Herschel starssketch

Women in STEM: Collective Research

By engl414
  • 350 BCE

    Artemisia II of Caria

    Artemisia II of Caria
    Artemisia (d. 350 BC) was a Greek naval strategist, commander, and ruler of Caria, as well as a botanist and medical researcher. She was coregent to her husband and brother Mausolus, and reigned for 2 years after his death. When he died, she is said to have drank his ashes in grief. For her contribution to plant identification and research, the plant genus "Artemisia" was named after her, as well as the anti-malarial drug "Artemisinin." Art depicts her with a chalice or an urn. (Penoyer)
  • 100 BCE

    Fang

    Fang
    Fang is the earliest recorded female alchemist in China. She lived during the 1st century B.C., and is only known under her family name "Fang." She was able to turn mercury into silver, which is believed to be the chemical technique of silver extraction from ores using mercury, which would not be discovered in the West until 1570 A.D. [Julianna Apicella]
  • 100 BCE

    Aglaonice

    Aglaonice
    Aglaonice was a Greek astronomer who was thought to be in control of the moon. She was said to be able to command the moon to disappear, but she was actually just able to predict approximately when and where there would be a lunar eclipse. She worked with a group of female astrologers who were called the "Witches of Thessaly," because their practices were thought to be magic. -Jamie Badawy
  • 200

    Metrodora

    Metrodora
    She was a Greek physician who is famous for writing the oldest medical text written by a woman called "On the Diseases and Cures of Women." Her work covered most topics regarding women and medicine such as gynecology, however it did not include obstetrics. Hippocrates had a major influence on her work as well. [Carly Wicka]
  • 300

    Aemilia Hilaria

    Aemilia Hilaria
    Aemilia Hilaria (b. 300, died 363 BCE) was a Gallo-Roman physician. She wrote books on gynecology and obstetrics and practiced medicine. Daughter of poor Roman nobles living in Gaul. Notably unmarried, her nephew Ausonius wrote of her as a "dedicated virgin" for she had no desire to marry, and instead preferred to further her knowledge of medicine. Her name "Hilaria" refers to her being a cheerful baby. -Penoyer
  • 350

    Hypatia

    Hypatia
    Hypatia (born 370/350, died 415/416 CE) was a Neoplatonic philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician. She was an academic and professor at the university in Alexandria, Egypt, where she taught students, gave public lectures, and wrote on subjects ranging from geometry and algebra to religious philosophy. Despite her extensive work in life, Hypatia is often remembered for her death; she was murdered by a mob in connection with rising religious intolerance and political conflicts. [Abby B, Jules]
  • 987

    Sutayta Al-Mahamali

    Sutayta Al-Mahamali
    Sutayta Al-Mahamali was an expert in Arabic literature, jurisprudence, the interpretation of sacred texts, and mathematics, but her specialty was algebra. She was famous for being able to solve problems related to inheritance, and may have contributed greatly to mathematical theory. Unfortunately, she has been overlooked by history, and thus her specific contributions are unknown. [Julianna Apicella]
  • 1098

    Saint Hildegard von Bingen

    Saint Hildegard von Bingen
    Saint Hildegard von Bingen was a German abbess, writer, composer, and philosopher in the 12th century. Aside from her work in other fields, she wrote medicinal and botanical texts and became known as a "spiritual healer." She is considered to be the founder of scientific natural history in Germany. [Julianna Apicella]
  • 1322

    Jacoba Felicie de Almania

    Jacoba Felicie de Almania
    Jacoba was a Parisian healer. There isn't much known about her personal life, but the documentation of her practice is one of the most complete records of a female medical practitioner from her time, but this mostly comes from the fact that she was put on trial alongside several others for practicing without a medical license. Many of her medical techniques were found to be the same as those who had licenses, but she was much more accessible to common people than licensed physicians.
  • 1461

    Tan Yunxian

    Tan Yunxian
    Yunxian (1461-1554) was a physician during the Ming Dynasty in China. Her work focused on treating women in fields related to gynecology, pediatrics, and obstetrics. Most of her patients suffered from chronic complaints and other long-term illnesses. She also wrote "Sayings of a Female Doctor", but it was never published. Fun fact: she lived longer than most, dying at the age of 93. (Liz Tuttle)
  • 1556

    Sophia Brahe

    Sophia Brahe
    Sophia Brahe (1556-1643) studied chemistry, medicine, & astronomy. She was trained in horticulture & chemistry by her older brother, astronomer Tycho Brahe, but he refused to teach her astronomy. She instead learned independently through Latin books she paid to have translated to German. She assisted her brother in the production of horoscopes & his famously accurate astronomical data. Later in life, she published a significant source of early Danish noble genealogical history. [SJ]
  • Maria Cunitz

