U.S History Project

Timeline created by Samaris11
  • 8,300 BCE

    Adobe Houses

    Adobe Houses
    An adobe house is a composite material made of earth mixed with water and an organic material such as straw or dung. The soil composition typically contains sand, silt, and clay. Adobe homes were only built in the very dry parts of West Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and Mexico. Unlike many Native American tribes, the Pueblo Indians were never forced to leave their homelands and are still living there today.
  • 1,500 BCE

    Caste Systems

    Caste Systems
    Caste System divides Hindus into four main categories which are Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. Many believe that the groups originated from Brahma, the Hindu God of creation.The varans are associated with early Hinduism they are the first recorded manifestation of India's caste system. 1500 BC.
  • -200 BCE

    Mesoamerica pyrimds

    Mesoamerica pyrimds
    The Mesoamerican people had built these pyramids from around 1000 B.C up until the Spanish Conquest in the early 16th Century. One of the earliest Pyramids that stands was built by the Olmecs known to be standing at " La Venta in Tabasco Mexico". The Pyramids were mostly built out of earth and with stone but typically in a stepped. All three civilizations like, Olmecs, Aztecs, and Maya they all built pyramids to house their deities as well as to bury their Kings.
  • 800

    Pueblo Anazi

    Pueblo Anazi
    The Anasazi's were thought to be ancestors of the modern Pueblo Indians, inhabited the Four Corners country of southern Utah. The Pueblo Indians were those who lived in pueblos and have a long tradition of farming. Another name for the ancestral Pueblo people is Anasazi. The Anasazi lived in the area today known as Four Corners. They moved to the lower river valleys where they lived in smaller pueblos
  • 1095

    The Crusades

    The Crusades
    The Crusades were a series of religious wars between Christians and Muslims started primarily to secure control of holy sites considered sacred by both groups. In all, eight major Crusade expeditions occurred between 1096 and 1291. Crusade is initiated when Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comnenus requests help in reconquering from the Seljuk Turks the lost territory of Asia Minor. some people did it for honor, revenge or love and third, the people wanted their sins to be forgiven.
  • 1237

    Conquest of Europe

    Conquest of Europe
    The Mongol invasion of Europe in the 13th century was the conquest of Europe by the Mongol Empire. The Mongol invasions also occurred in Central Europe, which led to warfare among fragmented Poland, such as the Battle of Legnica. The operations were planned by General Subutai and commanded by Batu Khan. Both men were grandsons of Genghis Khan; their conquests integrated much European territory.
  • 1300

    The Renaissance

    The Renaissance
    The Renaissance was a period in European history, from the 14th to the 17th century, regarded as the cultural bridge between the Middle Ages and modern history. The main cause of the Renaissance was because artists needed wealthy patrons to support them, and Renaissance Italy was especially fertile ground. The significance of the Renaissance was the world started changing in several significant ways.What led to the Renaissance was the discovery of printing press also the crusades.
  • Jan 1, 1347

    The Black Death

    The Black Death
    The Black Death arrived in Europe by sea in October 1347. The people who gathered on the docks to greet the ships looked towards horrifying surprise. For most of the sailors who aboard the ship some of them were already dead and those who weren't were gravely ill. The Black Death was one of the most devastating human histories, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 75 to 200 million people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe in the years 1346–1353.
  • 1394

    Henry the navigator

    Henry the navigator
    Henry the Navigator was an important figure in 15th-century Portuguese politics and in the early days of the Portuguese Empire.Henry the Navigator was born in Porto, Portugal, in 1394. He sponsored a great deal of exploration along the west coast of Africa. Henry the Navigator Prince Henry the Navigator was the son of King João of Portugal, born in 1394.He is most famous for the voyages of discovery that he organised and financed, which eventually led to the roundinHenry
  • 1451

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer. He was born in Genoa Italy where he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. He was determined to find a direct water route west from Europe to Asia. So instead of that, he stumbled upon the Americas. Chritopher Columbus was the master navigator.
  • 1492

    Columbia Exchange

    Columbia Exchange
    Exchange of goods from Old World to the New World. It was named after Chris Colombus all the benefits mostly went towards the Old World. The diseases wiped out the Indian population. Many different fruits and animal exchanges. Indulgences were the catholic church. People back then paid to go to heaven. Cultural intellectual for 1000 years. Basically The Columbian Exchange refers to a period of cultural and biological exchanges between the New and Old Worlds.
  • 1492

