Shogunate Japan

  • Period: 709 to 1184

    Asuka Period / Heian Period

  • Period: Jul 1, 709 to

    Japan Under the Shoguns

  • Jan 1, 1192

    The First Shogun

    The First Shogun
    In 1185 Minamoto Yoritomo gained military control over Japan. Seven years later he assumed title of shogun and established Japan's first shogun or bakufu (meaning 'tent government').
  • Period: 1192 to 1333

    Kamakura Shogunate

  • Period: 1333 to 1336

    Kenmu Restoration

  • May 10, 1333

    Kenmu Restoration (1333-1336)

    The Kenmu Restoration is the name given to the three-year period between the Kamakura period and the Muromachi period, and the events happened in-between. The restoration was an effort made by Emperor Go-Daigo to bring the Imperial House back into power, thus restoring a civilian government after almost a century and a half of military rule. The restoration failed and was replaced by the Ashikaga Shogunate .This was the last time the Emperor had any power until the Meiji restoration of 1867.
  • Period: 1336 to 1573

    Ashikaga Period / Muromachi Period

  • May 1, 1467

    The Beginning of the Onin War - Picture [The Marker of the Origin Point of the War]

    The Beginning of the Onin War - Picture [The Marker of the Origin Point of the War]
    May 1467, a civil war called the Onin War broke out in Japan. The country was divided between many feudal lords.
    The Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa ran the country. When he had no children, he chose his younger brother as his heir. Then the shogun had a son. He wanted to make his son his heir, but his brother still wanted to become the shogun.
  • May 2, 1467

    More on the Onin War

    Two advisors to the shogun; Yamana Sozen and his son-in-law Hosokawa Katsumoto took opposing sides over the conflict. Hosokawa backed the brother and Yamana backed the son. The fighting began when the Hosokawa family attacked the Mansion of Isshkiki, who was one of the Yamana generals. Soon the two families were at war. The Mongol invasion allowed Chinese weapons to leak into Japan. There are records of exploding arrows launched from catapults and fire spears.
  • May 1, 1477

    The End of the Onin War.

    As it continued, the war spread to neighbouring provinces which then joined the fight. Where the families had fought mobs of people moved in and looted, this ended up leaving the imperial capital in ruins. Yamana and Hosokawa both died in 1473, but by then the cause of the war was forgotten.
  • 1543

    Portugese Arrive In Japan

    Portugese Arrive In Japan
    In 1543 the first Europeans made their way to Japan. The Portuguese arrived at the southern tip of Tanegashima where they introduced fire arms to the local population. Within a year, Japanese smiths were able to reproduce the mechanism and began to mass produce the Portuguese weapons.
  • 1549

    Introduction to Christianity

    A Jesuit missionary called Francis Xavier arrived in Japan in 1549 and introduced the Christian religion to Japan. At this time Japan already had a dominate religion, which was a combination of Shinto and Buddhism. The Japanese were able to incorporate this other religion because neither Shinto nor Buddhism disallows other religions.
  • Christianity Banned in Japan

    In 1587 Toyotomi Hideyoshi put a ban on Christianity. At this time, the rulers of Japan were fearful of invasion. As a precautionary measure, all contact with the outside world was cut. new laws prevented any Japanese from leaving Japan and no foreigner was allowed into Japan. The ban on Christianity lasted for about 250 years.
  • Invasions of Korea

    Invasions of Korea
    In April 1592 Toyotomi Hideyoshi launched invasion with the intent of conquering both Korea (Joseon Dynasty) and China (Ming Dynasty). Japan quickly captured large areas of the Korean Peninsula. But the Korean Seonjo of Joseon escaped to Uiju and requested help from China. With China and Korea's forces combined they were able to defeat the Japanese.
  • Period: to

    Tokugawa Shogunate / Edo Period

  • Perry Expedition (Visit 1) Opening of Japan.

    Perry reached Uraga at the entrance to Edo Bay in Japan on 8 July 1853. His fleet consisted of four vessels: Susquehanna, Mississippi, Plymouth and Saratoga. As he arrived, Perry ordered his ships to steam past Japanese lines towards the capital of Edo, and position their guns towards the town of Uraga. He fired 73 blank shots 'in celebration of American Independence Day.' After a few days they were allowed to hand a letter from President Filmore to the Japanese leaders.
  • Perry Expedition (Visit 2)

    By the time of Perry’s return, the Tokugawa shogunate had decided to accept almost all the requests in Fillmore’s letter. However, negotiators procrastinated for weeks over the site. Perry got mad and threatened to bring 100 ships to Japan (more than the actual size of the US Navy at the time). Perry landed on 8 March with 500 sailors and Marines. After 3 weeks of negotiations, on 31 March, Perry signed the Convention of Kanagawa which opened the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to American ships.
  • Christianity Re-Emerges

    When the isolation of Japan came to an end in the mid 1800s, Christianity again began to re-emerge. It became clear that Christianity was being practiced in secret during Japan, although there was nothing they could have done about that. Today there are less than 1 million Christians in Japan, a country with 127 million people.