    Maria Cunitz
    Maria Cunitz was the eldest daughter to a mathematician and was married to an physcian and astronomer. This put her in many scientific circles. Her husband encouraged her to study astronomy and they made many important observations together. A fire later burned many of their records and though Cunitz is well known very little is known about her later work. (Courtney Vandewal)
  • Maria Sibylla Merian

    Maria Sibylla Merian
    Maria Sibylla Merian was a naturalist, entomologist and botanical illustrator. She was one of the first scientists to study live insects in their natural habitats as the basis for her visual representations. She traveled to the Guianas (a Dutch plantation colony at the time) on a funded scientific expedition to extend her study. For an example of her work, see "Metamorphosis Insectorum Surinamensium" (1705).
  • Maria Sibylla Merian

    Maria Sibylla Merian
    Merian was born in 1647 in Germany to a family of artists; she never received formal training as an artist or naturalist, but she made groundbreaking contributions to both fields. Drawing directly from the insects in her backyard, she was the first to focus on drawing from live specimens and illustrate the ecology of the insect's habitat. Her insect metamorphosis illustrations were revolutionary for entomology, but she is rarely credited; her work went unrecognized until the 20th century.-basilP
  • Emilie du Chatelet

    Emilie du Chatelet
    Emilie du Chatelet was a mathematician and philosopher, born in 1706. She created the most famous and accurate translation of Isaac Newton's seminal work in kinematics and dynamics, his Principia. Her translation is still used in its original form in French academia. She was also the first mathematician to conceptualize a system of energy and conservation, which is now the primary lens through which physics is viewed. She died during childbirth in 1749, at the age of 42. (Kent Brown)
  • Laura Bassi

    Laura Bassi
    Bassi was born in 1711 in Italy to a prosperous family. The wealth that her family enjoyed allowed her to pursue math science and philosophy from a young age. This education from a young age allowed her to continue her education at the University of Bologna. While at university, she then became the first woman to get a doctorate in science and then also went on to become the professor of natural philosophies at the same college, making her the first woman professor.(Ryan Ladd)
  • Anna Morandi Manzolini

    Anna Morandi Manzolini
    Manzolini was an anatomist/artist. She was even nicknamed "The Lady Anatomist" for her work in studying and teaching human anatomy. She made wax figures based on human bodies/organs in order to more intricately understand their structure and function. She began teaching what she learned to hundreds of students who came through her home.
  • Caroline Herschel

    Caroline Herschel
    German astronomer who discovered several comets
    She was the first woman to receive a salary as a scientist
    And the first woman in England to hold a government position
    Her brother became an astronomer and she became sort of like his assistant
    Her brother William Herschel discovered Uranus (Stevie West)
  • James Barry/Margaret Ann Bulkley

    James Barry/Margaret Ann Bulkley
    Born as Margaret Ann Bulkley, she adopted the identity of her uncle, James Barry, in order to attend medical school, and lived the rest of her life as a man. James Barry became a prominent military surgeon, fought for reforms in his field, and is credited with the first successful C-section where both the mother and child survived. [Julianna Apicella]
  • Anna Atkins

    Anna Atkins
    Anna Atkins was a botanist and photographer. Her book "Photographs of British Algae" helped establish photography as a scientific tool. She is often considered to be the first woman to take a photograph.
    Stevie West
  • Ada Lovelace

    Ada Lovelace
    Known as the first woman "programmer". She was known also for her work on the difference engine and the analytical engine. Melayna Miller
  • Elizabeth Blackwell

    Elizabeth Blackwell
    First woman to graduate medical school in the USA and went on to open a medical college in NYC specifically for women. -Melayna Miller
  • Rebecca Lee Crumpler

    Rebecca Lee Crumpler
    Rebecca Lee Crumpler was a doctor, nurse, and author, and actually became the first African American woman in the United States to become a doctor. She studied at the New England Female Medical College. In addition, she published "A Book of Medical Discourses" in 1883. She also worked for the Freedmen's Bureau by providing medical care for the freed slaves. Today, both the Rebecca Lee Pre-Health Society and the Rebecca Lee Society are named after her. [Carly Wicka]
  • Sophia Jex-Blake

    Sophia Jex-Blake
    Sophia Jex-Blake was a physician and teacher. She is notable for having organized protests within the Scottish science community for more education access for women. This is risky as she could have lost her job for organizing. - Penny Vath
  • Emily Warren Roebling

