Medical Innovations

Timeline created by kpbsdhealth
  • 3,000 BCE

    when medicine was first used

    when medicine was first used
    Edwin Smith was the founder of the book Edwin Smith Papyrus, and had written in it all he had learned about Imhotep.
  • 2,100 BCE

    First Medical Scapel Invented

    First Medical Scapel Invented
    Ancient obsidian scalpels were found in a archaeological dig in what would be modern-day Turkey. The blades were dated to have been at least 4000 years old. These scalpels may have been used for brain surgery Link text
  • 2,017 BCE

    Aspirin Invented by Hippocrates in 460 B.C.

    Aspirin Invented by Hippocrates in 460 B.C.
    Was invented to help heal headaches fevers and pain out of powder made from the bark and leaves of the willow tree.
  • -750 BCE

    First "Drug Store" or Pharmacy

    First "Drug Store" or Pharmacy
    In 750 AD, the first "drug store" opened in Baghdad. Though pharmacy was recognized as a medical practice in the 2000 BC era. After the opening of pharmacies, they were largely popular in Europe during the 1200 AD's. The first real pharmacy in the U.S. was founded in 1729 AD by Irish immigrant Christopher Marshall in Philadelphia.
  • -400 BCE

    Injury Scooter

    Injury Scooter
    The knee walker/injury scooter is a replacement tool that is used instead of crutches. Though the scooter emerged seemily about 30 years ago, earlier versions of it have been around since about 4th century B.C.
  • -300 BCE

    First Prosthetic Leg

    First Prosthetic Leg
    The first prosthetic leg was discovered in Capua Italy in 1910by British archaeologist. They discovered the Roman Capua Leg which was the first prosthetic leg seen in History. The leg was constructed of bronze metal however this single and rare find was destroyed in an air raid during World War II. However a copy of the prosthetic was made and is currently on display in the Science Museum of London.
  • -300 BCE

    First Anatomy Book

    First Anatomy Book
    Diocles is the first known medical practitioner to write a book about anatomy. He is famous for being the first person to use the word anatomy to describe his studies. Only fragments of his work have survived over the years. It is also said that he was one of the first to explain the difference between veins and arteries. (
  • -210 BCE

    First Recorded Prosthetic Arm

    The Roman scholar Pliny the Elder (23-79 A.D.) wrote of a Roman general in the Second Punic War (218-210 B.C.) who had a right arm amputated. He had an iron hand fashioned to hold his shield and was able to return to battle.
  • -25 BCE

    First Tonsillectomy

    First Tonsillectomy A tonsillectomy is the procedure done when you get your tonsils removed. The Roman aristocrat Aulus Cornelius Celsus described a procedure whereby using the finger (or a blunt hook if necessary), the tonsil was separated from the neighboring tissue before being cut out.
  • -4 BCE

    Discovery of asthma

    Discovery of asthma
    In the late 19th Century, historians found early 'prescriptions' written in hieroglyphics meant to treat a mysterious breathing disease in ancient Egypt. It's also been discovered that the ancient Chinese also had 'remedies' for what must have been asthma given the symptoms described, and their most prominent treatment involved breathing fumes of herbs that contained what's today known as a crude form of ephedrine as these herbs were heated on a brick.
  • 100

    First use of syringe

    First use of syringe
  • 300

    First ampitation

    First ampitation
    the first amputation know was in 484 b.c by a man named Hegesistratus that escaped the Persians and stocks by cutting off one of his feat!! Then he replaced it with a wood one. But the earliest know was in 300 b.c by a man that
  • Jan 16, 865


    Persian physician Rhazes is the first to identify smallpox, as distinguished from measles, and to suggest blood as the cause of infectious disease.
    865-925 AD
  • 910

    Identification of Small Pox, by Rhazes

    Identification of Small Pox, by Rhazes
    Rhazes, a Persian physician, discovered Small Pox, identifying it as different from the already known Measles. Links:
  • Mar 24, 1088

    The oldest, still in use Medical School.

    The oldest, still in use Medical School.
    The University of Bologna was established in 1088 in Blolgna, Italy. The University is said to have had female teachers ever sine the 12th century. The school has 3 departments, DIMES (experimental/ diagnostic/ specialty medicine), DIBINEM (Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences) and DIMEC (Medical and Surgical Sciences).
  • 1250

    The Magnifying Glass

    The Magnifying Glass
    In the year 1250, Roger Bacon constructed the first magnifying glass.
  • 1250

    The Magnifying Glass

    The Magnifying Glass
    In the year 1250 Roger Bacon invented the magnifying glass changing the medical profession for the future.
  • Nov 12, 1268

    Creation of Spectacles, Roger Bacon-- 1268

    Creation of Spectacles, Roger Bacon-- 1268
    One of the first figures to be associated with the invention of spectacles was the thirteenth century English, friar Roger Bacon who was based in Paris and outlined the scientific principles behind the use of corrective lenses in his Opus Majus (c.1266). The idea that monks or friars possessed a secret knowledge of spectacles.
  • 1315

    First Dissection

    First Dissection
    Italian physician Mondino de Luzzi performed the first public dissection for his students and spectators. Later that year he wrote the "Anathomia corporis humani" which is regarded to be the first anatomical text.
  • Jan 4, 1347

    1st Surgery

    1st Surgery
    The first surgery was believed to have happened around the 13th century. It was suppose to help diagnose, prevent or cure an aliment. though people can't be sure when the first surgery happened, they believe that it happened around the middle ages and so forth.
  • 1348

    First case of biological warfare

    First case of biological warfare
  • Apr 10, 1498

    Invention of Toothbrush

    Invention of Toothbrush
    The first toothbrush was invented in China. It was made with various types of animal hairs. The handle was made of either wood or bamboo.
  • 1500

    First C-Section

    First C-Section
    The Cesarean Section is named after Julius Caesar when he had to have a C Section to be born. Te C section was only given when the mother was dead.
  • Apr 11, 1508