    New Spain

    New Spain
    Encomiendas had tracks of land many of the native Americans became slaves. The Indians worked for two reasons one was to fear military reprisal and to learn secrets of Christianity. The natives had died from diseases. African slaves will replace them. The Colonial expansion under the crown of Castile was initiated by the Spanish conquistadores and developed by its administrators and missionaries.
  • 1500

    Middle passage

    Middle passage
    Less than 10% of slaves came directly to mainland North America (saltwater slaves). Also, more than 10% of all died on the voyage. Slaves first would be conditioned to physical labor. They demanded slaves increased exponentially 18th century. The Middle Passage refers to the part of the trade where Africans, densely packed onto ships, were transported across the Atlantic to the West Indies.
  • 1502

    4 Voyages

    4 Voyages
    Christopher Columbus made four trips around the Atlantic Ocean from Spain. The Four Voyages” is an amazing memoir of his unforgettable experiences along the ocean's coasts that led him to discover many lands.These lands included Cuba, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and Venezuela. The five voyages of Columbus began the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Like most learned men of his time, Columbus knew the world was round and shared the theory that a ship could eventually reach the Far East.
  • Jan 1, 1519

    Conquest of the Aztecs

    Conquest of the Aztecs
    Hernan Cortez looked for tales of gold he had sailed from Cuba. He had burned all ships but 1. Hernan Cortez was allied with enemies of Aztecs. The Aztecs made mistakes of giving gold. They will take Emperor Montezuma hostage. He survived uprising. They had got surrounded by Tenochtitlan. Some of the advantages were Weapons Horses and Disease. Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador, or conqueror, best remembered for conquering the Aztec empire.
  • John Winthrop

    John Winthrop
    John Winthrop selected settlers which were the married people. Contrasted greatly with Chesapeake colonies. The family was very important to him. Largely paid way to the new world. Was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and a prominent figure among the Puritan founders of New England.Winthrop was one of the best educated of the Puritan colonists, had great leadership skills and wisdom, and was known for being very religious.
  • Lower South

    Lower South
    Began as a colony they envolved from frontier settlements. Rice became staple cop. Slaves had prior knowledge 2/3 of region population were slaves. They lived under task system immunity. African Americans preserved Georgia would have the same system.The Southern colonies included Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, and Georgia.
  • English Colonial Societies

    English Colonial Societies
    Colonial societies were landowners who were very wealthy merchants and financiers. They owned a lot of slaves and owned huge tracts of land. Three types of colonies existed in the British Empire in America during the height of its power in the 18th Century. A group of 13 British American colonies collectively broke from the British Empire in the 1770s through a successful revolution, establishing the modern United States.
  • Location of Chesapeake settlements

    Location of Chesapeake settlements
    The settlements of the Chesapeake were usually near the coast of waterways. They were also cheaper the settlements were sprawled out. They were in need of more lands. It increased conflicts with natives. The Chesapeake Colonies were the Colony and Dominion of Virginia, later the Commonwealth of Virginia, and Province of Maryland. Then later Maryland, both colonies located in British America and centered on the Chesapeake Bay.
  • Western Frontier

    Western Frontier
    The American frontier began when Jamestown, Virginia was settled by the English in 1607. Turner Thesis is the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in 1893 that American democracy was formed by the American frontier. He stressed the process the moving frontier line and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process. In 1890, the Census Bureau announced the end of the frontier, meaning there was no longer a discernible frontier line in the west.
  • Plymouth Colony

    Plymouth Colony
    They were puritans also they were farmers. Puritans believed England and Holland too corrupt. Children becoming too dutch. Later they called Pilgrims (spiritual quest). They sailed on the Mayflower they landed in 100'sof miles north. They legally made settlements life was hard Squanto. Charles the 1st dissolved parliament in 1629. 20000 puritans were upset. At its height, Plymouth Colony occupied most of the shutheastern portion of the modern state of massachusets.
  • Tobacco

    Over 1 million pounds exported to England in 1630. They had labor difficulty. They had indentured servants (contracted) it lasted about 4-7 years it was a hard life. Employees they fed and clothed servants they also gave them tools and clothes when a contract was done. Many died this to pay to come to the New World. Over the next 160 years, tobacco production spread from the Tidewater area to the Blue Ridge Mountains, especially dominating the agriculture of the Chesapeake region.
  • Georgia

    Georgia is originally a Penal Colony. They transplanted prisoners and poor rehabilitation in "pure" environment. It was named after King James the 2nd it was a buffer colony based on enlightened ideals. Georgia changes administrative problems they started importing slaves. Envisioned as a staging point for an attack on Florida. American Enlightenment reason sense. Science, not superstition became normal thinking.
  • Chesapeake Colonies