    Emily Warren Roebling
    Emily Roebling is most known for being the wife to the main engineer that developed and built the Golden Gate bridge. Towards the end of construction her husband fell ill and was forced to remain home sick, so Emily spent her time studying civil engineering so she could run her husband's project. She was almost completely self taught in the technical aspects and managed the completion of the bridge by having her husband explain his plans from his bed. (Courtney Vandewal)
  • Ida Henrietta Hyde

    Ida Henrietta Hyde
    Ida Henrietta Hyde (1857-1945) took 23 years to get her education due to poverty and her gender. She obtained her undergrad degree at the age of 34 before fighting gender discrimination to become the first woman to obtain her Ph.D. at the University of Heidelberg. She then went on to become a professor of physiology at the University of Kansas. She researched several biological systems, studied the affects of drugs and alcohol, and invented a microelectrode for studying cells. [SJ]
  • Clarissa "Clara" Harlowe Barton

    Clarissa "Clara" Harlowe Barton
    Clara Barton (b. 1821, death 1912) was the founder and first president of the American Red Cross. A self taught nurse and surgeon, earned the name the "Angel of the Battlefield" after nursing injured soldiers in the American Civil War (start 4/26/1861). She aided in surgery due to the on sight physicians were overwhelmed. She gave lectures about her time during the war. After the war, Clara continued her activist lifestyle and joined the civil rights and woman's suffrage movements. (Penoyer)
  • Annie Jump Cannon

    Annie Jump Cannon
    Annie Jump Cannon developed the system astronomers use to classify stars. Cannon published her first catalog of stars using her classification system in 1901. She classified the starts after realizing that a star’s surface temperature helped determine which class it fell into-resolving.
    International Astronomical Union officially adopted Cannon’s system in 1922 and still use it.
    In 1894 she went back to Wellesley to teach physics and start working on her master’s degree
    -Isabel Colon
  • Kate Gleason

    Kate Gleason
    Kate Gleason
    DOB: Nov. 25 1865
    Education: Cornell and RIT
    Field of study: Mechanical Engineering/Business
    Work Experience:
    She helped to expand her fathers, gear business globally. She strategically dressed very feminine, and used it to her advantage to sell the gears. But, another main factor as to how she was able to make so many sales was because she was extremely knowledgeable of the engineering behind the gear part and it’s efficiency as well as the manufacturing process. -Isabel Colon
  • Florence Ada Stoney

    Florence Ada Stoney
    UK's first female radiologist. She served as the head of the X-ray department in WW1. Unfortunately passed away due to radiation related causes.
    Stevie West
  • Lillian Moller Gilbreth

    Lillian Moller Gilbreth
    She was best known for being the first American engineer ever to create a synthesis of psychology and scientific management and received a Hoover award for her work. -Melayna Miller
  • Vera Danchakoff

    Vera Danchakoff
    She was a Russian cell biologist. First women to be a professor in Russia and then immigrated to America where she taught Anatomy when women were only just being allowed in as students. [Polina Sverdlova]
  • Emma P. Carr

    Emma P. Carr
    Carr was an American spectroscopist and chemical educator. She began teaching chemistry at Mount Holyoke College in 1910 and became chairman of the chemistry department in 1913. She established a research program studying the ultraviolet spectra of hydrocarbons and became a worldwide leader in the use of ultraviolet spectra of organic molecules as a means of investigating their electronic structure. She received the Francis P. Garvan Gold Medal of the American Chemical Society in 1937. (Jamie B)
  • Edith Clark

    Edith Clark
    Edith Clark was the first female electrical engineer to be employed in the US, the first female professor of electrical engineering in the country, and the first woman to be named as a fellow of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers. She specialized in electrical power system analysis and wrote Circuit Analysis of A-C Power Systems. She invented the Clarke Calculator, an early graphing calculator that could solve equations that were very important for electrical engineers. -Jamie B
  • Mary Elizabeth Banning

    Mary Elizabeth Banning
    Banning was a mycologist and botanical illustrator from Maryland (1822-1903). She faced financial struggles in the scientific community as a woman without formal education. Her life's work, a manuscript containing descriptions and illustrations of 23 previously unidentified fungi, "The Fungi of Maryland", wasn't brought into the public light til 1981. If it were published at the time of completion, it would've been the first publicly accessible collection of informative mycology in the US.basilp
  • Alice Ball

    Alice Ball
    First Black American to graduate with a master's degree from the University of Hawaii. Degrees in Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Chemistry/Science. She developed the injectable and most effective treatment for leprosy. She died at aged 24 during and before publishing her research and her work was stolen by a man and published under his name. She did not receive recognition until the 1970's.
    (Eleni Ioannidis)
  • Gerty Cori