    Contact Lenses

    Contact Lenses
    Contact lenses were first thought of by Leonardo da Vinci in 1508 when he submerging one's head into a bowl of water to neutralize the eye fluid. In 1801, Thomas Young create the first contact lens and used wax to glue it to his eye. However, his method unsurprisingly didn't work well. Throughout history, contacts have been changed many times in material, size, and abilities to work now.
  • 1555

    De Fabrica Corporis Humani

    De Fabrica Corporis Humani
    De Fabrica Corporis Humani is a medical text that details the human body written by Andreas Vesalius. The literal meaning of the title "On the Structures of the Human Body" describes Vesalius's dissections and anatomical discoveries. Vesalius includes over 200 woodcut engravings in his work which were made by skilled artists. For more info visit
  • Invention of the Microscope

    Invention of the Microscope
    During the 1590s, two dutch spectacle makers, Zacharias Janssen and his father Hans began experimenting with a pair of lenses. They placed several lenses in a tube and made a very important discovery. The item close to the end of the tube seemed to be very enlarged, larger than any magnifying glass could achieve by itself.
  • Wheelchair

    The wheelchair was invented by Philip II of Spain, in 1595. It was originally called an Invalids Chair designed with three wheels; two large wheels on the sides and one small wheel where your feet go. There are many people who supposedly are the original inventors, however Philip II of Spain created it for medical purposes. (
  • Discovery of cells

    Discovery of cells
    Cells were discovered and named by Robert Hooke during 1665. He named it cell because he thought it looked remarkably similar to small rooms which monks inhabited, called cellulas. Hooke's description of cells were published in Micrographia. Although Robert Hooke discovered cells, the first person to witness a live cell under a microscope was Anton Van Leeuwenhoek. ( )
  • First to See and Describe Bacteria

    First to See and Describe Bacteria
    Anton Van Leeuwenhoek was the first to visually see bacteria and describe its components. He used an extremely old fashioned microscope that was only two inches long and required eye strain to see through, to view the bacteria.
  • First Iron Supplement

    First Iron Supplement
  • First Successful Separation of Conjoined Twins

    First Successful Separation of Conjoined Twins
    Johannes Fatio was a gifted surgeon whose life came to a brutal end. Fatio was a great physician and pediatrician. The twin girls that Fatio separated, Elisabet and Caterina, were separated shortly after their baptism. He traced the vital organs and blood vessels within the five inch area of connected flesh and skillfully cut through. Nine days later, the silk ribbon fell and the twins were healthy.
  • Scurvy

    lack of citrus in your diet caused scurvy.
  • Discovery of citrus fruit preventing scurvy

    Discovery of citrus fruit preventing scurvy
    In 1747 James Lind discovered that consuming citrus fruits like limes and oranges can prevent you from getting scurvy.
  • The First Hospital

    The First Hospital
    The Pennsylvania Hospital was founded in 1751 as a hospital for the mentally and physically ill. It was founded by Benjamin Franklin and Dr Thomas Bond. The number of immigration settlers increased and with their numbers increasing so did the number of diseases.
    Here is an article for further information about the topic: link text
  • First Flexible Catheter

    First Flexible Catheter
    The earliest invention of the flexible catheter was in 1752. Similar things were used in Ancient China, Greece, and Rome, and they made them out of onion staks, wood, and reeds. Benjamin Franklin invented the flexible catheter in 1752 when his brother John suffered from bladder stones. It was made of metal with segments hinged together.
  • Glasses

    Glasses Without glasses myself and a lot of other people would be sad and unable to see.
  • First Medical School in the US

    First Medical School in the US
    the medical school of the University of the State of Pennsylvania
  • First Med School in the US

    First Med School in the US
    The first recognized medical school in the United States.
  • Inhaler Invention

    Inhaler Invention
    The first inhaler was invented by Dr. John Mudge in 1778. The inhaler he invented was not the modern inhaler we use today, but instead for delivering opium vapor to treat coughs by his patients. Although, the inhaler we use now for asthma is the same basic design and use. After, more designs based off of Mudge's were used for similar but not exact uses. For more information, visit
  • First Known Ambulance

    First Known Ambulance
    The first ambulance that was somewhat modernized was a horse supplied with medicine. A personal assistant to a doctor would pick up wounded soldiers from the battlefield and put them on the horse.
  • Invention of vaccines

    Invention of vaccines
    Edward Jenner once heard a dairyman say "I shall never have smallpox for i have had cowpox." This intreagued him, so he then conducted experiments on people who had earlier contracted cowpox, by infecting them later with smallpox. He concluded in his studies that infection with cowpox created an immunity to smallpox.
  • Invention of Laughing Gas

    Invention of Laughing Gas
    Humphry Davy a chemist and inventor began self experiment with inhaling nitrous oxide, now know as "laughing gas". He heated the cyrstals of ammonium nitrate and collected the gas in bags. Then he sent the gas through water vapor to remove impurities. Next he would inhale it. He described the effects as intense pleasure, flushed cheeks, mixed emotions, and vivid ideas. He then tested on other people.
    The Invention of Laughing Gas
  • Bloodletting

    Modern Leeching, 1800’s, Leeching is when a living leech is put on the skin in order to start blood flow or deplete blood from a specific area of the body. George Washington received bloodletting due to declining health. Interview about Bloodletting
  • The Invention of the Modern Hospital Bed

    The Invention of the Modern Hospital Bed
    The first type of modern hospital bed with adjustable side rails was first introduced in England between 1815 and 1825. These beds relied on the use of a manual crank to move the rails up and down to the required position; however the history of hospital beds is known to date back to the middle ages. [Link text]
  • Quinine

    Quinine was found by Pierre Joseph Pelletier (1788-1842&photo on the right) and Joseph Bienaime Caventou (1795-1877&photo on the left). It is used to treat malaria. Malaria has been around since the 1630's. On the link I entered is a link to show you the side effects, the "don't do it if" or "before using", etc. I have been researching on what day it was found. I cannot find it.
  • First Successful Blood Transfusion

