Period 2 AOC through Federalist Era Timeline

Timeline created by jeffrey.fowler
In History
  • Articles of Confederation: State Powers

    Articles of Confederation: State Powers
    The three powers that were given the states were proposing amendments, electing Congress members, and to maintain the state militia.
  • The Articles of Confederation

    The Articles of Confederation
    Because of the A.O.C the National Government has the power to borrow money, issue coins, make treaties,settle conflict among states.
  • AOC: Powers Not Given to National Government

    4 Powers/positions not given to the national government through the AOC include not having a president, not able to force states to pay taxes, there was no judicial branch and there was no president or executive branch.
  • Conspiracy against Congress 3/1783

    On the morning of March 15, 1783, made everyone mad because of Congress's long standing inability to meet its financial obligations to the military. There was a talking of marching against congress with forces, but the letter of complaint sent out no other specific threats. Washington's role in the Conspiracy against Congress was voicing the letter of complaints for others to fully aware everything and the description of the letter, by George Washington stopping the attack.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    This treaty ended the American Revolution and recognized American Independence. In this treaty, Great Britain agreed to the US's new borders. They also acknowledged the US's right to trade and settle outside of its border.
  • The Ordinance of 1785

    The ordinance of 1785 was an ordinance that which set up a system where people could purchase land in the undeveloped west. Thomas jefferson tried creating a better system of surveying the lands to avoid problems with boundaries. The basic unit of ownership was to be the township, and each township was divided into 36 sections each being 1 square mile.
  • Shays's Rebellion

    Revolutionary War veterans were angry that their land was being taken from them. This happened because they were never paid for their time during the war and couldn't pay their debts. This caused months of violent conflict that the national government was powerless to stop. Fearful that this unrest could spread, influential citizens, like George Washington, called a Constitutional Convention to change the Articles of Confederation.
  • The Virginia Plan

    The Virginia Plan
    There were two houses of representatives in the legislative branch. The number of representatives from each state were determined by the state size. The larger states had more representatives than the smaller states. The Virginia Plan would make a strong Executive branch. This plan gave alot of power to the National Government.
  • The New Jersey plan

    The New Jersey plan
    The New Jersey plan was a proposed structure for the U.S government.The government would be made up of 3 branches legislative, judicial, and executive. It included two houses of Congress instead of one. The Executive branch was chosen by Congress, would serve a single term, and was subject to recall on request of state governors.All states had equal representation which made the larger states not as powerful.
  • 3/5th Compromise

    3/5th Compromise
    The ⅗ compromise was a debate over whether representation also involved regional differences. The southerners wanted enslaved Africans to be counted as part of the population of their states so that they could have more representatives and more power in Congress. The Northerners wanted slaves to determine taxes, not for representation. A solution included that ⅗ of the slaves in each state as part of that state’s population to decide how many representatives a state would have.
  • Northwest Ordinance

    Northwest Ordinance
    This ordinance was established for the Northwest territory in order to form a political system there. In this area it had the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. This ordinance made by Congress allowed the states to be split into smaller territories who can form their own constitution when they reach a population of 60,000. The law also protected civil freedoms and gave public education, it also banned slavery (although slavery would continue to be an issue).
  • The Great Compromise

    The Great Compromise
    The Great Compromise of 1787 was an agreement that the legislative branch would have two houses. Regardless of the size of the state, each Senate, upper house would have two representatives. And in the House of Representatives, the amount of representatives would depend on the states’ population. This idea was proposed by Roger Sherman.
  • Slave Trade Compromise

    Slave Trade Compromise
    The northern states’ wanted the government to have the power to regulate commerce.
    The southern states’ economies thought they needed the slave trade so they wanted to keep it in action.
    Congress couldn’t prohibit the slave trade until 1808, but imported slaves could be taxed.
  • The Antifederalists

    The Antifederalists
    The Antifederalists were a group of people who opposed the Constitution. They believed many things including:
    Valued American liberty over American union
    Angry that the Constitution didn’t have a section that guaranteed individual’s rights and gave too much power to the central gov.
    Some of the most famous Anti-federalists are James Monroe, George Mason, Patrick Henry, and Samuel Adams. Thomas Jefferson was a federalist, but recommended the Bill of Rights to please the Anti-federalists.
  • Federalists

    Federalists believed that a strong central government was needed to protect the rights of the people. They supported the ratification of the Constitution. Famous federalists were James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin, and George Washington
  • Bill of Rights Debate

    Bill of Rights Debate
    In the Bill of Rights debate, the Federalists and Anti-federalists were debating. The Supporters’ Viewpoint, or the (Anti-federalists): wanted protections that the Constitution couldn’t give.
    The Convention's Decision, or the (Federalists): refused to have the bill of rights, AT ALL!
    The reasoning for the decision was that they --the Federalists-- thought that the Bill of Rights was not necessary, and the separation of powers and checks and balances already provided the needed protections.
  • ratifying the constitution

