American Education 1991-present

Timeline created by ehackworth
  • Persian Gulf War

    Persian Gulf War
    The Persian Gulf War (August 2, 1990-February 28, 1991). It was waged by UN authorized coalition force from 34 nations lead by the United States and the United Kingdom against Iraq. It began because Iraq invaded Kuwait.
  • First charter school law

    First charter school law
    Minnesota introduces the first charter school law
  • Smart board introduced

    Smart board introduced
    The smartboard was introduced into the classroom.
  • George H. W. Bush in office

    George H. W. Bush in office
    Inaugural address
    The end of George H. W. Bush's presidential term. (1989-1993)
  • Diane Ravitch: Assistant Secretary of Education

    Diane Ravitch: Assistant Secretary of Education
    She was appointed Assistant Secretary of Education (1991-1993) under President George Bush and was later appointed to the National Assessment Governing Board (1997-2004) by President Clinton.
  • Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union
    Gorbachev resigned as president of the USSR. He ceded all of his powers to the president of Russia. The Soviet flag was lowered for the last time over the Kremlin.
  • Bosnian War

    Bosnian War
    The Bosnian War started. The United States was involved through NATO.
  • Los Angeles Riots

    Los Angeles Riots
    LA Riot footage
    The riots began when Los Angeles white police officers were acquitted of beating a black motorist, Rodney King after a high speed pursuit. The riots lasted 6 days after the verdict. In all 53 people died and thousands more were injured. Damages cost the United States about 1 billion dollars.
  • Jonathan Kozal: Savage Inequalities: Children in America's Schools

    Jonathan Kozal: Savage Inequalities: Children in America's Schools
    Kozol's book is a journey to minority schools across the nation. He believes that inner city schools are underfunded, underequipped and understaffed. He feels that this leads to a gross injustice for children from poor families.
  • Nation's first charter school opens

    Nation's first charter school opens
    City Academy High School opens in St. Paul, Minnesota.
  • First online university

    First online university
    Jones International University
    Jones International University becomes the first university to exist completely online.
  • Bill Clinton takes office

    Bill Clinton takes office
    Clinton Inauguration Speech
    Bill Clinton is in office from 1993-1999. His presidency saw an emergence of a technology-driven "new economy". During his term inflation rates were low and unemployment dropped below 5%.
  • First release of the Mosaic web browser.

    First release of the Mosaic web browser.
    The launch of the internet. The first release of the Mosaic Web browser.
  • First online high school founded

    First online high school founded
    Compu High
    Compu High, the first online high school was founded.
  • Whiteboards debut in schools

    Whiteboards debut in schools
    Whiteboards make their way into the classroom and begin to replace blackboards.
  • Goals Act 2000

    Goals Act 2000
    This is the predecessor to NCLB. It established a framework for academic standards, a way to measure student progress, and a way to provide students extra support if they cannot meet the standards.
  • November Learning

    November Learning
    November Learning
    Alan November founded November Learning. The company provides customized staff development workshops, conferences, and resources to help educators use educational technology. He is a sought after educational consultant who has worked with educators as well as government officials.
  • Proposition 187 passes

    Proposition 187 passes
    This proposition denies benefits, including public education to undocumented aliens in California. It was later over turned.
  • Cleveland Ohio Pilot Project Scholarship Program

    Cleveland Ohio Pilot Project Scholarship Program
    This gives students a voucher to attend a public, private, or religious school of their choice.
  • Ruby Payne releases framework for understanding poverty.