    Gerty Cori
    Born and raised in Prague and later emigrated to the United States, Gerty Cori was a scientist who focused her studies on biochemistry and medicine. She researched the catalytic conversion of glycogen, (a breakdown of glucose) and its conversion into lactic acid and then its storage as energy. she recieved two Nobel Prizes, one in science and one in pharmacy and medicine.
    Eleni Ioannidis
  • Beatrix Potter

    Beatrix Potter
    Helen Beatrix Potter (1866-1943) was a children’s author, natural scientist, and illustrator. Her scientific work centered around mycology. Potter created highly detailed illustrations of specimens, both on a macroscopic and microscopic level. She collaborated with the Royal Botanical Gardens in Kew and in 1897 submitted a paper “On the Germination of the Spores of Agaricineae” to the Linnean Society, although as a woman she was not allowed to present it in person. [Abby B]
  • Florence Seibert

    Florence Seibert
    Seibert was an American biochemist born in 1897. She earned her Ph.D in biochem at Yale University. In her life time she worked as a researcher and a professor in her field. She is most famous for developing a reliable TB test, but she also improved IV treatments in hospitals. Her work has saved many lives today. (Courtney Vandewal)
  • Marie Curie

    Marie Curie
    Physicist and chemist. Pioneered the study of radioactivity, including the discovery of radium and polonium. First woman to win a Nobel Prize. In fact, she won two (Physics and Chemistry)! Collaborated with her husband, Pierre. Her body is still radioactive, even almost 100 years after her death. She’s buried in a lead casket in the Pantheon and will remain highly radioactive for another 1500 years.
  • Kathleen Lonsdale

    Kathleen Lonsdale
    Lonsdale (1903-71) worked in crystallography, developing X-Ray techniques for studying crystal structures. She established the hexagonal arrangement of carbon atoms in benzene compounds and measured the distance between carbon atoms in a diamond (accurate to seven figures). She applied her work to medical problems, such as bladder stones. In 1945, she was one of the first women to be elected to the Royal Society. She was crowned Dame of the British Empire in 1956. [SJ]
  • Mileva Maric

    Mileva Maric
    Mileva Maric (1875-1948) was a Serbian mathematician and physicist, second woman to complete a full course of study in the Dept. of Mathematics and Physics at Zurich Polytechnic. She was a classmate, as well as the first wife, of Albert Einstein. She reviewed much of Einstein’s writing before publication; possibly even contributing some text of her own to the papers (though this is hotly debated). Throughout her life, her career was frequently disrupted by childcare and illness. (Kent Brown)
  • Sarah Elizabeth Stewart

    Sarah Elizabeth Stewart
    Sarah Elizabeth Stewart (died 11/27/1976) was a Mexican-American researcher in viral biology. She studied home economics & general science at New Mexico State University, Microbiology at UMASS, and her doctoral degree at Colorado School of Medicine. Stewart pioneered the field of viral oncology research and was the first to show that cancer-causing viruses can be transferred between animals. Stewart and Bernice Eddy also co-discovered the polyomavirus. (Liz T)
  • Hazel Bishop

    Hazel Bishop
    Bishop was a chemist and invented the first long-lasting, smudge proof lipstick and founded her own cosmetics company. She first worked as an organic chemist at an oil company, creating fuel for the airplanes of World War II. In her own time, she performed small scale experiments, and created her own cosmetics. Her company's sales reached 10 million in just 4 years, and created a competitive makeup market.
    (Eleni Ioannidis)
  • Grace Hopper

    Grace Hopper
    A United States Admiral who lead the group that created the first computer language compiler, helped popularize the term "computer bug," and worked as a research fellow at Harvard. (Polina Sverdlova)
  • Mary Locke Petermann

    Mary Locke Petermann
    Mary Locke Petermann was the first to isolate and characterize animal cell ribosomes using analytical ultracentrifugation. They were originally called "Petermann's particles" but were renamed ribosomes in 1958 by the Biophysical Society. She was the first woman to become a full professor at Cornell University's Medical School.
  • Dorothy Hodgkin

    Dorothy Hodgkin
    Dorothy Hodgkin was a British chemist who advanced X-ray crystallography, allowing the structure of many biomolecules to be determined. Her greatest achievements were discovering the structure of penicillin, vitamin B-12, and insulin. Hodgkin was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry, being the only British woman scientist to have won the noble prize in any of the three sciences.
    Liz T
  • Margaret Hutchinson Rousseau

    Margaret Hutchinson Rousseau
    The first female member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChe). She developed the first production plant for the commercial production of penicillin. Graduated from both MIT and the Rice Institute, Margaret was the first woman to get a doctorate of science. She also worked on the production of high-octane aviation fuel, and synthetic rubber during the second World War. Eleni Ioannidis
  • Mary Beatrice Davidson Kenner

