2017 Jordan Suen Dalat World History

Timeline created by ToastTeTos
In History
  • 7,000 BCE

    Mesopotamia-Food Surplus

    By using the method of irrigation it enabled us to get food surpluses and in turn makes it so we can carry out other jobs like making pottery and jewelry.
  • 4,500 BCE

    Egypt-Geography and Ancient Egypt

    Ancient Egypt was gifted in many ways such as being built next to a river and from the harsh climates attackers have to go through to be able to attack Egypt. With this Egypt was able to form a vast empire, but one thing stopped them which was the internal problems and the separation of upper and lower Egypt. Until Menes a leader who rose up and unified lower and upper Egypt on 3100 BC.
  • 3,300 BCE

    Egyptian Achievements

    Egyptians were not only good on the military front they were also well off on the culture front. Not only did they create their own writing system or Hieroglyphs they also were very good at architecture. They built temples, tombs and even sculptures that are outworldly such as the Sphinx a creature with a head of multiple creatures and a body like a lion. While building this they also added decorations to them or art to them like images on the walls and with this it's a reason Egypt prospers.
  • 3,000 BCE

    Sumer- City-States of Sumer

    Sumer people were farmers who lived mainly in the barren area of Sumer, but the society is based off the urban area with about 10,000 people.
  • 2,700 BCE

    Egypt- The Old Kingdom

    The start of the Old Kingdom started with the Third Dynasty in the Old Kingdom Egypt started to make a political system, this system was called social hierarchy and their version was based on the belief that that the Pharaoh was a god. The top step is the Pharaoh the second is nobles, third is merchants and forth are slaves and pheasants.The Egyptians also focused on peoples afterlife what they would do is embalm the body wrap it and fill the tomb with things they owned, so their Ka can bring it
  • 2,300 BCE

    Mesopotamia-Rise of the Akkadian Empire

    The Akkadian empire was ruled by Sargon who wanted to expand Akkadian,so he attacked the Sumerians and when he did he became the first ruler with a permanent army.
  • 2,300 BCE

    India- Geography and Early India

    India is a sub-continent or a land mass that is large but smaller than a continent. On the borders of India there is the Himalayas, The Great Indian Deserts, Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea and Hindu Kush. One of the first people who lived here were the Harrapans and they were named after a city in Pakistan named Harrapa. The Harrapans also were very advanced because of their government, society, language and of course indoor plumbing.
  • 2,200 BCE

    6.1 - Geography of China

    China had 2 rivers the Huang He and the Chang Jiang. The Huang He river or the Yellow river flows 3000 miles to north China. When this river floods it creates silt on the surrounding country side that can be used for farming. On top of the Huang He there is also the Chang Jiang which flows from Tibet to the Pacific. These 2 rivers combined create a bridge that link East to West China.
  • 2,200 BCE

    6.1 Shang and Xia Dynasty

    The Xia Dynasty started from a a man named Yu the Great, writers said that he built channels so that water would drain to the ocean to prevent floods. While not knowing much of the Xia Dynasty it is said to have created the basis of knowledge of ancient China geography. After the Xia Dynasty came the Shang Dynasty, the first Dynasty we have hard knowledge about. The Dynasty ruled over a lot of land in northern China and was ruled by a king.
  • 2,050 BCE

    Egypt- The Middle and New Kingdom

    After the end of the Old Kingdom the wealth and power the pharaohs had went down, because pyramids cost quite a bit the pharaohs could not keep up with the money when he taxed the people, so when their power declined local leaders battled to get the power and by 2050 BC a man name Mentuhotep arose thus bringing the Middle Age. Shortly after the Middle Kingdom ended they again suffered from internal problems until a man named Ahmose rose to power stating the 18th dynasty and the New Kingdom.
  • 2,000 BCE

    8.1 - Geography and Early Greeks

    Greece is a peninsula made up of peninsulas because of all the islands. It was harder for people to farm and to visit other areas of Greece because of the mountains and terrain. Due to that they resorted to using the sea which in turn made them amazing sails men. The first cultures to start were the minoans and the Mycenaeans. The Minoans later declined and ended after an major volcano. When this happened the Mycenaeans took over and became the central traders of Greece.
  • 1,800 BCE

    Mesopotamia-Invasions of Mesopotamia

    The Invasions of Mesopotami consisted of the war between power for Mesopotamia the switch in power consisted of Hittites,Kassites,Assyrians, Chaldeans and Phoencians.
  • 1,100 BCE

    6.2 - The Zhou Dynasty

    Near the 1100s leaders who were known as the Zhou Banded together with local tribes and over threw the Shang Dynasty. The kings have said that they had the Mandate of Heaven which means they were given power by heaven. Later on they expanded until the Chang Jiang and established a new Dynasty. They granted land to those in return for loyalty,military support and other services. Ruling through rulers helped ensure loyalty, but when they passed it down to their sons they came to reject the king.
  • 1,000 BCE