    Ruby Payne releases framework for understanding poverty.
    Ruby Payne releases a framework for understanding poverty. It explains how upper, middle, and lower classes culturally view education based upon their poverty level.
  • Federal support of the Public Charter School Program

    Federal support of the Public Charter School Program
    For the first time the federal government supports charter schools.
  • Oklahoma City Bombings

    Oklahoma City Bombings
    Oklahoma City Bombings Footage
    A truck bomb was detonated by Timothy McVeigh outside the Alfred P. Murrah Building in Oklahoma City. The bombings killed 168 people and injured over 600. The bombings were the deadliest acts of domestic terror in the United States. This lead to reforms in United States federal building security.
  • Launch of Internet Explorer

    Launch of Internet Explorer
    Internet Explorer 1 made its debut.
  • Larry Rosenstock

    Larry Rosenstock
    He was the director of New Urban High School Project from 1996-1997. He has been the recipient of numerous awards and is the founder of the original High Tech High School. His studies have brought to light numerous best practices such as personalization, adult-world immersions projects, and common intellectual missions.
  • James Bank's book, Multicultural Education: Transformative Knowledge and Action, published

    James Bank's book, Multicultural Education: Transformative Knowledge and Action,  published
    This book addresses the growing interest in multiculturalism in education.
  • US missile attacks on Iraq

    US missile attacks on Iraq
    President Clinton resided over missile attacks on Iraq. Later this year he launched bomb attacks in response to Husseins's violation of several UN resolutions.
  • Ebonics is proposed to be a native language

    Ebonics is proposed to be a native language
    A school district in Oakland, California proposes that Ebonics be recognized as a native language of African American students.
  • IDEA receives amendments

    IDEA receives amendments
    IDEA Regulations
    The definition of disabled children grew to include developmentally delayed children from ages 3-9. It also provided parents a way to go about mediation. The amendments also authorized numerous grants.
  • Kathie Nunley: The regular educator's guide to special education

    Kathie Nunley: The regular educator's guide to special education
    Website Kathie Nunley released this book as well as many more to follow. She is a leading voice of differentiation of classroom instruction. She researches and consults on the process of utilizing the Layered Curriculum method of instruction. She also founded the website Brains.org. This provides educators with practical solutions to differentiating in the classroom.
  • Higher Education Act is amended and reauthorized

    Higher Education Act is amended and reauthorized
    Amendments to the Higher Education Act
    The amended act requires institutions and states to produce "report cards" about teacher education.
  • Proposition 227 passes

    Proposition 227 passes
    California voters pass this proposition. It requires all public school instruction be taught in English.
  • Columbine

    Columbine
    Columbine Cafeteria Footage
    Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris opened fire at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado killing 15 and wounding 23.
  • Opportunity Scholarships in Florida

    Opportunity Scholarships in Florida
    This allows students of habitually failing public schools to receive vouchers. They have the right to choose higher performing schools.
  • Santa Fe School District v. Doe

    Santa Fe School District v. Doe
    Case
    The US Supreme Court ruled that the district's policy allowing student-led prayer prior to football games violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment.
  • Diane Ravitch's book: Left Back: A century of Failed School Reforms

    Diane Ravitch's book: Left Back: A century of Failed School Reforms
    Her book criticizes progressive educational policies and argues for a more traditional, academically-oriented education. Her ideas are representative of the current conservative trend in education.
  • George W. Bush takes office

    George W. Bush takes office
    He is in office from 2001-2009.
  • Terrorist attacks

    Terrorist attacks
    World Trade Center Footage
    The September 11th terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center, Pentagon, and United Airlines Flight 93.
  • Anthrax attacks on the US

    Anthrax attacks on the US
    This was the start of a series of anthrax attacks. Letters containing anthrax spores were mailed to the media and 2 democratic senators.
  • 40 states permit charter schools

    40 states permit charter schools
    Maryland joins 39 other states in permitting charter schools.
  • North American Reggio Emilia Alliance (NAREA) is launched

    North American Reggio Emilia Alliance (NAREA) is launched
    NAREA website
    The goals of the organization are to promote rights of young children and provide information about the Reggio Emilia approach to early childhood education.
  • No Child Left behind