    Mary Beatrice Davidson Kenner
    Kenner created inventions inspired by problems in her daily life. Her first invention was a self-oiling door to prevent noise when her mother left in the morning. After saving up for her first patent, a belt to hold up sanitary napkins that would later become the menstrual pad, a company contacted her with interest in marketing it. She ended up being rejected for being African American. She was unable to get a degree for financial reasons, but she still held five patents in total. [SJ]
  • Mamie Phipps Clark

    Mamie Phipps Clark
    Mamie Phipps Clark (and her husband) was part of one of the most important breakthroughs in the Civil Rights Movement and in child psychology. In fact, she was an influential witness that was allowed to share her expertise and testify on several school desegregation cases, including Brown vs. Board of Education (1954). Also, invented the "Clark Doll Test." Which helped prove the effects segregation has on children. (-Marie Navas)
  • Eleanor Emmons Maccoby

    Eleanor Emmons Maccoby
    Best known for her research and scholarly contributions to the fields of gender studies and developmental psychology. She started working at Harvard for a while but started to feel that her gender was impacting her abilities to advance in her field, so she decided to take a position at Stanford University. Later she focused on the psychology of sex differences and suggested that social, cultural, and parental influences determined gender roles and preferences.
    [Berivan Subasi]
  • Gertrude Belle Elion

    Gertrude Belle Elion
    An American biochemist and Pharmacologist who helped co-develop drugs drugs fro leukemia and Azathioprine, which is one of the first immunosuppressant used during organ transplant. She worked with George H. Hitchings and used the “rational drug design” method to successfully interfere with cell growth, which led to the creation of effective drugs for treat leukemia, malaria, herpes, and gout. Shared a Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine for these discoveries.
    [Berivan Subasi]
  • Katherine Johnson

    Katherine Johnson
    Katherine Johnson was born on August 26th 1918 in West Virginia. She was most well known for when she worked as a mathematician in NASA. She was a key part of the first and subsequent U.S. crewed space flights and made history at NASA as the first African American woman to work as a NASA scientist. She also went on to pioneer the use of computers to make the calculations that she would usually make.(Ryan Ladd)
  • Rosalind Elsie Franklin

    Rosalind Elsie Franklin
    An English chemist and X-ray crystallographer who's work was central to the understanding of molecular structures of DNA. In the 1950s, she discovered that there were two forms of DNA and was offered a three-year scholarship to undertake further investigation. In this time, she found that when DNA is exposed to high levels of moister, the structure changes. She then started working with James Watson, Francis Crick, and Maurice Wilkins and confirmed the 3D structure and repair of DNA. [Berivan S]
  • Kathleen Antonelli

    Kathleen Antonelli
    Kathleen Antonelli is widely considered as one of the first computer programmers in history. Born in February 1921, she majored in mathematics at Chestnut Hill College for women where she met Frances Spence, who she would collaborate with in the future on a major project. She is mainly known for being one of the lead programmers alongside 5 other women, including Frances Spence, on the ENIAC, the first programmable, electronic, general-purpose digital computer.(Ryan Ladd)
  • Marie Maynard Daly

    Marie Maynard Daly
    Marie Maynard Daly (b. 1921, died 2003), was the first African American woman to earn a Ph.D. in chemistry within the United States. Daly made important contributions in four areas of research: the chemistry of histones, protein synthesis, the relationships between cholesterol and hypertension, and creatine's uptake by muscle cells. She encouraged the range of influence that African American women within the United States one could achieve, especially at such a critical time in history. -Penoyer
  • Rosalyn Sussman Yalow

    Rosalyn Sussman Yalow
    Rosalyn Sussman Yalow was a medical physicist. She collaborated with Solomon Berson to develop the radioimmunoassay technique which allows the measurement of tiny quantities of various biological substances in human blood. This allows blood to be scanned for infectious diseases in order for blood transfusions to occur. In 1977, she was the first American woman and second woman ever to win the Nobel Prize for Physiological Medicine. [Carly Wicka]
  • Frances Spence

    Frances Spence
    Frances Spence was one of the original programmers for the ENIAC(the first programmable electronic general purpose digital computer), alongside Betty Holberton, Ruth Teitelbaum, Kathleen Antonelli, Marlyn Meltzer, and Jean Bartik. While the hardware was mostly built by a team of men, the computational development of the ENIAC was led by this team of six women. Frances Spence along with her colleagues were considered the first computer programmers in history.(Ryan Ladd)
  • Elizabeth Kübler-Ross