    Chesapeake Colonies
    The Chesapeake Colonies were the Colony and Dominion of Virginia, later the Commonwealth of Virginia, and Province of Maryland. James 1 of England died 1625 he was Protestant. George Calvet- Lord Baltimore converted to Catholicism. It had a religiously free colony. Maryland was named after kings wife. Cecil Calvert 'New lord Baltimore" it inherited his fathers title and become property. They required settlers to have prisoners.
  • Triangular Trade

    Triangular Trade
    18th Century life continued they had luxury goods. Colonists became anglicized. Emulation of English society. They were good with agriculture. English manor houses state houses and churches.The best-known triangular trading system is the transatlantic slave trade, that operated from the late 16th to early 19th centuries, carrying slaves. cash crops, and manufactured goods between West Africa, Caribbean or American colonies and the European colonial powers.
  • Middle Atlantic

    Middle Atlantic
    They traded with Europe they ha agriculture small manufacturing industry mixed religiously and ethnically diverse. the middle colonies presented an assortment of religions. The presence of Quakers, Mennonites, Lutherans, Dutch Calvinists, and Presbyterians made the dominance of one faith next to impossible. The middle colonies included Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware.
  • Townshend Act

    Townshend Act
    New taxes on paper, glass, plant, and tea. Nonimportation Movement colonial boycott against British goods women made their own clothes. Tea boycotts British military moving towards coast came from frontier to cities. A series of measures introduced into the English Parliament by Chancellor of the Exchequer Charles Townshend in 1767, the Townshend Acts imposed duties on glass, lead, paints, paper and tea imported into the colonies.
  • John Edwards

    John Edwards
    John Edwards consumer-oriented society people are like spiders hanging over a bit of domination. Many were scared into becoming religious. Elite America Universities founded. College of New Jersey (Princeton), Rhode Island college (brown) queens. They changed colonial America society. First inter colonial event by preacher George Whitfield preaching preaching gospel.
  • Coercive Acts

    Coercive Acts
    They closed parts of Boston did away with Massachusetts colonial character. Restricted or eliminated Massachusets political institution allowed quartering of troops housing, not execution. British soldiers tried crimes outside of colonies. They were meant to punish the American colonists for the Boston Tea Party and other protests. Like the Stamp Act and the Townshend Acts, the Intolerable Acts pushed the colonists toward war with Great Britain.
  • Continental Congress

    Continental Congress
    Colonial leaders were concerned all colonies except Georgia sent representatives. Denounced the intolerable acts recommended the boycott of British goods. Patrick Henry warned of coming conflict. "Give me liberty or death". The First Continental Congress, which was comprised of delegates from the colonies, met in 1774 in reaction to the Coercive Acts, a series of measures imposed by the British government on the colonies in response to their resistance to new taxes.
  • Lexington

    Redcoats meet militia in Lexington "shot heard around the world" British march concord they met better-organized militias. Guerilla warfare. The significant victory for colonists. Rebellion in full swing. Disarming Williamsburg. The Americans won the battle. The British retreated back to Boston. The Battle of Concord proved to the British that the American army was not just a band of unorganized rebels, but an army that deserved respect.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Battle of Bunker Hill
    Charles town Massachusetts across from Boston British will fall. Costly battle Colonists not easy to defeat. Olivio branch petition hopes for peace continental congress sent a petition to king rejection support for a revolution. the British defeated the Americans at the Battle of Bunker Hill in Massachusetts. Despite their loss, the inexperienced colonial forces inflicted significant casualties against the enemy, and the battle provided them with an important confidence boost.
  • The declaration of independence

    The declaration of independence
    The independence is not as an option only choice. Colonies declared United and Independence states. Thomas Jefferson charged with writing the draft. Completed on July 2 but signed on the 4th. Most grievances against British they avoided anti monochord sentiment. Looking for Europeans allies.
  • Articles of Confederations

    Articles of Confederations
    Confederation Congress they were weak they could not force taxation. They relied on requisitions laying claim to property. States did not comply. The Continental Congress adopted the articles of confederation the first constitution of the United States on November 15, 1777. However, ratification of The Articles of Confederation by all thirteen states did not occur until March. The major downfall of the AOC was simply weakness. The federal government under the Articles was too weak.
  • War in the south

