Spain timeline

  • Law of Political Responsibilities

    Law of Political Responsibilities
    Was the law in which they implemented political repression during Francoism
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    Was the name given to the authoritarian regime imposed by General Francisco Franco in Spain after the Civil War.
    ·Anti-liberalism and anti-communism: Franco rejected democracy and communism, he revoked the Constitution of 1931, and in addition communists were considered enemies of the state.
    ·Nationalism, centralism and Catholicism: Franco believed Spain should be unified, centrallised and Catholic rather than culturally and religious diverse.
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    Economic self-sufficiency

    State intervened in the economy, introducing the rationing of basic goods and fixing prices, the INI was foundate and state monopolies were controlled
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    The Tradicional Rural Society

    A programme of indoctrination was designed to promote traditional values which were elected by the state and the Falange controlled it, women occupied a traditional family role again.
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    International isolation

    The victorious Allied powers, including the United States and Great Britain, blocked Spain from participation in the UN because it was a discatorship. Spain was also excluded from the Marshall Plan for the same reason. The UN imposed an economic and diplomatic embargo on Spain as well.
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    International integration

    The Western-Bloc countries became more favorable towards the regime. This was because of the Cold War: they appreciated Franco's anti-communism and also recognised Spain's strategic geographical position.
  • Concordat

    Spain signed a concordat with the Vatican, in which the regime granted the Catholic Church a range of privileges, in return for church support for the regime.
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    Economic development

    The regime became more technocratic, there were Spanish emigrants living around Europe and foreing companies invested in the motor, energy and chemical Spanish industries.
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    The Modern Urban Society

    There was a baby boom during those years, population growth caused rural exouds, and women began to enter the workforce.
  • Franco's death

    Franco's death
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    The Transition

    The transition in Spain was the process that began with the end of the dictatorship of Franco and started to implement the democracy in Spain, it was not a closed period of time but it turns in these dates.
  • Political reform

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    Adolfo Suárez

  • Amnesty law

    Amnesty law
    This law released political detainees from prison, excluding prisoners convicted of terrorist offences.
  • First democratic general election

    First democratic general election
  • Constitution of 1978

    Constitution of 1978
  • Foreign policy during democracy

    -Spain's membership of various international organisations.
    -Ibero.Americna and Euro-Mediterranean summits.
    -International events held in Spain.
    -Spanish participation in conflicts.
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    From 1979 to the present, Spain has experienced the longest period of democracy in its history. Today, Spain is a modern developed country with the same advantages and problems as the other democratic countries that surround it.
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    The problem of terrorism in the democratic Spain

    This terrorist groups killed people
    -ETA: was a terrorist group which called for Vasque independence.
    -GRAPO: was formed as the paramilitary wing of the reconstituted Spanish Communist party.
    -Terra Lliure: this terrorist group called for Catalan independence.
    -Al-Qaeda: was an international Islamic terrorist organisation.
    -AVT: was formed in response to the various terrorist attacks to support the injured and the families of victims of terrorism.
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    Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo

  • Attemp of military coup

    Attemp of military coup
    A group of civil guards entered the Congress of Deputies and took the deputies hostage. The coup failed because the institutions and the monarch did not support it. Also there was a lot of political corruption.
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    Felipe González

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    José María Aznar

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    José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero

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    Mariano Rajoy