Influential Nurses

Timeline created by jterry1 in History
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Doroctheadix Dorothea Dix Born in Hampden, Maine in 1802. Helped found mental hospitals in United States. Superintendent of the Union Army Nurses in Civil War.
Clarabarton Clara Barton Born in Oxford, MA in 1821. After the Battle of Bull Run, she was given permission to nurse wounded soldiers and deliver supplies. She eventually became a very famous nurse in the Civil War. She went on to form the American Red Cross in 1873.
Lindarichards Linda Richards Born in West Potsdam, NY in 1841. The first professionally trained nurse American nurse. Began a system for keeping individual records of patients, that was adopted in the US and UK. Reformed the Boston Training School for nurses.
Marymahoney Mary Eliza Mahoney Born in Dorchester, MA in 1845. She became the first black registered nurse in America in 1879. She was also the co-founder of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses.
Isabelrobb Isabel Hampton Robb Born in 1860. She is one of the founders of the Modern American nursing theory. She implemented a grading policy for nursing students in 1883. She was appointed head of the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing in 1889
Laviniadock Lavinia Dock Born in Harrisburg, PA in 1858. She compiled the most important manual of drugs for nurses, "Materia Medica for Nurses", in 1890. Participated in lots of protest for women’s rights and was jailed for it eventually in 1917.
Anniegoodrich Annie Goodrich Born in New Brunswick, New Jersey in 1866. She brought health care and preventive medicine to the world in 1900. Goodrich would be the originator of the plan for the Army school of nursing in 1918.
Margaretsanger Margaret Sanger Born in Corning, NY in 1879. Most known for advocating birth control and women’s health. Founder of the American Birth Control League in 1921.
Marybreckinridge Mary Breckinridge Born in Memphis, TN in 1881. Established the Frontier Nursing System in 1925 to give health care in the Appalachian Mountains.
Idamoffett Ida Moffett Born in 1905 in Toadvine, AL. She is on of Alabama's most famous nurses. Spent many years working for the Baptist Hospital in Birmingham. Helped gain state accreditation for Alabama's first four-year college nursing program. Samford's nursing school is named after her.
Hildegardpeplau Hildegard Peplau Born in Reading, PA in 1909. Developed 7 Nursing Roles and Development Stages of Nurse-Client relationship in 1952.
Dorotheaorem Dorothea Orem Born in Baltimore, Maryland in 1914. Founded the Self Care model of nursing based on the philosophy that patients like to care for themselves.
Virginia henderson Virginia Henderson Born in Kansas City, MO in 1897. She is famous for her definition of nursing, which was outlined in her booklet "Basic Principles of Nursing Care" in 1960. Her definition of nursing is as follows - “The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge”
Madeleineleininger Madeleine Leininger Born in Sutton, Nebraska in 1925. Most famous for her Culture Care Diversity and Universality Theory, which basically says that she believes that there needed to be a mix of nursing care and culture.
Martharogers Martha Rogers Born in Dallas, TX in 1914. She is well known for developing the Science of Unitary Human Beings, and her book An Introduction to the Theoretical Basis of Nursing in 1970.
Jeanwatson Jean Watson Born in West Virginia in the 1940’s. Well known for her caring theory in 1979, which consists of 3 major conceptual elements – carative factors, transpersonal caring moment, and caring moment/occasion.