    The first state to be ratified was delaware on December/ 7/ 1787 ,but for the government to succeed two states had to be ratified. New York and virginia because they had the most people ,but the least amount of states needed to be ratified was 9.
  • George Washington's First Cabinet

    George Washington's First Cabinet
    George Washington chose Alexander Hamilton as secretary of the treasury, Thomas Jefferson as secretary of state, Henry Knox as secretary of war, and Samuel Osgood as postmaster General.
  • Judiciary Act of 1789

    Judiciary Act of 1789
    This was an act establish the Judicial courts of the United States. Article lll of the Constitution established a Supreme Court. However, the authority was left to Congress to create the lower courts.
  • Hamilton's Financial Plan

    Hamilton had a plan with 3 steps. The steps were to pay all debts, pass a tariff for revenue, and create a national bank and mint. Thomas Jefferson disagreed as he thought the system cheated the bondholders who sold their bonds at low prices. States such as North Carolina and Virginia were against it because they didn’t want to have to pay other states debts. The compromise was for Hamilton to convince the North to move the capital. Once they moved the capital the south agreed to the plan.
  • Federalists vs. Democratic-Republicans

    Federalists believed that the Constitution gave the federal government implied powers that they could use to accomplish their named powers. Democratic-Republics believed that the federal government was limited to what the Constitution specifically named it could do. Federalists believed that well-educated people were better equipped to run the government while Democratic-Republics believed that government should be run by normal citizens.
  • National Bank and Tariffs

    Hamilton wanted to establish a national bank, where the government would be able to safely deposit money into it. He also had the idea to create a national mint, which is a place to make coins, so the U.S could have their own currency. Many agreed with the idea because it would allow the government to make loans to the government and businesses. However, people also thought they shouldn't do this because it would give the government too much power and it goes against the constitution.
  • Proclamation of Neutrality

    Proclamation of Neutrality
    The Proclamation of Neutrality made it so that America would not take sides in any war for any European country (France and Great Britain). This Proclamation was made because Washington believed it is the safest choice for our country whether the citizens agree with it or not.
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    At first the farmers’ complaints on the tax were peaceful protests in western Pennsylvania, but eventually they started to not pay the tax on whiskey. After that, they tarred and feathered the tax collectors to threaten the Government's authority. In the end, George Washington could no longer be passive and started to lead an army of 13,000. Washington then made the rebels flee, which officially ended the Whiskey Rebellion. This showed the citizens, the power of the president and Congress.
  • Interaction with Native Americans- Little Turtle and NW Territory, Battle of Fallen Timbers

    Little Turtle and his tribe attacked and defeated U.S forces twice. General Anthony Wayne troops built fort Greenville and in the summer of 1794 several indian groups attacked. In response General Wayne and his men attacked the Native American towns and burned their crops. As a result, the treaty of Greenville gave the United States a claim to most of the indian lands in the Northwest territory. In exchange to this treaty the Native Americans received $20,000.
  • Jay's Treaty

    To stay out of a war between France and Great Britain, this treaty was made. In the treaty, Great Britain promised to honor our borders and remove troops from forts in our NW territory.
  • Pinckney's Treaty

    American Businesses faced problems and Spain kept pushing against the border between the US and Florida as well as closing American trade in New Orleans. Pinckney proposed a treaty that allowed New Orleans trade, allowed American deposits and set borders between the US and Spain
  • Election of 1796

    The election of 1796 was between the Federalist Party and the Democratic-Republican the candidates being John Adams, Thomas Pinckney , Thomas Jefferson, Aaron Burr with John Adams becoming president and Thomas Jefferson being vice president
  • XYZ Affair

    The xyz affair was when john adams became president and how his first order of business involved france and the foreign minister and how the foreign minister wanted 25,000 dollars and a 12,000,000 dollar loan to discuss a peace treaty.
    Adam's’ reaction to this was a refusal and he was going to go to war and just before congress was about to declare war he said no because he was worried about the cost and instead he tried to do more peace talks with France.
  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    Laws set that protect the USA one law was controversial and it was called the Sedition act. It meant that it cancelled basic protections of freedom of speech and freedom or press. Legislative responses to Democratic-Republicans and states’ rights by ruling these acts “misuse of the Government” and made the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions which stated the Federal Government could not pass laws like this because they messed with the state government.
  • Peace with France

    After the XYZ Affair, President Adams asked for Congress to start preparing for war. But, he sent representatives to make peace with France. In this agreement, France promised to stop seizing our ships and sailors. Some of the Federalists agreed with Adams, while others wanted war. This split the Federalist party and hurt their chances to win future elections.