    First Successful Blood Transfusion
    James Blundell worked to stop his patients from dying during childbirth. He first brought up the idea of blood transfusions in 1818 and worked until he was successful in 1829. He also discovered the importance of letting all the air out of a syringe prior to the transfusion.
  • Intravenous Therapy

    Intravenous Therapy
    Intravenous theory had existed prior to this date but had never been successfully put into practice.
  • The First Brain Surgeon - William William Keen

    The First Brain Surgeon - William William Keen
    Originally a surgeon for the U.S Army, and later a collage professor for surgery William William Keen went on to become one of the first people to ever successfully remove a brain tumor from a person.
  • Ignaz Semmelweis

    Ignaz Semmelweis
    Ignaz Semmelweis was the doctor that proposed the idea that doctors should wash their hands with a lime and chlorine solution. He was originally rejected until shortly after his death when germ theory was proven. Link
  • Invention of the syringe

    Invention of the syringe
    Irish physician Francis Rynd invented the hollow needle, and used it to subcutaneous inject sedatives. Charles Pravaz and Alexander Wood make the first hypodermic syringe that was fine enough to pierce the skin.
  • Invention of condoms

    Invention of condoms
    In 1839, Charles Goodyear invented rubber vulcanization. The first condoms made of rubber were produced in 1855, and just a short few years later, the majority of rubber companies were producing condoms as well. These condoms were reusable, which meant they were much more affordable. Skin condoms still were more popular however, mainly because they were lower in cost.
  • Invention of Anesthesia

    Invention of Anesthesia
    Before anesthesia, medical procedures were excruciatingly painful. Anesthesia makes you unconscious, and not feel any pain during the surgical procedures. There are different types of anesthesia such as: general anesthesia, local anesthesia (which numbs a small part of your body), and regional anesthesia (numbs larger parts of the body). Regional anesthetics consist of two types, peripheral nerve blocks, and epidural and spinal anesthesia.
  • Cough Drops

    Cough Drops
    Cough drops or throat lozenges are small candy-like medicated tablets to help soothe the throat. They are usually taken when you have a sore throat or a cough. They date back to 1000 BC when the Egyptians made them from honey flavored with citrus, herbs, and spices. Smith Brothers cough drops were first advertised in 1852.
  • Use of anesthesia in childbirth

    Use of anesthesia in childbirth
    Prof. James Y. Simpson (1811-1870)-Scottish obstetrician begins administering chloroform to women for pain during childbirth. Chloroform quickly becomes a popular anesthetic for surgery and dental procedures as well. Chloroform was discovered independently in 1831 by the USA's Samuel Guthrie, France's Eugène Soubeiran, and Germany's Justus von Liebig.
  • Psychotherapy

    It was first created in 1853 by walter cooper dandy and called it psycho-thearpeia. Sigmund freid developed psychoanaslis at the turn of the century and used dreams, sexuality adn other things to help contribute to his research.
  • Plastic Surgery

    Plastic Surgery
    Gurdon Buck is considered to be the founder of modern plastic surgery.The first surgery was Carleton Burgan; he had developed an ulcer on the right side of his face from the mercury that he had taken to help with pneumonia.Over six months and five operations in 1862, Gurdon Buck was able to use dental and facial fixtures to reconstruct Burgan’s face.During the Civil War, there was thirty-two plastic operations on the disfigured soldiers.Since then, plastic surgery has helped many people.
  • First Life Saving Amputation

    First Life Saving Amputation
    5 Medical innovations of the Civil War
    At the Battle of Gettysburg, the major general’s right leg was shattered by a Confederate shell. Within the hour, the leg was amputated just above the knee. His procedure, publicized in the military press, paved the way for many more.
  • Medical Thermometer

    Medical Thermometer
    In 1866, Thomas Allbutt invented the modern clinical thermometer. This new thermometer was much more convenient that what was used before it. It was smaller and didn't take a long time to register the patient's temperature.
  • Catheter

    Catheters are tubes used in healthcare to deliver medications, fluids or gases to patients or to drain bodily fluids such as urine.Catheters are inserted into body cavity, duct, or blood vessel.Catheter use was first described by Dr. N. B. Sornborger who patented the syringe and catheter in 1868. Although, catheters have been used since ancient times. Ancient Syrians made catheters out of reeds and ancient Greeks used hollow metal tubes. []
  • Discovery of Malaria Parasite, Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran

    Discovery of Malaria Parasite, Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
    "The severity of malaria varies based on the species of plasmodium." Malaria spreads through animal or insect bites and stings. Symptoms of malaria include chills, sweating, and fevers. Pain in the abdomen or muscles, fatigue, night sweats, shivering, diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting, fast heart rate, headache, mental confusion, or pallor.
  • blood pressure cuff

    blood pressure cuff
  • Contact Lenses Were Created

    Contact Lenses Were Created
    Contact lenses were first sketched by Leonardo da Vinci in 1508. However, stated, "Some reports say German glassblower F.A. Muller used Herschel's ideas to create the first known glass contact lens in 1887. Other reports say Swiss physician Adolf E. Fick and Paris optician Edouard Kalt created and fitted the first glass contact lenses to correct vision problems in 1888. Early glass contact lenses were heavy..."
  • Discovery of Diabetes

    Discovery of Diabetes
    Diabetes was discovered by two scientists named Joseph von Mering and Oskar Minkowski. They researched the removal of the pancreas as possible causes of it. Over 30 years later Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer, noticed that diabetes was caused by a lack of insulin in a persons body.
  • Skin Graft

    Skin Graft
    Link Text
    Skin grafting is where you remove a healthy piece of skin to a new large area that lost its protective skin. It was first done October 20, 1890 on a sailor.
  • Artificial Hip

    Artificial Hip
    The first artificial hip was invented by the brilliant German surgeon, Themistocles Gluck. To replace infected hip joints, Gluck created a ivory head that was fixed to the bone with a nickle plate and screws. By doing so, he challenged other inventors to improve his design as time went by. Artificial hips are used to replace old and weakened hip joints.
  • First open heart sugery