    Elizabeth Kübler-Ross
    Elizabeth Kübler-Ross, b. 1926; died 2004. A Swiss-born psychiatrist, Kübler studied specifically the psychological importance of Death and Dying. Known for studying advanced psychoanalysis training and research for 39 months during her academic years. Developed the Kübler-Ross Model, in which describes her theory on the five stages of grief, detailed in her book "On Death and Dying (1969)". Inducted into the Women's Hall of Fame in 2007, notably in "Top Thinkers of the 20th Century". (Penoyer).
  • Vera Rubin

    Vera Rubin
    Presented some of the first crucial pieces of evidence confirming the existence of dark matter, which makes up around 84 percent of the universe.
    She frequently would see the list of speakers at a conference and if there were very few or no women speakers, she would contact the organizers and tell them they have a problem and need to fix it. (Stevie West)
  • Edith M. Flanigen

    Edith M. Flanigen
    Flanigen was born in Buffalo, NY. She received her Bachelor's in chemistry from D'Youville University and a Master's in Inorganic Chemistry from Syracuse University. Edith focused her work on polymers and molecular sieves. Flanigen invented the synthetic emerald, which was not only used as jewelry but also used in lasers, specifically in microwave lasers. She was the first female recipient of the Perkins Medal in 1992, and was also inducted into the Inventor Hall of Fame. (Eleni Ioannidis)
  • Claire Parker

    Claire Parker
    Claire Parker graduated from MIT for engineering, but went on to make significant contributions to cinema history with her husband Alexandre Alexeiff. She invented the Pinscreen (patented 1935), a grid of 240,000 metal pins mounted vertically that could be pushed and pulled to create light and dark areas, analogous to the pixels that make up digital images. Frame by frame, the pair would photograph and compile images of the screen to create films. basil p
    still from "NIght on Bald Mountain" 1933
  • Maryanne Amacher

    Maryanne Amacher
    Maryanne Amacher was an influential composer and acoustics scientist who used science to create psychoacoustic illusions in music and architecture. - Penny Vath
  • Wendy Carlos

    Wendy Carlos
    Scientist who helped develop the first Moog Synthesizer. -Penny Vath
  • Joyce Nichols

    Joyce Nichols
    Joyce Nichols graduated from Duke University Medical Center in 1970 becoming the first woman as well as the first African American woman to be certified as a Physician Assistant. She was the first minority to serve on the American Academy of Physician Assistants Board of Directors. She also assisted in founding the North Carolina Academy of Physician Assistants and taught many medical and PA students. In 2002, she was inducted into the Duke University PA Alumni Hall of Fame. [Carly Wicka]
  • Patricia Era Bath

    Patricia Era Bath
    Dr. Patricia Bath (1942-2019) was an ophthalmologist, inventor, and laser scientist whose work focused on the prevention and treatment of blindness. She invented the laserphaco probe for cataract surgery and developed the discipline of “community ophthalmology,” which focuses on providing eye care for underserved communities. Dr. Bath also co-founded the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness. [Abby B]
  • Roberta Bondar

    Roberta Bondar
    The first Canadian astronaut and the first neurologist in space. Her academic resume includes a Bachelors in zoology, Masters in experimental pathology, and two Doctorates- one in medicine and the other in neuroscience.
  • Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

    Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
    Françoise Barré-Sinoussi is a French virologist who is most famous for her discovery in 1983 that HIV is the cause of AIDS. Throughout her career, she co-authored over 240 scientific publications as well as was a part of over 250 international conferences. She also won the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 2008 for her discovery. Today she is the Director of the Regulation of Retroviral Infections Division as well as a Professor at the Institut Pasteur in Paris. [Carly Wicka]
  • Lydia Villa-Komaroff

    Lydia Villa-Komaroff
    Dr. Lydia Villa-Komaroff (born 1947) is a cellular and molecular biologist who performed work with recombinant DNA and was the lead author on the project that discovered how to synthesize insulin with bacteria. She also helped found the Society for the Advancement of Chicanos/Hispanics and Native Americans in Science, and is a vocal advocate of increasing diversity in STEM. [Abby B]
  • Sally Ride

    Sally Ride
    Sally Ride was the first American Woman and youngest American astronaut to travel to space. She served as the capsule communicator for the 2nd and 3rd ever shuttle flights, and she helped to develop the Space Shuttle's robotic arm. She worked at NASA headquarters and founded NASA's Office of Exploration. She became a physics professor and founded "Sally Ride Science," a company that focuses on creating entertaining science programs and has an emphasis on STEM education for girls. -Jamie Badawy
  • Lin Lanying