    War in the south
    British focus all attention to the south loyalists in south the south made more valuable with crops. The north was not economically important. The British Campaign In the south. The southern theater of the American Revolutionary war was the central area of operations in the North America in the second half of the American Revolutionary war. The British Move south. With the French now involved, the British still believing that most southerners were loyalist.
  • Massachusetts constitution

    Massachusetts constitution
    The 1780 Constitution of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts by John Adams. It served as a model for the United States constitution which was written in 1787 and became effective in 1789. The United States Constitution has also influenced international agreements and charters including the Universal declaration of human rights.
  • Problems with the British

    Problems with the British
    British kept the forts, they did not live up to the Treaty of Paris in 1783. The natives were not represented in the Treaty of Paris 1783. The Americas and natives continued to fight, and the Spanish denied access to others from the Mississippi river. Spanish did not tray with the U.S
  • Zach Taylor

    Zach Taylor
    Zachary Taylor (1784-1850) served in the army for some four decades, commanding troops in the War of 1812. He became a full-fledged war hero through his service in the Mexican War, which broke out in 1846 after the U.S. annexation of Texas. Elected president in 1848, Taylor entered the White House at a time when the issue of slavery and its extension into the new western territories.
  • Shays Rebellion

    Shays Rebellion
    The rebellion was most serious in Massachusetts, where bad harvests, economics depression, and high taxes threatened farmers with the loss of their farms. The rebellion took its name from the symbolic leader. Daniel Shays of Massachusetts crushed by the rebels in several engagements in the winter of 1787. Never seriously threatened and stability of the United States the rebellion greatly alarmed politicians throughout the nation.
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    Made by Madison the Virginia plan proposed a strong central government composed of three branches legislative executive and judicial. The new Jersey plan was one option as to how the United States would be governed. The plan called for each state to have one vote in congress instead of the number of votes being based on population. The Connecticut plan providing the states with equal representation in the senate and proportional representations in the house of representatives.
  • Bill or rights

    Bill or rights
    They were Anti Federalists James Madison Guarantee individual rights and liberties. The first 10 amendments to the Constitution make up the Bill of rights. Written by James Madison in response to calls from several states for greater constitutional protection for individual liberties the bill of rights lists specific prohibition on governmental power. Numbers three through twelve were adopted by the states to become the Unites States bill of rights effective December 15, 1791.
  • Enlightenment ideals on American in the 18th century

    Enlightenment ideals on American in the 18th century
    The enlightenment included a range of ideas center on reason as the primary and revolutionized the world. It came to advance ideas like liberty progress tolerance fraternity constitutional government and separation of church and state. The Enlightenment was important America because it provided the philosophical basis of the American Revolution. The Enlightenment included a range of ideas centered on reason as the primary source of authority and legitimacy.
  • Election of 1788

    Election of 1788
    It was the first election Washington. God- Like figure it was everyone’s choice. The unites states presidential election of 1788-89 was the first quadrennial presidential election. It was held from Monday December 15 1788. It was conducted under the new Unites States Constitution which had been ratified earlier in 1788. In the election George Washington was unanimously elected for the first of his two terms as president and john Adams became the first vice president.
  • The Constitution

    The Constitution
    Post-revolutionary America article of confederation they were weak also pensions they revolt against US government. Congress couldn’t get anything done. No central government AUTH entity. George Washington parts down rebellion. We are the people of the United States in order to form a more perfect union established justice insure domestic Tranquility provide for the common defense promote the general Welfare and secure the blessing of liberty to ourselves.
  • International Conflicts

    International Conflicts
    Britain at this time still controlled trade, and gave the natives guns we are angry but they are our largest trading partner we cant really do much. The Spain controls the Mississippi and we are harassed by Barbary pirates.
  • Slaves

    Slaves most conflicting topic. How to count them the southern states were (pro slaves) north slaves (anti-slavery). They had compromise 3/5 compromise. the slave trade was crucial to the Industrial Revolution has not stood up to critical evaluation. Most of the wealth of the South came from the crops that the slaves grew.
  • Second party system

    Second party system
    The Second Party System is a name for the political party system in the United States during the 1800s.One was the Democratic Party, led by Andrew Jackson. The other was the Whig Party, started by Henry Clay. Those who opposed Jackson made up the Whig party of members of the National Republican Party. In particular, the Whigs supported the supremacy of Congress over the Presidency and favored a program of modernization, banking, and economic protectionism to stimulate manufacturing.
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    They were Pennsylvania and Kentucky farms. Whiskey economically important earns large profit farmers will all revolt. The whiskey rebellion was a tax protest in the United States beginning in 1791 during the presidency of George Washington. The so-called “whiskey tax” was the first tax imposed on a domestic product by the newly formed federal government. It became law in 1791 and was intended to generate revenue for the war debt incurred during the Revolutionary War.
  • Bank of the United States

