The Relationship Between Books, Libraries, and Us.

  • 17,000 BCE

    Cave Paintings In Lascaux

    Cave Paintings In Lascaux
    Original cave paintings dating back to 17,000 years. Discovered 09/12/1940
  • Period: 17,000 BCE to

    Books And Libraries From The Earliest Cave Paintings, To Libraries Of Today

    From the cave paintings discovered in franc dating back to 17,000 to the modern public library in to 21st century.
  • 15,000 BCE

    Mesopotamia

    Mesopotamia
    Early Stone Or Clay Carvings Pre-dating Bamboo Or Rag Paper (China 474-221 BCE) or Papyrus (460-400 BCE)
  • 868 BCE

    The Diamond Sutra

    The Diamond Sutra
    Early Use Of Rag Paper In China (Earliest Dated Printed Book.
  • 749 BCE

    Japanese Concertina Books

    Japanese Concertina Books
    Books written on several pieces of paper glued together and folded alternately one way, then the other like a concertina. (photo is of a recent example)
  • 322 BCE

    The Great Library Of Alexandria

    The Great Library Of Alexandria
    The most celebrated library of the ancient world, established by Ptolemy in 322 BCE, destroyed in 273 CE
  • 883

    Monastic Libraries

    Monastic Libraries
    The rule of St. Benedict of Nursia in the sixth century made the study of Christian literature an obligation for monks. The library Monte Cassino was destroyed in 883, but in the following centuries there were many Benedictine Monasteries, all of which had libraries.
  • 1086

    Scroll To Codex

    Scroll To Codex
    Codex's wouldn't fully replace scrolls for centuries, but eventually the became the most commonly used format, one example being the Domesday Book, the first english census, taken in 1086
  • 1445

    The Gutenberg Bible.

    The Gutenberg Bible.
    While not the first book printed using movable type, it is widely considered the best early example of what would become what we commonly think of as a book.
  • Publishers, Copy Rights and Bookstores.

    Publishers, Copy Rights and Bookstores.
    By the 19th century, as literacy rates rose, so did the culture of publishing, bookstores and copy rights for authors.
  • Literacy In The West

    Literacy In The West
    By the 1890s near universal literacy was achieved in Western Europe, Australia, and The U.S.The demand for books would soon surpass the ability for booksellers and private reading rooms.
  • Circulating And Lending Libraries

    Circulating And Lending Libraries
    Books remained expensive in the nineteenth century, circulating or lending libraries provided access for a fee, eventually public libraries made a comeback as the ruling class realized the the rise in literacy made what the public read a matter of public interest.
  • Public Libraries

    Public Libraries
    Private philanthropy, especially that of Andrew Carnegie funded new libraries all over the U.S. By 1917 he established 1,600 new public libraries. In England Charles Dickens opened the Manchester Free Public Library in 1852.
  • Modern Libraries.

    Modern Libraries.
    The model for modern public libraries remains much the same as it did in the early 20th century. New developments in technology have made public libraries centers for all types of media, from micro film, new recorded media like records, tapes and CDs, and access to the internet. Even ebooks are available.