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Space Race (1957-1969) ross mcspadden

  • First satellite in space by USSR

    First satellite in space by USSR
    The first ever satellite in space was launched oct. 4th 1957 by the soviets
  • First animal in space by USSR

    First animal in space by USSR
    The first animal to make an orbital spaceflight around the Earth was the dog Laika, aboard the Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2 on 3 November 1957
  • First satellite in space by USA

    First satellite in space by USA
    Explorer 1 became the first successfully launched satellite by the United States when it was sent to space on January 31, 1958
  • Creation of NASA

    Creation of NASA
    The U.S. Congress passes legislation establishing the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), a civilian agency responsible for coordinating America's activities in space, on July 29, 1958. NASA was created in response to the Soviet Union's October 4, 1957 launch of its first satellite, Sputnik I.
  • First animal in space by USA

    First animal in space by USA
    On January 31, 1961, an intrepid chimpanzee called Ham was launched on a rocket from Cape Canaveral in the United States, and returned to Earth alive. In this process, he became the first hominid in space
  • First man in space by USSR

    First man in space by USSR
    On April 12, 1961, Gagarin was launched into orbit by a Vostok rocket and became the first man in space. After completing one orbit, the spacecraft's automatic controls brought him safely back to Earth.
  • First man to orbit Earth by USSR

    First man to orbit Earth by USSR
    After all, Alan Shepard paved the way for American astronauts on May 5, 1961, while Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin stole a march by rocketing into Earth orbit a few weeks earlier on April 12.
  • First man in space by USA

    First man in space by USA
    On May 5, 1961, Alan B. Shepard became the first American in space during a suborbital flight aboard his Mercury capsule named Freedom 7.
  • JFK's speech and commitment to getting to the moon

    JFK's speech and commitment to getting to the moon
    Speaking to Congress and the nation at the joint session of Congress on May 25, 1961, President Kennedy said : "I believe that this Nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to Earth."
  • First man to orbit Earth by USA

    First man to orbit Earth by USA
    Glenn, Jr., (born July 18, 1921, Cambridge, Ohio, U.S.—died December 8, 2016, Columbus, Ohio), the first U.S. astronaut to orbit Earth, completing three orbits in February 20th 1962
  • First man to do an EVA by USSR

    First man to do an EVA by USSR
    The first EVA was performed on March 18, 1965, by Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov, who spent 12 minutes and 9 seconds outside the Voskhod 2 spacecraft
  • Gemini 3

    Gemini 3
    Gemini 3 was the first crewed mission in NASA's Gemini program and was the first time two American astronauts flew together into space. On March 23, 1965, Gus Grissom, and john young
  • First man to do an EVA by USA

    First man to do an EVA by USA
    The first American spacewalk was performed on June 3, 1965, by Ed White from the second crewed Gemini flight, Gemini IV, for 21 minutes.
  • Gemini 7

    Gemini 7
    Frank F. Borman II; James A. Lovell Jr
    Gemini 7 was a 1965 crewed spaceflight in NASA's Gemini program. It was the fourth crewed Gemini flight, the twelfth crewed American spaceflight, and the twenty-first crewed spaceflight including Soviet flights and X-15 flights above the Kármán line.
    Gemini 6 was to have been the first flight involving docking with an Agena target/propulsion stage. However the Agena blew up on the way to orbit, and the spacecraft was replaced by Gemini 7 in the launch order
  • Gemini 6

    Gemini 6
    Gemini 6A (officially Gemini VI-A) was a dec 15th 1965 crewed United States spaceflight in NASA's Gemini program. The mission, flown by Wally Schirra and Thomas P.
    This was the first successful controlled reentry to a predetermined point in the U.S. manned spaceflight program. The spacecraft and crew were brought aboard the aircraft carrier U.S.S
  • Apollo 1 fire

    Apollo 1 fire
    on jan 27 1967 The ignition source of the fire was determined to be electrical, and the fire spread rapidly due to combustible nylon material, and the high pressure, pure oxygen cabin atmosphere. Rescue was prevented by the plug door hatch, which could not be opened against the internal pressure of the cabin killing Gus Grissom; Edward H. White II; Roger B. Chaffee
  • Apollo 7

    Apollo 7
    Apollo 7 was the first crewed flight in NASA's Apollo program, and saw the resumption of human spaceflight by the agency after the fire that killed the three Apollo 1 astronauts during a launch rehearsal test on January 27, 1967. Wally Schirra, Donn Eisele and Walt Cunningham
  • Apollo 8

    Apollo 8
    Dec 21, 1968 – Dec 27, 1968 Apollo 8 was the first crewed spacecraft to leave low Earth orbit, and also the first human spaceflight to reach another astronomical object, namely the Moon, which the crew orbited without landing, and then departed safely back to Earth. Frank F. Borman II; James A. Lovell Jr. William A. Anders
  • Apollo 9

    Apollo 9
    Mar 3, 1969 – Mar 13, 1969 Apollo 9 was the third human spaceflight in NASA's Apollo program. Flown in low Earth orbit, it was the second crewed Apollo mission that the United States launched via a Saturn V rocket, and was the first flight of the full Apollo spacecraft: the command and service module with the Lunar Module.
    James A. McDivitt; David R. Scott; Russell L. Schweickart
  • Apollo 10

    Apollo 10
    May 18, 1969 – May 26, 1969
    Apollo 10 was a human spaceflight, the fourth crewed mission in the United States Apollo program, and the second to orbit the Moon. It was the F mission: a "dress rehearsal" for the first Moon landing, testing all the components and procedures just short of actually landing. Thomas P. Stafford; John W. Young; Eugene A. Cernan
  • Apollo 11

    Apollo 11
    Jul 16, 1969 – Jul 24, 1969
    Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that first landed humans on the Moon. Commander Neil Armstrong and lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin formed the American crew that landed the Apollo Lunar Module Eagle on July 20, 1969, at 20:17 UTC.
    Neil A. Armstrong; Michael Collins; Edwin E. Aldrin Jr.