    First open heart sugery
    On July 9th 1893 Daniel Hale Williams performed the first open heart surgery when a man with a stab wound close to his heart came into provident hospital. Williams repaired the heart tissue, and the man fully recovered two months later. link to article:
  • The Roentgen Ray (X-ray)

    The Roentgen Ray (X-ray) Conrad Roentgen invented the Roentgen Ray which is better known as the X-ray. The X-ray discharges electromagnetic radiation which is used to examine bones in the human body. He stumbled upon the X-ray when experimenting with Crookes Tube. Which creates a fluorescent light when electricity is introduced. The beam of light warned off against a screen wall turning it green. So he pondered that that light is actually revealing whats underneath.
  • X rays in medical imagery

    X rays in medical imagery
    x ray discovery was an accident.
  • Hearing Aids

    Hearing Aids
    The first electronic device used to enhance the hearing of near-deaf people.
  • The First Elastic Wire Hairbrush (Improved Hairbrush)

    The First Elastic Wire Hairbrush (Improved Hairbrush)
    Lyda A. Newman invented a "Improved Hairbrush", which allowed for easier cleaning and had bristles separated wide enough to allow for easy combing.
  • Aspirin

    Aspirin introduced into medical practice due to its effectiveness, Bayer Company of Germany originally promotes it to doctors. This is the first safe and effective medicine that is not addictive.
  • Discovery of Blood Types/Blood Transfusion Machine

    Discovery of Blood Types/Blood Transfusion Machine
    Karl Landsteiner discovered blood combatibility and blood rejection (what happens when a person receives a blood transfusion from another human of either compatible or incompatible blood type). Landsteiner made it possible for two people with the same blood to give it to one another in order to repel toxin and/or replace lost blood.
  • The Classification of Blood Types by Karl Landsteiner

    The Classification of Blood Types by Karl Landsteiner
    After intensive research on blood, including the reaction different bloods have to each other, Karl Landsteiner discovered the different types of blood, A, B, AB, and O. Link:
  • history of crutches

    history of crutches
    Emile Schlick, hs design was more of a walking stick with upper arm support
  • Band Aid

    Band Aid Thomas Anderson and Earle Dickson, a Johnson & Johnson employee, invented the band aid in the 1920's for Thomas's wife, Josephine, who frequently cut and burned herself while cooking.
  • Band Aid Invention

    Band Aid Invention
    The Band-Aid was invented in 1920 by Johnson & Johnson employee Earle Dickson. His wife was cutting her finger all the time while cooking. He made squares of cotton gauze and placed them on adhesive strips.
  • BCG Vaccine First Used in Humans

    BCG Vaccine First Used in Humans
    Albert Calmette first used this tuberculosis vaccine in an infant in Paris whose family all had the illness. He was given 6 mg of BCG orally, and was said to develop into a perfectly normal boy. During the nest three years, 317 more infants were vaccinated.
  • Discovery of Insulin

    Discovery of Insulin
    On July 30, 1921 in Canada, Dr. Frederick Banting discovered insulin which is created by the pancreas. Creating insulin Banting and his assistant Charles Best injected it into diabetic dogs and keeping them alive. In January 1922 it was used on a human for the first time and worked.
  • Angiography

    Angiography The technique was first developed in 1927 by the Portuguese physician and neurologist Egas Moniz at the University of Lisbon to provide contrasted x-ray cerebral angiography in order to diagnose several kinds of nervous diseases, such as tumors, artery disease and arteriovenous malformations.
  • Angiography

    Angiography The technique was first developed in 1927 by the Portuguese physician and neurologist Egas Moniz at the University of Lisbon to provide contrasted x-ray cerebral angiography in order to diagnose several kinds of nervous diseases, such as tumors, artery disease and arteriovenous malformations.
  • Iron lung

    Iron lung
    The person using the iron lung is placed into the chamber, a cylindrical steel drum. A door allowing the head and neck to remain free is then closed, forming a seal. Pumps that control airflow periodically decrease and increase the air pressure within the chamber, and particularly, on the chest. the lungs expand and atmospheric pressure pushes air from outside the chamber. when the pressure goes above that within the lungs, the reverse occurs.
  • Penicillin Dicsovered

    Learn more about the discovery and development of Penicillin here:
  • Penicillin is discovered

    Penicillin is discovered
    Through 1928-29, a man named Alexander Fleming researched the antibiotic and discovered what it could do. After awhile he gave up his research, believing that due to certain complications, penicillin wouldn't be very useful. Soon after though Howard Florey and Ernst Boris chain took on researching and figured out how to mass produce the project.
  • Penicillin Development

    Penicillin  Development
    The first chemotherapeutically effective antibiotic was discovered in 1929 by Alexander Fleming. He observed a petri dish one day and noticed that mold was excreting a transparent substance. He then isolated the mold, ran tests and filtered it out. He called this Penicillin.
  • First pregnacy test

    First pregnacy test
    The first pregnacy test was used to detect if a woman was pregnant by detecting the human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG).
    They were discovered in 1930 to be produced by the syncytiotrophoblast cells of the fertilized eggs. While hCG is a reliable marker of pregnancy. In the 1960s; the first home test kit for hCG was invented in 1968 The kits went on the market in the United States and Europe in the mid-1970s1970s.
  • First Viral Growth in Embryonated Eggs

    First Viral Growth in Embryonated Eggs
    In 1931, E. Goodpasture and colleagues at Vanderbilt University reported the first case of successful viral growth in embryonated eggs. This groundbreaking discovery allowed vaccines to be produced cheaply in bulk. To this day, vaccines are still produced using fertilized hens eggs in a similar fashion to the method that Goodpasture used. Retrived from:
  • The tampon

    The tampon
    the first tamponds were made useig things found in nature. If it absorbed then it would work as a tampon. The earliest historical evidence of tampon use is from ancient Egyptian medical records. They used papyrus plant. but in 1929 a physician named Earle Haas invented the modern-day tampon (with applicator). A busniesswomen named Gertrude Tendrich would ;ater go on form the Tampax company and begin mass production. By the mid 1930’s, the Tampax had arrived on store shelves.
  • 1936 Mohs Surgery Developed