    Bank of the United States
    It was a depository for government funds you can make loans also alexander hamilton made this do it can stable Americas currency and economy most private investors were rich by the way it sets off constitutional issues the bank will be chartered.
  • Capital Site

    Capital Site
    The original capital of the United States was New York but it was too corrupted by the British until it was changed to the district of Colombia (Washington DC). Capitol Building, is the home of the United States Congress, and the seat of the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government. It sits atop Capitol Hill at the eastern end of the National Mall in Washington, D.C.
  • Bank of the United States

    Bank of the United States
    The President directors and company of the bank of the revolutions. Establishments of the bank of the united states were part of a three-part expansion of federal fiscal and monetary power along with a federal mint and exercise taxes championed by Alexander Hamilton. First secretary of the Treasury. Hamilton believed a national bank was necessary to stabilize and improve handling of the financial business of the united states government under the newly enacted Constitution.
  • Changes in Communication

    Changes in Communication
    Back In the 1800s during the Industrial Revolution, people had a very limited variety of ways to communicate with each other. One of the most advanced inventions of communication was the printing press until the telegraph was developed. Communication was important because manufacturing was often done in people's homes, using hand tools or basic machines. Industrialization marked a shift to powered, special-purpose machinery, factories and mass production.
  • Prisons

    Penitentiary the prisoners were isolated. Sing Sing (New York). They were housed at night worked during the day. Eastern state penitentiary (Penn). Prisoners thought about past actions. They were constantly watched. The movement to build and provide mental asylums to care for the mentally ill and improve the conditions in prisons for the care of inmates was spearheaded by Dorothea Dix. Prison reform is the attempt to improve conditions inside prisons, establish a more penal system.
  • Jefferson Administration

    Jefferson Administration
    The administration will talk about things like the national debt was being mocked by the federalist because they held a simple demeanor examples are no prompt a circumstances they were all personally attacked and they dressed actually during this time Jefferson will expand west by Louisiana. Jefferson assumed the office after defeating incumbent President John Adams in the 1800 presidential election
  • Alexander Hamilton

    Alexander Hamilton
    He was the founding fathers they had a strong central government they had class diversities. He was an influential interpreter and promoter of the U.S Constitution as well founder of the nation’s financial system the federalists party the Unites States coast guard and the New York post Newspaper. As the first Secretary of the Treasury Hamilton was the main author of the economic policies of the George Washington.
  • Hamilton vs Burr

    Hamilton vs Burr
    Also known as "THE DUEL" burr and Hamilton challenge each other to a duel at the time duels were illegal and burr was VP so this would not look good for him. Burr fatally wounds Hamilton and the next day he dies and becomes an outlaw. Not only was the leader of the federalist lost, federalist ideas too. The Burr–Hamilton duel was fought between prominent American politicians Aaron Burr, the sitting Vice President of the United States, and Alexander Hamilton.
  • Technological benefits of war of 1812

    Technological benefits of war of 1812
    The war embargo innovation in America things that were created with firearms, steam engines, agriculture and mass production of goods. One of the most successful innovation was cotton grin by Eli Whitney. In June 1812, the United States declared war against Great Britain in reaction to three issues. the British economic blockade of France, the induction of thousands of neutral American seamen into the British Royal Navy.
  • Stephen F. Austin

    Stephen F. Austin
    Stephan F. Austin was the "The Father of Texas," Stephen F. Austin established the first Anglo-American colony in the Tejas province of Mexico and saw it grow into an independent republic. He served as a militia officer and was a member of the Missouri territorial legislature from 1814 to 1820. After four years of schooling at Yale College, he returned to Missouri, where he had a mixed career as a storekeeper, manager of the family lead mining business, and director of a failed bank.
  • Changes in Transportation

    Changes in Transportation
    The growth of the Industrial Revolution depended on the ability to transport raw materials and finished goods over long distances. There were three main types of transportation that increased during the Industrial Revolution: waterways, roads, and railroads. Canals were needed for the Industrial Revolution which was creating huge amounts of heavy produce which had to be moved.
  • Panic of 1819

    Panic of 1819
    This was one of Americas worst recession after 1812 there was economic boom but because of the second bank of Americas agriculture pricing dropped because the banks failed economy was bad it was named worst depression in history. The Panic of 1819 was the first major peacetime financial crisis in the United States followed by a general collapse of the American economy persisting
  • Florida

