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US History Final

  • 13th Amendment Ratified

    13th Amendment Ratified
    Although passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, the 13th Amendment was ratified on December 6, 1865. This Amendment explicitly abolished slavery in the United States. This was a transformative moment in American history with immediate powerful effects, especially in the South. This was yet another great step in the right direction in preventing forced labor, harsh conditions, and racial discrimination.
  • Reconstruction Act of 1867

    Reconstruction Act of 1867
    Following the Civil War, the Reconstruction Act of 1867, outlined the rules for the readmission of the Rebel States to the US. With this bill, these formerly Confederate States, in order to get congressional representation, had to adopt the new Fourteenth Amendment and align with the country's values, which protected African-American citizens from discriminatory laws. This was a step in the right direction for aligning the US South against legal racial discrimination in public transport, etc.
  • Spanish American War End

    Spanish American War End
    The Spanish American War, April 21-August 13, 1898, was a time of armed conflict between Spain and the US, caused by America's support of Cuba vs Spain and a mysterious explosion of a US battleship. The US, victorious, produced a peace treaty, resulting in Spain relinquishing claims on Cuba and giving the US Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines. The US also annexed the state of Hawaii during this conflict. Ending Spanish colonial rule, this war expanded the US, physically and developmentally
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    The Treaty of Versailles forced Germany and the other Central Powers to take the blame for the World War and pay reparations to the Allied Powers to prevent future wars. Ultimately, it instead created a political and economic crisis that led to the start of World War II with the rise of Hitler. This treaty helped promote a vision of democracy and peace in the United States that helped shape national identity. The US begins earning its title as a world superpower.
  • Music in the Roaring 20’s

    Music in the Roaring 20’s
    The rise of music in the early 1920s coincided with and reflected the rapid economic growth and social change of these times. A variety of music from jazz and blues to dance band and ragtime were introduced in the US. Much of this new music originated from the creative work, cultures, and heritage of African-Americans. This upbeat music was a great reflection of the prosperity and social changes happening back then in the US, that still affect society today like the changes in fashion and dance.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    The 19th Amendment, approved by the Senate on June 4, 1919, was ratified on August 18, 1920. This amendment granted women the right to vote legally. This huge milestone marked one stage in women's lengthy and difficult struggle for political equality, through much protest and agitation. This sets the stage for even more waves of feminism in the future US.
  • Great Depression

    Great Depression
    The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic hardship between 1929-1939 that followed a major fall in US stock market prices. Devastating the economy, many banks failed, unemployment skyroketted, homelessness increased and house prices sank. Crime, prostitution, and suicide rates also increased during this time. As a result, the US instituted many regulations like unions, min wages/max hours, insurance, benefits, public housing, mortgage protection, etc that still benefit the US today.
  • FDR’s New Deal

    FDR’s New Deal
    The New Deal was a series of programs and projects instituted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression. They aimed to restore prosperity to Americans by stabilizing the economy and providing jobs/relief to those suffering. The success of this was based on a shift of the federal government directly addressing the needs of the people by creating social programs, jobs, and social security after retirement. The Trade Union helped protect workers by guaranteeing them rights.
  • Four Freedoms

    Four Freedoms
    FDR's State of the Union Address, known as the Four Freedoms speech, guaranteed the freedom of speech, worship, from want, and from fear to US citizens. This excited citizens about the future of the US by him articulating a powerful vision for a world full of freedoms. This speech helped rouse and change the US mindset to optimism, encouraging American involvement in the midst of war.
  • Day of Infamy Speech

    Day of Infamy Speech
    The Day of Infamy Speech refers to Roosevelt's speech reacting to the events at Pearl Harbor. He expresses outrage at Japan but confidence in the inevitable triumph of the US. Rather than the country falling apart during this tough time, this speech helps rally the country together, appealing to patriotism over idealism. His speech instills hope and inspires US citizens to aid the war efforts.
  • Japanese Internment Camps

    Japanese Internment Camps
    From 1942-1945, President Franklin D. Roosevelt established Japanese Internment Camps during World War II through his Executive Order. US people of Japanese descent were incarcerated in isolated camps with poor and crowded conditions. These camps show the US still has a long way to go in treaty everyone equally and fairly, although we are making progress.
  • American Propaganda

    American Propaganda
    US propaganda, like posters, movies, and even cartoons, was used as a communication method during World War II to influence and persuade citizens toward a certain agenda. They aimed to unite America through patriotic media and mobilize Americans to war. They encourage war and for Americans to stop at nothing while portraying Russia and Communism in a horrible light. This helped push the strong sense of patriotism we still have today in the US.
  • Rosenburg Trial