    1936 Mohs Surgery Developed
    After training as a surgeon, in 1936 the first time that Mohs Surgery was ever attempted by Edward Mohs. The procedure involed finding a potential cancer on the skin, removing the keratin layer on the skin, applying a zinc chloride layer along with a dressing layer on top of the area to further penentrate the cancer area. Hours ora day later the are was removed and further examined. This procedure was difficult to be accpepted at the time and doctors were often threatened
  • 1st blood bank

    1st blood bank
    The blood bank, which is now housed at John H. Stroger Jr., Hospital, was founded by Dr. Bernard Fantus, an inventive Cook County Hospital physician. The cost to open the blood bank was $1,500 and it helped facilitate 1,354 blood transfusions in its first year. The ability to store and transfuse blood has made modern surgery and resuscitation in critical care, trauma and obstetrics possible.
  • the first successful operations for brain tumors

    the first successful operations for brain tumors
    In the early 1900s Harvey Cushing, “the father of neurosurgery,” performed the first successful operations for brain tumors. In 1937 Walter Dandy performed the first aneurysm clipping. A dedication to understanding the nervous system through research and how it can impact clinical care has defined Johns Hopkins Neurology and Neurosurgery since the very beginning
  • First dialyser

    First dialyser
    dr. willem kolff is considered the father of dialysis. this young dutch physician constructed the first dialyzer (artificial kidney) in 1943. the road to kolff's creation of an artificial kidney began in the late 1930s when he was working in a small ward at the university of groningen hospital in the netherlands .
  • Chemotherapy

    The process of chemotherapy came from the mustard gas used in World War 2. Victims of this gas were reported to have a lower number of white blood cells than those who weren't effected by the gas, which prompted two Yale pharmacologists to experiment with whether the mustard gas could be used to slow the uncontrollable growth of cells.
  • First use of the defibrillator

    Claude Beck (1894-1971) was a pioneer of heart surgery, he focused on operations to improve circulation in damaged heart muscles. He also developed ways to revive heart attack victims, including the defibrillator and CPR
  • First Mammography

    First Mammography
    There was no specific date just the year. In 1950s doctors preformed mammographies for the specific purpose of screening healthy women for breast cancer. They use the compression of the breasts and x-ray imaging to create an image of the tissue.
    [Link text]
  • Antidepressants

    Antidepressants are used to treat depression. Even though they don't cure depression they do help improve your mood. There are many different types of depressants. Six different types to be exact. Each one does a slightly different thing. There are also different side effects for them too. It can take as little as two weeks to see improvements, but it could take seven months for the full effect to be seen. Website used:
  • Neosporin

    Reported to be a safe and effective topical agent for preventing infections in minor skin trauma. Neosporin is recommended for burns, scratches, cuts, and minor skin infections.
  • Invention of ultrasound

    Invention of ultrasound
    ultrasound is also called sonography. Which produces images using high frequency sound waves. It can be used to diagnose multiple types of cancers, evaluate blood flow in vessels, guide a needle for biopsy, and many more things.
  • Birth Control Pill

    Birth Control Pill
    Sanger underwrote the research necessary to create the first human birth control pill. Helps women control their decisions with work and others.
  • Discovery of DNA

    Discovery of DNA
    In 1950 scientists studied DNA using x-rays and now we can actually change the DNA of animals and this gives us a deeper understanding of the anatomy of the body.
  • The First Antipsychotic

    The First Antipsychotic
    Chemist Paul Charpentier created the first antipsychotic drug, Chlorpromazine. April through August 1951 the drug was released to doctors for the first human trial. The use of antipsychotics were vehemently opposed by psychiatrists until a dramatic change in one of their patients happened after taking the antipsychotic.
  • Ibuprofen (Pain Killer)

    Ibuprofen (Pain Killer)
    Ibuprofen was discovered by Dr. Stewart Adams and his friemds in the United Kingdom in the 1950s, patented in 1961, and first made available in 1969. It became available in the United States in 1974. Ibuprofen tablets are sold under the trade names Advil and Motrin.
  • First DSM is published

    First DSM is published
    The first “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders” (DSM) was published by the American Psychiatric Association in 1952. It served as a resource for classifying mental disorders and provided information such as risk factors and signs. Updated versions of the DSM are still relied on today.
  • Discovery of the Polio Vaccine

    Discovery of the Polio Vaccine
    The Polio Vaccine was discovered on March 26th, 1953 by Dr. Jones Salk. The year before the vaccine's discovery, There were 58,000 new cases reported in the United States 3,000 died from the disease. Polio is the disease that causes paralysis in the legs and arms and can cause breathing problems. Because of this discovery, Dr. Salk was the great doctor-benefactor of his time.
  • Polio Vaccine

    Polio Vaccine
    The first polio vaccine was the inactivated polio vaccine. It was developed by Jonas Salk and came into use in 1953. The oral polio vaccine was developed by Albert Sabin and came into commercial use in 1961.
  • Kidney Transplant

    Kidney Transplant
    The kidney transplant was the first transplant of organs. After this transplant surgeons could perform more organ transplants.
  • Tylenol

    Tylenol is a drug advertised for reducing pain and fever. As well as relieving the symptoms of allergies, cold, headache and influenza. The active ingredient in Tylenol is acetaminophen. Although acetaminophen was discovered in the late 1800's, Tylenol was introduced in 1955 by McNeil Laboratories. Link Here
  • First Motorized Wheelchair

    First Motorized Wheelchair
    Motorized wheelchairs are useful for those unable to propel a manual wheelchair or people who need to use a wheelchair for distances or over terrain which would be tiring in a manual wheelchair. They may also be used by people with mobility impairments, cardiovascular and fatigue-based conditions. The first one was created by a Canadian inventor named George Klein.
  • The Ultrasound

    The Ultrasound
    The ultrasound was first used in 1956 in Glasgow. Ultrasound imaging involves bouncing "ultrasonic" sound waves at body structures or tissues, and listening for echoes that bounce back.
  • The first successful bone marrow transplant