    The United States wanted Florida from Spain and when Jackson attacked and captured Florida forts America made the Adams-Onis treaty where Spain cedes Florida to America and seems Americas claim to louisianna.
  • McCullough vs Maryland

    McCullough vs Maryland
    This was a major supreme court case it gave the federal government power states cannot take the place of the federal government it led the south to a more radical view of states rights. was a landmark decision by the Supreme Court of the United States. The state of Maryland had attempted to impede operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States by imposing a tax on all notes of banks not chartered in Maryland.
  • Missouri Crisis

    Missouri Crisis
    The Missouri Compromise was an effort by Congress to defuse the sectional and political rivalries triggered by the request of Missouri late in 1819 for admission as a state in which slavery would be permitted. The Missouri Compromise is the title generally attached to the legislation passed by the 16th United States Congress on May 8, 1820.
  • Harriet Tubman

    Harriet Tubman
    Harriet Tubman, 100,000 slaves freed between 1830 and 1860 they had personal liberty laws- 9 northern states prohibition and returning slaves. Polarized the country even more neutral northern were forced to pick sides. Free Slaves communities affected. Southern politics in northern life. Uncles Tom Cabin.Harriet Tubman was an American abolitionist, humanitarian, and an armed scout and spy for the United States Army during the American Civil War.
  • Ulysses S. Grant

    Ulysses S. Grant
    Seizes confederate strongholds and railroads. Gave Union control over most Tennessee and Kentucky. Grant captures most of the Mississippi River often the battle of Vicksburg. Union forces captured New Orleans. Deprived the south of its largest city and financing. He was elected as the 18th President of the United States in 1868, serving from 1869 to 1877.
  • Election of 1824

    Election of 1824
    No picked successor they had 4 candidates four of them were John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, Henry clay pragmatism middleman. Jackson wins the popular vote, not the electoral college. Adams Chosen. Jackson was angry and bitter. Count Baragin Adam and clay. John Quincy Adams was elected President on February 9, 1825, after the election was decided by the House of Representatives
  • Presidency of john Q Adams

    Presidency of john Q Adams
    John Quincy Adams was an American statesman who served as a diplomat, United States Senator, member of the House of Representatives, and the sixth President of the United States from 1825. During this time, he negotiated the Adams-Onis Treaty, acquiring Florida for the United States. He became a national war hero after defeating the British in New Orleans during the War of 1812.
  • Education

    Industrialization changes everything. Grades were assigned to students as well as textbooks and instructions and compulsorily attendance. A major reform movement that won widespread support was the effort to make education available to more children. Other places, like Georgia, began closing public schools after 1800, and it was illegal almost everywhere to educate a slave.
  • Election of 1828

    Election of 1828
    The United States presidential election of 1828 featured a rematch between John Quincy Adams. President John C. Calhoun had sided with the Jacksonians, the National Republicans led by Adams, chose Richard Rush as Adams' running mat. The significance of the Election of 1828 was Jackson and the Democratic Party accused John Quincy Adams of engaging in disgraceful politics in order to ensure his victory in the election of 1824.
  • Andrew Jackson

    Andrew Jackson
    Andrew Jackson grew up to be a lawyer and politician during the war of 1812. His bravery in the war gave him fame and turned him into a public figure to the people. He ran for president and lost against John Quincy Adams the election of 1824. Four years later Andrew Jackson ran again for president and became the 7th president. In 1835 Jackson became the only president to completely pay off the Nation Debt fulfilling a long time goal. In his retirement, Jackson remained active.
  • Spoils System

    Spoils System
    The Spoils System replaced bureaucracy with their own supporters. All of Jackson supports were offered a new government position. It was until an act was passed in 1883 due to a civil service reform movement. Its, a practice in which a political party, after winning an election, gives government civil service jobs to its supporters, friends, and relatives as a reward for working toward victory.
  • Temperance Movement

    Temperance Movement
    It was mainly a movement against drinking any alcoholic beverages. They formed a reform movement called the American Temperance Society to reduce the number of alcohol people consumed. They then hired a speaker to explain the negative effects of the alcohol and the movement continues throughout the 10th century.
  • Northern Slavery

    Northern Slavery
    Northern Slavery was not as virtual they worked on fields hands and small farms domestic servants metal workers. Communities of the slaves northern generally disliked slavery. Slave life had slave rebellions they sabotage masters. Families were hard to come by.To the North, slavery was morally wrong & cruel. But, also with the South pushing the expansion of slavery, the North felt as if it was taking more jobs away from the whites.
  • Mormons

