timeline small square Assassination of Malcolm X Malcolm X is assassinated by Nation of Islam member Thomas Hagen during a public address. X's death sparked mass outrage and increased support for the civil rights movement.
Timeline small square Implementation of the Voting Rights Act The Voting Rights Act is implemented by the US government, giving African Americans the right to vote in national, state, and council elections.
Timeline small square Black Panther Party is Founded Leftist revolutionary African-American leftist organisation the Black Panther Party is founded in Oakland, California. The BPP supported violent retaliation towards police brutality against blacks. Controversy followed the organisation during tis entire existence.
Timeline small square Murder of John Frey Black Panther Party leader Huey P. Newton kills white police officer John Frey. This both enraged and inspired members of the black civil rights movement.
Timeline small square Assassination of Martin Luther King Martin Luther King is assassinated by James Earl Ray, an opposer of the ongoing civil rights movement. King's death sparks a remarkable increase in support for black rights.
Timeline small square Fair Housing Act Implementation The Fair Housing Act is passed by the Supreme Court, declaring that real estate can be sold to anyone, regardless of race, religion or nationality.
Timeline small square 2008 Presidential Election Barack Obama is voted by the American people into the position of President of the United States. He is the first African American to call the White House home.