    The first successful bone marrow transplant
    The first successful bone marrow transplant was done in 1956. It was a transplant between two twins one of which had leukemia and it was done by Dr. E. Donnall Thomas. The first non twin bone marrow transplant was done in 1968.( (
  • Implantable Pacemaker

    early pacemakers were size of televisions, required batteries, and worn around the neck. In 1956 he accidentally devised what is considered one of medicine’s most significant achievements, the pacemaker. 2 years later he proposed his idea and collaborated with a surgeon. He had first performed it on a dog and the dog lived 104 days longer than it should have. another man had heart issues and gotten the pacemaker and lived 30 years longer. and the pacemakers took off from there saving lives.
  • The Pacemaker

    The Pacemaker
    In the 1800s electrical activity was discovered in the heart. A pacemaker uses electrical impulses to regulate th beating of the heart. They stop you from having a heart beatthat is to slow, fast or irregular. If you have a slow heart beat you tend to feel really tired. this device helps by making your heart beat at a more normal pattern.
  • First Oral Contraceptive

    First Oral Contraceptive
    The first birth control pill, Envoid, was approved by the FDA as contraceptive in 1960, 3 years after it was marketed to help with "mentrual disturbances." It was created by a team of many individuals and organizations. It changed the way people viewed birth control and revolutionized womens' birth control methods. In the US, the pill was initially only prescribed to married women, but since then it can be prescribed regardless of relationship status.
  • Birth Control Pills

    Birth Control Pills
    Birth control has been used since ancient times, but effective and safe methods of birth control only became available in the 20th century.
    Birth control pills contain man-made forms of 2 hormones called estrogen and progestin. These hormones are made naturally in a woman's ovaries. Both hormones prevent a woman's ovary from releasing an egg during her menstrual cycle called ovulation.
  • Development of C.P.R

    Development of C.P.R
    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was developed. The American Heart Association started a program to acquaint physicians with close-chest cardiac resuscitation and became the forerunner of CPR training for the general public. link
  • The Discovery of the Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria, MRSA

    The Discovery of the Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria, MRSA
    In 1961, British researchers discovered the bacterium know commonly as MRSA. Although this event may not appear as an innovation in itself, however, the discovery has brought forth a generation of new thinking and an invigorated sense of ingenuity.
    *There is no specific date included, that is why it is set to 1 January.
  • Holter monitor

    Holter monitor
    It's worn during the patient's regular daily activities, it helps the physician correlate symptoms of dizziness, palpitations (a sensation of fast or irregular heart rhythm) or black outs
  • First Doctor

    First Doctor
    William Hartnell
  • First Heart Transplant

    First Heart Transplant
    Heart Transplant and Explanation
    A heart transplant, or a cardiac transplant, is a medical operation done on patients with a dying heart or a severe artery disease. The average operation time is about four hours and the average lifetime after surgery is about ten years.
  • CT Scanner

    The CT Scanner was invented in 1972 by a man named Godfrey Hounsfield. The exact date is unknown when Godfrey invented it. The CT Scanner creates an imagine made up of x rays to create a detailed image. The CT Scanner is used to see bones, vessels and muscles. The CT Scanner is a longer cylinder that someone lays in and it scans their body.
  • Advil

    Advil is a medication in the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) class that is used for treating pain, fever, and inflammation. This includes painful menstrual periods, migraines, and rheumatoid arthritis. About 60% of people improve with any given NSAID, and it is recommended that if one does not work then another should be tried. It may also be used to close a patent ductus arteriosus in a premature baby. It can be used by mouth or intravenously.
  • Invention of Ankle Braces

    Invention of Ankle Braces
    Glenn Walter Johnson Jr. invented the ankle brace. It is know used to treat ankle sprains and other ankle problems. It was one of the 30+ inventions he patented.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
    Damadian was the Inventor of the Magnetic Resonance Imaging and first to perform a full body scan of a human. He invented a apparatus that used NMR safely and accurately to scan the human body.
  • Mri
    Mri's use strong magnets, radio waves and field gradients. humans are about 70% H2O, and the hydrogen atoms spin. So the mri visualizes the spread of water through the body.
  • Artifical Heart

    Artifical Heart
    Your heart pumps blood through your body. When your hear can no longer pump the blood they will surgically remove it and place a machine called an "Artificial heart" that pumps it for you.
  • 3D Printer

    3D Printer
    The 3D printer was invented by Charles Hull in 1983 (exact date unknown) so that people could test their designs before completely investing into projects. Even though this was the original purpose, 3D printers have been used for medical purposes such as the following: making artificial body parts, making cost-effective prosthetic limbs, and making surgical instruments. 3D printing has the potential to help in the medical field, and ways of doing so are currently being worked on.
  • World's First Sucsessfull Lung Transplant

    World's First Sucsessfull Lung Transplant
  • Discovery of HIV converting to AIDS

    Discovery of HIV converting to AIDS
    In 1984, research groups led by Dr. Gallo, Dr. Luc Montagnier at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, and Dr. Jay Levy at the University of California, San Francisco, all identified a retrovirus as the cause of AIDS.
  • Titanium Rib

    Titanium Rib
    The vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib is the only device to treat children with thoracic insufficiency syndrome, a congenital condition where deformities of the chest, spine and ribs prevent breathing and lung development. Its is a curved metal rod that is attached to a child’s ribs, spine or pelvis. It helps straighten the child’s spine and separate ribs so their lungs can grow the child grows. The length of the device can be expanded as the patient grows.
  • First Corrective Laser Eye Surgery

    First Corrective Laser Eye Surgery
    In 1988, a women who had been diagnosed with malignant melanoma requested that doctors use an experimental new type of eye surgery that used lasers on her. This method had not yet been tested on live human patients, only cadavers (corpses). The method that the doctors used is called photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). A laser is used to reshape the cornea and reverse eye damage. This type of eye surgery led to the invention of LASIK eye surgery, a method that is popular today.
  • First LASIK surgery

