Slavery: The Peculiar Institution

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    Slavery: The Peculiar Institution

  • Hereditary Slavery Law

    This Virginia law decreed that slavery is hereditary, cementing slaves' status and ensuring its continuation.
    Although many historians believe Lincoln was against slavery, and while his personal opinion may have mirrored that, his political actions disagreed; he did not believe that blacks should have full equality with whites, took a politically neutral stance on presiding over a slave union, and geared his political actions towards a white audience.
  • First Slave Revolt

    The first documented slave uprising occured, indicating slave's discontent with their status.
  • Bacon's Rebellion

    White indentured servants and black slaves come together to fight and show their support of Bacon's Rebellion
  • Rice Cultivation Spreads to California

    Rice cultivation spread from the Carolinas over to California, upping slave importation dramatically.
  • The Virginia Slave Code

    Slave status is codified by the Virginia Slave Code, stating all non-Christian servants entering the Virginia colony to be slaves. Slaves after this code were recognized as real estate, forbade slaves and free blacks from assulting whites, gave slaves no right to bear arms or move out of the country without written permission and acquit masters who killed their own slaves.
  • New York Slave Revolt

    An alleged slave revolt in New York City in 1712. Eighteen blacks were executed after this, and nine whites were killed in the violence.
  • Spanish Indecision

    The Spanish reverse a 1730 decision that slaves freeing from Florida and North Carolina will be sold or returned.
  • South Carolina Slaves Rebel

    Slaves in Stono, South Carolina revolt; burning an armory and kiling whites in their path. Before the slaves are able to make it to Florida and freedom, the colonial militia halts them.
  • First Separate Black Church

    The first Separate Black Church is founded in South Carolina.
  • First Successful Freedom Case

    Mum Bett and another Massachusetts slave successfully sue their master for their own freedom.
  • Northwest Ordinance

    The Northwest Ordinance is brought into effect in the Northwest Territory, and later Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, and Wisconsin. This ordinance forbids slavery, except as criminal punishment.
  • Three-Fifths Clause

    New Hampshire becomes the ninth state to ratify the constitution, therefore making it law of the nation. The constitution included the three-fifths clause, which listed every slave as three-fifths a person for congressional representation and tax purposes.
  • The Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney gains a patent on his cotton gin, improving cotton production. This made slaves more marketable and increased their economic value.
  • New Jersey's Gradual Emancipation

    Several states, including New Jersey, enact laws designed to emancipate slaves slowly, therefore putting less of a shock on society.
  • US Constitution Bans the Slave Trade

    The Constitution allowed the federal government to halt the Atlantic Slave Trade beginning in 1808. Although this did not prohibit slavery itself, it began the government's movement in that direction.
  • American Colonization Society

    The American Colonization Society is founded under Lincoln's idea that recolonization of free blacks in Africa would help solve America's problems with slavery.
  • The Missouri Compromise

    Slavery is outlawed north of Missouri's southern border by th Missouri Compromise. Under these same terms, Missouri is listed as a slave state in the union, and Maine is amitted to the union as a free state.
  • An Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World

    David Walker publishes his outspoken, widely read attack against slavery in Boston, MA.
  • Southampton Protest

    A pseudo 'divinely' inspired enslaved black Baptist preacher, Nat Turner, leads a vehemently violent protest in Southampton, Virginia. A minimum of 57 whites are killed in the process. This event would later be known by Nat Turner's Revolt.
  • Anti-Slavery Society Convention

    New York City hosts its first meeting of the Anti-Slavery Convention, composed entirely of women.
  • Prigg v. Pennsylvania

    U.S Supreme Court rules that the Fugitive Slave law of 1793 is constitutional, but state 'personal liberty' laws enforce unconstitutional demands of slave owners. The federal government decides it is their responsibility, not the states' to enforce the Fugitive Slave Law.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    A series of violent anti-slavery political movements in the United States. Led to the decision that slavery would be decided by popular sovereignty.
  • Civil War

    The United States Civil War officially begins when Confederate troops fire on Fort Sumter. The war was fought over a number of social issues, including slavery.
  • The Emancipation Proclamation

    Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation officially freed all slaves within the United States. This was more of a formality than an enforced law.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    The 13th amendment officially outlawed slavery in the United States of America.
  • Dred Scott v. Sanfprd

    The Surpreme Court decided, whether slavery be legal or illegal in a specific state a slave is residing in, they still couldn't stand court in a court of law because they could not become American citizens. Roger B. Taney was presiding over this case, and thought that ruling this would decide slavery forever. This decision is widely regarded, nearly unanimously, as one of the worst supreme court decisions to date.