Music of Black Americans

Timeline created by Race_Records
In Music
  • First Cargo sent to England

    The first cargo of tobacco was sent from the new world to England
  • The White Lion arrives in Point Comfort (now Virginia) with 20 Africans to be sold into slavery

    The White Lion arrives in Point Comfort (now Virginia) with 20 Africans to be sold into slavery
  • The First Large Scale Slave Revolt

    1712 was when the first large scale slave revolt happened in North America. It happened in New York where slaves occupied 10% of the population. They killed 9 white men, and consequently 21 of the revolters were executed.
  • The Stono Rebellion

    It was the largest slave uprising in the colonies that began in South Carolina.
  • "Freedom's Journal" first published in New York

    "Freedom's Journal" first published in New York
    From "What the Music Said":
    "The appearance of "Freedom's Journal" in 1827 signaled the reality of a structured and organized resistance to slavery in the United States among New York blacks. "Freedom's Journal" was in fact the first black newspaper in the United States; its founder and editor, John B. Russwurm, was the first black to graduate from an American college" (p. 9).
  • Start of the Civil War

  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
  • Period: to

    Reconstruction Era

  • Civil Rights Act of 1866

    Civil Rights Act of 1866
    This act declared all male persons born in the United States to be citizens, "without distinction of race or color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude." Johnson vetoed this legislation but the 39th U.S. Congress overturned his veto. https://history.house.gov/Historical-Highlights/1851-1900/The-Civil-Rights-Bill-of-1866/
  • Period: to

    W.E.B. DuBois

  • 14th Amendment passed

    The 14th Amendment granted citizenship to all persons "born or naturalized in the United States," including formerly enslaved people, and provided all citizens with “equal protection under the laws".
  • 15th Amendment Passed

    15th Amendment Passed
    “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/fifteenth-amendment
  • Ku Klux Act

    The Third Force Act is passed and allows Grant to use military force against the Ku Klux Klan.
  • Ida B. Wells: Advocate for Anti-Lynching

    Ida B. Wells: Advocate for Anti-Lynching
    In 1892, she wrote an article about the lynching of an innocent black man; this caused many people to threaten her, so much so that she had to move. She was an activist that faced sexism and racism but still managed a family of four with her husband.
    Link
  • Plessy v Ferguson

    Plessy v Ferguson
    Link text
    U.S. Supreme Court decision that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation under the “separate but equal” doctrine.
  • Scott Joplin Publishes Maple Leaf Ragtime

    Scott Joplin Publishes Maple Leaf Ragtime
  • The New York Race Riot of 1900

    An altercation in the Tenderloin district between a Black man and a police officer began a riot where there were many random violent attacks towards Black people and police brutality. It politicized the black community within New York. New York Riot 1900
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    The establishment of the Dunning School

    Founded by William Dunning who thought reconstruction was the lowest part of American History. Therefore, the education offered demonized Reconstruction.
  • W.E.B Du Bois's "The Souls of Black Folk" published

    W.E.B Du Bois's "The Souls of Black Folk" published
    From "What the Music Said,":
    "The emergence of W.E.B. Du Bois and the publication of his text "The Souls of Black Folk" in 1903 reflected the growing sentiment of a restless constituency ready to challenge the realities of Jim Crow America" (p. 11).
  • NAACP Founded

  • Mamie Smith records first songs with Okeh Records

    Mamie Smith records "That Thing Called Love," and "You Can't Keep a Good Man Down" with Okeh Records.
  • First Blues Song "Crazy Blues" Recorded

    First Blues Song "Crazy Blues" Recorded
    Mamie Smith and the Jazz Hounds recorded "Crazy Blues", the first blues record. Mamie Smith and "Crazy Blues"
  • Tulsa Race Massacre

    Tulsa Race Massacre
    The 1921 Attack on Greenwood was one of the most significant events in Tulsa’s history. Following World War I, Tulsa was recognized nationally for its affluent African American community known as the Greenwood District. This thriving business district and surrounding residential area was referred to as “Black Wall Street.” In June 1921, a series of race events nearly destroyed the entire Greenwood area.
  • Ma Rainey First Album Recorded

  • Billie Holiday - "Strange Fruit"

    Billie Holiday - "Strange Fruit"
    In 1954, Billie Holiday released the song "Strange Fruit" to protest the lynching of African Americans. Starting as a poem (Abel Meeropol, 1937) inspired by a 1930 lynching of two young boys, the song was recorded/sung in 1939.
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  • Jackie Robinson First Game In MLB

    Jackie Robinson becomes the first African American player in Major League Baseball when he steps onto Ebbets Field in Brooklyn to compete for the Brooklyn Dodgers.
    https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/jackie-robinson-breaks-color-barrier
  • Henrietta Lacks | HeLa Cells

    Henrietta Lacks | HeLa Cells
    In 1951, Henrietta Lacks went into a John Hopkins hospital for a check-up where the doctors secretly took and used her cells. After an extraordinary discovery, they used them, resulting in the advancement of medicine.
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  • Marian Anderson, first Black singer signed by Metropolitan Opera