    Founded by Joseph Smith who believed Jesus and God told him to restore the true Christian church. He later was told to follow an angel which led Smith to New York where he found golden plates with foreign writings, who only he could translate them. This appealed to farmers and traders. The Mormons believe more on the principal branch of the Latter Day Saint movement of Restorationist Christianity initiated by Joseph Smith in upstate New York during the 1820's.
  • Abolitionist

    The goal of the abolitionist movement was the immediate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation. They were gradual freeing slaves gradually to Africa Liberia they were never popular with African Americans. They had immediatism they were immediate to end slavery. Radical abolitionism was partly fueled by the religious fervor of the Second Great Awakening.
  • Battle of San Jacinto

    Battle of San Jacinto
    Sam Houston surprises Santa Anna less than 20 minutes. Santa Anna was captured. Santa Anna signed a treaty with Mexico. Texas will be an independent nation. Battle of San Jacinto was lead by General Sam Houston, the Texian Army engaged and defeated General Antonio López de Santa Anna's Mexican army in a fight that lasted just 18 minutes. There were more long guns than pistols used at San Jacinto.
  • Iron Plow

    Iron Plow
    Jethro Wood was the inventor of the cast-iron moldboard plow with replaceable parts, the first commercially successful iron moldboard plow. His invention accelerated the development of American agriculture in the antebellum period. John Deere invented the steel plow in 1837 when the Middle-West was being settled. The soil was different than that of the East and wood plows kept breaking.
  • John Wilkes Booth

    John Wilkes Booth
    John Wilkes Booth was an American actor and assassin, who murdered President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. on April 14, 1865. Booth was a member of the prominent 19th-century Booth theatrical family from Maryland and, by the 1860s, was a well-known actor. He was also a Confederate sympathizer, vehement in his denunciation of Lincoln, and strongly opposed to the abolition of slavery in the United States.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    The Trail of Tears was a series of forced removals of Native American nations from their ancestral homelands in the Southeastern United States. The forced relocations were carried out by various government authorities following the passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830.
  • Free Black Communities

    Free Black Communities
    The largest free black communities were in the mid-west and north. Through the north was very lenient with black people there was still segregation in the north, Free- Blacks dealt with discrimination and prejudice especially when they had to compete with immigration for jobs moat were most hostele towards blacks they still had it hard thought they were free.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    Manifest Destiny was a notion of U.s being a continent nation. Jacksonian Democracy for White future in the west. Beliefs in Natives Americans extinction. Manifest Destiny is a term for the attitude prevalent during the 19th century period of American expansion that the United States. This attitude helped fuel western settlement, Native American removal and war with Mexico.
  • Mexican American War

    Mexican American War
    The boarder Zachary Taylor to disputed territory Mexican dispatch attacks Taylor Polk assets for deceleration ofWar. The Americans march from Kansas to call. marked the first U.S. armed conflict chiefly fought on foreign soil. It pitted a politically divided and militarily unprepared Mexico against the expansionist-minded administration of U.S. President James K. Polk.
  • Wilmot Proviso

    Wilmot Proviso
    Wilmot Proviso proposed an American law to ban slavery in territory acquired from Mexico in the Mexican War. was designed to eliminate slavery within the land acquired as a result of the Mexican War (1846-48). The conflict over the Wilmot proviso was one of the major events leading to the American Civil War. The proposed amendment narrowly passed through the House of Representatives and was then defeated in the Senate.
  • Seneca falls Convention

    Seneca falls Convention
    Was it in 1848 in New York. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott. 300 men and women. The American women's rights movement began with a meeting of reformers in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848. Out of that first convention came a historic document, the 'Declaration of Sentiments,' which demanded equal social status and legal rights for women, including the right to vote.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    They set border dispute seized over half of Mexico territory problems to come over slavery. Results of the Mexican American War mainly foresaw issue of slavery growing. The war had begun almost two years earlier, in May 1846, over a territorial dispute involving Texas. The treaty added an additional 525,000 square miles to United States territory. Ended the Mexican-American War in favor of the United States.
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    California Gold Rush was when they found Gold thousands of migrated. 14K in 1849 (1000K at years end). 200K by 1852 they were making it rich Gold was then easy to find. Minning will begin in 1852. During the gold rush, clothing mattered very much because the clothing of a miner was based on his or her ethnicity. The California Gold Rush was the largest mass migration in American history since it brought about 300,000 people to California.
  • Popular Will