    Lin Lanying
    Lin Lanying (b. 1918, died 2003) was a Chinese electrical engineer, a materials scientist and a physicist. She is most well known for creating a mono-crystalline silicon and gallium arsenide, the first ever in China, and she ended up winning the Chinese Academy in Science Progress Award and the Henry Fok Awards, and being a notable woman who went to a high end male college in communist China. Today as an honored academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences. -Penoyer
  • Cecilia Aragon

    Cecilia Aragon
    Cecilia Aragon is an author, air-show pilot, and the first Latina full professor in the College of Engineering at the University of Washington in Seattle. She’s worked with Nobel Prize winners, taught astronauts to fly. She even won awards for research and a stint at NASA designing software for Mars missions. Fun fact, President Obama called her one of the top scientists and engineers in the country. (I could not find her birthdate, only the year- Marie Navas)
  • Susan Kaech

    Susan Kaech
    Kaech is an immunologist who aims to understand why how memory T cells are produced during infection and vaccination, how they function, and why they can fail to induce long-term immunity, particularly during chronic disease or cancer. Kaech discovered that part of how tumors cause immune suppression is by suppressing T cell metabolism.
    (Liz T.)
  • Cynthia Breazeal

    Cynthia Breazeal
    Cynthia Breazeal founded and directs the Personal Robots Group at MIT’s Media Lab. She focuses on developing the principles and technologies for building socially intelligent robots. In fact, she developed some of the world’s most famous robotic creatures, ranging from small hexapod robots to highly expressive humanoids, including the social robot Kismet and the expressive robot Leonardo. (-Marie Navas)
  • Robin Hunicke

    Robin Hunicke
    Robin Hunicke is a present day game developer. She worked for EA where was the lead designer for MySims, part of the Sims series. After leaving EA she worked for thatgamecompany where she worked on Journey. She has developed and designed lots of famous games and is still working today. (Courtney Vandewal)
  • Evelyn Wang

    Evelyn Wang
    She is a professor at MIT who has worked to created a device that harvests clean drinking water from vapor in the air. - Melayna Miller
  • Sara Akbar

    Sara Akbar
    Sara Akbar is a chemical petroleum engineer and women's rights advocate. She was part of Kuwait University's first graduating class of chemical engineers in 1981, served as the director of the Society of Petroleum Engineers in 2007, is the co-founder and former chief executive officer of Kuwait Energy, and was awarded the Global 500 Role of Honor from the United Nations Environmental Program. She is the first woman to hold a leading position in the Middle East oil and gas industry. (Jamie B)
  • Karen Uhlenbeck

    Karen Uhlenbeck
    Karen Uhlenbeck was born August 24, 1942. She attended the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, New York University, and Brandeis University. She pioneered the field of geometric analysis, which created new ways to study differential equations. Approaches she developed have been used extensively in quantum mechanics and other fields of high-level mathematics. In 2019, she became the first woman to receive the Abel prize, which is considered the “Nobel Prize” of mathematics. (Kent Brown)
  • Barbara McClintock

    Barbara McClintock
    Dr. Barbara McClintock (1902-1992) was a geneticist with a background in botany who helped pioneer the field of cytogenetics. In 1983 she became the first woman to receive an unshared Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for her discovery of transposons (also known as transposable elements or “jumping genes”, genetic elements that change position on a chromosome, which can activate or inactivate other genes). She was also the first scientist to propose the basic theory of epigenetics. [Abby B]
  • Dr. Patricia Bath

    Dr. Patricia Bath
    Bath was the first African-American woman to receive a patent with a medical purpose when she invented the Lazerphaco Probe, an instrument that uses lasers to remove cataracts. She co-founded the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness with Alfred Cannon and Aaron Ifekwunigwe in 1976, pioneering the idea of "community ophthalmology" with the goal of giving eye care to under-served populations. Because of her work, many have had their sight restored after cataract surgery. (basil p)
  • Dr. Kizzmekia Corbett

    Dr. Kizzmekia Corbett
    Dr. Corbett is a viral immunologist at the VRC, NIAID, and NIH. Dr. Corbett and her team are currently at the forefront of the development of the Covid-19 vaccine.
    (Liz T)
  • Catherine "Katie" Schuman

    Catherine "Katie" Schuman
    Katie Schuman (1987-) is described as a "pioneering voice" in her field of neuromorphic computing. With her field, she seeks to make more efficient computer systems using AI inspired by the human brain. She won the 2020 Early Career Researcher Award for Excellence in High Performance Computing, meaning that she received her doctoral degree recently and has already made a significant impact in high performance computing. She currently has over 50 papers and 6 patents in her field. [SJ]
  • Katie Bouman

    Katie Bouman
    Engineer and computer scientist, currently working in computer imagery. She led the team at Harvard that developed the computer imaging software that took the first picture of a black hole. (Courtney V)
  • Mae C. Jemison