    First LASIK surgery
    Happened to a women who had malignant melanoma.
  • Artificial Blood

    Unknown date of origin. It was made originally made to mimic real blood, but it is still a work in progress. The humans developing the artificial blood are currently using IPS stemcells. Sadly, one of the intended purposes, refiling soldiers on the battlefields, cannot be done, and it is likely that this will never happen. Or at least it will have to wait for better technology to arise.
  • Robotic Surgery

    Robotic Surgery
    Invented in early 1990's used to do surgery's that need to be so precise a human couldn't do it. its has been greatly improved since [Link Text]
  • Spray on Skin

    Spray on Skin
    Spray on skin is a treatment for burn victims. It was invented by Marie Stoner, a scientist, and Dr. Fiona Wood. This treatment only requires 5 days to produce cells to cover burns while other techniques require 21 days.
  • Dolly the Sheep Cloned from Adult Cell

    Dolly the Sheep Cloned from Adult Cell
    Dolly the Sheep was the first mammal to be successfully cloned from an adult cell. She was born July 5, 1996.
  • Invention of Viagra

    Invention of Viagra
    Viagra was originally invented to lower blood pressure, and they realized its effects also treated erectile dysfunction. Link text
  • The "Da Vinci" Robotic surgery machine invented

    The "Da Vinci" Robotic surgery machine invented
    With the da Vinci Surgical System, surgeons operate through just a few small incisions. The da Vinci System features a magnified 3D high-definition vision system and tiny wristed instruments that bend and rotate far greater than the human hand. As a result, da Vinci enables your surgeon to operate with enhanced vision, precision, and control. The Da Vinci technology translates your surgeon’s hand movements into smaller, precise movements of tiny instruments inside your body.
  • The First Facial Transplant

    The First Facial Transplant
    The first facial transplant to ever take place was in France, in an attempt to save frenchwoman Isabelle Dinoire's face after it was disfigured by her pet dog. But the use of too many immunosuppressant drugs weakend her immune system, so she died from cancer not long after her transplant.
  • First Case of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis

    First Case of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis
    A healthy 24-year-old experiences a rare neurological autoimmune disease. The brain's antibodies started attacking the brain causing hallucinations, outbursts, and loss of sleep. Countless doctors could not diagnose her. One doctor asked her to draw a clock. All the numbers were on the right side. This was a sign of brain damage.
  • Lung on a Chip

    Lung on a Chip
    The lung on a chip is a small device, no biger than a thumb, that is used to reduce the use of animal test subjects. It immitates real lungs and has been used to recreate many diseases such as pulmonary edema. They plan to use this device to test the affects of drugs on humans along with many other substances that have unknown affects to us. The research for this began on June 25, 2010.
  • Add (Atten Defic Hyperact Disord

    Add (Atten Defic Hyperact Disord
    The contemporary concept of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as defined in the DSM-IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association 2000) is relatively new. Excessive hyperactive, inattentive, and impulsive children have been described in the literature since the nineteenth century. Some of the early depictions and etiological theories of hyperactivity were similar to current descriptions of ADHD.

    NEUROMORPHIC CHIPS Qualcomm is making significant steps in developing artificial intelligence system with the use of Neuromorphic Chips.
  • The Bionic Eye - Argus ii Invented

    The Bionic Eye - Argus ii Invented
    Argus ii
    Argus retinal prosthesis, also known as a bionic eye - argus ii, is an electronic retinal implant invented and manufactured by an American company called Second Sight Medical Products. It is used as a visual prosthesis to improve the vision of people with severe cases of retinitis pigmentosa.
    The link tells you more about how, you should seriously check it out, it's pretty cool!
  • Cell-Free Fetal DNA Testing

    Cell-Free Fetal DNA Testing
    This is a test to predict the possibility of a child having Down, Edwards, or Patau syndrome. The test is done during or after the 10th week of pregnancy. Possible side effects are significant stress and possible miscarriage.
  • Canady Hybrid Plasma Scalpel

    Canady Hybrid Plasma Scalpel
    The first remote controlled electric scalpel that can reduce the risk of injury.
  • iTBra

    It is able to predict the presence of breast cancer with 90% specificity and sensitivity. The bra is packed with a series of sensors inserted in the cups, designed to pick up temperature change in the breast tissues and is able to alert doctors to the presence of malignant cells.
  • Google Glasses

    Google Glasses
    Google glasses are glasses that video surgery. These glasses can be used to help people learn through live interaction. This also could be used to help patients understand what the problem is in their body. Another thing this has to offer is talking to other doctors live during procedures which could save lives.
  • Electronic Asprin

    Electronic Asprin
  • Glucose Monitor Contact Lense

    Glucose Monitor Contact Lense
  • The Xstat

    The Xstat
    This tool is Called the Xstat it was created by Ken Gregory.
    This is a syringe that is used to clot and give pressure onto bullet wounds it puts pill-size sponges 5 inches into the wound. It was created in 2014. It recently has been approved by the FDA for citizen use. it is a syringe that put pill-size sponges 5" into the wound.
    to learn more info below:
  • Intraoperative Radiation Therapy for Breast Cancer

    Intraoperative Radiation Therapy for Breast Cancer
    Two minutes to finish
    • Survival rate is 96.8%
    • All of the needed radiation can be delivered at one time. The “standard” radiation therapy schedule for breast cancer is five days a week for up to six weeks. IORT saves time, and is more convenient for the patient.
    • The radiation dose in IORT is much smaller than that of external beam radiotherapy.
    Another technique is known as high-dose-rate remote afterloading intraoperative radiation. Takes about five to ten mintues to complete.
  • Color Blindness Correcting Glasses

    Color Blindness Correcting Glasses
    Without color, it seems the word would be such a dull plave. People are very lucky to be able to have this available.
  • nano technology (nanobots)

    nano technology (nanobots)
    scientist are now working on a DNA robot that can deliver medicines to an area infected with cancer and it will cure you in just one month of treatment!
  • Seizure Predicting

