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The Musket Wars in New Zealand

Timeline created by henry_hollis in History
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
1806%20the%20venus small square The Venus arrives in the Bay of Islands The Venus is stolen from Hobart by the First Mate Kelly and Catherine Hagerty. They kidnap several women from the Ngapuhi and trades them to Iwi near Tauranga and Opotiki. The women are relatives of Te Morenga (his neice Tawatapu and his sister) and Hongi Hika. The women are killed and eaten as an insult to Ngapuhi.
Distance makes these tribes feel safe.
Traditionally this would worked for them.
Catherine Hagerty leaves the Venus in the Bay of Islands to become our first female Pakeha-Maori.
Hongi hika small square Battle of Moremonui Ngati Whatua ambush a taua from Ngapuhi. 150 are killed including Hongis brothers and sister. It is called also called Te Kai-a-te-Karoro (The Feast of Seagulls). This is despite Ngapuhi having at least 6 muskets. Hika will take 17 years to exact Utu for this event.
Te rauparaha small square Murupaenga and Te Rauparaha Murupaenga of Ngati Whatua is joined by Te Rauparaha of Nagti Toa in a raid against the Te Atiawa. Its success led to an invitation for a future taua of greater magnitude and length.
Timeline small square Hikas first major expedition Concurrent with Te Morenga Hika also travelled south to the Bay of Plenty. They never actually crossed paths. He attcaked from maketu eastward. He also returned with hunndreds of slaves and hunderds more heads.
1830%20bay%20of%20islands%20taua small square Amiowhenua #1 leaves Bay of Islands The first Amiowhenua (Encircling the island) Taua departs. Led by Te Morenga and Hika. Te Morenga seeks utu against Te Waru of Tauranga who was held responsible for the death of Tawatapu. The pusuit of Te Waru will take Te Morenga across the Bay of Plenty to Whakatane. THe Taua will be away for 12 months and returns with 500 heads and 2000 slaves. This is accomplished with only 35 muskets.
Hongi hika war canoe detail small square Ngapuhi raid the Bay of Plenty Hongi and Te Morenga raid into BoP in revenge for the Te Morengas neice. He will be away for almost a year.
Kendallhongi small square Hongi Hika visits England Hika convinces kendall to take him and Waikato to London to see the King. He sells land to de Thierry and sells gifts to acquire at least 200 muskets.
Timeline small square Fighting escalates. Waikato expel Ngati Toa led by Te Rauparaha from Kawhia. The second great heke Amiowhenua sees Ngapuhi under Te Kawau and Tukoreho attack as far as Whanganui-a-tara (Wellington).
Hika returns and defeats Ngati Paoa and Ngati Maru.
Hongi hika small square Hongi Hika returns from Britain. After stopping in Sydney Hika is able to trade his gifts, including a suit of armour for muskets. He returns to NZ with 300 guns.
Cannibal%20feast small square Hongi Hika try's out his new guns Hika leada a taua againsy Ngati Paoa near Tamaki. The success of this campaign convinces him to escalate his attacks.
Timeline small square Fighting spreads south Pomare attacks Bop.
Hika invades Waikato.
Te Rauparaha begins heke to Kapiti, attacking Te Atiawa along the way.
Mokoia island small square Hika and the Arawa Hika invades Te Arawa and attacks Mokoia island (Rotorua).
Despite retreating onto the Island 3000 Arawa are killed after Hika portages his canoes across the land.
Timeline small square Te Rauparaha continues south Te Rauparaha attacks the Horowhenua district.
Te%20rauparaha 13601 ac 1 1 small square Te Rauparaha's drives south Te Rauparaha attacks Ngati Apa and Rangitane in the Manawatu.
Timeline small square Ngapuhi dominance weakens Ngati Whatua attack Whangarei.
Hongi small square Hika's Revenge for Moremonui Hongi Hika defeats Ngati Whatua and pursues them into Waikato. At last after 17 years he has his utu for Moremonui.
Hongi%20hika small square Hika attacks Whangaroa In a raid against Whangaroa which sees the Weslyan Mission sacked Hika is seriously wounded.
Hongi hika small square Hongi Hika dies After surviving for a year his wound finaly kills the great chief.
Te rauparaha small square Ngati Toa attack Ngai Tahu After sucessfully attcking the Nelson and Marlborough Te Rauparaha is repulsed at Kaikoura after his friend Te Peehi Kupe is killed over a dispute involving greenstone. In 1830 he will exact his utu.
Te rauparaha small square The Elizabeth Affair Te Rauparaha sets a bargain with Capt Stewart of the Elizabeth, For a load of flax Stewart will transport the chief and a taua to the South Island. At Kaiapoi Tamaiharanui is captured and subsequently tortured to death by Te Peehi's widow.
Moriori living at owenga 1880s small square Ngati Mutunga invade the Chatham Islands Ngati Mutunga and Ngati Tama force the Lord Rodney to transpot a large taua to the Chathams. Moriori choose not to confront them and are taken into slavery.
By 1900 the Moriori are almost extinct as a people.
Timeline small square Last Gasps before the Treaty Ngai Terangi and Waikato attack Maketu.
Timespan Dates: Timespan Title: Timespan Description:

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The Northern Border Wars Clashes between Ngapuhi, Te Raroa and Ngati Whatua. Raiding into southern areas on both coasts begin.
Limited access to muskets means there is little real change from earlier clashes. This period Various Ngapuhi hapu (Ngati Korokoro) and affiliated tribes begin to fight with Ngati Whatua hapu (Ngati Roroa). Ngapuhi are led by Patuone and Waka Nene.
In 1813 Hika attacks Ngati Korokoro becasue they are rumoured to have feated at Moremonui.
While he is away Ngati Pou attack his own pa near Kaikohe.

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The Northern Raids begin Ngapuhi tribes begin to regularly raid south during the summer.
Few muskets are used, sometimes only 2-3 are available.

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The Last Hurrah Te Heuheu leads last Taua against Nga Rauru.
Reinforces view that Britains grasp on NZ was still relaively weak.