U.S History 1800-1876

Timeline created by tsolmonbaatar
In History
  • The U.S. capital is moved from Philadelphia to Washington, DC.

  • U.S. Congress meets in Washington, DC, for the first time.

  • John Marshall

    John Marshall is appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
  • Thomas Jefferson

    Thomas Jefferson is inaugurated for his first term as President of the United States.
  • US War with Tripoli

    Tripoli declares war against the United States. The United States had refused to pay additional tribute to commerce raiding corsairs from Arabia.
  • Marbury vs Madison

    The United States Supreme Court overturns its first U.S. law in the case of Marbury versus Madison. This case established the Supreme Court's position as an equal member of the three branches of the United States government.
  • Ohio

    Ohio becomes 17th state
  • Louisiana Purchase

    US purchases Louisiana for 15 million from France
  • Lewis and Clark set out from St. Louis, Mo., on expedition to explore the West and find a route to the Pacific Ocean.

  • Michigan

    The Michigan Territory is established.
  • Jefferson President

    Jefferson is inaugurated for second term
  • The National Road

    The first federally funded highway is approved by President Thomas Jefferson with the signing of legislation and appropriation of $30,000
  • Act Banning the Importation of Slaves 1807

    congress passes an act that prohibits the importation of slaves into any port within the confines of the United States from any foreign land
  • The American Fur Company

    The American Fur Company is incorporated by John Jacob Astor.
  • Power of Federal Government

    The Supreme Court of the United States rules that the power of the Federal Government is greater than the power of any individual state
  • James Madison

    James Madison is inaugurated
  • War of 1812

    US declares war on Britain over British interference with American maritime shipping and westward expansion.
  • White House Destroyed

    The White House is burned by British forces upon the occupation of Washington, D.C. during the War of 1812.
  • Railroad Charter

    The first American railroad charter is granted by the state of New Jersey to John Stephens.
  • Indiana

    The territory of Indiana is admitted into the United States of America as the 19th state.
  • James Monroe

    James Monroe becomes 5th President
  • Mississippi

    The United States of America admits its 20th state, Mississippi.
  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    Spain agrees to cede Florida to the US
  • US Flag

    The flag of the United States is officially adopted by Congress with the configuration of thirteen red and white stripes and one star for each state in the union.
  • Panic of 1819

    The first financial crisis in the United States, the Panic of 1819, occurs, leading to foreclosures, bank failures, and unemployment.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    In a speech before Congress, James Monroe announces the Monroe Doctrine, stating the policy that European intervention anyplace in the Americas is opposed and that he would establish American neutrality in future European wars.
  • B and O Railroad

    The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is incorporated and would become the first railroad in the United States to offer transportation for people and commercial goods
  • McCormick invents reap

    Cyrus H. McCormick, the U.S inventor, invented and demonstrated the first commercially successful reaper.
  • Whig Party

    The first convention of the American Whig Party is held in Albany, New York.
  • Texas Declares its independence from Mexico

    texas independence was declared at a convention of delegates from fifty-seven Texas communities at Washington-on-the-Brazos, making them an independent nation free from Mexican rule.
  • Women Own Property

    In Jackson, Mississippi, the first state law allowing women to own property is passed.
  • Mexican War

    Mexican War
    The US declares war on Mexico in an effort to gain California and other territories in Southwest
  • Oregon

    Oregon is admitted to the Union as the 33rd state.
  • 1st Succession in from Union

    South Carolina responds to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President by being the first southern state to secede from the Union.
  • Abraham Lincoln

    Inaugurated to presidency
  • Civil War

    Civil War
    Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina harbor is bombarded for 34 hours by Confederate forces after the U.S. Army commander failed to evacuate, thus starting the four years of conflict and the U.S. Civil War.
  • The Homestead Act

    May 20, 1862 - The Homestead Act is approved, granting family farms of 160 acres to settlers, many of which were carved from Indian territories.
  • Battle of Gettysberg

    The Battle of Gettysburg, on the farm fields of central Pennsylvania, proved to be the "high water mark of the Confederacy"
  • The Gettysburg Address

    Only 272 words long and taking about two minutes to speak, captured the essence of the Civil War as both sacrifice and inspiration.
  • End of Civil War

    General Robert E. Lee, as commander in chief of Confederate forces, surrenders his 27,000 man army to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, effectively ending the four years of Civil War conflict.
  • The Thirteenth Amendment

    The Thirteenth Amendment, abolishing slavery, takes effect.
  • The Great Fire of Chicago

    The fire caused $196 million in damages. It burned 1.2 million acres of land, destroyed 17,450 buildings, killed 250 people, and left 90,000 homeless.
  • National Parks

    The world's first national park is established when President Grant signs legislation enabling the establishment of Yellowstone National Park in the states of Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho.
  • The Great Depression

    An economic depression begins when the New York stock market crashed, setting off a financial panic that caused bank failures.
  • The US Greenback Party

    The U.S. Greenback Party is organized as a political organization by farmers who had been hurt financially in the Panic of 1873
  • The Civil Rights Act

    The Civil Rights Act, giving equal rights to blacks in jury duty and accommodation, is passed by the United States Congress.