    India- Origins of Hinduism

    In India people were separated into society classes or Varnas and were mainly in 4 groups Brahmins or priests, Kshatriyas or rulers and warriors, Vaisyas or Farmers and craftsman, and lastly Sudras or laborers. This system was called the caste system. When in these groups you had very strict guidelines like having to marry in your own group or can only eat in your group. Religion also took a great part of civilization because the religion in India Separted into 3 groups Jainism,Hinduism, Sikhism
  • -900 BCE

    9.2 - Sparta and Athens

    Sparta and Athens were 2 of the most powerful city states in Greece. The Spartans for their military prowess and Athens for their minds and government. The Spartans were very military based and even went to the extent of killing unhealthy babies and teaching kids fighting at a young age. While the Spartans were military based the Athenians also did their share of combat with teaching boys fighting, but they also focused on Education. Then Athens and Sparta fought/Peloponnsian War and Sparta won
  • -753 BCE

    10.1 - Geography and The Rise Of Rome

    Rome was surrounded by 2 mayor mountain ranges the Alps and the Apennines. This made it so it was harder to travel from 1end to the other and on top of that they also had volcanoes that could destroy Roman towns. Although it is hard to travel it also gave protection to the inhabitants by making it easier to defend. Rome first started when a man named Aeneas who ran from Troy after the Greeks destroyed it. The descendants of him were Romulus and Remus who would be the founders of early Rome.
  • -750 BCE

    8.3 - Greece - Mythology

    Greece was also well known for their literature such as mythology about their gods and how the world works. The Greeks used gods as explations for natural disasters such as Zeus for Lightning and Thunder and Apollo for the sun. The Greeks also had other types of literature like epic poems which talked about heroes great deeds and lyric poems are poems that are sung. And lastly fables which are stories with morals.
  • -730 BCE

    Ancient Kush

    In our modern day Nubia a civilization developed a society and we're called the Kushites. Like Egypt the Kushites were next to the Nile which supported them with good agricultural times which in turn made them have food surpluses and created social classes. Due to to them being closer to Egypt they had their good and bad times. Before the Kushites were enemies they were friends until Kush grew too powerful.
  • -563 BCE

    India- Origins of Buddhism

    Buddhism started with Siddartha Gautama who was born 563 BC and because he was born a prince he didn't have to suffer as much as regular people. When he saw how hard others worked and suffered he thought he felt something missing. Then he set off for a journey before he was 30. When he went off he started to fast and meditate to free his mind and is even said to have spent 6 years wandering. When he was in the town of Gaya under a tree he started to deeply meditate and found enlightment.
  • -551 BCE

    6.2 - New Ideas

    During late Zhou period some philosophers came up with some philosophies such as Confucius who focused his ideas on ethics of people in China such as Family, Society,government and morality. Another philosophy was Daoism which focused mostly on being in harmony with the whole force of reality or Dao. The last philosophy in this time was legalism which was mainly about how people were evil and should only follow rules and be controlled.
  • -550 BCE

    9.1 - Greece and Persian

    The Persians were known only for nomadic before their empire and were ruled by the Medes people. Cyrus the Great came to power and revolted and it was a success. This success was the beginning of the Persian empire. His empire stretched very far, and he conquered most of Asia Minor. After his death his son Cambyses took over and expanded the empire into Egypt. After Cambyses died in a rebellion Darius took over and conquered the Indus Valley while starting the Persian wars and ended with Xerxes.
  • -500 BCE

    8.2 - Greece - Government in Athens

    Americas government is based on democracy and the birth place of it was in Greece specifically Athens. Although it was started in Greece democracy was not the central type of government in the time. The types of government they had were Oligarchy or rule by few and tyrannical which ruled by force. Democracy was only created when Cleisthenes ruled and created th government thus giving birth to democracy.
  • -500 BCE

    9.4 - Greek Achievements

    The Greeks were well known for a multitude of things from theirs arts to their philosophy. The most amazing by far is their architecture, an example of this is the world famous Parthenon in Athens. Their Architexture even inspired things in our modern Day such as the White House. The Greeks also had a talent in writing like drama and history. They were also the first founders of Philosophy with the greatest Philosophers of time Socrates, Plato and Aristotle which made the base of philosophy.
  • -400 BCE

    10.2 - Government

    The Romans were also key components in the making of our government. They gave us the system of checks and balances. This system was made up of 3 parts, the magistrates who were one of the most powerful, the Senate, and the Assemblies and Tribunes. With this system it made it so there was no one great power. With these powers in place they made written laws to keep order in Rome and placed it in the Forum or the meeting place of Rome.
  • -400 BCE

    10.3 - Punic Wars

    The reason Rome wanted to expand was because of outside invaders, and it all started when the Gauls attacked the Romans and they paid them to go away. With this idea in mind other places started to invade Rome for money, but the Romans batted them away, took over with their legions and ruled almost all of Italy. As Rome’s power grew they became more of a threat and with this came the Punic wars, the war that involved Carthage and Rome. In the end Rome won a triumphant battle but one with cost.
  • -359 BCE

    9.3 - Alexander the Great

    When Philip the second became king of Macedonia he fought off invaders who wanted to conquer his kingdom. He then set eyes on Greece wanted to conquer it himself. He then proceeded to fight the Thebesian troops and the Athenian troops, and he won the battle in the end. With this defeat other Greek city states gave in and made Philip the king. After the death of Philip his son Alexander took over and even further expanding taking over all of the Persian empire and more, but died on his way back.
  • -320 BCE