    Popular Will
    Popular Will meant they were able to choose. California and Mexico Zachary Taylor fire eaters they were southerners angry over northern aggression cursed. Senate equally divided between slave. The houses had freer each side accused the other at imposition.
  • Metro Policises

    Metro Policises
    By 1850, were sprawling metropolises Industrialization, meaning manufacturing in factory settings using machines plus a labor force with unique, divided tasks to increase production.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Compromise of 1850 was 5 separate bills. California enters as a free state. New Mexico and Utah to decide on slavery. Texas relinquishes dispute westerns lands Federal government took over Texas Debate. Slave Trade banned in Washington D.C. Senator Henry Clay introduced a series of resolutions on January 29, 1850, in an attempt to seek a compromise and avert a crisis between North and South.
  • Election of 1852

    Election of 1852
    Franklin Pierce won election member of young America. Winfield Scott (Whig) lost. Scott allied with anti-slavery Whigs. Whig party started to fall apart. Northern and Southern expansion. Southerners opposed northern. The United States presidential election of 1848 was the 16th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 1848. It was won by Zachary Taylor of the Whig Party, who ran against Lewis Cass of the Democratic Party and former President Martin Van Buren.
  • Confederate States of America

    Confederate States of America
    Jefferson Davis will be president the government will be the same as U.S except for slavery protected. President Buchanan did nothing to stop the South. Critten Compromise proposed reinstituting and extending 36* 30* to the Pacific Ocean for new states. President-Elect Lincoln shot down. On March 11, 1861, the Confederate Constitution of seven state signatories South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas replaced the February 7 Provisional Confederate.
  • Military Leadership

    Military Leadership
    There were hundreds of generals commissioned in the American Civil War on both the Union and Confederate armies. Some, like Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, Ulysses S. Grant and William Tecumseh Sherman are household names. Ulysses S. Grant was the most acclaimed Union general during the American Civil War and was twice elected President. Roughly 1,264,000 American soldiers have died in the nation's wars 620,000 in the Civil War.
  • Peninsula Campaign

    Peninsula Campaign
    Lincoln wanted to take Confederate capital at Richmond 100 miles away from D.C. McClellan Robert E Lee becomes the leader of the army of Northern Virginia. Lee Defeats the union of the second battle of bill run. The Peninsula Campaign of the American Civil War was a major Union operation launched in southeastern Virginia from March through July 1862, the first large-scale offensive in the Eastern Theater.
  • Election 1864

    Election 1864
    United States presidential election of 1864, American presidential election held on Nov. 8, 1864, in which Republican Pres. Abraham Lincoln defeated Democrat George B. McClellan.As the election occurred during the American Civil War, it was contested only by the states that had not seceded from the Union. The two had their differences even then, as this letter from Lincoln to the general indicates. Lincoln later replaced McClellan.
  • Immigration

    Some immigration reasons were for Irish- Potatoe Famine also German- poor harvest & political turmoil. As well with Scandinavians & British economic opportunities. Some of them were Midwest & North - Germans & Scandinavians. Between the Civil War and WWI, the United States experienced a Second Industrial Revolution. A flood of immigrants, eager for jobs, fueled this industrial growth and a population boom in Northern cities.
  • Frederick Douglas

    Frederick Douglas
    Frederick Douglass was an African-American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman.After escaping from slavery in Maryland, he became a national leader of the abolitionist movement in Massachusetts and New York. In his time, he was described by abolitionists as a living counter-example to slaveholders.
  • North-American Native Societies

    North-American Native Societies
    Native American is also known as American Indians they are the indigenous peoples of the United States. The native Americans arrived in the United States about 15,000 years ago.Native Americans were affected by European colonization of the Americas, which began in 1492. Their population had decreased because of diseases, warfare, and slavery. The Native Americans were still suffering during the 20th century to lack of discriminatory government policies.
  • Caribbean Colonies

    Caribbean Colonies
    Pour some sugar on me. Sugar was and is the lifeblood of the region tourism too. The Europeans loved sugar too they used it for everything. Spain, France, England, Holland, all had stakes in the region. They had Islands possessions. Populations of 44,000. Barbados (English possession) it was out the way. Island labor slaves will eventually outnumber whites no legal recourse for slaves.
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    16,000 BCE

    Beginning to Exploration

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    English Colonial Societies

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    Colonial America to 1763

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    The American Industrial Revolution

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    The New Republic

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    Cultural Changes

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    The Age of Jefferson

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    Age of Jackson

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    West Ward Expansion

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    The Civil War