Timeline small square

Gothic Art

Timeline created by kayla333 in Art and Culture
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Timeline small square 19th Mar, 1100 The earliest gothic art The earliest Gothic art was monumental sculpture, on the walls of Cathedrals and abbeys.
Timeline small square 29th Mar, 1100 When gothic art started Gothic art was a Medieval art movement that developed in France out of Romanesque art in the mid-12th century, led by the concurrent development of Gothic architecture.
Timeline small square 29th Jun, 1100 Gothic Art spread around It spread to all of Western Europe, but took over art more completely north of the Alps, never quite effacing more classical styles in Italy.
Timeline small square 29th Apr, 1145 Gothic Art on catherdrals Gothic sculptures were born on the wall, in the middle of the 12th century in Île-de-France, when Abbot Suger built the abbey at St. Denis (ca. 1140), considered the first Gothic building, and soon after the Chartres Cathedral (ca. 1145). Prior to this there had been no sculpture tradition in Ile-de-France—so sculptors were brought in from Burgundy.
Timeline small square 29th Apr, 1200 Gothic Art evoloved Gothic art evolved from Romanesque art and lasted from the mid-12th century to as late as the end of the 16th century in some areas.
Timeline small square 29th May, 1400 International Gothic developed In the late 14th century, the sophisticated court style of International Gothic developed, which continued to evolve until the late 15th century.
Timeline small square 31st Dec, 1500 Gothic Art is Carrying on In many areas, especially Germany, Late Gothic art continued well into the 16th century, before being subsumed into Renaissance art. Primary media in the Gothic period included sculpture, panel painting, stained glass, fresco and illuminated manuscript.
Timeline small square 30th Apr, 1568 Gothic paintings Such paintings usually featured scenes and figures from the New Testament, particularly of the Passion of Christ and the Virgin Mary. These paintings display an emphasis on flowing, curving lines, minute detail, and refined decoration, and gold was often applied to the panel as background colour.
Timeline small square 29th Apr, 1574 Gothic Art and Gothic Architeture Then arose new architects who after the manner of their barbarous nations erected buildings in that style which we call Gothic (dei Gotthi)." Florentine historiographer Giorgio Vasari (1511–1574) was the first to label the architecture of preceding centuries "Gothic," in reference to the Nordic tribes that overran the Roman empire in the sixth century. Vasari implied that this architecture was debased, especially compared to that of his own time, which had revived the forms of classical antiquit
Timeline small square Christian to gothic art Christian art was often typological in nature (see Medieval allegory), showing the stories of the New Testament and the Old Testament side by side. Saints' lives were often depicted. Images of the Virgin Mary changed from the Byzantine iconic form to a more human and affectionate mother, cuddling her infant, swaying from her hip, and showing the refined manners of a well-born aristocratic courtly lady.
Timeline small square Gothic to rennassaince The change from late Gothic to Renaissance was superficially far less cataclysmic than the change from Romanesque to Gothic. In the figurative arts, it was not the great shift from symbolism to realistic representation but a change from one sort of realism to another.
Timeline small square Spirit of Gothic Art In smaller-scale sculpture, the spirit of the Gothic period is seen particularly in statuettes of the Virgin and Child. These were often in ivory and typically have a graceful swaying pose following the natural shape of the elephant tusks from which they were carved.
Timeline small square Elegance of Gothic art This swaying elegance is considered characteristic of Gothic art and is also found in the manuscript illumination of the time. Illumination and stained glass were the two principal forms of painting in the Gothic period, while individual easel paintings were still something of a rarity. Easel paintings first became common in Italy, where the Gothic style took root much less firmly than in other parts of Europe
Timeline small square Gothic paintings Gothic painting followed the same stylistic evolution as did sculpture; from stiff, simple, hieratic forms toward more relaxed and natural ones. Its scale grew large only in the early 14th century, when it began to be used in decorating the retable (ornamental panel behind an altar).
Timeline small square Roman heriatge in fluenced gothic art Because of its Roman heritage, Italy was more influenced by classical art than was the rest of Europe, and this restrained the more flamboyant features of Gothic art. Climatic factors came into play too – because Italy is a sunny country, the windows of medieval churches there tended to be smaller than those in northern Europe. Decoration took the form of frescoes, painted on the large areas of flat wall space, rather than stained glass in the windows.
Timeline small square Gothic Arts The use of Renaissance forms was certainly encouraged, however, by the general admiration for classical antiquity. They had a claim to "rightness" that led ultimately to the abandonment of all Gothic forms as being barbarous. This development belongs to the history of the Italian Renaissance, but the phenomenon emphasizes one aspect of medieval art.
Timespan Dates: Timespan Title: Timespan Description:
29th Mar, 1100
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Gothic Art