History of Deaf Education

Timeline created by skreilly
In History
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
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Jan 1st, 1520
Pedro Ponce de Leon A Spanish monk developed one of the first manual alphabets while working with deaf students. Read more here Image from http://imagesfrom.us/image/071214b1/
Jan 1st, 1550
Licenciado Lasso In his publication, A Legal Treatise on Deaf-mutes, Lasso asserted that deaf persons able to speak could not be classified as "dumb" and were, thus, elligible for inheritance. Read more here Image from http://gupress.gallaudet.edu/bookpage/DHCSbookpage.html
Jan 16th, 1550
Geronimo Cardano An Italian Physician who was one of the first scholars to recognize that learning does not require hearing. In the 1500s, he found that the deaf could be educated by using the written word. He used his methods to teach his own deaf son. Read more here Image from http://www.educ.fc.ul.pt/icm/icm2000/icm25/cardano.htm
Lasso Manuel Ramirez de Carrion Inventor of speech training for Deaf people. Taught Marquis de Priego at Montilla, Spain. Read more hereRead more here</a> Image from http://gupress.gallaudet.edu/bookpage/DHCSbookpage.html
Bonet 9 small Juan Pablo Martin Bonet Was the first to publish a method for educating the Deaf. This method uses a one-handed manual alphabet system to teach reading and writing to deaf students. Read more here Image from http://www.start-american-sign-language.com/history-of-sign-language.html
Lennoxdumbie Thomas Braidwood Established Braidwood's Academy for the Deaf and Dumb, which was the first school for the deaf in Britain. Developed the Braidwoodian method of deaf education. Read more here Image from http://www.secretscotland.org.uk/index.php/Secrets/LennoxCastleHospital
Lepee Abbe' de l'Épée Priest who created a School for the Deaf in Paris, France. Developed method for sign language, which served as the foundation for American Sign Language and other world sign languages. Read more here Image from http://www.cairn.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=ENF_593_0237
Amman Johann Konrad Ammann Author of "The Speaking Deaf". His ideas were the basis of Samuel Heinicke's development of the German Method. Read more here Image from http://faculty.mdc.edu/jmcnair/EEX%202000/MIlestones.htm
Medoto di samuel heinicke Samuel Heinicke Opened the first deaf institution in Leipzig, Germany. Used an oral / aural method of instruction. Read more here Image from http://www.storiadeisordi.it/articolo.asp?ENTRY_ID=1045
Abbesicard Abbe' Sicard Priest and Principal of the School for the Deaf in Bordeaux, France. Replaced Abbe' de l'Épée as Principal for the School of Deaf in Paris, France. Invited Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet to visit the Paris school. Read more here Image from http://www.visuf.org/lectHistSicard.php
Thomashopkinsgallaudet Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet After working with a deaf neighbor, Gallaudet was inspired to study methods for teaching deaf students in Europe. The Braidwoods were unwilling to share their knowledge; however, Sicard, Clerc, and Massieu invited him to Paris, to learn about manual communication. Read more here Image from http://clerccenter.gallaudet.edu/Clerc_Center/About_the_Clerc_Center/Laurent_Clerc_The_Man.html
Clerc Laurent Clerc Attended the School for the Deaf in Paris, and was taught by Abbe' Sicard. Clerc later became a teacher at this school and met Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet. Co-founded with Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet the American Asylum for Deaf-Mutes in Hartford, CT, which was the first school for the deaf in North America and was eventually re-named the American School for the Deaf. Read more here Image from http://www.asd-1817.org/page.cfm?p=
Vsdb Founding of the Virginia School for the Deaf and the Blind Established by an act of the Virginia General Assembly in 1838, the VSDB opened in Staunton, VA, in 1839 and was the first school in the world to integrate deaf and blind students. Read more here
Read more here Image from http://www.aph.org/museum/schools/extant.html
Emg1 Edward Miner Gallaudet The son of Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, he helped start the Columbia Institution for the Deaf and Blind in Washington, DC, which later became Gallaudet University. Gallaudet University is the world's first institution of higher learning for the Deaf. Read more here Image from http://video.gallaudet.edu/emg.xml
Am161 Alexander Graham Bell Provided training at the Boston School for Deaf Mutes, the American Asylum for Deaf-mutes in Hartford, CT, and the Clarke School for the Deaf in Northampton, MA. Was a strong supporter of the Aural philosophy, and in 1872 opened a school in Boston, which followed his father's view that the Deaf could be taught to speak. He believed deafness should be eradicated. Read more here Image from http://www.electricscotland.com/history/descendants/chap37.htm
No post Conference of Milan A declaration was made that oral education was better than manual (sign) education. A resolution was passed banning sign language.  Read more here Image from: http://mykidentity.com/?p=524
Cornett R. Orin Cornett Vice President of Long-Range Planning at then-Gallaudet College (now Gallaudet University, where he developed Cued Speech. View video here Read more here Image from http://www.vinkkipuhe.fi/mita-on-vinkkipuhe.html
Pl94972 PL 94-142 First passed by Congress in 1975 as the Education of All Handicapped Children Act (Public Law 94-142), the IDEA legislation required that all students with disabilities up to age 21 must be provided with free appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment and with accommodations. Read more here Image from http://oxfordeagle.com/tag/pl-94-142/
Rowley Board of Education v. Rowley Access to an interpreter was denied by the school system because of the student, Amy Rowley, was able to read lips. The first case under IDEA, the U.S. Supreme Court stated that the school was not required to provide an interpreter because she "was achieving educationally, academically, socially without such assistance". [Read more here](www.listen-up.org/dnload4/rowley.pdf) Image from http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/2080077.A_Case_About_Amy
Cochlear Cochlear Implant development FDA approves first cochlear implant for marketing Read more here Image from http://www.terptopics.com/HearingAids.htm
Dpn1 Deaf President Now 1 Gallaudet University was shut down by student protesters who refused anything other than a Deaf leader for their institution. As a result I. King Jordan became the first Deaf president of Gallaudet University. Read more here Image from: http://m2hrt.blogspot.com/2009_04_01_archive.html
Hearingaid First digital hearing aid First wearable digital signal processing hearing aid produced Read more here Image from http://www.buzzle.com/editorials/6-5-2006-98336.asp
Americans%20with%20disabilities%20act%20 Americans with Disabilities Act Under certain circumstances, the ADA prohibits discrimination based on disability. For Deaf people: ensures interpreting services, access to TDD, and reasonable working accommodations for the deaf and hard of hearing. Read more here Image from: http://aphistory2010.yolasite.com/ch32.php
Nclb logo No Child Left Behind With the NCLB, deaf and hard of hearing students and students with disabilities may no longer be excluded from any type of assessment available to students attending mainstream academic programs. Read more here Image from: http://www.rose-hulman.edu/thorn/44/6/no-child-left-behind/
Idea IDEA / IDEA-2004 Law which ensures services for students with disabilities. Topics addressed include Evaluation, IEP Development and Team Meeting, Discipline, Highly Qualified, and Instructional Support Services Read more here Image from: http://www.squidoo.com/special_education
Fernandes Deaf President Now II When I. King Jordan steps down, there is unrest at Gallaudet over Jordan’s replacement. Even though she is deaf, students question Jane Fernandes’ ability to lead and her devotion to the Deaf community. Read more here Image from: http://deafness.about.com/b/a/257581.htm
Timespan Dates: Timespan Title: Timespan Description:
Jan 1st, 1520

Spanish Manual Philosophy

Braidwood school uses total communication-like approach

Oral / Aural Philosophy in Germany