    Marian Anderson, first Black singer signed by Metropolitan Opera
  • Claudette Colvin Refused to give up her seat on the bus

    9 months before Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus, 15 year old Claudette Colvin refused to give up her seat
  • Emmett Till lynched in Mississippi

    Emmett Till lynched in Mississippi
  • Rose Parks

    Rose Parks
    Rosa Parks is arrested on a Montgomery bus for refusing to give up her seat to a white man.
    https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/rosa-parks#:~:text=Rosa%20Parks%20(1913%E2%80%942005),Montgomery%2C%20Alabama%20bus
  • Montgomery bus boycott

    The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and a social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
  • Stax Records Established

  • Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) founded

    Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) founded
    The Southern Christian Leadership Conference is an African-American civil rights organization. Its first president was Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Ruby Bridges

    Ruby Bridges
    In November of 1960, Ruby Bridges became one of the youngest civil right activist by attending an all white school (along with five other African American children). She was taken to William Frantz Elementary School by U.S. marshals and experienced a lot of hateful words as she walked into the building.
    Link text
  • "I Have a Dream" speech delivered by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr

    "I Have a Dream" speech delivered by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr
    A public speech delivered during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom on August 28, 1963, in which he called for civil and economic rights and an end to racism in the United States
  • Birmingham Church Bombing

    In 1963 the 16th Street Baptist Church( with a mainly black congregation) was bombed killing 4 young girls.
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act of 1964, outlawed discrimination on the basis of sex, race, etc for equal employment and voting rights
  • Assassination of Malcolm X

    Malcolm X was an African American Muslim minister and human rights activist who was a popular figure during the civil rights movement. He was killed in New York City in 1965.
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    Watts Riots

    The Watts riots, sometimes referred to as the Watts Rebellion or Watts Uprising, took place in the Watts neighborhood and its surrounding areas of Los Angeles from August 11 to 16, 1965.
  • The Long Hot Summer of 1967

    During this time 159 race riots erupted across the united states, the worst of which took place in New Jersey
  • "Guess Who's Coming For Dinner" movie released

    This was the first film to show an interracial couple, just 6 months after interracial marriage was legalized in all states.
  • Interracial Marriage

    In 1967, the United States Supreme Court ruled anit-miscegenation laws unconstitutional in the Loving v. Virginia court case. There were 16 states at the time that the laws remained in, and by the 12th of June the laws were repealed in all states.
  • Shirley Chisholm becomes 1st women elected to Congress

    Shirley Chisholm was an American politician, educator, and author. In 1968, she became the first black woman elected to the United States Congress, representing New York's 12th congressional district for seven terms from 1969 to 1983.
  • Fair Housing Act

    The Fair Housing Act of 1968, meant as a follow-up to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, marked the last great legislative achievement of the civil rights era.
    https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/black-history-milestones
  • Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.

  • Assassination of Fred Hampton and Mark Clark

  • Diana Ross Leaves the Surpremes

  • The Black Aesthetic

    The Black Aesthetic
    The essays were written by Addison Gayle to encourage and promote Black culture.
  • Establishment of Congressional Black Caucus in Washington D.C.

    Establishment of Congressional Black Caucus in Washington D.C.
    13 Black congressional representatives founded the Congressional Black Caucus to help the Black community
  • 1972 National Black Political Convention

    1972 National Black Political Convention
    Black people from all different political affiliations sought to create a cohesive political strategy for Black Americans.
  • Aretha Franklin's releases best-selling album, 'Amazing Grace'

    Aretha Franklin's releases best-selling album, 'Amazing Grace'
    "...Amazing Grace documents the passing of an organic communal process within [Black] public life. Franklin's tribute to the [Black] church...celebrated its extraordinary role in building communities of cultural and political resistance and recovery" (Neal, 83). This album is significant because it brought the Church back into the Black Public Sphere. Notably, it was also recorded live!
  • WATTSTAX "Black Woodstock" Concert

    WATTSTAX "Black Woodstock" Concert
    Concert organized by Stax Records to commemorate the 7th anniversary of the 1965 Watts Riots
  • Marvin Gaye's "Let's Get it On" is released

    Marvin Gaye's "Let's Get it On" is released
    This album shifted away from political commentary and back to more sexual and secular themes seen in Gaye's earlier career with the group The Originals.
  • The Jackson 5 leaves Motown

    The Jackson 5 leaves Motown
    On June 30, 1975, The Jackson 5 announced that they were leaving Motown Records for Epic Records. Motown also lost Marvin Gaye, Diana Ross, The Spinners, Gladys Knight and the Pips, etc.. "After The Jackson Five, Motown never, with the exception of Lionel Ritchie, produced artists of the caliber of those who represented the company during the 1960s" (Neal, 93-94).
  • N.W.A. - Straight outta Compton released

    N.W.A. - Straight outta Compton released
  • Gordy sells Motown Records

  • Central Park Five

    Central Park Five
    The Central Park jogger case was a criminal case in the United States over the aggravated assault and rape of a white woman jogging through the park during a series of reported attacks in Manhattan's Central Park on April 19, 1989. Five youth defendants were falsely convicted questioning social issues in New York City.