    Mae C. Jemison
    DOB: October 17, 1956 Decatur Alabama Field of study: Physician and NASA astronaut Work Experience:
    Left Stanford university with a Bachelors of science in Chemical Engineering and in African American studies (1977). After graduating Stanford she attended the Cornell Medical School (1981), graduating Cornell with a doctorates in Medicine in 1981. Jemison first went into space on September 12, 1992 on the space shuttle Endeavor. The teams made 127 orbits around earth. -Isabel Colon
  • Wendy Hall

    Wendy Hall
    Wendy Hall is a British computer scientist, born 25 October 1952. She was among the first women to work with hypermedia systems (the fundamental architecture of the World Wide Web), and the first woman engineering professorship at the University of Southampton. She was President of the Association for Computing Machinery, the most important organization in the field of computing, from 2008-2010. She has been honored many times by the British government, including with a damehood. (Kent Brown)
  • Jordan Harrod

    Jordan Harrod
    Jordan Harrod is a Harvard graduate student and a Youtuber who makes videos about AI and AI ethics. https://www.youtube.com/c/JordanHarrod/videos -Penny Vath
  • Donna Auguste

    Donna Auguste
    Donna Auguste
    Full name: Donna Auguste
    DOB: 1958 (63 years old)
    Education: University of California Berkeley and Carnegie Mellon University
    Field of Study: Computer Engineering / Software Engineering
    Summary of Individual Work:
    Donna Auguste has a Creole but was born in Texas then relocated to Louisiana and then to California where she attended college (University of California Berkeley), where she received her bachelors in both Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. -Isabel Colon
  • Priya Balasubramaniam

    Priya Balasubramaniam
    Born: 1974 (47 years old) Education: Carmel Convent High school (Bangalore, India): 1988-1990, National College: 1990-1992, Bangalore University: 1992-1996 (BS, ME), Michigan State University: 1999-2001 (MBA, Supply Chain and Marketing) 1996-1999: Worked at ABB Software (ROSS, robotics software) as an Engineer.
    2001-Present: Worked at Apple (using the MBA, more heavily). First working as a Global Sourcing Manager(microprocessors) and then working her way up as a Sr.Director.
    -Isabel Colon
  • Limor Fried

    Limor Fried
    She was a student at MIT and from her dorm room she created her own business. Her business is called Adafruit Industries which is an open-source hardware community. -Melayna Miler
  • Elissa Murphy

    Elissa Murphy
    Elissa Murphy is the VP of Engineering for Google (overseeing GSuite's Enterprise and Application Developer). Prior, she worked at GoDaddy, she also changing the company drastically to the point where the company became one of Anita Borg's Top 13 companies for Women Technologists. Before GoDaddy she was at Yahoo! As the VP of Engineering as well and supervised the world’s largest private Hadoop cluster (massive-scale computing technology / “big data”).
    -Isabel Colon
  • Jennifer Doudna

    Jennifer Doudna
    Born January 19th, 1964, Doudna is known as a leader in the discovery that the protein Cas9, found in the "CRISPR" bacterial immune system, can be used to edit DNA in a more efficient way than before. She is also called upon as an important thinker and authority in discussions surrounding the ethics of modifying DNA to change the function of an organism. She was awarded the 2020 Nobel Prize in chemistry for her contributions to genetics and biochemistry. (basil perun)
  • Maria Alexandra Tamayo

    Maria Alexandra Tamayo
    Maria is purifying water in a country that has the second-most water resources but where only 8% of households have access to drinking water. She wants to avoid diseases and death caused by unsafe water. She made it so the filter can be applied in both rural and urban populations since it is incorporated both in faucets and in thermoses for those areas whose supply network does not reach homes.
    (I could not find her birthdate, she was honored 2019- Marie Navas)
  • Maria Perez Carillo

    Maria Perez Carillo
    This Mexican woman, helps farmers increase their crop production through Innus Technologies. She stated, “I went to the countryside to learn from the farmers and I realized that they don’t know how their crop is. They also don’t know what state their soil is in.” She invented Enviro, a device that identifies soil conditions and climate in real-time and, from them, offers recommendations to improve crop yields.
    (I couldn't find her birthdate but 2019 was the year she was honored -Marie)
  • Marcela Torres

    Marcela Torres
    Marcela Torres wants to help refugees and immigrants in Mexico through “Holacode,” a software she developed to provide immigrants with access to employment and better integrate themselves into society.
    (https://thewomenintechshow.com/2020/03/30/tackling-migration-in-mexico-marcela-torres/) The date below is the date the podcast was published. (-Marie Navas)