    No Child Left behind
    The act requires states to develop assessments in basic skills. These assessments are to be given to all students in certain grades. In order to receive federal funding the states must abide by the stipulations of NCLB. The goals of NCLB are to improve student learning, eliminate the achievement gap, and to assure that all teachers are "highly qualified".
  • Zelman v. Simmons-Harris

    Zelman v. Simmons-Harris
    Case
    The US Supreme Court ruled that certain school voucher programs are constitutional and do not violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment.
  • The Higher Education Act is amended and reauthorized

    The Higher Education Act is amended and reauthorized
    The amended act expands access to higher education for low and middle income students.
  • Iraq War (War on Terror)

    Iraq War (War on Terror)
    Iraq was invaded. The UN security council did not approve the invasion so the US provided most of the forces for the invasion.
  • North American Council for Online Learning (NACOL) launched

    North American Council for Online Learning (NACOL) launched
    NACOL website
    This is a non-profit organization dedicated to enhancing K-12 online education.
  • Google is offered to the public

    Google is offered to the public
    Google is initially offered to the public. It was set up by co- founders Larry Page and Sergey Bin in 1998.
  • IDEA was amended

    IDEA was amended
    Amendments
    These amendments aligned IDEA with NCLB. It revised the requirements for evaluating students with learning disabilities.
  • Hurricane Katrina

    Hurricane Katrina
    Storm Surge Timeline
    Katrina hit the Gulf Coast region killing 1800 and displacing thousands. Refineries and oil rigs were damaged, thus leading to a rise in US fuel prices.
  • Eric Jensen: Teaching with the Brain in Mind

    Eric Jensen: Teaching with the Brain in Mind
    He has written numerous books that have linked brain based research to teaching in the classroom.
  • Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District

    Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District
    Case
    The US District Court of Pennsylvania ruled that teaching "intelligent design" as an alternative to evolution is a violation of the First Amendment.
  • Thomas Hoerr: The Art of School Leadership

    Thomas Hoerr: The Art of School Leadership
    He is the principal of New City School in St. Louis. He is an expert on applying multiple intelligences in education. His expertise is also educational leadership.
  • Meredith Honig: New Directions in Education Policy Management: Confronting Complexity

    Meredith Honig: New Directions in Education Policy Management: Confronting Complexity
    This book deals with complexity and understanding its implications. It serves as a guide to deal with policy management.
  • Nancy Pelosi becomes the Speaker of the House

    Nancy Pelosi becomes the Speaker of the House
    She becomes the first woman to hold that office.
  • Virginia Tech Massacre

    Virginia Tech Massacre
    VA Tech massacre footage
    This was the deadliest peacetime shooting in a single incident by a single gunman in US history. 32 people were killed and many others were wounded. The shooter, Seung-Hui Cho, killed himself after the massacre.
  • Michelle Rhee

    Michelle Rhee
    She is announced as the replacement for DC public school's chancellor. She agressively sought to reform a school system whose students historically produced below average test scores. She became known for her tough straight forward approach. She resigned October 13, 2010.
  • Morse v. Frederick (Bong hits for Jesus)

    Morse v. Frederick (Bong hits for Jesus)
    Case
    This was a school speech case in which the US Supreme Court held that the First Amendment does not prevent educators from suppressing student speech, at a school-supervised event, that is reasonably viewed as promoting illegal drug use.
  • Meredith v. Jefferson County Board of Education

    Meredith v. Jefferson County Board of Education
    Case The US Supreme Court ruled that race cannot be a factor in assigning students to high schools. This rejected integration plans in school districts around the nation.
  • Labor HHS Education appropriation bill is vetoed by president Bush

    Labor HHS Education appropriation bill is vetoed by president Bush
    The House and the Senate passed this bill which reauthorized the No Child Left Behind Act. President Bush vetoed the bill because it exceeded his budget request.
  • Marzano Research Library

