Neo-Romantic: 1890-1930

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In Music
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    Gabriel Faure

    A romantic era composer who foreshadowed modern day tonality and was a heavily influential teacher.
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    Leos Janacek

    This composer was heavily influenced by folk music and arranged many folk pieces during his day.
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    John Philip Sousa

    American composer who was a leader of the US Marine Band in 1880.
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    Ernst Chausson

    French composer influenced by Wagner and Franck.
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    Giacomo Puccini

    Italian composer who is credited for his work with melodies and realism. He wrote 10 operas and is considered the most famous composer after Verdi
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    Hugo Wolf

    Composer influenced by Wagner who mostly wrote Lieder.
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    Claude Debussy

    French composer that is seen by some as the first Impressionist composer
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    Richard Strauss

    Composer of tone poems and first modern operas. Considered a maximalism composer.
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    Alessandro Glazunov

    Considered one of the last Russian nationalists.
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    Charles Ives

    A composer who innovated atonality.
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    Arnold Schoenberg

    Father of 12 tone music and the teacher of Webern and Berg.
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    Alban Berg

    Student of Arnold Schoenberg. Used expressive language and was often atonal in his composition.
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    Nadia Boulanger

    French composer who was a sister of Lili Boulanger.
  • Publication of Claude Debussy”s suite bergamasque

    The third movement, Clair de Lune, was inspired by a poem of the same name that was writte by Paul Verlaine I 1869
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    The progressive Era

    This was a widespread era of social activism and reform in many aspects of politics and business.
  • First international copyright law

  • First published volume of Poems by Emily Dickinson

    The first full compilation of poems by Emily Dickinson were not published until 1955 but two of three volumes were published beginning in 1891.
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    Lili Boulanger

    First woman to win the Prix de Rome. French composer whose sister was Nadia Boulanger.
  • Annexation of Hawaii

    President Benjamin Harrison wanted to annex Hawaii after the last monarch was overthrown by white American businessmen. The treaty was blocked by the efforts of a native Hawaiian organization, called the Hawaiian Patriotic League, petitioned the US congress to oppose said treaty. After about a year, Hawaii was officially annexed through the Joint Resolution Act.
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    Francis Poulenc

    A French composer who wrote harmonically charming pieces. He mainly wrote piano music, choral music, concertos, and chamber music.
  • Publication of Je Te Veux

    This is a piece written by Erik Satie. This first publication was for bth voice and piano and the layer versions were a solo for piano only.
  • Publication of Three Pieces for Piano by Nadia Boulanger

  • Composition of Trois Morceaux pour Piano

    Light-hearted piano solo pieces written by Lili Boulanger around the same time of Nadia’s 1914 Three Pieces for Piano.