    Seizure Predicting
    Web MD
    An implanted device monitors brain activity and can predict seizures in people with epilepsy. Dr. Mark Cook, of the University of Melbourne and St. Vincent's Hospital in Australia, is the lead researcher of this project. Knowing a seizure is coming can prevent people from driving or swimming and they can adjust their medications.
  • First Bionic Eye Implant

    First Bionic Eye Implant
    This bionic eye is a first of it's kind, how it works is the patient wears glasses that have a video camera attached to them. Then it sends the footage to the patients bionic eye which allows the remaining cells in the eye to send the footage to the brain. Restoring vision like the man in the video of this link.
  • Do It Yourself Glasses

    Do It Yourself Glasses
    With Eyejusters you just turn the hidden eyeDials™ to change the lens strength. It's just like focusing binoculars.
  • Electronic prosthetic limbs

    Electronic prosthetic limbs
    In october of 2015, scientist from the Cleveland clinic figured out a way to control electronic prosthetics through electronic pulses in the brain. This in interseting because by implanting a control center into the brain you can contol arms, legs, and even exoskeletons that aren't even physically a part of you. This can be useful for people that are paralized, or are an amputee of any sort.
  • Cyrogenics

    What I learned is that it has been discovered that sometimes freezing a body to the point of death can actually save a persons life. The article I read talked about how if you freeze a body, the somatic systems dont need as much oxygen, and it can give doctors time to operate. There are stories of people freezing "to death" and then warming up, and coming back to life. This is still being experimented with, and so far the idea of freezing someone to be awakened later hasnt been proven possible.
  • The Microbiome to Prevent, Diagnose and Treat a Disease

    The Microbiome to Prevent, Diagnose and Treat a Disease
    In 2016 they found out that in the gut area of the human body, there are a ton of different types of bacteria and they can use Microbiome to detect a disease that may be lethal. There has been millions of dollars put into this research.
  • Wheelchair invention

    Wheelchair invention
    First caption of a wheel chair was on a stone slate in China and on a child’s bed showed in a frieze on a Greek vase. Both of these images were dated back to the 5th century BCE.
    Three centuries later in China people were being transported using wheel chair
  • Wheelchair

    Wheelchair caption of a wheel chair was on a stone slate in China and on a child’s bed showed in a frieze on a Greek vase. Both of these images were dated back to the 5th century BCE.
    Three centuries later in China people were being transported using wheel chairs.
    The Chinese used their invention of the wheel barrow to create a mobile chair that allows disabled people to move. It is now known as the wheelchair.
    The second rendition of the wheel chair was created by Henry Jennings and Herbert Everest.
  • Discovery of DNA

    Discovery of DNA DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) is a molecule that carries the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses. It is a common misconception that James Watson and Francis Crick discovered DNA in the 1950s. In reality, DNA was first identified in the late 1860s by Swiss chemist Friedrich Miescher. The discovery of DNA is revolutionary to the world.
  • History of crutches

  • Thermometer

    Danielle Gabriel Fahrenheit invented the Mercury thermometer 1714. Liquid expands as it is heated and contracts when it is cooled.
  • New Organ Discovered

    New Organ Discovered
    Scientists discovered a new organ in the human digestive system, which has been named the "mesentery," and the discovery of such is literally rewriting the textbooks. link text
  • Augmented reality during surgery

    Augmented reality during surgery
    Now surgeons can use augmented reality goggles/glasses to see things better when doing surgery, and put less strain on their necks and backs that they would get from looking over a patient. These glasses would also allow surgeons to see a patients anatomy, and things like heart rate and pulse while looking at what they need to look at. ClevelandClinic
  • wearable medical devices

    wearable medical devices
    medical health devices will allow us to truly know when to go to doctor so that we don't sped money on doctor visit our insurance might even go down link text
  • Automated Car Safety Development

    Automated Car Safety Development
    Recently in 2017 because of all the bad car wrecks technology has gotten 100 times better then ever before! Now there are vehicles that will stop if someone or something comes in front of them. They are more durable too so if you do get into a wreck you won't get hurt as bad. Jazmine Jarnig
  • Self administered HPV Test

    Self administered HPV Test
    Due to many women being at risk for HPV ,which is the leading cause for cervical cancer, scientists have created a self administered test for people without access to hospitals to help prevention.
  • The First Working Dialysis Machine

    The First Working Dialysis Machine
    Replication of Kolff's original machine. There is no specific date, c.1943. This machine was crudely constructed; however, the machine eventually rid the patient's blood of toxins.
  • Diabetes Drugs that Reduce Cardiovascular Disease and Death

    Diabetes Drugs that Reduce Cardiovascular Disease and Death
    Medications have fallen short of addressing the mortality rates for type 2 diabetes. Over half will die from complications, but new medications can drop mortality rates. Empaglifozin modifies the progression of heart disease by working with kidneys, and liraglutide has a comprehensive effect on organs. The future could bring a complete shift in the medicines prescribed, and help stop type 2 diabetes. Link
  • head transplant

    head transplant
    The Doctors who discovered this proceger are Sergio Canavero Doctor Xiaoping Ren. The first patient to get a head transplant is Valery Spiridonov. This transplant will happen sometime in 2017, but has been studied since 2013. Its a transplant of the head and spinal cords it will take 80 surgeons and cost millions of dollars so a man with Werdnig-Hoffmann Disease to have a chance to live a normal life. This transplant has been experimented on mice and has been successful.
  • Synthetic Blood

    Synthetic Blood
    Trials of synthetic blood is going through human trial.
  • Curing diseases through gene editing

    Curing diseases through gene editing
    they are modifying human genes to cure diseases
  • regenerative medicine

    regenerative medicine
    Regeneration involves delivering specific types of cells or cell products to diseased tissues or organs, where they will ultimately restore tissue and organ function. This can be done through cell-based therapy or by using cell products, such as growth factors. Bone marrow transplants are an example.
  • Period: to


    They are able to print 3D bioprint liver tissue and in about 4 years liver parts for transplantation. they are still finding new ways to bioprint.