    India- Indian Empires

    Around 320 BC a military ruler named Candragupta Mauryan conquered the entire northern part of India which led to the founding of the Mauryan Empire. He ruled his empire with a very complex government it included protection for the people for heavy taxes. In 301 BC he became a Jainism and gave up has throne. Then his grandson Asoka conquered most of India and died on 233 BC after becoming a Buddhist. After a new empire formed , the Gupta empire with Chandra Gupta as the first ruler.
  • -221 BCE

    6.3 - Qin Dynasty

    Eventually one of the warring states came in to power with there powerful army and the king Ying Zheng unified China and was later called us Shi Huangdi, who was a legalistic ruler. He also used his armies to expand China, then forced nobles to live in the capital and didn't share his power. He later created districts with 1 governor which helped in force tax. While also being legalistic he also forced pheasants to work on government projects such as the Great Wall.
  • -206 BCE

    6.4 Han Dynasty

    After the Chin Dynasty fell a new power rose from the ashes and conquered all of China again. Surprisingly the new emperor was a pheasant and was deemed the first pheasant emperor(Liu Bang). He then enstated that pheasants were a high class. After the rule of Liu Bang Wudi took over and made a strong central government and made Confucianism the central religion or moral.
  • 100

    India- Indian Achievements

    The Indians had many things they could boast about from their art,literature and to their science. The ancient Indians were very advanced in the ways of metal or metallurgy. The Indians were one of the first few people to create alloys or mixed metals which made Indian weapon sturdier and more effective. The Indians were also the pioneers of math bringing us our first numerals like 0.
  • 200

    6.5 - Han Contacts With other Cultures.

    The Han were impacted greatly by other cultures after they established a trade route that was famous for transporting silk to other countries. Due to this trading other cultures started to influence China, and with this came Buddhism, because of Buddhism old Chinese culture started to change. With the Silk Road doing all of this it made it harder to travel on because hundreds went down it.
  • Modern Day Connection - Hammurabis Code

    Hammurabi's code in Babylon is somewhat the same as our laws today, but our laws today are less strict and gives more freedom to do what people like.
  • Modern Day Connection - Embalming

    The Egyptians and their embalming thought us another way to preserve the body because even today we use the method of embalming for burials.
  • Modern Day Connection - Hindu- Arabic Numerals

    The Indians brought us our first numerals which later became one of our numerals such as 0 and with this it has expanded into a vast sea of change.
  • Chapter 6 - Modern Day Connection - Seismograph

    Because of the creation of the early seismograph in our modern time we can tell when a earthquake will happen and how powerful it will be. With this machine it has helped save many lives.
  • Chapter 8 Modern Day Connection - Democracy

    Athens was the first to even start democracy and what they would start would lead into the basis of most government in our world today. Sure it may be different, but it is still democracy in some way or form, and has even affected big countries like the US
  • Chapter 9 Modern Day Connection - Architecture

    The Greek architexture inspired a lot of great buildings in our modern Day such as the White House. Their Architexture has also greatly affected our regular buildings also with their use of columns.
  • Chapter 10 Modern Day Connection - Checks and Balances

    The Romans as well as the Athenians have given us our governments in our day and age. The Romans made the checks and balances, which the US is using for their government. The Us also like the original had 3 branches just with different ability and say.
  • Period:
    10,000 BCE
    to
    -500 BCE

    Early Fertile Cresent People

    Sumerians,Akkadians,Babylonians,Hittites,Kassaites,Chaldeans and Phoenicia.
  • Period:
    4,500 BCE
    to
    350

    Ancient Egypt and Kush

    The Old Kingdom was from 2700 BC to 2200 BC,The Middle Kingdom was from 2050 BC to 1750 BC, and the New Kingdom to 1550 to 1050 BC. While Kush lasted from 2000 BC to 300 AD
  • Period:
    2,300 BCE
    to
    400

    Ancient India

    The Harrapans started 2300 B.C. To 1700 BC
    Aryans 2000s BC to 320s
    Mauryan 320 to 170 BC
    Gupta 320 AD to 400 AD
  • Period:
    2,200 BCE
    to
    220

    Chapter 6 - Ancient China

    Xia Dynasty - 2200 B.C
    Shang Dynasty - 1500 B.C
    Zhou Dynasty - 1050 - 400 BC
    Qin Dynasty - 221 - 206 B.C
    Han Dynasty - 206 B.C - 220 A.D
  • Period:
    2,000 BCE
    to
    -500 BCE

    Chapter 8 - Ancient Greece

    Minoans and Mycenaeans: 2000 BC
    Other Greek City- States: 900 BC
  • Period:
    -800 BCE
    to
    -27 BCE

    Chapter 10 - Rome

    Phoenicians - 800 BC - 140 BC
    Romans Republic - 753 BC - 27 BC
  • Period:
    -550 BCE
    to
    -30 BCE

    Chapter 9 - The Greek World

    Persian Empire - 550 BC - 332 BC
    Alexanders Empire - 332 BC - 30 BC