    Marzano Research Library
    Marzano Research Library
    Robert Marzano impacts most of the current issues in education. He co-founded the Marzano Research Library in order to provide educational resources for teachers and principals, based upon the latest research and techniques. The goal of the library is to provide educators with proven practical applications that will increase student achievement.
  • School shooting at Northern Illinois University

    School shooting at Northern Illinois University
    Graduate student Stephen P. Kazmierczak kills 5 and wounds 17 before he takes his own life.
  • Paul Tough:Whatever it takes

    Paul Tough:Whatever it takes
    This book describes Geoffery Canada's mission to reform Harlem City schools by starting with prenatal education and providing a Harlem Children's Zone.
  • American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

    American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009
    Act Details
    This was an economic stimulus package that was intended to create jobs and promote investment and consumer spending during the recession. The stimulus was worth $787 billion. It included tax incentives, expansion of unemployment benefits, domestic spending in education, health care, and infrastructure.
  • The Horizon Report

    The Horizon Report
    The Horizon Report 2009
    The first educational Horizon report was issued. It is a research oriented effort that seeks to identify and describe emerging technologies that will have an impact on K-12 education. The Horizon report is issued each year.
  • The Common Core State Standards Initiative is launched

    The Common Core State Standards Initiative is launched
    This is a state-led effort coordinated by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and the Council of Chief State School Officers. It is expected that many states will adopt them.
  • HINI Global Pandemic

    HINI Global Pandemic
    The World Health Organization declares a global pandemic. In October several schools in several states close due to large numbers of influenza cases.
  • Race to the top initiative

    Race to the top initiative

    Obama's speech about Race to the top

    President Obama and Arnie Duncan start the race to the top initiative. The goal of this initiative is to provide a high-quality education to every student in America. The Race to the top states that this is vital to the health of the nation's democracy and economy.
  • Daniel Goleman: Emotional Intelligence (10th edition)

    Daniel Goleman: Emotional Intelligence (10th edition)
    He published the 10th edition of his book. He acknowledges that the book has come a long way because now children worldwide are offered the chance to take social and emotional learning (SEL). Many states and districts make SEL a requirement to ensure that the students master the essential skills for living.
  • Recession

    Recession
    The US faces massive deficits. 300,000 teachers face layoffs.
  • Barack Obama takes office.

    Barack Obama takes office.
    Obama Inauguration Speech
    President Obama is in office 2009-present.
  • Tony Wagner: The Global Achievement Gap: Why even our best schools don't teach the new survival skills our children need and what we can do about it

    Tony Wagner: The Global Achievement Gap: Why even our best schools don't teach the new survival skills our children need and what we can do about it
    He published his book in 2010. He is actively involved in the educational reform movement. He serves as a senior advisor to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
  • BP Oil Sill

    BP Oil Sill
    Underwater impact of the BP oil spill
    An off shore rig exploded off the coast of Louisiana. Over the next 90 days thousands of barrels of oil leaked into the ocean every day, making this the largest oil spill in United States history
  • Davis Guggenheim: Waiting for Superman

    Davis Guggenheim: Waiting for Superman
    The movie is a personal exploration of the current state of public education in the US and how it is affecting our children.
  • National Education Technology Plan

    National Education Technology Plan
    NETP
    This presents 5 goals with recommendations for states, districts, and other stakeholders. Each goal addresses one of the 5 essential components of learning powered by technology. The components are learning, assessment, teaching, infrastructure, and productivity.
  • Dr. Julie Myers named 2010 Curriculum Leader of the Year

    Dr. Julie Myers named 2010 Curriculum Leader of the Year
    She was named curriculum leader of the year by the VA Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
  • The American Association on Mental Retardation became the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

    The American Association on Mental Retardation became the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
    The AAMR joined the trend of moving toward the term intellectual disability in place of mental retardation when they changed their name to AAIDD.
  • Period: to

    The Standards Movement

    This movement embraces high uniform standards in teaching and learning. It calls for an increase in accountability. There is also a surge in technology and the emergence of the term the 21st century learner.