Influential Nurses

Timeline created by jterry1
In History
  • Dorothea Dix

    Dorothea Dix
    Born in Hampden, Maine in 1802. Helped found mental hospitals in United States. Superintendent of the Union Army Nurses in Civil War.
  • Clara Barton

    Clara Barton
    Born in Oxford, MA in 1821. After the Battle of Bull Run, she was given permission to nurse wounded soldiers and deliver supplies. She eventually became a very famous nurse in the Civil War. She went on to form the American Red Cross in 1873.
  • Linda Richards

    Linda Richards
    Born in West Potsdam, NY in 1841. The first professionally trained nurse American nurse. Began a system for keeping individual records of patients, that was adopted in the US and UK. Reformed the Boston Training School for nurses.
  • Mary Eliza Mahoney

    Mary Eliza Mahoney
    Born in Dorchester, MA in 1845. She became the first black registered nurse in America in 1879. She was also the co-founder of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses.
  • Isabel Hampton Robb

    Isabel Hampton Robb
    Born in 1860. She is one of the founders of the Modern American nursing theory. She implemented a grading policy for nursing students in 1883. She was appointed head of the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing in 1889
  • Lavinia Dock

    Lavinia Dock
    Born in Harrisburg, PA in 1858. She compiled the most important manual of drugs for nurses, "Materia Medica for Nurses", in 1890. Participated in lots of protest for women’s rights and was jailed for it eventually in 1917.
  • Annie Goodrich

    Annie Goodrich
    Born in New Brunswick, New Jersey in 1866. She brought health care and preventive medicine to the world in 1900. Goodrich would be the originator of the plan for the Army school of nursing in 1918.
  • Margaret Sanger

    Margaret Sanger
    Born in Corning, NY in 1879. Most known for advocating birth control and women’s health. Founder of the American Birth Control League in 1921.
  • Mary Breckinridge

    Mary Breckinridge
    Born in Memphis, TN in 1881. Established the Frontier Nursing System in 1925 to give health care in the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Ida Moffett

    Ida Moffett
    Born in 1905 in Toadvine, AL. She is on of Alabama's most famous nurses. Spent many years working for the Baptist Hospital in Birmingham. Helped gain state accreditation for Alabama's first four-year college nursing program. Samford's nursing school is named after her.
  • Hildegard Peplau

    Hildegard Peplau
    Born in Reading, PA in 1909. Developed 7 Nursing Roles and Development Stages of Nurse-Client relationship in 1952.
  • Dorothea Orem

    Dorothea Orem
    Born in Baltimore, Maryland in 1914. Founded the Self Care model of nursing based on the philosophy that patients like to care for themselves.
  • Virginia Henderson

    Virginia Henderson
    Born in Kansas City, MO in 1897. She is famous for her definition of nursing, which was outlined in her booklet "Basic Principles of Nursing Care" in 1960. Her definition of nursing is as follows - “The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge”
  • Madeleine Leininger

    Madeleine Leininger
    Born in Sutton, Nebraska in 1925. Most famous for her Culture Care Diversity and Universality Theory, which basically says that she believes that there needed to be a mix of nursing care and culture.
  • Martha Rogers

    Martha Rogers
    Born in Dallas, TX in 1914. She is well known for developing the Science of Unitary Human Beings, and her book An Introduction to the Theoretical Basis of Nursing in 1970.
  • Jean Watson

    Jean Watson
    Born in West Virginia in the 1940’s. Well known for her caring theory in 1979, which consists of 3 major conceptual elements – carative factors, transpersonal caring moment, and caring moment/occasion.