The history of Australia from "colonization to independence" (1770-1901) SALA; BOUISSOU; PERRIER

  • Captain Cook claims Australia

    Captain Cook claims Australia
    Captain Cook claims Australia for the British.
  • The first penal colony

    The first penal colony
    First colony built in Sydney Cove.
  • The arrival of free settlers.

    The arrival of free settlers.
    First free settlers arrive for a new life in Australia.
  • A new colony on Tasmania

    A new colony on Tasmania
    This new colony is set up for convicts on Tasmania. Free settlers soon follow.
  • The people living in Australia

    The people living in Australia
    By now, about half the people living in Australia were born there.
  • A new province called "Victoria"

    A new province called "Victoria"
    This province has been set up and called to pay tribute to the Queen of England at that time: the Queen Victoria.
  • The discovery of gold in Australia

    The discovery of gold in Australia
    Some gold is discovered in Australia, that's why even more settlers arrive. Population is now nearly half a million.
  • Australian provinces granted 'self-government'

    Australian provinces granted 'self-government'
    Four of the five provinces of Australia granted 'self-government'. They manage most of their own affairs but are still part of the British Empire.
  • Queensland: the last colony created

    Queensland: the last colony created
    Comes into existence Queensland: the last colony to be created.
  • The Australian Federation Convention

    The Australian Federation Convention
    Now over 80% of people in Australia were born there. The six colonies meet to draw up a set of rules about how to run Australia as a united country, independent of Britain.
  • The 'self-government' of the six provinces

    The 'self-government' of the six provinces
    By now all six provinces or territories are 'self-governing'.
  • The 'Commonwealth of Australia'

    The 'Commonwealth of Australia'
    The 'Commonwealth of Australia' comes into existence. All the territories form one 'Federation' with its own Parliament. But the British monarch remains the head of state!