romantic era (1820-1900)

Timeline created by Miguelzacarias
In Music
  • Franz Schubert (1797-1828)

    Franz Schubert (1797-1828)
    Schubert was born in Vienna, Austria. he was pressured by his parents to find a career in teaching, but he joined a small group of writers, artists, and other musicians that organized concerts where young composers could debut their new works. schubert had a difficult time publishing his works, and would often sell songs for cheap. Schubert died at the age of 31 with the dying wish of being buried near Beethoven. during his career, Schubert wrote over 600 lieder, 9 symphonies, and 7 masses
  • Hector Berlioz(1803-1869)

    Hector Berlioz(1803-1869)
    Born in southern France, Berlioz was expected to follow in his father's footsteps as a physician but followed his dream of studying music. in 1930 he won the Prix de Rome, which led to the opportunity oof working in Italy and that same year he wrote the Symphonie Fantastique. his works include three operas and nine works for solo voice and orchestra
  • Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel (1805-1847)

    Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel (1805-1847)
    Fanny Mendelssohn, born in Berlin, Germany in 1805, sibling of Felix Mendelssohn. Fanny learned the piano from her mother and studied music theory and composition with Carl Zelter. because of her gender, her father discouraged her to follow a career in music. so in 1829, Fanny married Wilhelm Hensel, a renowned court artist. fanny continued to make music every Sunday until she died of a stroke on May 13th, 1847.
  • Felix Mendelssohn(1809-1847)

    Felix Mendelssohn(1809-1847)
    born in Hamburg, Germany. Mendelssohn was already directing orchestras at the age of 17, specifically performing his overture to a midsummer night's dream. at twenty-six, Mendelssohn became the conductor for the Gewandhaus Orchestra, and later founded the conservatory, Leipzig. Felix died six months after the death of his sister Fanny Mendelssohn. over his career Mendelssohn wrote over five symphonies, two piano concertos, and two oratorios.
  • Robert Schumann (1810-1856)

    Robert Schumann (1810-1856)
    Schumann was born in Zwickau, Germany where he studied law, but soon gave up so he could continue his passion for music. when Schumann suffered an injury to his right hand, he surrendered his dream of becoming a pianist so he could become a composer. later marrying pianist, Clara Weick who would be the first interpreter of Schumann's work. Schumann died of syphilis at the age of 46. throughout his career, Schumann wrote over 200 Lieder, four symphonies, and a piano concerto.
  • Frederic Chopin(1810-1849)

    Frederic Chopin(1810-1849)
    Chopin was born in Warsaw, Poland, and studied at the conservatory of Warsaw, and then left for Paris in 1831. the group Chopin surrounded himself around was a group of some of the most famous composers, writers, and artists in France. Chopin died at the age of 39 from tuberculosis. throughout his career he wrote two piano concertos, four ballades, three sonatas, and more.
  • Period: to

    romantic era

  • Minstrelsy

    Minstrelsy
    Minstrel shows were a form of entertainment done by white Americans in blackface which painted false realities of what slave life was like on plantations. Minstrelsy was a way that music was popularized in the 1800s.
  • Program music

    Program music
    program music was a turn away from absolute music. This presentation of music became more common as musicians became more conscious of the connection between music and the world around them. this brought music closer to poetry and painting and helped composers relate their music to the moral and political issues of their time.
  • Johannes Brahms (1833–1897)

    Johannes Brahms (1833–1897)
    Brahms was born in Hamburg, Germany. he began performing on the piano at the age of 10, eventually Brahms moved in with Robert Schumann and his wife because Schumann saw the potential of Brahms as a leader. the death of Brahms's mother leads him to write the german requiem. over his career, he wrote over four symphonies and four concertos.
  • saxophone

    Adolphe sax develops the saxophone
  • civil war

    the beginning of the civil war in America erupts