    Rosenburg Trial
    The Rosenburg Trial was one of the most sensational trials in American history as Julius and Ethel Rosenburg are convicted of espionage for their role in passing atomic secrets to the Soviets during the World War II era. They were found guilty and sentenced to death. This portrayed to the country how seriously the US takes traders who endanger national security and the punishments that will follow for espionage.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    The Korean War from June 25, 1950, to July 27, 1953, was fought between North Korea and South Korea with support from the US. Our support for South Korea solidified our political stance globally. The war ended in an armistice, where now North and South Korea have been divided on the 38th parallel for more than 70 years. This armistice helped the US contain communism, preventing a domino effect, allowing the US to maintain its global dominancy.
  • Brown v Board of Education

    Brown v Board of Education
    The Brown v Board of Education of Topeka took place from December 9, 1952, to May 17, 1954, and was a landmark decision of the US Supreme Court. They ruled that separating children in public school on the basis of race was unconstitutional. This legal end of racial segregation of education in the US overruled the "separate but equal" premise, moving us towards a less segregated society.
  • Martin Luther King Junior

    Martin Luther King Junior
    Martin Luther King Jr., born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, George, was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. A baptist minister and social activist, he led the civil rights movement in the US in the mid-1950s. Dr. King fought to end segregation and counter prejudice in the US through peaceful protest and speeches, like his iconic "I have a dream" speech. By overcoming forceful opposition, Kings work helps the US in racial equality and he sets an example of courage.
  • The Fair Housing Act

    The Fair Housing Act
    An expansion of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, this landmark fair housing act, prohibits discrimination concerning the sale, rental, or financing of housing based on race, religion, national origin, and sex. Basically, this act is a great step in the right direction for preventing discrimination on all fronts for our country.
  • Title IX

    Title IX
    Title IX saws that "no person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance." This includes stuff from sexual harassment to pregnancy discrimination to educational discrimination to my favorite equal athletic opportunity. Because of this, women's sports in the US have prospered, becoming some of the best in the world.
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
    The Vietnam War from November 1, 1955 to April 30, 1975, was a long and costly civil war in Vietnam where the US supported the South, to oppose the communist North. The US entered the war in hopes of preventing any further spread of communism. However, the costs and casualties caused the US to withdraw, losing the war for South Vietnam. This war severely damaged the US economy and morale but helped the US change its military engagement by dictating how conflicts would be fought and with whom.
  • Soviet-Afghan War

    Soviet-Afghan War
    The Soviet-Afghan War, from December 24, 1979, to February 15, 1989, was a Soviet Union invasion of Afghanistan, breaching a treaty. The US supported the Mujahideen to oppose the Soviet army. The US helped support them to ensure that the country would not become a safe haven for international terrorists to attack other countries. The Soviets finally agreed to withdraw their troops from Afghanistan, boosting US morale and helping them slow the spread of communism.
  • 9/11

    The September 11 attacks of 2001 were a series of four coordinated suicide terrorist attacks carried out by the psycho yet militant Islamic extremists against the US. These plane hijackings resulted in plane crashings in American buildings that causes mass casualties and severe damage. As an immediate result, citizens rallied together, spending more time with their families; it also increased patriotism and church attendance. We also increased security precautions (airports) and investigations.
  • Fourth Feminism Wave Begins

    Fourth Feminism Wave Begins
    This current wave of feminism, the fourth wave, began around 2012 and focuses on the empowerment of women, the use of internet tools, and intersectionality. The wave fights to overcome gender norms and the marginalization of women in society. It also focuses on sexual harassment, body shaming, and rape culture, like the "me too" movement. From this wave, women have felt like they can further stand up for themselves, not be a doormat, and have an impact in society. The sky is the limit.
  • Black Lives Matter Established

    Black Lives Matter Established
    Black Lives Matter, a central political and social theme in the US for the past decade, is a movement seeking to highlight racism, discrimination, and inequality experienced by black people. The movement has caused huge protests from supporters, fighting against things like police brutality and racially motivated crimes. These protests have caused Americans to rethink their perspective and our culture, encoruaging citizens toward equality.
  • US Supreme Court Legalizes Gay Marriage

    US Supreme Court Legalizes Gay Marriage
    On June 26, 2015, the US Supreme Court ended all bans on same-sex marriage, making it legal in all 50 states. This is a monumental step in the rights of the LGBTQ+ movement. Because of this change legalizing gay marriage, lives and US perspectives have been changed forever, allowing all citizens to marry whom they wish and live happily ever after.
  • MAGA

    Make America Great Again, known as MAGA, was Republican President, Donald Trump's, 2016 campaign slogan. Trump used social media as a communication platform with citizens, providing insight into the President's real-time thoughts, which hadn't been seen to this degree before. His presidency shows the huge role and importance of social media in our society today.